1
ETHICS IN DENTISTRY
Presented By: Intikhab Alam(08)
BDS 2nd Year
Presented To: Dr.Manzar Anwar
Dr.Shakeel Ahmad
Dr.Shazia ...
Objective
At the end of my presentation all the fellows of
2nd year BDS will be able to know about ethics,
morality and et...
Contents
 Ethics Meaning
 Ethics Definition
 Personal Ethics(morality)
 Dental Ethics
 Principles of Dental Ethics
 ...
5
Ethics
 Derived from Greek word
ethos meaning “character or
conduct”.
 Used interchangeably with
moral which is derived ...
Ethics Definition
 Ethics, as a branch of philosophy, is the
systematic study of what is right and
good with respect to c...
Personal Ethics
 Personal ethics might also be called
morality, since they reflect general
expectations of any person in ...
Dental Ethics
 Dental ethics is defined as:
“The moral duties and
obligations of a dentist towards his/her
patients, prof...
Principles of Dental Ethics
 These principles help in choosing the right course of
actions in certain difficult decision ...
To do Good (Beneficence)
 Attributes to Hippocrates.
 Beneficence refers to the principle
of promoting or doing good.
 ...
To do no Harm (Non-maleficence)
 Hippocrates has laid an emphasis on
it.
 The dentist has a duty to refrain from
harming...
Autonomy(Self
Governance)
 The dentist should educate the
patient to his/her best regarding
treatment.
 Treat the patien...
Justice(Fairness)
 Dealing with people justly and
delivering dental care without
prejudice.
 Treating people fairly with...
Truthfulness or Veracity
 Patient doctor relationship based on
mutual trust.
 The dentist has a duty to
communicate trut...
Confidentiality
 There should be understanding
b/w dentist and patient.
 Any information revealed by
the patient to the ...
Hippocratic Oath
 To consider dear to me, him who
taught me this art, and to consider
my goods with him;
 I will use tho...
Cont’d
 I will not cut for stone, even for patients in whom the
disease is manifest; I will leave this operation to be
pe...
Cont’d
 Whatever I see or hear in the lives of my patients,
which ought not to be spoken of outside, I will keep
secret, ...
Codes of Ethics
 Primarily developed for patient’s
benefit.
 Represents principles of
professional conduct, rules and
re...
Duties Towards Colleagues
 Cherish a proper pride in your
colleagues and treat them as
brothers and sisters.
 Should not...
Duties Toward Colleagues
 On no account do anything harmful to the interest of
the members of fraternity.
 Retire in fav...
Duties Toward Patients
 The best recommendation for a dentist should be
his/her personal reputation, professional ability...
Duties Toward Patients
 Race, Religion, Nationality or Relation should not
interfere in providing the best available serv...
Duties Towards Community
 To participate in community affairs
 Educate the public in promotion of health
 To be trustwo...
Unethical Practices
 Practice by unregistered persons employed by the
dentists.
 Represent itself in a manner that is fa...
Unethical Practices(cont’d)
 Non referral, in case treatment beyond the dentist skill.
 Performing unnecessary services ...
Difficult Terms
 Cut for Stone: means surgical removal of stones i.e
gallstone, kidney stone etc.
 Regimens: Any regulat...
29
References
 Google
 Wikipedia
 SS Hiremath
30
31
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Ethics in Dentistry

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here i made it for my community presentation but i hope, you people will get some good from it.

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Ethics in Dentistry

  1. 1. 1
  2. 2. ETHICS IN DENTISTRY Presented By: Intikhab Alam(08) BDS 2nd Year Presented To: Dr.Manzar Anwar Dr.Shakeel Ahmad Dr.Shazia Makhdum 2
  3. 3. Objective At the end of my presentation all the fellows of 2nd year BDS will be able to know about ethics, morality and ethics in dentistry. 3
  4. 4. Contents  Ethics Meaning  Ethics Definition  Personal Ethics(morality)  Dental Ethics  Principles of Dental Ethics  Hippocratic Oath  Codes of Ethics  Unethical Practices  References 4
  5. 5. 5
  6. 6. Ethics  Derived from Greek word ethos meaning “character or conduct”.  Used interchangeably with moral which is derived from Latin word mores meaning “customs or habits”. 6
  7. 7. Ethics Definition  Ethics, as a branch of philosophy, is the systematic study of what is right and good with respect to character and conduct. OR simply  Branch of philosophy, which deals with the examination of human conduct. 7
  8. 8. Personal Ethics  Personal ethics might also be called morality, since they reflect general expectations of any person in any society, acting in any capacity. 8
  9. 9. Dental Ethics  Dental ethics is defined as: “The moral duties and obligations of a dentist towards his/her patients, professional colleagues and society”.  Dental ethics applies moral principles and virtues to the practice of dentistry. 9
  10. 10. Principles of Dental Ethics  These principles help in choosing the right course of actions in certain difficult decision making situations. The principles of ethics are as under:  To do good  To do no harm  Autonomy  Justice  Truthfulness  confidentiality 10
  11. 11. To do Good (Beneficence)  Attributes to Hippocrates.  Beneficence refers to the principle of promoting or doing good.  Should always think about the welfare of the patient.  Put the patient’s best interests as priority. 11
  12. 12. To do no Harm (Non-maleficence)  Hippocrates has laid an emphasis on it.  The dentist has a duty to refrain from harming the patient.  Keeping knowledge and skills current.  Should inform the patient who may have been exposed to blood borne pathogen or other infectious disease.  Use of unsterilized instruments, under- filling or overfilling, carelessness in handling hard and soft tissues can harm the patients. 12
  13. 13. Autonomy(Self Governance)  The dentist should educate the patient to his/her best regarding treatment.  Treat the patient according to patient’s desire.  Information given should be easily understood.  In case of minors, parents or guardians can grant the consent for care.  Respect the patient’s right to self- determination and confidentiality. 13
  14. 14. Justice(Fairness)  Dealing with people justly and delivering dental care without prejudice.  Treating people fairly without discrimination of socio-economic status, race, creed, color, sex or national origin. 14
  15. 15. Truthfulness or Veracity  Patient doctor relationship based on mutual trust.  The dentist has a duty to communicate truthfully.  Dentists shall not represent the care being rendered to their patients in a false or misleading manner.  Patient expect the dentist to be truthful about the information given , treatment rendered and the prognosis. 15
  16. 16. Confidentiality  There should be understanding b/w dentist and patient.  Any information revealed by the patient to the dentist will not be divulged without the patient’s consent.  Except the situation where disclosure is needed to protect others, the patient itself and community. 16
  17. 17. Hippocratic Oath  To consider dear to me, him who taught me this art, and to consider my goods with him;  I will use those dietary regimens which will benefit my patients according to my greatest ability and judgment and I will do no harm or injustice to them.  I will pass my life and practice my art with full purity and holiness. 17
  18. 18. Cont’d  I will not cut for stone, even for patients in whom the disease is manifest; I will leave this operation to be performed by practitioners/specialist in this art.  I will give no deadly medicine to anyone, nor suggest any such counsel.  In every house where I come I will only enter for the good and benefit of my patients, keeping myself far from all intentional ill doing and all seduction. 18
  19. 19. Cont’d  Whatever I see or hear in the lives of my patients, which ought not to be spoken of outside, I will keep secret, as considering all such things to be private.  If I keep this oath faithfully, may I enjoy my life and practice my art, respected by all men and in all times; but if I swerve from it, may the reverse be my lot. 19
  20. 20. Codes of Ethics  Primarily developed for patient’s benefit.  Represents principles of professional conduct, rules and responsibilities by which the dentist must aspire to fulfill their responsibilities to patients, colleagues and society.  Vary from country to country or within the same country. 20
  21. 21. Duties Towards Colleagues  Cherish a proper pride in your colleagues and treat them as brothers and sisters.  Should not make disparaging comments of the procedures or qualification of colleagues.  Honor mutual arrangements made regarding remuneration. 21
  22. 22. Duties Toward Colleagues  On no account do anything harmful to the interest of the members of fraternity.  Retire in favor of the regular dentist, after the emergency is over.  Institute correct treatment at once with the least comment.  Regard it as a pleasure and privilege to render gratuitous services to another dentist, his immediate family members. 22
  23. 23. Duties Toward Patients  The best recommendation for a dentist should be his/her personal reputation, professional ability and fidelity.  The welfare of the patient should be the top priority.  Be courteous, sympathetic, friendly and always be ready to the call of patients.  Observe punctuality in fulfilling appointments. 23
  24. 24. Duties Toward Patients  Race, Religion, Nationality or Relation should not interfere in providing the best available services.  Provide high quality of care to the patient.  Keep knowledge current and strive for new for better treatment of patient.  maintain accurate dental and medical records of patients  Keep all personal information regarding a patient confidentiality. 24
  25. 25. Duties Towards Community  To participate in community affairs  Educate the public in promotion of health  To be trustworthy and honest  To provide for his needs/welfare  To honor his parents  To respect the property of others  To follow community laws  To use the social services provided  To take a leadership role in community and  Elevate the esteem of profession 25
  26. 26. Unethical Practices  Practice by unregistered persons employed by the dentists.  Represent itself in a manner that is false or misleading and representing their fees in deceptive manner.  Issuing any certificate signed by the dentist which is untrue, misleading or improper.  Use of bogus diplomas, allowing or accepting commissions. 26
  27. 27. Unethical Practices(cont’d)  Non referral, in case treatment beyond the dentist skill.  Performing unnecessary services for purpose of monetary gain.  Emerging consultation during temporary absence of patient’s dentist, and patient is not sent back.  Dentist advertising whether directly or indirectly, for purpose of obtaining patients. 27
  28. 28. Difficult Terms  Cut for Stone: means surgical removal of stones i.e gallstone, kidney stone etc.  Regimens: Any regulation or remedy which is intended to produce beneficial effects by gradual operation. 28
  29. 29. 29
  30. 30. References  Google  Wikipedia  SS Hiremath 30
  31. 31. 31
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