Pentagon Papers • Leaked by Daniel Ellsberg • Worked for the Defense Dept. • Report ordered by McNamara about the mistakes in Vietnam • Government frequently misled the public • Gulf of Tonkin • Body Count
Papers cont.• NY Times obtained 7000 pages of the report• **Nixon would not let this happen again! • Plumbers set up to stop leaks (CIA/FBI)
My Lai Massacre • “US troops kill 128 Reds” • Lt. William Calley • Company had lost 95/190 men in 3 months • Ran into village that was filled with mines and booby traps. • 567 people killed by the end of the day • Calley himself killed 109.
Kent State Incident• May 4, 1970 • 4 Killed and 9 wounded on the Ohio Campus• Sat. night • Parties, out from bars, breaking windows, fires• Sunday • With administrative approval, lit ROTC building on fire, threw rocks @ firemen, cut their hoses• Monday • Students rang victory bell @ noon, Natl. Guardsman appeared, Evacuate the Commons, 12:24 shot 61 times into crowd
Medals • April 23, 1971 • 700 vets stood in line and threw their medals over the fence into the Capitol. • John Kerry was there???
Negotiations• Hanoi philosophy • Fight while you negotiate • Bypass Saigon-negotiate w/North Vietnam• October 1972-offered a peace plan to NV • US would withdraw within 60 days • Return of POW’s • Elections in SV, NV keep troops in SV• NV said no, Nixon ordered Linebacker II • US had no more targets…
Negotiations cont• January 27, 1973- ceasefire announced • US withdrew last 27,000 troops • NV left 145,000 in SV • All POW’s released • US would give $7.5 billion in aid • 5 Billion to SV • 2.5 Billion to NV• November 7, 1973-War Powers Act • Congress repeals Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, regains power to declare war