The beginning of Visual art
and Design

By Ntombikayise Amos 200676172
Why are the arts important?
• They are languages that all people speak that cut across racial,
cultural, social, education...
Why the arts…
• They develop both independence and collaboration.
• They provide immediate feedback and opportunities for ...
WHY DO PEOPLE MAKE ART?
• RELIGIOUS ART
• ART FOR THE DEAD

• ART AND NATURE
• FUNCTIONAL ART

• ART FOR ARTS SAKE
RELIGIOUS ART
• Seated Buddha Akshobhya (?),
the Imperturbable Buddha of the
East, 9th–10th century
Tibet
Gilt copper; H. ...
ART FOR THE
DEAD
• Statue of Demedji and
Hennutsen, ca. 2465–26
B.C.E.; early Dynasty 5; Old
Kingdom
Egyptian
Rogers Fund,...
ART AND NATURE

MAYA LIN
"The Wave Field,"
1995. Shaped earth;
100 x 100 feet.
University of
Michigan, Ann Arbor,
Michigan
FUNCTIONAL ART
• Jacket, ca. 1616
British; Made Great Britain
linen, silk, metal; L. at center
back: 16 ½in. (42 cm).
Roge...
The Elements of Design are:
•
•
•
•
•
•

Line
Shape and Form
Value
Color
Space
Texture
Line

The path of a point moving through space is a
line. Lines may be explicit (right, Matisse) or
implied (left, Hopper)
Shape
& Form
Shape implies form and is perceived as 2dimensional (below, Twombly), while form
implies depth, length, and w...
Color
All of the colors are derived from the
three primary colors (red, blue, and
yellow) and black and white. Color
has t...
Value
Value refers to
the relative level
or darkness or
lightness of a
color in terms of
contrast (left,
Raphael)
Texture
The tactile (touchable) qualities of an
object, actual or implied (right, Bernini
and left, Rauschenberg)
Space
& Perspective

Space is the area in which art is
organized. Perspective is representative of
volume of space or a 3-...
The Principles of Design are:
•
•
•
•
•

Movement and Rhythm
Balance
Proportion
Variety and Emphasis
Harmony and Unity
Pattern

Pattern is the repetition or reoccurrence of a
design element, exact or varied, that
establishes a visual beat (l...
Rhythm
& Movement

Rhythm or movement is the suggestion
of motion through the use of various
elements (above, Pollock, and...
Proportion
& Scale
Proportion is the size relationship of parts
to a whole and to one another. Scale is to
relate size to ...
Balance

Balance is the impression of
equilibrium in a pictorial or sculptural
composition. Balance is often referred
to a...
Unity

Unity is achieved when the components of a
work of art are perceived as harmonious,
giving the work a sense of comp...
Emphasis

Emphasis is the created center of interest,
the place in an artwork where your eye first
lands (left, Toulouse-L...
The Principles of Design in Review
The Principles of Design are the ways that artists use the Elements of Art to
create go...
REFERENCES
• Adapted from Project ARTiculate’s Elements & Principles of Art
http://www.projectarticulate.org
• Presented b...
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The beginning of visual art and design

  1. 1. The beginning of Visual art and Design By Ntombikayise Amos 200676172
  2. 2. Why are the arts important? • They are languages that all people speak that cut across racial, cultural, social, educational, and economic barriers and enhance cultural appreciation and awareness. • They are symbol systems as important as letters and numbers. • They integrate mind, body, and spirit. • They provide opportunities for self-expression, bringing the inner world into the outer world of concrete reality. • They offer the avenue to "flow states" and peak experiences. • They create a seamless connection between motivation, instruction, assessment, and practical application--leading to deep understanding. • They are an opportunity to experience processes from beginning to end.
  3. 3. Why the arts… • They develop both independence and collaboration. • They provide immediate feedback and opportunities for reflection. • They make it possible to use personal strengths in meaningful ways and to bridge into understanding sometimes difficult abstractions through these strengths. • They merge the learning of process and content. • They improve academic achievement -- enhancing test scores, attitudes, social skills, critical and creative thinking. • They exercise and develop higher order thinking skills including analysis, synthesis, evaluation, and "problem-finding." • They are essential components of any alternative assessment program. • They provide the means for every student to learn By Dee Dickinson
  4. 4. WHY DO PEOPLE MAKE ART? • RELIGIOUS ART • ART FOR THE DEAD • ART AND NATURE • FUNCTIONAL ART • ART FOR ARTS SAKE
  5. 5. RELIGIOUS ART • Seated Buddha Akshobhya (?), the Imperturbable Buddha of the East, 9th–10th century Tibet Gilt copper; H. 22 13/16 in.(57.8 cm) • Page from an Illuminated Gospel, early 15th century Ethiopia, Lake Tana region Wood, vellum, pigment; H. 16 1/2 in. (41.9 cm)
  6. 6. ART FOR THE DEAD • Statue of Demedji and Hennutsen, ca. 2465–26 B.C.E.; early Dynasty 5; Old Kingdom Egyptian Rogers Fund, 1951 (51.37) • Triumph of Dionysos and the Seasons Sarcophagus, ca. 260–270 Roman Phrygian marble; H. 34 in. (86.4 cm)
  7. 7. ART AND NATURE MAYA LIN "The Wave Field," 1995. Shaped earth; 100 x 100 feet. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan
  8. 8. FUNCTIONAL ART • Jacket, ca. 1616 British; Made Great Britain linen, silk, metal; L. at center back: 16 ½in. (42 cm). Rogers Fund, 1923 (23.170.1) • Kiki Smith. (American, born Germany 1954). 1995. Artist's book, page (irreg.): 13 x 9" (33 x 22.9 cm). Edition: 2,500. Publisher: Pace Wildenstein, New York. Printer: Diversified Graphics, Minneapolis.
  9. 9. The Elements of Design are: • • • • • • Line Shape and Form Value Color Space Texture
  10. 10. Line The path of a point moving through space is a line. Lines may be explicit (right, Matisse) or implied (left, Hopper)
  11. 11. Shape & Form Shape implies form and is perceived as 2dimensional (below, Twombly), while form implies depth, length, and width and is perceived as 3-dimensional (right, Michelangelo)
  12. 12. Color All of the colors are derived from the three primary colors (red, blue, and yellow) and black and white. Color has three properties: hue, value, and intensity (right, Ojibwe beadwork)
  13. 13. Value Value refers to the relative level or darkness or lightness of a color in terms of contrast (left, Raphael)
  14. 14. Texture The tactile (touchable) qualities of an object, actual or implied (right, Bernini and left, Rauschenberg)
  15. 15. Space & Perspective Space is the area in which art is organized. Perspective is representative of volume of space or a 3-D object on a flat surface (above, Escher, right, Da Vinci)
  16. 16. The Principles of Design are: • • • • • Movement and Rhythm Balance Proportion Variety and Emphasis Harmony and Unity
  17. 17. Pattern Pattern is the repetition or reoccurrence of a design element, exact or varied, that establishes a visual beat (left, Warhol and above, Klimt)
  18. 18. Rhythm & Movement Rhythm or movement is the suggestion of motion through the use of various elements (above, Pollock, and right, an unknown artist, India)
  19. 19. Proportion & Scale Proportion is the size relationship of parts to a whole and to one another. Scale is to relate size to a constant, such as a human body (left, Serra, below, a woman adds tiny details to a Pueblo plate).
  20. 20. Balance Balance is the impression of equilibrium in a pictorial or sculptural composition. Balance is often referred to as symmetrical, asymmetrical, or radial (above, a photo of a flower, and to the right, Copley)
  21. 21. Unity Unity is achieved when the components of a work of art are perceived as harmonious, giving the work a sense of completion (left, Hokusai, below, Manet)
  22. 22. Emphasis Emphasis is the created center of interest, the place in an artwork where your eye first lands (left, Toulouse-Lautrec, above, O’Keeffe)
  23. 23. The Principles of Design in Review The Principles of Design are the ways that artists use the Elements of Art to create good Compositions (artwork) Balance Contrast Emphasis Variety Unity/Harmony Proportion Rhythm Movement Pattern Repetition
  24. 24. REFERENCES • Adapted from Project ARTiculate’s Elements & Principles of Art http://www.projectarticulate.org • Presented by: bruceblackart.com • Presented By Mrs. Cole : The Elements and Principles of Design • Principles of Design for the Artist : BRUCEBLACKART.COM • http://www.brigantine.atlnet.org/GigapaletteGALLERY/websites/ARTicul ationFinal/MainPages/LineMain.htm • http://www.brigantine.atlnet.org/GigapaletteGALLERY/websites/ARTicul ationFinal/MainPages/LineMain.htm
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