TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRD
MY OWN COPY
o Author: Harper Lee
o Author: Harper Lee
J. B. Lippincott & Co.
July 11, 1960
oPages: 296 (first
Growing up in a small Southern town, Jem and Scout Finch
think they know their family and neighbors: There's Boo
Radley, the neighborhood recluse, whom the children attempt
to lure out of hiding; cranky old Mrs. Dubose is secretly
addicted to morphine; their odd playmate, Dill Harris, comes to
stay with his aunt next door each summer; and then there's
Atticus, their father, and their hero. Their life is shattered by
rumors of a black man accused of raping a white woman. In
1930s Alabama, her accusation all but proves his guilt. Yet
lawyer Atticus questions the charge and defends the accused
man in a town steeped in prejudice. Through the eyes of the
children, as they try to understand the reactions of the
townspeople and make sense of the crumbling world around
them, the irrationality of racism is laid bare.
oTo Kill a Mockingbird is not just Scout’s
coming-of-age story. It is also about Jem’s
and Dill’s. But mostly we hear about Scout.
oOver the course of the novel she learns to
act in a more adult way, even a more
ladylike way, and to see the people around
her as actual human beings.
oAnd the novel is also about growing up
question: Is it possible to become an adult,
to join adult community and still keep a
child’s sensitivity to injustice?
GENRE: SOUTHERN GOTHIC
oAnd now for the fun stuff. To Kill a Mockingbird
has a haunted house (the Radley Place), a ghost
(Boo), inexplicable evil (Bob Ewell) and terrifying
nightmares encounters (the midnight raid on the
Radley Place and Bob Ewell again).
oThat makes it gothic.
oIt is set in a South still haunted by its rascist
oThat, gives us the Southern Gothic.
oBut don’t worry. The book’s also got ham
potential horror of the novel is offset by its
♥Prejudice is a strong word.
Robinson is charged with the rape
of Mayella Ewell.
♥Atticus and the children believes
wholeheartedly of Tom’s innocence.
towards the black folks blind them.
♥In the end, even after presenting
unquestionable evidences, Atticus
got a guilty verdict from the allwhite jury.
♥Miss Dubose’s courage in
battling her morphine
♥Atticus’s courage to stand
up for what he believes in.
♥Moral courage is having
the guts to do what is right,
and not what is expected of
you, even though it might
anger those around you.
♥Atticus as a compassionate father.
♥"Jem, see if you can stand in Bob Ewell's
shoes for a minute, I destroyed his last shred
of credibility at the trial, if he had any to begin
with. The man had to have some kind of
comeback, he always does. So if spittin' on my
face and threatening me saved Mayella one
extra beating, that's something I would gladly
take. He had to take it out on someone and I'd
children out there, do you understand?"
♥A white Maycomb
♥Father of Scout and Jem
♥Wise and caring
♥Teach Scout and Jem to
treat others equally
♥Have strong moral
♥Decides to defend Tom
oNarrator and protagonist
oConsidered smart for her
age, loves to read.
oA tomboy who spends
most of her time playing
with her brother and
oNaive and idealistic.
JEREMY ATTICUS ’JEM’
♥Scout’s older brother of 4
throughout the novel.
♥Protective of his father
♥Risked his life to save
ARTHUR ‘BOO’ RADLEY
character in this novel.
♥Maycomb children believe
he’s a horrible person.
♥Goes out of his way to
save Scout and Jem.
ROBERT E. LEE ‘BOB’
♥A white trash.
♥It is implied that he was
the one who abused his
daughter, Mayella and not
♥Tried to kill Scout and
accused of raping a whit
ewoman, Mayella Ewell.
♥Felt sorry for Mayella.
♥Despite Atticus's skillful
declared guilty by the jury.
MAYELLA VIOLET EWELL
♥Tom Robinson's 19-anda-half-year-old accuser and
the eldest daughter of Bob
♥Has to take care of her
♥Tries to seduce Tom and
covers up by accusing him
ISSUES PRESENTED: DISCRIMINATION
The Radleys, even though white, faces
discrimination by the townsfolk
because they are different.
ISSUES PRESENTED: LOSS OF
oCan be explained as the process of growing
oFascination with the mystery that is Boo
Radley. (Reenact rumors of violence done by
oThe trial of Tom Robinson and its aftermath.
(Scout finally sees that the world is unfair
racism is an imminnent threat)
oJem acts as a protector of Scout.
ISSUES PRESENTED: IMPORTANCE OF
♥Atticus, against practically everyone in the
county, including his own mother and sister
decides to defend the black man.
♥Scout honours her promise to her father to
turn the other way when people calls Atticus
bad names in front of her.