Basurama: a framework for designing collectively with waste
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Basurama: a framework for designing collectively with waste

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Basurama (trash-o-rama) is a non profit organization based in Spain that has been experimenting with different approaches to waste over the last decade. It has developed a framework to create projects ...

Basurama (trash-o-rama) is a non profit organization based in Spain that has been experimenting with different approaches to waste over the last decade. It has developed a framework to create projects that provide a better understanding of waste as a resource, and raise awareness of waste production. These projects take shape in many different ways, such as workshops, public art interventions, maps or data visualizations, and work with a wide range of stakeholders, ranging from neighborhood communities and local artists to municipal governments.

Across all the different kinds of projects, participant-users take active part in the search, selection of waste, as well as in the collaborative process of design and construction. Through practice, participants become aware of the implications of using waste as a source material: properties, availability, and transportation. The process changes the way designers and communities approach the design project, and provides a better way to understand how to work with what already exists, be it abandoned public space or leftover materials.

Among many other activities, Basurama’s practice has been centered on workshops, that last 2-4 weeks, to plan, research, design and construct. In that short period of time, Basuramas’s team connects with local agents to understand their needs and develop a site specific project. Local materials and techniques are used to enable the appropriation of the project by local actors and allow its replication. The proliferation of industrial waste, like car tires or pallets, allows the reproduction of these techniques across countries and certain reuse methods have been developed.

Due to the limitations of a short intervention and, in order to understand and provide this experience to others, we thought it was a good idea to analyze in detail how this process was. As a Basurama member I felt the need to extend this kind of reuse practices beyond the scope of our own projects and to conceptualize the work that had been done. These projects work both as a prototype and a ‘hands on’ method to train locals to build their own environments. This paper is an analysis of the 2-4 week long workshops that Basurama has been developing abroad. It will use as a case study the group of interventions in Latin America from the RUS project, specially RUS Lima.

We have found that to achieve environmentally responsible processes that reuse materials, it is fundamental to take into account the limitations and locations of materials and the qualities and possibilities of the selected space. That would be a bottom line for almost all reuse projects. However, to design and construct collectively and allow the appropriation of the project by local agents they must also be included in the project since the beginning, as a fundamental variable for the long term success.

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Basurama: a framework for designing collectively with waste Presentation Transcript

  • 1. April 3rd 2013 Cambridge, MA, USA. Cultural Agents Initiative Harvard Humanitarian Initiative Read full paper at http://basurama.org/txt/basurama-a-framework -for-designing-collectively-with-wasteBasurama: a framework fordesigning collectively with wastePablo Rey Mazón. Basurama.basurama.orgContents, unless noted, by Basurama under license:Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 3.0 Unported.
  • 2. Matthias Kabel. CC Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported
  • 3. Establish a framework to workcollectively with waste.
  • 4. Basurama: a framework fordesigning collectively with wasteApril 3rd 2013Pablo Rey Mazón. Basurama.Cultural Agents Initiative and Harvard Humanitarian Initiative
  • 5. Waste is a powerful affordable resource.Working collectively requires: Listening to the others needs Taking time, location, material constrains in account
  • 6. Basura = trashama = love-orama = wide view ofBasurama = wide view of + love trash
  • 7. 1. What is waste?2. What can we do with waste?3. How to work collaboratively with waste?
  • 8. 1. What is waste?Natural resources that have been wasted.
  • 9. Waste is a resource in the wrong place.
  • 10. Things that have lost their name.“The process by which something is turned into trash can bedescribed as a process of disqualification: things turn into trashwhen their service makes them lose the properties that describedthem as these or those things, and so on and so forth, and turn onlyinto that "thingness", fluid and without attributes, that accumulatesin trash tips and whose regeneration depends, we could say, onacquiring their lost properties again”. José Luis Pardo
  • 11. Whatever is tagged as waste. #Waste
  • 12. Whatever is tagged as waste. #Waste
  • 13. Whatever is tagged as waste. #Waste
  • 14. Whatever is tagged as waste. #Waste
  • 15. Whatever is tagged as waste. #Waste
  • 16. "Through the garbage collection system ofMexico City it is possible to make an accurateradiograph of the entire political system of therepublic, its power relations, their corruptsituations, etc.." Héctor Castillo BerthierWaste is information.
  • 17. "Through the garbage collection system ofMexico City it is possible to make an accurateradiograph of the entire political system of therepublic, its power relations, their corruptsituations, etc.." Héctor Castillo BerthierWaste is information.
  • 18. Recycling vsUpcycling/downcycling
  • 19. Recycling vs Reduce ReuseRecovery Repair Rehabilitation
  • 20. Waste is a relative concept.Waste doesnt exist.Waste has many scales/sizes/shapes.
  • 21. Waste = People that work with waste
  • 22. Waste picker, Cambridge MA, 2010
  • 23. 1. What is waste?2. What can we do with waste?3. Working collaboratively with waste?
  • 24. 2. What can we do with waste? A. Analyze + Visualize B. Reuse
  • 25. A. Analyze + Visualize Multimedia approach: from objects to landscapeTrash Safari. Madrid, 2005
  • 26. You are what you throw away. Benicassim, Spain. 2007
  • 27. You are what you throw away. Benicassim, 2007 with Iris Giménez Gil
  • 28. Waste Packaging Index. Berlin, 2012 with Dietmar Offenhuber
  • 29. Packaging Waste Packaging Index (WPI) = Total Weight of the productWaste Packaging Index. Berlin, 2012
  • 30. Waste Packaging Index. Berlin, 2012
  • 31. How to visualize Madrids Big Dig?I ♥ M30. Madrid 2006 (Yo amo M30, with Areaciega and Sauro Pixels
  • 32. Video trailer YO amo M30 http://youtu.be/hCpepJFR8rEI ♥ M30. Madrid 2006
  • 33. I ♥ M30. Madrid 2006
  • 34. I ♥ M30. Madrid 2006. Video trailer 2 http://youtu.be/n7Y48k8TrV8
  • 35. 6000km.org. 2006-2012
  • 36. Urb. Francisco Hernández. Seseña, Toledo. Ciduad de Valdeluz. Guadalajara, Spain.
  • 37. 6000km.org + meipi.org/6000km 2006-2011
  • 38. 6000km.org 2006-2011
  • 39. PAU Ensanche de Vallecas.
  • 40. PAU Ensanche de Vallecas.
  • 41. PAU Ensanche de Vallecas. 2013
  • 42. PAU Ensanche de Vallecas. 2013
  • 43. PAU Ensanche de Vallecas.
  • 44. Weymouth. MA. USA
  • 45. http://mapknitter.org/maps/saugus-incinerator-landfill
  • 46. http://basurama.org/transtrash/2011/10/19/saugus-ash-landfill-map/
  • 47. http://basurama.org/transtrash/
  • 48. http://meipi.org/cambridgewaste
  • 49. B. ReuseReusing materialsand public space
  • 50. Juego Chachi. Leandro Lattes. 2005
  • 51. Juego Chachi. Leandro Lattes. 2005
  • 52. Spermöla = Yard sale in public spaceSpermöla 2004, 2005, 2006
  • 53. Spermöla 2004, 2005, 2006
  • 54. Free Shop.Manresa, Spain. 2010
  • 55. Free Shop.Manresa, Spain. 2010
  • 56. 3. Working collaboratively with waste?
  • 57. RUS RESIDUOS URBANOS SÓLIDOSURBAN SOLID WASTE
  • 58. RUSA series of chained projects developed byBasurama and the local cultural-socialcollaborators of every iteration of the project.Every time the project ended with an action orintervention in the public space, usuallydegraded, and was centered in working urbanwaste (Basurama 2011).Funded by the Spanish Agency for InternationalDevelopment Cooperation (AECID) through theRed de Centros Culturales de la CooperaciónEspañola in Latin America.
  • 59. Timeline of a RUS project1. Research trip -Materials -Techniques and tools -Intervention spaces -Urban conflicts -Contact local agents: artists, neighbors, municipality.2. Review information and pre-design -Establish a local main collaborator3. Intervention trip -Production: materials, tools. -Design and co-design: iterations depending on negotiations, materials and actors -Construction: Workshop and prototype with locals -Action/intervention/installation -Unmount.
  • 60. RUS is based on:-Reactivation of public space-Local community-Waste-Reuse
  • 61. Public Space-In danger/threaten-Inadequate or poor maintenance-Privatization-Lack of use-Abandondment
  • 62. Local Community-Wide range of stakeholders-Different involvement: punctual support to full Involvement
  • 63. Waste-Source of information-Low cost-Location: harvest map-Value vs Price
  • 64. ReuseUbiquity of industrialized products
  • 65. RUS Asunción. Paraguay. 2008 with Sonia Carísimo and Francisco Tomboly
  • 66. RUS Asunción. Paraguay. 2008 with Sonia Carísimo and Francisco Tomboly
  • 67. RUS Asunción + Varsaw 2010
  • 68. Varsaw 2010
  • 69. RUS Buenos Aires. Todos somos cartoneros (We are all waste pickers) 2009
  • 70. RUS Buenos Aires. Guide to create cooperatives. With Eloisa Cartonera.
  • 71. RUS Buenos Aires. Guide to create cooperatives. With Eloisa Cartonera.
  • 72. La ciudad de los niños. Cabanyal, Valencia (2009) with Arquitectura se mueve.
  • 73. RUS Córdoba. Tejedoras Urbanas (Urban knitters) (2009) with Quinua Photos: Quinua
  • 74. RUS Córdoba. Tejedoras Urbanas (Urban knitters) (2009) with Quinua
  • 75. Video: Juan Andres Mancuello http://youtu.be/v3uM1cNpOMc
  • 76. RUS Córdoba. Tejedoras Urbanas (Urban knitters) (2009) with Quinua
  • 77. RUS Mexico City. 2008
  • 78. Car Tires
  • 79. RUS LIMASELF MADE AMUSEMENT “GHOSTTRAIN” PARK
  • 80. Initial research
  • 81. Harvest map
  • 82. Uncompleted Metropolitan railway.Foto: Sara Fernández Deustch
  • 83. “El Tren fantasma” (ghost train)-Elevated metropolitan railway project-Started construction in 1986-Opened 10km in 1990.-For 20 years abandoned elevatedinfrastructure.-Promised public transportation systemthat never arrived.
  • 84. Collaborators-Christians Luna (visual artist)-Sandra Nakamura (visual artist)-Camila Bustamante (graphic designer)-El Cartón (architecture students collective)-C.H.O.L.O. (artist collective based on Lima suburbs)-El Cartón (architecture students collective)-Playstationvagon (graffiti writers/urban artists)-El Codo (graffiti writer/urban artist)-Motivando Corazones collective (non profit organization)-María Pía Raschio and Diego Alonso -Rossell (artist)-Local group of boy scouts-Surquillo District Municipality
  • 85. RUS Lima, Peru. 2010
  • 86. RUS Lima, Peru. 2010
  • 87. Aucahuasi. Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unportedcommons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Tren_Eléctrico_viaducto_inconcluso.jpg
  • 88. C.H.O.L.O.
  • 89. Parque Autoarmable (Self made playground)“Nueva Esperanza” in Pachacutec, Ventanilla.Developed by C.H.O.L.O., Christians Luna ythe community of sector C1 de Pachacutec Photos: C.H.O.L.O.
  • 90. Parque Autoarmable Nueva Esperanza. Lima Photos: C.H.O.L.O.
  • 91. … and now, whats going on in Basurama?
  • 92. Long term involvement.Autobarrios. San Cristobal de los Ángeles, Madrid. 2013
  • 93. Real estate bubble in São Paulo. Brazil. 2013