Literary terms pp (nugenang v1)

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  • 1. Literary Terms & Story Elements Everything you ever wanted to know about literary definitions OR
  • 2. SETTING
    • the time in which the story takes place
    • the place where the story takes place
    • the mood of the story
  • 3. MOOD
    • The overall feeling that is created by an author’s choice of words
    • This is part of the setting.
  • 4. CHARACTERIZATION The individuals responsible for moving the story line from the beginning to the end
    • Antagonist - a character in conflict with the protagonist; the “bad guy”
    • Protagonist - the main character; the “good guy”
    • Dynamic Character - a character who matures and gains knowledge in the course of the story
    • Static Character - a character who stays the same throughout the story
    • Flat Character - a character who is one-sided and often stereotyped
    • Round Character - a character who is fully developed and exhibits many traits; often both faults and virtues
  • 5. PLOT LINE CONCLUSION FALLING ACTION CLIMAX / TURNING POINT RISING ACTION (EVENTS & CONFLICT) INTRODUCTION / EXPOSITION RESOLUTION
  • 6. INTRODUCTION / EXPOSITION
    • Background material about the characters, setting, and situation with which the author introduces the essentials of the story to the reader - at the beginning of the plot line
  • 7. RISING ACTION
    • The part of the story, including the events and conflict, in which the tension rises; rising action builds to the story’s climax
  • 8. CONFLICT
    • The source of tension and drama in the story or the “story problem”
    TYPES 1. Person against person
    • Person against himself (internal conflict)
    3. Person against nature 4. Person against machine
    • Person against society
    • Person against fate
  • 9. CLIMAX / TURNING POINT
    • The moment when the action comes to its highest point of dramatic conflict and the event that leads to the solution of the conflict
  • 10. RESOLUTION
    • This is how the conflict is solved, or, resolved.
  • 11. FALLING ACTION
    • The part of the story after the resolution and leading to the conclusion when there is a sharp decline in dramatic tension.
  • 12. CONCLUSION
    • The ending of the story
  • 13. PLOT LINE CONCLUSION FALLING ACTION CLIMAX / TURNING POINT RISING ACTION (EVENTS & CONFLICT) INTRODUCTION / EXPOSITION RESOLUTION
  • 14. POINT OF VIEW (the perspective from which the story is told)
    • FIRST PERSON - story is told from the perspective of one of the characters; uses first person pronouns (I, me, we, us)
    • THIRD-PERSON LIMITED - told from the perspective of one of the characters; using third person pronouns (he, she) Only know limited characters’ thoughts
    • THIRD-PERSON OMNISCIENT - narrator knows all of the characters’ thoughts and feelings
    • THIRD PERSON OBJECTIVE- narrator only knows what is external to the characters
  • 15. THEME
    • The central “message” that the author intends to communicate by telling the story; often universal truths that are suggested by the story (general statements about life or people)
  • 16. SYMBOLISM
    • The use of an image, object, character, or action that stands for an idea beyond its literal meaning.
  • 17. FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE
  • 18. FLASHBACK
    • a scene in a story that interrupts the events to relate events that occurred in the past
  • 19. FORESHADOWING
    • Gives readers clues about events that will happen later in the story
  • 20. IRONY
  • 21. STYLE
    • the ways that an author uses language - including word choice, length and complexity of sentences; use of imagery and symbols as well as figurative language
  • 22. TONE
    • the author’s attitude toward toward his readers and his subject
  • 23. DIALOGUE
    • The actual words that characters speak. Dialogue dramatizes conflict and helps to portray the characters of the story
  • 24. ALLITERATION
    • The repetition of the same beginning sounds
    A fter the a ltercation, a ll of the a pes a pproached the a nteaters with a ffection.
  • 25. THAT’S ALL FOLKS!!