Understanding Academic Plagiarism

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  • Today there are few people do the dedicated work, many are cheating the Society as great intellectuals can any one end this menace Dr.T.V.Rao Professor of Microbiology
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  • I'M USMAN HANIF.AFTER READING IT ALL I MUST SAY THAT THE TOPIC IS NICELY EXPLAINED. THANKS FOR ADDING TO OUR KNOWLEDGE.REGARDS!
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Understanding Academic Plagiarism

  1. 1. Plagiarism <br />numlnotes@gmail.com<br />
  2. 2. What Does Plagiarism Mean?<br />What do you think plagiarism means?<br />Brainstorming<br />
  3. 3. All of the following are  considered plagiarism<br />Turning in someone else&apos;s work as your own. <br />Copying words or ideas from someone else without giving credit.<br />Failing to put a quotation in quotation marks <br />Giving incorrect information about the source of a quotation <br />Changing words but copying the sentence structure of a source without giving credit <br />Copying so many words or ideas from a source that it makes up the majority of your work, whether you give credit or not .<br />
  4. 4. Formal Definition of Plagiarism<br />“The action or practice of taking someone else&apos;s work, idea, etc., and passing it off as one&apos;s own; literary theft.”<br />From Oxford English Dictionary Online.<br />
  5. 5. Formal Definition of Plagiarism 2<br />“Derived from the Latin word plagiarius (“kidnapper”)… [p]lagiarism involves two kinds of wrongs. <br />Using another person’s ideas, information, or expressions without acknowledging that person’s work constitutes intellectual theft. <br />Passing off another person’s ideas, information or expressions as your own to get a better grade or gain some other advantage constitutes fraud” (66).<br />From MLA Handbook (6th ed.).<br />
  6. 6. Formal Definition of Plagiarism 3<br />“Concealment is at the heart of plagiarism” (17).<br />From TheLittle Book of Plagiarism by Richard Posner.<br />
  7. 7. Bottom Line for Plagiarism<br />So, simply put, plagiarism is Academic/ Intellectual:<br />Theft<br />Fraud<br />Concealment<br />Unethical<br />
  8. 8. What Does Plagiarism result in?<br />Concrete consequences.<br />Fail the assignment.<br />Fail the course.<br />“Written reprimand” (28).<br />“Disciplinary probation” (28).<br />“Suspension” (28).<br />“Expulsion” (29).<br />“Other sanctions”<br />
  9. 9. Types of plagiarism <br />Sources Not Cited<br />The Ghost Writer <br />The Photocopy <br />The Poor Disguise <br />The Labor of Laziness <br />The Self-Stealer <br />
  10. 10. Sources Cited (But Still Plagiarized)<br />The Forgotten Footnote <br />The Misinformer<br />The Too-Perfect Paraphrase<br />The Resourceful Citer <br />The Perfect Crime<br />
  11. 11. What Does this Picture remind you of ??<br />
  12. 12. OTHER TYPES OF PLAGIARISM <br />Copy and Paste Plagiarism<br />Word Switch Plagiarism<br />Metaphor Plagiarism<br />Idea Plagiarism<br />Reasoning Style/Organization Plagiarism<br />Data Plagiarism<br />
  13. 13. Unintentional Plagiarism<br />“Presenting an author’s exact wording without marking it as a quotation is plagiarism, even if you cite the source” (70).<br />Writing papers in another language.<br />If you maintain the structure of the original sentence when you translate, that’s plagiarism (70).<br />From MLA Handbook (6th ed.).<br />
  14. 14. Unintentional Plagiarism 2<br />Writing about an idea that you think is original.<br />Do a thorough literature review (i.e. research) on your topic to be sure.<br />Writing about an idea that you had before you read about it in one of your sources.<br />You still have to reference the source -- that author got to the idea before you did!<br />
  15. 15. Intentional Plagiarism<br />Submitting a “paper written by someone else” (70).<br />Buying a paper online.<br />Borrowing a paper from a classmate/ senior who took your course previously.<br />Asking someone else to write the paper for you.<br />From MLA Handbook (6th ed.).<br />
  16. 16. Intentional Plagiarism 2<br />Word-for-word copying<br />Copying and pasting from a source and<br />Not using quotation marks<br />Not fully documenting the source (i.e. cited and referenced).<br />Copying and pasting from a source and<br />Not using quotation marks<br />Referencing the source in your bibliography<br />Not citing the source in your written text.<br />Copying and pasting from a source and<br />Not using quotation marks<br />Referencing the source in your bibliography<br />Citing the source using a footnote.<br />
  17. 17. Intentional Plagiarism 3<br />Paraphrasing offenses.<br />Stealing words:<br />“Repeating or paraphrasing wording” (71) and not fully documenting the source.<br />“Taking a particularly apt phrase (71-2) and not fully documenting the source.<br />Stealing ideas:<br />“Paraphrasing an argument or presenting a line of thinking” (72-3) and not fully documenting the source.<br />From MLA Handbook (6th ed.).<br />
  18. 18. Exceptions<br />When Documenting Is Unnecessary<br />Proverbs (73).<br />“Well-known” quotations (73).<br />“Common knowledge” (73).<br />When in doubt, fully document!<br />It’s better to over-cite that under-cite.<br />From MLA Handbook (6th ed.).<br />
  19. 19. Exceptions 2<br />Collaborative projects (aka group projects).<br />As long as your professor has approved this.<br />Be specific about who did what on the project to be safe.<br />
  20. 20. Tips on Avoiding Plagiarism<br />Start your research and writing early.<br />If you procrastinate, better to talk to your professor and ask for an extension than plagiarize.<br />Make clear notes.<br />Identify “your ideas” (75).<br />Identify “your summaries of others’ material” (75).<br />Identify direct quotes (75).<br />From MLA Handbook (6th ed.).<br />
  21. 21. Tips on Avoiding Plagiarism 2<br />Double-check all citations and references before turning your research paper in.<br />If, after you turned your paper in, it comes to your attention that you inadvertently plagiarized, talk to your professor.<br />Better to acknowledge the unintentional mistake beforehand.<br />
  22. 22. Any Question(s)?<br />
  23. 23. Thanks!<br />Thanks for your time today!<br />Good luck with your research!<br />

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