1. CHILD EXPLOITATION
Dr. C. SYLENDRA BABU, I.P.S,
Addl. Director General of Police
Abuse and Violence
Child Sexual Abuse
Children Living with AIDS
Child in Armed Conflict
Children with Disabilities
Children affected by Substance Abuse
Children in Conflict with Law
Children without Parental care
Child Health and Nutrition
Early Childhood (Children below six)
Children of Schedule Caste and Schedule Tribe
Children in Poverty
4. Abuse and Violence
Any of these that are
potentially or actually
harmful to a child's
health, survival, dignity
and development are
abuse. This definition is
derived from the W.H.O.
5. Child Sexual Abuse
Sexual abuse for eight months by their
van driver in New Delhi in September
Three minor girls were raped and
murdered in Mumbai in February 2011.
The incidents listed above are not random
occurrences, but represent the shocking reality
of our country, which is home to 19 per cent of
the world's child population.
6. STREET CHILDREN
Temples and durgahs
Bus deports and stops, etc.
Children who live on the street with their families and
often work on the street.
Age wise 40% of the street children are between 11-15
years while another 33% are between 6-10 years age
7. Living with HIV/AIDS
HIV/AIDS is also affecting their families and their right
to a parental care and affection.
In 2008 Avert found that there are 2.1 million children in
the world living with HIV/AIDS.
Approximately 430,000 children were infected with HIV
Every hour, 31 children around the world die
because of AIDS.
8. Children in Armed
Children are affected by war and armed
conflicts in two manners
They are vulnerable to the
impact of war on their
homes and families and
are often recruited to be
implements of the conflict
in the form of child
teams with ultrasound scanners
which detect the sex of a child advertise with
catchlines such as spend 600 rupees now
and save 50,000 rupees later."
figure as recorded by UNICEF, said
out of 8,000 abortions that took place, 7,999
of them were girls.
"Premature pregnancy and motherhood are
an inevitable consequence of child marriage.
Girls under 15 are five times more likely to
die during pregnancy and childbirth than
women in their twenties."
State of the World's Children 2007, UNICEF
In 2006 the government of India passed the
Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, 2006.
11. Children With Disabilities
around 10% of the world's populations,
650 million people, live with disabilities.
UNICEF survey, 30% of street youth are
90% of children with disabilities
worldwide do not attend school.
Children with disabilities are at a 1.7
times greater risk of being subjected to
some form of violence.
12. Causes of Disability in
Infection in early childhood
Insufficient or inaccessible health care
In India an NGO survey revealed that 63.6 % of
patients coming in for treatment were
introduced to drugs at a young age below 15
The high use of intravenous drugs is
accompanied by sharing of needles and hence
a high prevalence of HIV/AIDS.
There are many reasons why birth registration is
not carried out effectively in India.
People do not view it as a right of the child
Not associated with the child's access to education,
healthcare, adulthood employment, etc.
Lack of infrastructure or political motivation to
improve the system
Lack of awareness about birth registration
Failure of state to implement legislation
Poorer families do not have the means to pay for
Gender bias limit the number of girls in the registration
15. Birth registration is recording of govt
administrative processes. It will use to: Nationality
Having a record of a
child's birth is also
Child to get a passport
essential in ensuring
that child is
Open a bank account
accounted for in the
Vote and find employment.
Basic health and education services.
Kidnapping of children
Run-away by family and surrounding
44000 children are reported missing every
year. Of these, as many as 11,000 remain
Most children in conflict with the law have
committed petty crimes such as vagrancy,
truancy, begging or alcohol use.
Some have committed more serious offenses.
Some children are coerced into crime by adults
who use them as they know they cannot be tried
18. CHILD LABOUR
19. CHILD LABOUR
Child labour is not only a social problem but also an economic one
Watching a young child work for fourteen hours a-day is what is
termed as child labor.
Child labour has a predominant feature in Indian society
carpet industry requires the fine little fingers to weave the finest
and tiniest of knots to create the most expensive of carpets
firecracker industry probably prefers kids to men because they are
cost effective and more efficient
Even household labor – children last longer and are more
honest than adults; is a claim made by most homemakers
20. Child Labour Fact
73 million working children are less than 10 years old.
While buffaloes may cost up to 15,000 rupees , children are sold at
prices between 500 and 2,000 rupees.
47 out of 100 children in India enrolled in class I reach class VIII,
putting the dropout rate at 52.79%.
Approximately 16.64% of villages in the country do not have
facilities for primary schooling. (UNICEF)
42 million children in the age-group 6-14 years do not attend school
National Policy on Child Labour was
formulated in 1987.
prohibition of children being employed in
hazardous occupations and processes.
Poverty being the main root cause the govt has
decided to generate the employment
supplementary nutrition and regular health check
ups so as to prepare them to join regular
22. Child Trafficking
"any person under 18 who is recruited,
transported, transferred, harboured or
received for the purpose of exploitation,
either within or outside a country".
12,000 - 50,000 women and children are
trafficked annually for the sex trade.
23. Child Health & Nutrition
In India 84% of all health care expenditure is
out of pocket.
Every third child in India is malnourished.
According to UNICEF India over two million
children die every year from preventable
IMR in India is 63 deaths for every 1000 live
births. Of these 47% of the deaths occur within
the first week after birth.
24. Early Childhood (Children below six)
"It has been suggested that the first
question the Indian Prime Minister should
ask his ministers is not "how is the
economy growing?" but rather "how are the
- Citizen's Initiative for the Rights of
Children under Six
25. Children of Schedule Caste and
Schedule Tribe Families
SCs and STs are discriminated against in various
forms both historically and in contemporary
The government of India in their periodic report
fails to speak of violence against Dalits or tribal
The only mention is in cases of rape of a girl child
who is also a Dalit or tribal.
Only 43% SC children completed primary
26. Children in Poverty
Lack of access to basic requirements such as:
Various other issues
Poor child health
Poor child nutrition
27. Laws and Acts
The issues surrounding a girl child have been discusses in national child
policies and laws and addressed in a few programmes.
The National Policy for Children, 1974
The National Plan of Action for Children, 2005
The Pre-natal Diagnostic Techniques (Regulation & Prevention of Misuse) Act, 1994
The Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act 1986
The Juvenile Justice Act of 2000
Indian Penal code
Balika Samriddhi Yojana
Kishori Shakti Yojana.
28. CHILD EXPLOITATION
Dr.C.SYLENDRA BABU, I.P.S
Addl. Director General of Police
Website : www.sylendrababu.com