ORAL HEALTH INPREGNANCYThe American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAP) (new oral healthguidelines for pregnant women in 2009) - to assist antenatal mothers inmaintaining healthy teeth and gums during their pregnancy and into theearly stages of motherhood.Why is oral health care important during pregnancy?Mothers with gum disease have a higher instance of preterm birth, apotentially serious pregnancy complication that may causehealth concerns for their infant, typically due to a low birth weight. Oral Health Guidelines for Pregnant Women Important Oral Health Information for Expectant Mothers From Shawn Watson, former About.com Guide Updated February 24, 2010
Many people often ignore the early signs of gum disease, known asgingivitis, simply because they do not know what gingivitis is. Gingivitis affecting only the attached and free gingival tissue thatsurrounds your teeth, bacteria that invades the area below yourgumline, known as the sulcus, causes gingivitis to develop andeventually manifest into periodontitis, if left untreated. The early warning signs of gingivitis are often mistaken as normaloccurrences one should expect when it comes to the mouth.
Symptoms of gingivitis include: Bad breath. Red, puffy, and inflamedgums Bleeding after brushing andflossing. - professional cleaningsatoreversibleplaque and It is important to note - gingivitis is Treatment remove condition. calculus build up. Home maintenance - antibacterial mouth rinse known as chlorhexidine gluconate.
Causes associate with gingivitis: Improper or infrequent brushing and flossing Trapped plaque in hard to reach places, such as around thewisdom teeth, above and below orthodontic bands and brackets, orfixed appliances. Teeth that are crooked or overlap each other. Certain medications that cause xerostomia or gingival enlargement. Tobacco use. Conditions such as diabetes may cause gingivitis. Pregnancy and oral contraceptives.
PeriodontitisWhat is Periodontitis? Is the serious and advanced stage of gum disease which includes bone loss. Periodontitis is irreversible. The gum tissue and bone that surround and supportthe teeth become seriously damaged and if untreated it will loose and fall out. Periodontitis occurs when the early stage of periodontal disease, gingivitis, is leftuntreated. Periodontitis has also been linked to serious health problems such as an increasedrisk of stroke and heart attacks. Periodontitis could also cause higher blood sugarlevels. Periodontitis can cause premature birth and low birth weight.
Dental cariesWhat is Dental caries? Is a common dental disease affecting pregnant women. It can be reversible, but if not treated it will be irreversible. Causes : Sugar + saliva = plaque + bacteria = acid = caries. Starts from enamel – dentin – pulp – alveolar bone = pain.
Permukaan enamel rosak.Jika tidak dirawat, ia merebak ke bahagian dentin.Seterusnya ia merebak ke dalam pulpa/saraf yang menyebabkan rasa sakit gigi.
Karies biasa terjadi di mana? Permukaa n gigi Antara celah-celah gigiPermukaan akar gigi
Pregnancy epulisWhat is Pregnancy epulis? Is a localised swelling on the gum. Occured in second or third trimester. Swelling – red, inflammed but not painful. Non cancerous. It can be removed surgically. The epulis will usually regress after chilbirth.
Oral Health Education - To provide expectant mothers with the tools and resources necessary to understand the importance of oral health care during pregnancy.Oral Hygiene - Removing the bacterial plaque. Using the correct brushing and flossing methods.Fluoride - The American Dental Association recommends the use of toothpaste with fluoride by persons over the age of six. Nutrition - Educating expectant mothers about proper diet and nutrition during pregnancy will limit unnecessary sugar intake and in turn, prevent plaque build up.Treating Existing Tooth Decay - Expectant mothers are encouraged to have existing tooth decay treated during their pregnancy. Restoring decayed teeth will help achieve oral health by removing the bacteria associated with tooth decay.
Transmission of Bacteria - Expectant mothers are discouraged from sharing food and utensils in order to prevent the transmission of the bacteria known to cause tooth decay.Visit & Talk to Your DentistIf you are pregnant or are considering pregnancy, discuss any concerns you may have with your dentist. Women who are thinking about becoming pregnant may want to consider their oral health before becoming pregnant as research suggests that treating existing gum disease in pregnant women does not reduce the instance of preterm birth. Despite this fact, experts insist that regular oral health care should continue throughout pregnancy.