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  • 1. ORGANIZING THE DEBATE Afewbasic structures anda coupleof handy tidbits!
  • 2. 1) Clearly state the resolution “Resolved …” 2) Define key words of the resolution 3) Outline your team’s Three contentions 4) Use evidence to systematically support about half of your team’s case (your partner will present the rest in the 2nd affirmative) First Affirmative Construction
  • 3. 1) State your opposition to the resolution 2) Outline your team’s contentions 3) Systematically REBUT some of the 1st affirmative’s points (your partner must attack all remaining points) 4) Use evidence to systematically support the first half of your team’s contentions First NEgative Construction
  • 4. 1)Reaffirmtheaffirmative team’sline 2)Rebuttheremaining contentionspresentedbythe 1stnegative“Mypartner refutedcontentionsAandB.I willnowrefuteC.” 3) Presentthesecondhalfof yourteam’scase SECOND AFFIRMATIVE Construction
  • 5. 1)Reaffirmthenegative’sposition 2)Rebuttheaffirmative’s contentions,focusingonthose yourpartnerdidnotaddressin the1stnegative. Remember: if yourteamdoesnotrefutea contention,itstandsasapoint foryouropponent... 3)Presentthesecondhalfofyour team’scontentions.Doso systematicallyandwitha transparentstructure. (“First.. ,Second..) SECOND NEGATIVE Construction
  • 6. Thepurposeofthecross- examinationistoexposeyour opponent’sweaknesses: •Contradictions •Wheretheylackevidence •Questionableevidence(Isit current? Isitfroma crediblesource?) •Flawsinreasoning/analysis CROSS- examinations
  • 7. 1)Anticipateyouropponent’s argumentsinadvanceand generateatleastfive powerful,pointedquestions aimedatweakeningthese contentions 2)Mostimportantly,bean excellentlistener. Takegreat notesduringyouropponent’s constructive.Lookforholesin theirarguments,andthenhit themhard. CROSS- examination TIPS
  • 8. 3)Exudeconfidence,poise,and MANNERS 4)Askshortquestionsthat promptshort answers(Avoidopen-ended questions) 5)Remember: Stayincontrolof thesession 6)Beassertive,notaggressive 7)Lookstraightatthejudge,not atyouropponent CROSS- examination TIPS
  • 9. 4minutes...1stProConstructive 4minutes...1stconConstructive 3minutes...1stcrossfire 4minutes...2ndProConstructive 4minutes...2ndconConstructive 3minutes...2ndcrossfire 2minutes...1stProsummary 2minutes...1stProsummary 3minutes...GrandCrossfire 1minute...2ndProFinalFocus 1minute...2nd ConFinalFocus Eachteamhas2minutesofpreptime Total:35minutes what does a full policy debate look like?
  • 10. Final thoughts BEwellpreparedwith yourarsenalof argumentsandevidence... Butknowthatadebateisa DYNAMICexperience. What yousayandwhenyousay itmustbeinresponseto whattheopposition presents.Logicandagile responsivenessarekey.
  • 11. Final thoughtsDEBATEISchallenging andNERVE-WRACKING, butalso alot offuninacompetitive, scarysortofway