Dr. Martin Luther King • Challenged racism & segregation w/ non- violence and passive resistance- • Beliefs of Gandhi
Malcolm X • Family moved to Lansing, Michigan to escape racism • Dad murdered at 3, “reported suicide” • Orphaned, life of crime, while in jail met Elijah Mohammed- Nation of Islam • God was Black & great war would occur between races • Believed in Black Power • African-American movement that focused on gaining control of economic and political power, by force if necessary.
Malcolm X continued • Beliefs • The white man was the devil with whom blacks could not live. • “Integration was dead. Absolute segregation of the races was the goal.” • Killed Feb. 21, 1965 after he broke w/ the nation of Islam
Hippies!!!!!! The “beats” of the 1950’s become the hippies of the 1960’s• “Don’t Trust Anyone Over 30!”
The Hippie Counterculture • Who? Young, Middle Class, College Students • Where? College campuses • Cal-Berkeley, 70% of the campus went on strike • When? 1964 • Why? Challenge established society, question mainstream society, focus on Vietnam
Hippies!!! • How? Tried to shock America • Nudity • Profanity • Permissive Sexual Behavior • Experimenting w/ mind- altering drugs
Negatives to the Hippie Movement• 1. Large Increase in Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD’s)• 2. Large Increase in the amount of drug addictions
Women’s Movement • Betty Friedan • The Feminine Mystique (1963) • Challenged the traditional view of woman • Women should not give up their dreams for their husbands & children • “A woman needs a man like a fish needs a bicycle.” – Betty Friedan
Art-Pop Art• Pop Art is the use of everyday objects in art! • Andy Warhol-”Art should be for everyone!” • Soup cans!
Musical Revolution • British Invasion • The Beatles • The Rolling Stones • The Who • Jimi Hendrix-use of the electric guitar • Music began to challenge the Vietnam War!!!
The End of the Hippies!• 1. Kent State (April 4, 1970) • 4 Dead, 9 Wounded • College campuses are no longer the safe havens that they were!• 2. Vietnam War was winding down! • Remember, LBJ announced that there would be no more bombing of North Vietnam.• 3. Counterculture is becoming part of accepted culture-no longer different