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In celebration of the International Biodiversity Day The Jordanian Society for Microbial Biodiversity (JMB) has held an interactive lecture in Wild Jordan\RSCN titled : the Importance of Microbial …

In celebration of the International Biodiversity Day The Jordanian Society for Microbial Biodiversity (JMB) has held an interactive lecture in Wild Jordan\RSCN titled : the Importance of Microbial Biodiversity presented by Nura A. Abboud \the president of JMB

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  • 1. ‫بسم ال الرحمن الرحيم‬ The Importance of Microbial Biodiversity Nura A. Abboud M.Sc Desert Studies Molecular MicrobiologyThe Jordanian Society for Microbial Biodiversity Biodiversity International Day RSCN May 22th 2012
  • 2. The Jordanian Society for Microbial Biodiversity 2006 Back to Green JordanReports (microbiology, water management (,environmental policy 2011217
  • 3. http://home.fnal.gov/~carrigan/pillars/Tree_of_life.htm
  • 4. : The Prokaryote • First Earth inhibitor • Anaerobic • Harsh conditions • Photosynthesis • New ecosystem
  • 5. 50 - 90% of all biomass on Earth is microbialhttp://home.fnal.gov/~carrigan/pillars/Tree_of_life.htm
  • 6.  Everywhere!Harmful
  • 7. Benign /beneficial...Necessary for all ecosystems
  • 8. •Soil is adiversehabitat:Bacteria, fungi,archaea,protozoa& algae.
  • 9. Importance of soil microbesoBiological Engine of the Eartho Maintaining soil functionsNutrient cycles: Nitrogen (N),Carbon (C),Phosphorus (P), Sulfur (S)
  • 10. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nitrogen_fixation
  • 11. X
  • 12. Agricultural Applications ‫أهمية مايكروبات التربة‬
  • 13. Pharmaceutical ApplicationsAntibioticsActinomycetes Streptomycin
  • 14. Bacterocins•Bacteria & Archaea•Water purification•Food preservations•Veterinary Medicine•Agricultural Applications•Health Applications : Human ,plants & Animals
  • 15. Medical LaboratoriesLab anddiagnosticsreagents
  • 16. Industrial Applications Industrial bacterial enzymes :Lipase , amylase Instead of synthetic chemicals. Ex: to enhance detergents
  • 17. Food industries:  Whole cells  Amino Acids  Vitamins
  • 18. Biogas and Energy production + =
  • 19.  Viruses generates electricityLuminescence bacteria lighting yourhouse Bacterial DNA
  • 20.  Bacteria & Glue Medical ,dental & Engineering applications
  • 21. Clostridium sporogenes Vs cancer
  • 22. Biodiversity Greatest Earth treasures Microorganisms: most diverse & abundant 1-5% Huge Impact on our life
  • 23. Research lab DNA based methods for characterizing microbial :communities 16r DNA Gene library Bacterial DNA Pl c t as or ve m id D NA
  • 24. PCR : 16S rRNA-geneamplification TRFLP
  • 25. 2 3 4 5 6 7 1
  • 26. Halobacterium salinarum
  • 27. ?What do HS do:AstrobiologyRepresentatives oflife in the universe ?
  • 28. ? What can HS do
  • 29. ?What do HS do Biological treatment tool :highly saline industrial waste effluents (Dong-Jin Ha et al – 2006(
  • 30. ?What do HS do• Photobioreactor:• HS + solar = energy (H gas)• Daily Human consumption• (Zabut et al 2006)
  • 31. CBD 1993
  • 32. My Hypothesis: Jordan has highly diversecommunity of microorganisms
  • 33. My recommendations:• Full survey : microbial biodiversityin Jordan• Genetic bank• Microorganisms & overgrazing …etc
  • 34. Long term To gain a better understanding of the ecology of important microorganisms in the environmentQuestions we ask•Which bacteria are presentin a soil sample?•How many different types?•Which bacteria are activeand growing?•What is the role of bacteriain the context of theirenvironment?•How can we apply this
  • 35. The onlybarrier is ourfaith in what we have
  • 36. ! Thank youQuestions ?
  • 37. References1) L.Prescott, J. Harely, D.Klein, Microbiology, fifth edition, McGraw-Hill Higher Education2) Mar. 2007 www.webdomino1.oecd.org/comnet/agr/soil_ero_bio.nsf/viewHtml/index/$FILE/Winding.PDF>3)Apr2007<http://webdomino1.oecd.org/comnet/agr/soil_ero_bio.nsf/viewHtml/index/$FILE/Winding.PDF >.4) Www.fuhrmanlab.usc.edu." Fuhrman Lab. University of southern California. Mar. 2007.5) Mary Anderson Home Page. Department of microbial ecology research group. 10 Apr. 2007<http://www.ucd.ie/indmicro/mary/technique.html>.6) Crecchio, C, A Gelsomino, R Ambrosoli, J Minati, and P Ruggiero. "Soil Biology &Biochemistry." Elsevier.2004 <www.elsevier.com>.7) Jones, Cm, and Je. Thies. "Soil Microbial Community Analysis Using Two-Dimensional Polyacrylamide GelElectrophoresis of the Bacterial Ribosomal Internal Transcribed Spacer Regions." Pubmed. 29 Apr. 2007<http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov >.8) Bohme, Livia, and Frank Bohme. European Journal of Soil. 2006 <www.sciencedirect.com>.9) Paul, E., and F. Clark. Soil Microbiology and Biochemistry. 2nd ed. Academic P.10) "RFLP." U.S Food & Drug Administration. 9 Apr. 2007 <www.cfsan.fda.gov>.11) Campbell, N., and J. Reece. Biology. 6th ed. Benjamin Cummings.12) Polymerase Chain Reaction." Wikipedia. 6 Dec. 2005 <www.wikipedia.org>.13) Shivaji S. Microbial biodiversity: Shotgun libraries to metagenome. Indian J Med Microbial 2001; 19:171-17114) What is Microbiology.” Department of Molecular Biosciences-the University of Kansas. Mar. 2007<http://www2.ku.edu>.15) 16S RRNA: the Diagnostic Gene." Mar. 2007 <http://pilbara.mq.edu.au/wiki/16S_rRNA>.16) Experiment 9: Microbial Biodiversity." Mar. 2007www.plantpath.wisc.edu/fac/joh/Exp9DiversityStudentGuide.htm>.17) Mar. 2007 <www2.for.nau.edu/courses/pzf/Aronson_RestEco1993.pdf>.
  • 38. 18) "Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews." Mar. 2007 <http://mmbr.highwire.org/>.19) Biodiversity of Soil Microbial Communities in Agricultural Systems." Mar. 2007 <http://www.springerlink.com>.20) Mar. 2007 <http://www.hcs.harvard.edu/~hsr/pdfswinter2003/cook26- 28.pdf>.21) Mar. 2007 http://www.cook.rutgers.edu/~dbm/forneypitfalls.pdf22) Mar. 2007 http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1574-6941.2006.00134.x23) 21 Mar. 2007 www.Montana.Edu.24) Jensen, D.b., M. Torn, and J. Harte. "In Our Own Hands: a Strategy for Conserving Biological Diversity inCalifornia," 1990:" 22 Mar. 2007 <www.ceres.ca.gov>.25) Mar. 2007 <http://www.unu.edu/env/plec/cbd/Montreal/papers/Scherr.pdf>.26) Mar. 2007 <www.microbes.org/biodiversity.asp>.27) Microb Zoo." Mar. 2007 <http://commtechlab.msu.edu/sites/dlc-me/zoo/>.28) SPECIAL SECTION: MICROBIAL DIVERSITY." Department of Microbiology, Maharshi Dayanand SaraswatiUniversity, Ajmer 305 009, India. Mar. 2007 <http://www.iisc.ernet.in/~currsci/jul102005/91.pdf>.29) Tree of Life Project." Mar. 2007 <http://tolweb.org/tree/phylogeny.html>.30) Mark Osborn, A., Edward R. B. Moore, and Kenneth N. Timmis. "An Evaluation of Terminal-RestrictionFragment Length Polymorphism (T-RFLP) Analysis for the Study of Microbial Community Structure andDynamics." Mar. 2007 <www.blackwell-synergy.com>.31) SPECIAL: BIODIVERSITY FOR FOOD AND AGRICULTURE." Mar. 2007 <www.fao.org/>.32) What is an Aridic Soil?" Soil Arid Regions of the United States and Israel. Mar. 2007<http://ag.arizona.edu/OALS/soils/aridsoils.html>.33) The International Arid Lands Consortuim. Mar. 2007 <http://ag.arizona.edu/OALS/IALC/Home.html>.34) IUCN the World Conservation Union. Mar. 2007 <http://www.iucn.org/themes/pbia/wl/docs/biodiversity/sbstta4/dry.pdf>.
  • 39. 35) Office of Science-Department of Energy. Mar. 2007 <www.eurekalert.org/features/doe/2001-06/danl-md061402.php>.36) Microbial Diversity: Lets Tell It How It Is." Mar. 2007 <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/bv.fcgi?Rid=coffeebrk.chapter.622>.37) The Search for Microbial Biodiversity." The Woodrow Wilson Foundation Leadership Programme for Teachers. Mar. 2007<http://www.woodrow.org/teachers/bi/1999/projects/group8/sediment1.html>.38) E. Marquis, Robert. "Bacteria" Encarta-Msn. 30 Apr. 2007 <www.encarta.msn.com>.39) M. Awramik, Stanley, and Robert E. Riding. Microbial Sediments. google. 30 Apr. 2007 <www.google.jo>.40) "The Microbial Community of the Soil Ecosystem." university college cork. 30 Apr. 2007 <www.ucc.ie>.41) "TAE." IBI. 1 May 2007 <www.sheltonscientific.com>. 42) El-Hage Scialabba, Nadia. "ORGANIC AGRICULTURE AND SOIL BIODIVERSITY." 1 May 2007<www.fao.org/organicag/doc/soil_biodiversity.htm>. 43) "What the Heck is PCR?" 13 May 2007 <http://www.hepatitis-c.de/pcr.htm>. 44) "PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction)." 13 May 2007 <http://lifesciences.asu.edu/resources/mamajis/pcr/pcr.html>. 45) "Protocol for PCR with Taq DNA Polymerase." 13 May 2007<http://www.fermentas.com/techinfo/pcr/dnaamplprotocol.htm>.46) http://biosci.usc.edu/courses/2002-fall/documents/bisc300-lab_Hi-Lo_DNA_Marker.jpgAgarose Gel Electrophoresis of DNA." 13 May 2007 ) "47>.<http://arbl.cvmbs.colostate.edu/hbooks/genetics/biotech/gels/agardna.html>.May 2007 <http://www.bionewsonline.com/g/what_is_pcr.htm) 48Microbial Diversity and Function in Soil." May 2007 ) " 49>. <http://cropandsoil.oregonstate.edu/classes/CSS645/notes/Overview/CurOpinMicro_02-0240.pdfMay 2007 <http://216.109.125.130/search/cache? P=soil+microbiology+ARDRA &ei=UTF-8&Fr=yfp-t- ) 50 >. 501&u=plato.acadiau.ca/isme/Symposium16/muyzer. PDF&w= soil+microbiology+ardra&d=OOk7gurnOqj8&icp=1&.intl=us/http://gizfactory.com/article/philips-develops-micro-organisms-based-bio---light-http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/12389963/ns/technology_and_science-science/t/bacteria-make-worlds-strongesthttp://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-2033871/Soil-bacteria-clostridium-sporogenes-new-weapon-cancer-fight.html

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