Tie Dying


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Tie Dying

  1. 1. <ul><li>Introduction to basic tie dying techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Level: 4th to 12th grade </li></ul><ul><li>Various curricular integration </li></ul><ul><li>Social Studies: Eastern Indian Culture </li></ul><ul><li>Science: Chemical Reactions </li></ul><ul><li>Religion: Joseph and his coat of many colors </li></ul><ul><li>Lesson Plan by Noreen Strehlow </li></ul>Tie Dying
  2. 2. <ul><li>Equipment needed: </li></ul><ul><li>Enough fabric for each student to create at least one small project. </li></ul><ul><li>At least one plain white t-shirt per student. </li></ul><ul><li>A variety of dyes and bleach/water mixture </li></ul><ul><li>Rubber bands, string, and a variety of plastic objects for dye resist, freezer paper </li></ul><ul><li>A sink for rinsing out fabric </li></ul><ul><li>A place to hang and dry dyed, rinsed fabric </li></ul><ul><li>An iron and ironing board </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>2600 BC Earliest written record of the use of dyes in China </li></ul><ul><li>327 BC Alexander the Great mentions &quot;beautiful printed cottons&quot; in India </li></ul><ul><li>273 AD Emperor Aurelian refused to let his wife buy a purpura-dyed silk garment. It cost its weight in gold. </li></ul><ul><li>Late 4th Century Emperor Theodosius of Byzantium issued a decree forbidding the use of certain shades of purple except by the Imperial family on pain of death </li></ul><ul><li>15th Century Aztecs under Montezuma conquered the Mayans. 11 Mayan cities paid a yearly tribute of 2000 decorated cotton blankets and 40 bags of Cochineal (insect dye) each. </li></ul><ul><li>1519 Pizarro and Cortez find that there is cotton in Central and South America. They send back brightly printed fabrics showing that the Indians knew about block printing prior to the Conquest. </li></ul><ul><li>1688 James II, of England, prohibited exportation of un-dyed cloth from England to help bolster the home industry for English dyers over that of the Scottish dyers. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>18th Century - English dyehouse gets contract to dye Buckingham Palace Guards coats with cochineal, continued into the 20th Century. 1716 There were now more than 30 laws in England prohibiting the importation of calico and cotton; prints became popular . </li></ul><ul><li>1745 Indigo begins to be grown in England, after the Revolution when it became cheaper to import from the East Indies </li></ul><ul><li>1774 Swedish chemist, Scheele, discovered chlorine destroyed vegetable colors leading to bleach techniques </li></ul><ul><li>1774 Prussian blue formed from prussite of potash and iron salt was one of the early chemical dyes. </li></ul><ul><li>1856 William Henry Perkin discovered the first synthetic dye while searching for a cure for malaria and began a new industry. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>The story of Joseph and his coat of many colors shows that there were natural dyes in biblical times. (Gen. 37:2-4) </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Students will look at contemporary tie dyed products </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.tiedyehunter.com/swatcheswindow.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ccds.charlotte.nc.us/History/Africa/save/runge/runge.htm </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Students will be given a piece of white prewashed fabric </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher will demonstrate how to tie up the fabric in a variety of ways </li></ul><ul><li>Electric Scrunch, Shibori, spirals, sunbursts, stripes, etc. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Teacher will explain dying procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Students will protect their clothing with smocks, aprons, and rubber gloves </li></ul><ul><li>Students will mix and time the dye baths </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher will monitor the work but students are responsible for removing and rinsing their fabrics or t-shirts </li></ul>
  9. 12. <ul><li>Students can take digital photos of their pieces and use Photoshop Elements to design a wall hanging </li></ul>