The beginning of Visual art
By Ntombikayise Amos 200676172
Why are the arts important?
• They are languages that all people speak that cut across racial,
cultural, social, educational, and economic barriers and enhance
cultural appreciation and awareness.
• They are symbol systems as important as letters and numbers.
• They integrate mind, body, and spirit.
• They provide opportunities for self-expression, bringing the inner
world into the outer world of concrete reality.
• They offer the avenue to "flow states" and peak experiences.
• They create a seamless connection between motivation,
instruction, assessment, and practical application--leading to deep
• They are an opportunity to experience processes from beginning to
Why the arts…
• They develop both independence and collaboration.
• They provide immediate feedback and opportunities for reflection.
• They make it possible to use personal strengths in meaningful ways
and to bridge into understanding sometimes difficult abstractions
through these strengths.
• They merge the learning of process and content.
• They improve academic achievement -- enhancing test scores,
attitudes, social skills, critical and creative thinking.
• They exercise and develop higher order thinking skills including
analysis, synthesis, evaluation, and "problem-finding."
• They are essential components of any alternative assessment
• They provide the means for every student to learn
By Dee Dickinson
WHY DO PEOPLE MAKE ART?
• RELIGIOUS ART
• ART FOR THE DEAD
• ART AND NATURE
• FUNCTIONAL ART
• ART FOR ARTS SAKE
• Seated Buddha Akshobhya (?),
the Imperturbable Buddha of the
East, 9th–10th century
Gilt copper; H. 22 13/16 in.(57.8 cm)
• Page from an Illuminated Gospel,
early 15th century
Ethiopia, Lake Tana region
Wood, vellum, pigment; H. 16 1/2 in.
ART FOR THE
• Statue of Demedji and
Hennutsen, ca. 2465–26
B.C.E.; early Dynasty 5; Old
Rogers Fund, 1951 (51.37)
• Triumph of Dionysos and the
Seasons Sarcophagus, ca.
Phrygian marble; H. 34 in. (86.4
ART AND NATURE
"The Wave Field,"
1995. Shaped earth;
100 x 100 feet.
Michigan, Ann Arbor,
• Jacket, ca. 1616
British; Made Great Britain
linen, silk, metal; L. at center
back: 16 ½in. (42 cm).
Rogers Fund, 1923 (23.170.1)
• Kiki Smith. (American, born
Germany 1954). 1995. Artist's
book, page (irreg.): 13 x 9" (33
x 22.9 cm). Edition: 2,500.
Publisher: Pace Wildenstein,
New York. Printer: Diversified
The Elements of Design are:
Shape and Form
The path of a point moving through space is a
line. Lines may be explicit (right, Matisse) or
implied (left, Hopper)
Shape implies form and is perceived as 2dimensional (below, Twombly), while form
implies depth, length, and width and is
perceived as 3-dimensional (right, Michelangelo)
All of the colors are derived from the
three primary colors (red, blue, and
yellow) and black and white. Color
has three properties: hue, value, and
intensity (right, Ojibwe beadwork)
Value refers to
the relative level
or darkness or
lightness of a
color in terms of
The tactile (touchable) qualities of an
object, actual or implied (right, Bernini
and left, Rauschenberg)
Space is the area in which art is
organized. Perspective is representative of
volume of space or a 3-D object on a flat
surface (above, Escher, right, Da Vinci)
The Principles of Design are:
Movement and Rhythm
Variety and Emphasis
Harmony and Unity
Pattern is the repetition or reoccurrence of a
design element, exact or varied, that
establishes a visual beat (left, Warhol and
Rhythm or movement is the suggestion
of motion through the use of various
elements (above, Pollock, and right, an
unknown artist, India)
Proportion is the size relationship of parts
to a whole and to one another. Scale is to
relate size to a constant, such as a human
body (left, Serra, below, a woman adds
tiny details to a Pueblo plate).
Balance is the impression of
equilibrium in a pictorial or sculptural
composition. Balance is often referred
to as symmetrical, asymmetrical, or
radial (above, a photo of a flower, and
to the right, Copley)
Unity is achieved when the components of a
work of art are perceived as harmonious,
giving the work a sense of completion (left,
Hokusai, below, Manet)
Emphasis is the created center of interest,
the place in an artwork where your eye first
lands (left, Toulouse-Lautrec, above,
The Principles of Design in Review
The Principles of Design are the ways that artists use the Elements of Art to
create good Compositions (artwork)
• Adapted from Project ARTiculate’s Elements & Principles of Art
• Presented by: bruceblackart.com
• Presented By Mrs. Cole : The Elements and Principles of Design
• Principles of Design for the Artist : BRUCEBLACKART.COM
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