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Ppt For Ct Ec Ask

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Powerpoint Presentation about Evidence for Critical Thinking class (Extra Credit)

Powerpoint Presentation about Evidence for Critical Thinking class (Extra Credit)

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    Ppt For Ct Ec Ask Ppt For Ct Ec Ask Presentation Transcript

    • Created by: Ahmed Khan Evidence
    • Friendly Audience
      • It requires the least evidence.
      • They already support your position on the claim.
    • How much evidence do you need?
      • To determine the amount of evidence you need depends on the level of controversy of the claim that you are trying to back up and your credibility as an advocate.
      • There are three types of audiences; friendly audience, neutral audience, and hostile audience.
    • Which evidence???
      • Now you know what type of audiences requires the amount of evidence you will be needing for your claim.
      • There are five basic types of evidence used by critical thinkers to support their arguments: common knowledge evidence, hearsay evidence, precedent evidence, statistical evidence, and testimonial evidence.
    • Hostile Audience
      • This requires the most evidence because they are against your point of view.
      • They have a mindset to deny your point of view.
      • You need to have a good amount of evidence with details to swing them to your side.
    • Neutral Audience
      • They are in the neutral zone. They could easily go either side of the claim.
      • It requires more evidence to turn convince that your side of the claim makes more sense.
      • The quality of the evidence is vital to convince them to your side.
    • Common Knowledge Evidence
      • If you base the argument of common knowledge it is one of the easiest way of securing belief in an idea.
      • The audience will use the is evidence and accept it without questioning you.
    • Statistical Evidence
      • This deals with polls, surveys, and other numbers that can be used as statistics.
      • They are not as reliable because of biased and other factors that goes into doing the survey, for example, people chosen to take the survey.
      • They are not that much used as evidence due to being biased and not as realiable as the other evidences.
    • Hearsay Evidence
      • It is also called rumor or gossip evidence.
      • This has the highest chance of getting your point of view across with errors because it is hard to be proven.
      • It is not the best evidence to use because you can’t relate it back to a specific source since it is a rumor, but it could be true.
    • Testimonial Evidence
      • Three forms of testimonial evidence: eyewitness, expert-witness, and historiography.
      • Eyewitness testimony is a person who was there and actually saw the event take place.
      • Expert-witness testimony is for qualified people to testfiy. For example, like forensic people and psychologist. They would testify and they would be considered expert-witness.
      • Historiography is basically the use of the evidence. In what way can the evidence be used to strengthen the case.
    • Precedent Evidence
      • Two types of precedent evidence: legal and personal.
      • Legal precedent is a principle law that has been set from previous cases that they use for current cases. These are very hard to overturn.
      • Personal precedent is that you look at what others are doing to understand your expectations.
    • Conclusion
      • Just remember there are three types of audiences; friendly, neutral, and hostile.
      • First know your audience then you will know how much evidence you will need.
      • There are five types of evidence that critical thinkers use; precedent, statistical, testimonial, hearsay, and common knowledge.
      • Based on what you are trying to prove you will know which evidence will work best for it.