BIOCHAR PRESENTATION By the Philippine Biochar Association
Biochar Program Goals <ul><li>To create livelihood opportunities for rural households by converting agricultural and countryside biomass by-products into biochar </li></ul><ul><li>To incorporate biochar into farmlands of small farmers to improve farm yields and family income </li></ul><ul><li>3. Help mitigate the greenhouse effect caused by vehicle emissions and farming. </li></ul>
BIOCHAR <ul><li>Biochar is charcoal created by pyrolysis (burning with minimal oxygen) of biomass </li></ul><ul><li>When biochar is added to the soil, it is known to stay in the soil for thousands of years. A recent study made by the University of Bayreuth in Germany showed that 1 hectare of land with biochar plowed in at 1 meter depth holds 250 tons of carbon compared with 100 tons in soil without biochar. </li></ul>
Biochar Benefits to Farm Soils <ul><li>boosts soil fertility </li></ul><ul><li>prevents soil erosion </li></ul><ul><li>improves soil quality by raising soil pH </li></ul><ul><li>traps moisture, attracting more beneficial fungi and microbes </li></ul><ul><li>improves cation (positive ion) exchange capacity </li></ul><ul><li>helps the soil hold nutrient </li></ul><ul><li>improves water quality by retaining agrochemicals and metals </li></ul>
Better than Compost <ul><li>biochar is a more stable nutrient source than compost and manure. Biochar, therefore, as a soil amendment can increase crop yields, reduce the need for chemical fertilizers, and minimize the adverse environmental effects of agrochemicals in the environment. </li></ul>
BIOCHAR <ul><li>Helps mitigate greenhouse effect by trapping carbon for thousand of years! </li></ul><ul><li>Captures even more carbon when plowed into farmlands! </li></ul><ul><li>Improves soil quality for better food production </li></ul>
Materials that can be used to make biochar Rice Hull or Ipa Rice Straw or Dayami Coconut Husk Corn Cobs
Rice Crop using soil integrated biochar Corn crop with biochar and Chicken manure Organic brandywine tomatoes grown With biochar and vermicompost
PBiA has recently set up a network in Zambales in partnership with the Botolan Local Government, a local NGO called Sambali, and the Bucao Farmer Irrigators Association . Other networks are similarly being organized around the country .
Carbon Sequestration Validation and Certification Program The Philippine Biochar Association (PBiA) , in partnership with local government units (LGUs), local non-government organizations (NGOs), and people’s organizations (POs), has taken the initiative to introduce VERIFIED & CERTIFIED carbon sequestration in the Philippines using Biochar and offer it as a venue for VOLUNTARY CARBON OFFSET .
Incorporating biochar into agricultural land is a simple process and can easily be done by a farmer… In partnership with PBiA, for every 1.1 tons of biochar incorporated in agricultural land, the LOCAL BIOCHAR NETWORK issues a master certificate verifying this activity.
Carbon Offset Sticker Program <ul><li>P1,500 Answers for up to 1,000 kilos of Carbon Emissions AND provides livelihood and better food supply </li></ul>Issues Negative Carbon Stickers against each Master Certificate, 4 stickers to one Master Certificate .
The sticker sales fund the biochar production and soil integration by the farmer’s organization <ul><li>> For every Php1500 sticker sold, Php 875 goes to the Local Biochar Network for </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PRODUCING </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FARM INCORPORATION </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VALIDATION </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VERIFICATION and CERTIFICATION </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(70% to Farmer, 10% to LGU, 20% to NGO) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Philippine Biochar Association receives Php 275 per sticker for sticker management, website access, awareness building, promotions; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>And Php 350 goes to marketing </li></ul></ul>
Sample Table of CO2 Emissions Fuel Type Kilometer/ Liter Ave. Km Distance/ year Fuel Consumed/ Year (liter) CO2 Emission/ Liter (kls) CO2 Produced/ Year (kls) Gas 8 10,000 1,250 .650 812 9 10,000 1,111 .650 722 10 10,000 1,000 .650 650 11 10,000 910 .650 591 Diesel 8 10,000 1,250 .735 919 9 10,000 1,111 .735 817 10 10,000 1,000 .735 735 11 10,000 910 .735 669