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The1970s Carter Fo Po
The1970s Carter Fo Po
The1970s Carter Fo Po
The1970s Carter Fo Po
The1970s Carter Fo Po
The1970s Carter Fo Po
The1970s Carter Fo Po
The1970s Carter Fo Po
The1970s Carter Fo Po
The1970s Carter Fo Po
The1970s Carter Fo Po
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The1970s Carter Fo Po

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  • 1. Foreign Policy  Focus on the Defense/Expansion of Human Rights  No more Chiles/ Vietnams  Preventative Foreign Policy  A ssist S andanistas in Nicaragua & not back S omoza Expand Human Rights  B ring Home US Troops  Reduce Defense S pending  M ediate in 3 rd World  Peace in the Middle East 
  • 2. Panama Canal Treaties  US owned the Canal since 1903  Panama would fully control the canal after 2000  US could defend the neutrality of the canal  Why give it up?  Guerilla warfare  Value diminished-aircraft carriers couldn’t fit  L ess that 10% of US trade used it  This helped relations w/3 rd world  Reagan called this gunboat diplomacy, “ A ppeasement”
  • 3. China  Formal Recognition-Jan. 1, 1979  Containment-wanted to use China to contain US S R  Trade-replaced US S R as largest trading partner  Taiwan-severed defense pact & withdrew all forces  Other allies feared a retreat from Israel, Japan, and the Philipines
  • 4. Camp David Accords  M arch 26, 1979  Israel-Menachem B egin  Egypt-A nwar S adat Carter offered huge amounts of  aid if the worked together  1. Phased withdrawal of Israeli troops from S inai 2. US forces stationed along the  border 3. Full Economic & Diplomatic  Relations 4. Openings of negotiations on  Palestinian rights in West B ank & Gaza Ended over 30 years of War! 
  • 5. SALT II  A ttempt to get the US S R to cut their ICB M ’s  Limited Delivery Vehicles to 2400 US S R cut by 250-350  US built 250 more!   B rezhnev allowed more than 50,000 Jews to leave  A fghanistan killed S A LT II
  • 6. Afghanistan  December 25, 1979  80,000 US S R troops invade  Carter said this was the “ greatest threat to peace” 1 st time since 1948 that US S R  moved beyond their borders A fghanistan did not want to  become like E . E urope US supported Islamic Rebels  (M ujhadeen) $40 billion to train Rebels  Osama B in L aden & Taliban 
  • 7. Carter’s Reaction  1. Hotline-Carter used it to warn B rezhnev not to attack Persian Gulf  2. Withdrew from S A LT II from S enate  3. S topped tech & grain shipments  4. Pulled Olympic Team from 1980 Moscow Games  5. Rapid Deployment Force-ordered the draft to begin again  6. M ore aid to A fghanistan ($30 B illion)  7. Carter Doctrine-an attempt by any outside force to gain control of the Persian Gulf will be regarded as an assault on the vital interests of the US -We will repel by any means necessary.
  • 8. Iranian Hostage Crisis  S hah Reza Pahlavi-installed by the US since 1954  Removed Mossadeq from power (Operation A jax)  1977-S hah was dying from cancer  1978-Riots began in Iran  1979-S hah forced to leave the country, no one would give him asylum A llowed into US to treat  malignant lymphona
  • 9. Iranian Hostage Crisis cont  November 4-violence outside the US embassy “ Death to the S hah, Carter, A merica”  Ayatollah Khomeini branded the embassy “ a nest of spies”  66 A mericans captured and would be returned for the S hah 14 released because they were  black or women 52 would be held for 444 days 
  • 10. Carter’s Reaction to Iran  Carter froze $8 B illion in Iranian assets  A pril 24, 1980-Operation Eagle Claw  The Plan-8 helicopters & 6 C-130 transports meet in the desert  A helicopter crashed into a transport and killed 8  Carter aborted the mission He asked for JFK’s B ay of Pigs  speech S ec. of S tate-Cyrus Vance  resigned
  • 11. Conclusions  1. Empire S hock-For the first time, the US doubted our strength  M any A mericans believed that our world influence fell! No longer the world’s sheriff, banker, policeman   Pax A mericana that shaped the world after WWII was over  Decline was probably inevitable in an international world.  2. Carter’s Personality  He didn’t have it, whatever it was… FDR’s charm, JFK’s TV Presence, L B J’s ability to handle Congress, and  Nixon’s ability to handle the spectacular  3. A mericans are going to want a strong leader Politicians learned their lessons and will not act that way again.  S ee Reagan and B ush!!! 

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