1. Getting Farmers to Produce and Use BiocharBiochar in the Philippines: Forging a National Agenda Covering Rice Self-sufficiency, Food Security, Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation
2. GOALS• 1. Raise Awareness of Contributions of Biochar in the drive towards Rice Self Sufficiency and Food Security• 2. Helping farmers adapt to excessive CO2 Pollution in the Atmosphere
3. Philippine Biochar Association• SEC Registered in 2011• To Establish 150 Town-level Biochar Networks that act as LOCAL PPPs AND promote the use of Biochar in farmlands• Botolan, Zambales Biochar Network: LGU, SAMBALI, Botolan Irrigator Farmer Association
4. Philippine Biochar Association• Founding Members, Advisory Council & Board Members:• Tony de Castro, Dr. Bernie Tadeo, Peachy Cuenca-Forbes, Ching Camara, Susan Roxas, Beth de Castro, Michael Goon, Chay Pasco• Executive Director: Chris Cenal
5. Incorporating biochar into agricultural land is a simple process andcan easily be done by a farmer… In partnership with PBiA, forevery 1.1 tons of biochar incorporated in agricultural land, theLOCAL BIOCHAR NETWORK issues a master certificate verifyingthis activity. PBiA validates this through actual soil testing.
6. Issues Negative Carbon Stickers against each Master Certificate, 12 stickers to one Master Certificate. Carbon Offset Sticker ProgramP500 Answers for up to 1,000 kilos of Carbon Emissions AND provides livelihood and better food supply
7. Biochar for Corporate Social ResponsibilityIMMEDIATE REDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GASNO MAINTENANCE NECESSARYCONTINUES TO REDUCE GREENHOUSE GAS FOR THOUSANDS OFYEARS THEREBY MEETING THE GLOBAL STANDARDTERRA PRETA OR BLACK EARTH
8. BIOCHAR• Biochar is charred biomass from agricultural wastes like rice hull, rice straw, bagasse, corn stovers produced by high heating of these materials with very limited oxygen similar to charcoal but where biochar is meant for soil amendments and charcoal is for cooking
9. HOW DO YOU MAKE BIOCHAR?
10. CARBONIZED RICE HULL OR BIOCHAR ORAGRICHAR The internal structure of biochar
11. CO2 ATMOSPHERIC POLLUTION• 1. Ideal level of CO2: 280 to 350 ppm• 2. Present level is: 12% above 350: 393 ppm• 3. Disaster level is: 28% above high end. Can be reached in as little as 20 years: 450 ppm• 4. Pollutive CO2 for removal: 50 ppm
12. BIOCHAR POTENTIAL TO REMOVE CO2- If all the agricultural residue were charred per year and plowed into farm soils the annual removal potential is 3.5 ppm.- For every 1 billion tons of net addition of CO2 to the atmosphere, the CO2 concentration increases by ½ or .5 ppm- The reality is every year we add about 4 billion tons that add about 2.4 ppm of CO2 to our atmosphere
13. CO2 Pollution and Rice Sufficiency For every 1 degree• 1. centigrade increase in atmospheric temp, rice yields decline by 10%• 2. Since Pre-industrial level atmospheric temperatures have risen by .8 degree centigrade
14. WILL GET HOTTER• IPCC indicated that during the 21st century the global surface temperature is likely to rise a• further 1.1 to 2.9 °C for their lowest emissions scenario and• 2.4 to 6.4 °C for their highest. [
15. Materials that can be used to makeRice Hull or biocharIpa Rice Straw or Dayami Cocon ut Husk Corn Cobs
16. Biochar Benefits to Farm Soils• boosts soil fertility• prevents soil erosion• improves soil quality by raising soil pH• traps moisture, attracting more beneficial fungi and microbes• improves cation (positive ion) exchange capacity• helps the soil hold nutrients• improves water quality by retaining agrochemicals and metals• can increase yields from 10-50 percent depending on the initial soil quality
17. The humble Biochar has much to offer! HELPS FARMERS ADAPT TO CLIMATE CHANGE IMPROVES CAPACITY OF SOIL TO INCREASE YIELDS REMOVES CO2 POLLUTION
18. Adding Biochar to Farm Lands
19. SAMBALI BEACH FARM:100% USE OF BIOCHAR, EM, COMPOST12 TONS OF VEGGIES FROM 1.5 HECTARE FARM
20. In Summary: BIOCHAR IS GOOD NEWSAND THE PHILIPPINES SHOULD HAVE A NATIONAL AGENDA AROUND BIOCHAR THANK YOU!