Vietnam Intro To Truman

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Vietnam Intro To Truman

  1. 1. 1945-1974
  2. 2. <ul><li>Vietnam has been fighting for its independence since 208 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>1862-Asked Lincoln for help against the French </li></ul><ul><li>1918-Asked Wilson for help against French </li></ul><ul><li>1940-Vietnam fell to the Japanese during WWII </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Born in 1890 </li></ul><ul><li>Was looking for a way to unite the country </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Became a member of the communist party </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ho was a nationalist! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1913 -came to US worked in Boston, NY, San Fran </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1919 -Helps the US as OSS Agent </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1924 -met w/Stalin </li></ul><ul><li>1941 -changed name to Ho Chi Minh </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He who enlightens </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>He created a movement called the Vietminh </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The people of Vietnam need to expel foreigners and govern themselves. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Spoke English, Russian, 3 dialects of Chinese, French, Vietnamese </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Ho formed the Vietminh to fight the Japanese during WWII. </li></ul><ul><li>After the war, Potsdam split Vietnam @ 17 th parallel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>North-Chinese </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>South-British </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Post WWII-Ho turned to Truman for help. Why? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Truman Doctrine!!! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sept. 2, 1945- ½ million came to listen to Ho </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ We hold these truths to be self-evident that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights among them life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>American officers joined in parades w/ Vietnamese officers </li></ul><ul><li>Played Star-Spangled Banner </li></ul><ul><li>US war planes flew over the parade </li></ul><ul><li>Ho sent 8 letters asking for American help… </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>1949-Asia became important </li></ul><ul><ul><li>France was an ally during the war (NATO) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anti-communist FoPo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stay consistent-Korea, Eastern Europe </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>USSR Detonates the A-bomb </li></ul><ul><li>1 st American killed-Sept. 1945 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ho sent apology in letter </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>June 27, 1950 </li></ul><ul><li>US gave 3 billion + 300 Advisors to South Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>President of SV was Buddhist Monk (Bao Dai) </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Any member of a small defensive force of irregular soldiers, usually volunteers, making raids against the enemy behind its lines. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What tactics did they use to fight? </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Sharp Bamboo sticks that are often covered with poison, manure, and other things that will cause infection/death. </li></ul>
  12. 18. <ul><li>Small explosive devices laid under the ground. Usually triggered by stepping on a switch/tripwire! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shrapnel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nails </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Explosive Force </li></ul></ul>
  13. 19. <ul><li>Tunnels were dug all over North/South Vietnam. </li></ul><ul><li>Vietnamese had to stay hidden or be attacked by air. </li></ul>

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