Biochar presentation for network buildingPresentation Transcript
BIOCHAR PRESENTATION By the Philippine Biochar Association
Biochar Program Goals
To create livelihood opportunities for rural households by converting agricultural and countryside biomass by-products into biochar
To incorporate biochar into farmlands of small farmers to improve farm yields and family income
3. Help mitigate the greenhouse effect caused by vehicle emissions and farming.
Biochar is charcoal created by pyrolysis (burning with minimal oxygen) of biomass
When biochar is added to the soil, it is known to stay in the soil for thousands of years. A recent study made by the University of Bayreuth in Germany showed that 1 hectare of land with biochar plowed in at 1 meter depth holds 250 tons of carbon compared with 100 tons in soil without biochar.
The Carbon Dioxide Cycle
Through pyrolysis carbon is sequestered and prevented from converting into the greenhouse gas of CO2
Adding Biochar to Farm Lands
Soil without biochar Soil with biochar
Biochar Benefits to Farm Soils
boosts soil fertility
prevents soil erosion
improves soil quality by raising soil pH
traps moisture, attracting more beneficial fungi and microbes
improves cation (positive ion) exchange capacity
helps the soil hold nutrient
improves water quality by retaining agrochemicals and metals
Better than Compost
biochar is a more stable nutrient source than compost and manure. Biochar, therefore, as a soil amendment can increase crop yields, reduce the need for chemical fertilizers, and minimize the adverse environmental effects of agrochemicals in the environment.
Helps mitigate greenhouse effect by trapping carbon for thousand of years!
Captures even more carbon when plowed into farmlands!
Improves soil quality for better food production
Materials that can be used to make biochar Rice Hull or Ipa Rice Straw or Dayami Coconut Husk Corn Cobs
Forest and agriculture residue…
BIOCHAR PRODUCTION MADE FROM RICE HULL
CARBONIZED RICE HULL OR BIOCHAR OR AGRICHAR The internal structure of biochar
Drier using rice hull as fuel and Producing biochar as byproduct RICE HULL STOVE THAT PRODUCES BIOCHAR AS BY-PRODUCT
No more burning of rice hull or rice straw
Rice Crop using soil integrated biochar Corn crop with biochar and Chicken manure Organic brandywine tomatoes grown With biochar and vermicompost
PBiA has recently set up a network in Zambales in partnership with the Botolan Local Government, a local NGO called Sambali, and the Bucao Farmer Irrigators Association . Other networks are similarly being organized around the country .
Carbon Sequestration Validation and Certification Program The Philippine Biochar Association (PBiA) , in partnership with local government units (LGUs), local non-government organizations (NGOs), and people’s organizations (POs), has taken the initiative to introduce VERIFIED & CERTIFIED carbon sequestration in the Philippines using Biochar and offer it as a venue for VOLUNTARY CARBON OFFSET .
Incorporating biochar into agricultural land is a simple process and can easily be done by a farmer… In partnership with PBiA, for every 1.1 tons of biochar incorporated in agricultural land, the LOCAL BIOCHAR NETWORK issues a master certificate verifying this activity.
Carbon Offset Sticker Program
P1,500 Answers for up to 1,000 kilos of Carbon Emissions AND provides livelihood and better food supply
Issues Negative Carbon Stickers against each Master Certificate, 4 stickers to one Master Certificate .
The sticker sales fund the biochar production and soil integration by the farmer’s organization
> For every Php1500 sticker sold, Php 875 goes to the Local Biochar Network for
VERIFICATION and CERTIFICATION
(70% to Farmer, 10% to LGU, 20% to NGO)
The Philippine Biochar Association receives Php 275 per sticker for sticker management, website access, awareness building, promotions;
And Php 350 goes to marketing
Sample Table of CO2 Emissions Fuel Type Kilometer/ Liter Ave. Km Distance/ year Fuel Consumed/ Year (liter) CO2 Emission/ Liter (kls) CO2 Produced/ Year (kls) Gas 8 10,000 1,250 .650 812 9 10,000 1,111 .650 722 10 10,000 1,000 .650 650 11 10,000 910 .650 591 Diesel 8 10,000 1,250 .735 919 9 10,000 1,111 .735 817 10 10,000 1,000 .735 735 11 10,000 910 .735 669