HistoryVenice (Italian: Venezia [veˈnɛ ttsja] ( listen), Venetian: Venexia [veˈnɛ sja]; (Latin: Venetia)) is a cityin northeast Italy sited on a group of 118 small islands separated by canals and linked by bridges.It is locatedin the marshy Venetian Lagoon which stretches along the shoreline between the mouths of the Po andthe Piave Rivers. Venice is renowned for the beauty of its setting, its architecture and its artworks.The city inits entirety is listed as a World Heritage Site, along with its lagoon.[1Reaching VeniceBy AIR: Venices main airport (www.veniceairport.it) is situated on the mainland in Tessera,just north of the city, and is used by a large number of airlines, including British Airways, easyJet,Iberia, Lufthansa, Northwest Airlines, Delta, Alitalia, Air France and BMI but not Ryanair.By CAR:You certainly wont be needing a car if youre only planning to visit Venice:theres water where the streets should be. There are roads and motor vehicles on the Lido but itssuch a small island, and parking is a nightmare, that youll undoubtedly find a car is morehindrance than help. The only instance in which a vehicle is vital is if youre planning to explorethe mainland Veneto region.ByRAIL: Venice has two railway stations: Venezia-Mestre on the mainland andVenezia-Santa Lucia which is on the Grand Canal. Many trains terminate at the latter. You can takea vaporetto or water taxi to your final destination from right outside.Some through-trains stop at Mestre but not Santa Lucia, in which case you’ll need to hop on alocal train (or any train which stops here and continues to Santa Lucia) to cross the bridge toVenice proper.ByWATER TAXI: Taking a (water) taxi in Venice is an expensive business. They are,however, very handy for visitors with limited mobility (or too much luggage) if you opt to stay in ahotel with its own water entrance.Consorzio Motoscafi (+39 041 5222303; www.motoscafivenezia.it) water taxis charge 60 euros forup to six people (including their luggage) from the station or Piazzale Roma to the Rialto or SanMarco area. For tours of the city, the rate is 100 euros per hour, 380 euros for four hours and 750euros for eight hours, in each case for up to eight people.
ByBUS: ACTV (www.actv.it) runs the Venice area’s land buses as well as the water buses.You won’t use buses unless you’re staying on the Lido, or in Mestre on the mainland. From theLido, you’ll take a vaporetto from Lido-Santa Maria Elisabetto to reach Venice proper. FromMestre, on the other hand, many bus services cross the bridge to Venice’s transport hub atPiazzale Roma, from where you can pick up avaporetto.HOT ATTRACTIONSVenice Biennale : The Venice Biennale is one of the most important events in the artscalendar. During 1893 headed by the mayor of Venice, Riccardo Selvatico, the Venetian City Council passed aresolution on 19 April to set up an Esposizione biennale artistica nazionale (biennial exhibition of Italian art), tobe inaugurated on 22 April 1895.Following the outbreak of hostilities during the Second World War, theactivities of the Biennale were interrupted in September 1942, but resumed in 1948.Festa del Redentore:The Festa del Redentore is held in mid July. It began as a feastto give thanks for the end of the terrible plague of 1576. A bridge of barges is built connecting Giudecca to therest of Venice, and fireworks play an important roleVenice Film Festival:The Venice Film Festival (Italian Mostra Internazionale dArteCinematografica di Venezia) is the oldest film festival in the world. Founded by Count Giuseppe Volpi diMisuratain 1932 as the "Esposizione Internazionale dArte Cinematografica", the festival has since taken placeevery year in late August or early September on the island of the Lido, Venice, Italy. Screenings take place inthe historic Palazzo del Cinema on the Lungomare Marconi. It is one of the worlds most prestigious filmfestivals and is part of the Venice Biennale.LOCAL SIGHTSEEINGLa Fenice :Teatro La Fenice (pronounced [la feˈnitʃ e], "The Phoenix") is an operahouse in Venice, Italy. It is one of the most famous theatres in Europe, the site of many famous operaticpremieres. Its name reflects its role in permitting an opera company to "rise from the ashes" despite losing theuse of two theatres (to fire and legal problems respectively). Since opening and being named La Fenice, it hasburned and been rebuilt twice more.Gallerie dellAccademia:The Gallerie dellAccademia is a museum gallery of pre-19th century art in Venice, northern Italy. Situated on the south bank of the Grand Canal, withinthe sestiere of Dorsoduro, it gives its name to one of the three bridges across the canal, the PontedellAccademia, and to the boat landing station for the vaporetto water bus. It was originally created as an artschool.
Church of San Geremia : On the inside, you can admire the wonderful works ofart but most important, this church is a well known pilgrimage point because of the grave of Santa Lucia di Siracusa,who is celebrated on December 13th and is known by the pilgrims to be the “eye protector”. The outside of thechurch is featured by the façade overlooking the Gran Canal, on which you can easily see the following inscription:“Lucia Vergine di Siracusa rests in peace in this temple. You inspire a bright future and peace to Italy and the entireWorld”.Guglie Bridge:, added after a restoration in 1823, it cross the Cannaregio canal (sestiere ofCannaregio) the only inner canal of the historic centre to be crossed by public boats, the service on this are issuspended in case of high tide, the water raise and the arcade of the bridge become lower so boats can gettrough.Last restoration was made in 1987, steps were redone (were in Tarmac now in stone) also a disable ramp has beeninstalled, and it is one of the few permanent ramp in the whole city.CuisineRixi e bixi: a poor but tasty dish consisting of a simple risotto with pancetta and peas cooked in a broth.Sarde in saor: fried sardines, dipped in partially fried onion in the same oil in which they are fried sardines,raisins and pine nuts (traditionally only by winter to increase the calories), other spices and sprinkled withplenty of vinegar. One leaves everything to marinate at least one night.Mołeche: small green species crabs (Carcinus maenas), when they arrived at the peak of phase changesand then soft, they are fried. The mołeche are very valuable because the process of changing the waterbrackish lagoons lasts a few hours, the armor back hard and immediately return to be called maxenete.Rixoto de gò: rice prepared with goby (of the Gobius ophiocephalus species), also known as gò, typicalfish of the Venetian Lagoon.Pasta e faxioi: bean soup with noodles (typically long pasta rough).Połenta e schie: small shrimp from the lagoon (gray mud, gray-brown from boiled), fried and perched on abed of white polenta very soft.Sepe al nero: cuttlefish cooked with their ink lagoon.Fegato ała venesiana: a high-class Venetian plate of liver, chopped and cooked together with choppedonions.Bigołi in salsa: bigoli pasta served with an anchovy and onion sauce.Among the many Venetian desserts, the most well-known are: the fritołe (or frittelle),the baicołi (or baicoli), xałeti (or zaletti), thepinsa (or pinza), the gałani (or galani), and the fugasa (or focaccia).ShoppingIn a city that for centuries has thrived almost exclusively on tourism, rememberthis: Where you buy cheap, you get cheap. There are few bargains to be had; thenonproduce part of the Rialto Market is as good as it gets, where youll find cheap T-
shirts, glow-in-the-dark plastic gondolas, and tawdry glass trinkets. Venetians,centuries-old merchants, arent known for bargaining. Youll stand a better chance ofgetting a bargain if you pay in cash or buy more than one item.Venice is uniquely famous for local crafts that have been produced here for centuriesand are hard to get elsewhere: the glassware from Murano, the delicate lace fromBurano, and the cartapesta (papier-mâché) Carnevale masks youll find inendless botteghe, where you can watch artisans paint amid their wares.