LBJ Biography• Born Stonewall, Texas (1908)• Unlike JFK, Lower Class • No electricity • No running water • No refrigerator• Attended SW Texas State Teacher’s College• 1st job-teaching Mexican Americans English• War Hero-WWII • 1st member of Congress to serve
Political Career• 1937-House • Elected by people that he taught in TX• 1949-Senate • Probably the most powerful majority leader of all time (Johnson Treatment)• 1961-VP • Mixed Reaction-LBJ despised every minute of the job • Unsuccessfully tried to “Stop JFK” at the convention
The Johnson Treatment • The Treatment could last ten minutes or four hours. It could happen wherever Johnson might find a fellow Senator within his reach. Interjections from the target were rare. Johnson anticipated them before they could be spoken. He moved in close, his face a scant millimeter from his target, his eyes widening and narrowing, his eyebrows rising and falling. The Treatment an almost hypnotic experience and rendered the target stunned and helpless.
Personal Stories• Had to be the Best!• Notorious for driving 90 mph around in Lincoln Continental• “Rome was not built in a day, that was because I was not the foreman.”• Foreign Diplomat asked if LBJ was born in a log cabin • “No that was Lincoln. I was born in a manger.”
Foreign Policy• Remember, Just like the Measles(Chickenpox) • Get over them!! • Johnson inherited the Vietnam problem from JFK • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution • Operation Rolling Thunder • Pacification • Body Count
LBJ Domestic Policy (Pre- 1964)• Focus on tax cuts, civil rights, and poverty • 1. Tax Cut-4% JFK Idea • 2. Civil Rights Act (1964) • Barred discrimination in employment and public accommodations • Actually began to enforce school desegregation (Brown v. the Board of Education- 1954)
The War on Poverty • 3. Office of Economic Opportunity • $1 Billion in Economic Aid • A. Food Stamps-made permanent • B. Job Corps-training program for 16-21 year olds • C. VISTA –Domestic Version of the Peace Corps • D. Head Start-education for pre-schoolers (low-income) • E. Upward Bound-education focused on college prep (SAT/AP)