Research Language Testing


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Research Language Testing

  1. 1. Research Language TestingResearch Language Testing muh. fajarmuh. fajar Definition of Test Meeting 1
  2. 2. What is a test?What is a test? A test is a measuring device which we use when we want to compare an individual with other individuals who belong to the same group…Tests invite candidates to display their knowledge or skills in a concentrated fashion, so that the results can be graded and inferences made from the standard of performance in the test about the general standard of performance that can be expected from the candidate, either at the time of the test or at some future time.
  3. 3. What is a test? (2)What is a test? (2) Brown: A test is a method of measuring a person’s ability or knowledge in a given area.  It is a method that generally requires some performance or activity on the part of either the testee or the tester, or both.  The purpose of a test is measuring.  A test measures a person’s ability or knowledge.  A test measures a given area
  4. 4. Arikunto (2002:53)Arikunto (2002:53) Tes merupakan alat atau prosedur yang digunakan untuk mengetahui sesuatu dalam suasana, dengan cara dan aturan-aturan yang sudah ditentukan.
  5. 5. Aims of testingAims of testing Davies: 4 aims for testing  Research  Progress  Guide to teaching and the curriculum  Representing terminal behavior Testing is more a means rather than an end.
  6. 6. Testing vs. EvaluationTesting vs. Evaluation Tests are conducted in order to gather information. This information is needed to make decisions. The decision-making process is called evaluationevaluation. In a simple diagram, the relationship between testing and evaluation is: TESTING →INFORMATION →EVALUATION  The type of evaluation we have to make determines the kind of information we need.  In turn, the kind of information we are looking for determines the kind of test we need to conduct: EVALUATION (determines) INFORMATION (determines) TESTING So, ultimately, the type of test that we conduct depends on the type of evaluation we need.
  7. 7. Requirements of a good test (1)Requirements of a good test (1) ValidityValidity: the degree to which a test measures what it is meant to measure, or can be used successfully for the purposes for which it is intended.  Face validity  Content validity  Construct validity  Empirical validity ReliabilityReliability: stability or consistency of test scores Factors that may affect reliability include – The extent of the sample of material selected for testing – The administration of the test – Scoring the test – Test instructions – Personal factors
  8. 8. Types of language test (1)Types of language test (1) Tests distinguished by use Achievement/attainment tests Proficiency tests Aptitude tests Diagnostic tests Placement tests
  9. 9. Types of language test (2)Types of language test (2) Tests distinguished by linguistic levels and skills e.g. tests of grammar, phonology, writing, etc. Tests distinguished by the system of scoring Subjective tests Objective tests
  10. 10. Assignment of Reviewing JournalAssignment of Reviewing Journal 1.1. Find out a title of paper taken fromFind out a title of paper taken from Asian-efl journal or ELT journal.Asian-efl journal or ELT journal. 2.2. Read and understand, then review andRead and understand, then review and present in Powerpoint in groups!present in Powerpoint in groups!
  11. 11. Structure of paperStructure of paper I.I. IntroductionIntroduction  tell about what you willtell about what you will write and explain in your paper; explainwrite and explain in your paper; explain the problems/questions that will bethe problems/questions that will be discussed.discussed. II.II. Review of Related LiteratureReview of Related Literature  FindFind out the theories that are suitable without the theories that are suitable with the problemsthe problems III.III. DiscussionDiscussion  analysing data based onanalysing data based on the theories applied in the paperthe theories applied in the paper IV.IV. ConclusionConclusion  answers the questions.answers the questions. You write the paper in hand-writingYou write the paper in hand-writing BibliographyBibliography AppendixesAppendixes  data analysis by using Excelldata analysis by using Excell that were made from the testthat were made from the test (Original)(Original)
  12. 12. Preparing paperPreparing paper 1. Write a test that is suitable with the material given to the students. E.g. If you teach English for SMP; and the material is about present simple tense, thus your test must refer to it. 2. Write 15-20 numbers or items of the test with 5 choices for each number. (a, b, c, d or e). Write the test in computer. Copy your test as many as the amount of the students in the class (one class). 3. You must be consistent with your test, if your test is about grammar, please all numbers are about grammar.
  13. 13. Structure of paperStructure of paper I. INTRODUCTION  2 PAGES II. Review of Related Literature  6-10 pages III. Discussion/analysis  10-15 pages IV. Conclusion  2-3 pages Kertas Folio Bergarispaper Cetak analisis data HVS 70 gr Paper dijilid lengkap: 1. Cover 2. Paper in English 3. Cetakan analisis data 4. Lampiran asli soal dan hasil test oleh siswa 5. Dikumpulkan akhir bulan Januari 2010