Sentence types

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  • 1. Sentence Patterns20 or so sentence types to borrow,steal, and modify. *Thanks to Longknife and Sullivan’s The Art of Styling Sentences for these patterns
  • 2. Compound Sentences
  • 3. Pattern 1 Sentence 1; sentence 2.
  • 4. Pattern 1 I love sushi; I hate bacon.
  • 5. Pattern 1b 1 sentence,[conjunction] 1 sentence.
  • 6. Pattern 1bI love sushi, but I hate FANBOYS for bacon. and nor but or yet so
  • 7. Pattern 1c 1 sent; 1 sent; 1sent.
  • 8. Pattern 1c Bananas mystify; they surprise us; they make us question everything.
  • 9. Pattern 2 Subject + verb [Direct Object/ Subject Compliment] ; Subject [omitted verb] Direct Object.
  • 10. Pattern 2Michael preferred toemail people; Jane to text.
  • 11. Pattern 2 In traditional playing cards, hearts represent the clergy; diamonds the merchants; spades the peasants; clubs the nobility.
  • 12. Pattern 3 General statement: specific example. Full sentence : full sentence.
  • 13. Pattern 3Hawaii exceeded herexpectations: the breezes weresofter and the beaches werewhiter.
  • 14. Pattern 3 The empty coffin in the center of the crypt had a single horrifying meaning: Dracula was in search of fresh blood.
  • 15. Sentences with Series
  • 16. Pattern 4Series without a conjunctionA, B, C
  • 17. Pattern 4 I have come to you without sin, without guile, without evil, without a witness against me. --Book of the Dead
  • 18. Pattern 4aA and B and C.A or B or C.
  • 19. Pattern 4a To be a better player you have to study and practice and play the game.
  • 20. Pattern 5 Series of balanced pairs TextA and B, C and D, E and F.
  • 21. Pattern 5 Great artists are often seen Text in pairs: Michelangelo and da Vinci, Gaugin and van Gogh, Monet and Cézanne.
  • 22. Pattern 5 Tension is everywhere--kids at odds with parents, teachers, other kids and Text themselves; confused about life and love, popularity and principles, vitriol and virtue. --Susan Faust
  • 23. Pattern 6Introductory series of appositives Text Appositive, appositive,appositive-- summary word S V.
  • 24. Pattern 6 Text students, the teachers, The the parents--all enjoyed the field trip.
  • 25. Pattern 6 A car crash harnesses elements of eroticism, Text aggression, desire, speed, drama, kinesthetic factors, the stylization of motion, consumer goods, status--all in one event. J.G. Ballard
  • 26. Pattern 7 An internal series of appositives or modifiers Text -- --S or modifier, modifier, modifier V ( )
  • 27. Pattern 7 They learned the qualities of Text sportsmanship--cooperation, practice, and dedication--by carefully studying the coach’s example.
  • 28. Pattern 7a A single Text appositive or pair S -- or ( appositive -- or ) V.
  • 29. Pattern 7aThat smell--his mother’sText chili--reminded him of his happychildhood.
  • 30. Pattern 8Dependent clauses in a pair or series TextIf...,if...,if..., then S V.When...,when...,when..., S V.S V that..., that..., that...
  • 31. Pattern 8 When I Text just learning to swim, when I was was afraid of the water, when I was sure I would drown, my parents threw me into the pool.
  • 32. Repetitions
  • 33. Pattern 9 S V key term [-- or ,] repeated key term.
  • 34. Pattern 9We live in our own individual Textworlds---our inner worlds, theworlds of the mind.
  • 35. Pattern 9a S V key term repeated in same part of sentence.
  • 36. Pattern 9a His greatest discoveries, his greatest successes, his greatest influence on society came to Edison only after repeated failure.
  • 37. Pattern 10Emphatic appositive at the end Textafter a commaS V word: the appositive (2ndnaming)
  • 38. Pattern 10The vampire feared only two Textthings: the sun and Twilightfans.
  • 39. Pattern 10 In perpetuating a revolution, there are two Textrequirements: someone or something to revolt against and someone to show up and do the revolting. Woody Allen
  • 40. Pattern 10aIt’s not surprising then that many Textsociologists believe we are a nation ofsubstance abusers--drinkers, smokers,overeaters, and pill poppers.Alfred Rosa and Paul Eschholz
  • 41. Text Modifiers
  • 42. Pattern 11 S, Textmodifier , V S-- modifier -- V S (modifier) V
  • 43. Pattern 11Research on the computer--using Textresources such as Wikipedia--makeswriting papers easier.
  • 44. Pattern 11a S--Text Sentence -- V Full S (Full Sentence) V
  • 45. Pattern 11a They were being careful but American ingenuity--our Text nation is one of the world’s leaders in land mine technology--has made even looking for landmines a dangerous propisition. --Jon Carroll
  • 46. Pattern 12-ing-edirregular Participial phrase , S V. S V , participial phrase.
  • 47. Pattern 12Having won the lottery, the lady paid cash for the Ferrari.
  • 48. Pattern 12The lady paid cash for the Ferrari, having won the lottery. Don’t dangle participles!
  • 49. Pattern 13 Modifier can be in other positions A Single Modifier out of place for emphasis Modifier, S V.
  • 50. Pattern 13Delighted, Anna picked up the$20 bill from the sidewalk.
  • 51. Pattern 13Sea Monsters, unfortunately,are not actually real.
  • 52. Inversions
  • 53. Pattern 14Prepositional Phrase before S and VPrep phrase, S V (or V S)
  • 54. Pattern 14 From an evolutionary point of view,Rule of thumb: man has stopped moving, if he ever didcomma after 5 move. words --Pierre Teilhard de Chardin
  • 55. Pattern 15 Inversion TextObject or subject compliment S V.
  • 56. Pattern 15 Inversion TextOverrated the Heisman Tropheymay be, but it remains the gaol of all college football players.
  • 57. Pattern 15a Inversion Object or compliment or modifier V S.
  • 58. Pattern 15a Inversion Down the aisle and through the crowd pranced the evil supervillain.
  • 59. TextBig Mix of Patterns
  • 60. Pattern 16Not only S V, but also S V. TextJust as S V, so too S V.The more S V, the more S V.If not clause, at least S V.
  • 61. Pattern 16 “Not only do I knock them Text out, but I [also] pick the round. --Muhammad Ali
  • 62. Pattern 16 Yikes! Not parallel! Neither his teacher’s lectures Text nor his mother complaining all the time, stopped him from acting like a fool.
  • 63. Pattern 16 Better! Now it is! Neither his teacher’s lectures Text nor his mother’s complaints, stopped him from acting like a fool.
  • 64. Pattern 16aA paired construction for contrast Text Not this, but that. This, not that
  • 65. Pattern 16a When we are happy we are Textgood, but when we are good we are not always happy. --Oscar Wilde
  • 66. Pattern 17Dependent clause as a subject Text or object or compliment S [dependent clause] V. S V [dependent clause].
  • 67. Pattern 17 TextThat he was a werewolf becameobvious when he started eating all thevillagers.
  • 68. Pattern 17 TextAnn never discovered why herhusband turned into a zombie.
  • 69. Pattern 18Absolute Constructions TextAbsolute Construction, S V.S, absolute construction, V. Can use either -- or () here.
  • 70. Pattern 18 Absolute Text His UFO broken beyond repair, ET decided to enslave Earth.
  • 71. Pattern 18 Dependent Text Because his UFO was broken beyond repair, ET decided to enslave Earth.
  • 72. Pattern 18 Independent Text His UFO was broken beyond repair, so ET decided to enslave Earth.
  • 73. Pattern 18 She sat back on the bed, her head Texther lips moving feverishly, bowed, her eyes rising only to scan the walls. --Anne Rice Interview with a Vampire
  • 74. Pattern 19 Short sentence or question.
  • 75. Pattern 19 You might think that if you were good looking, funny, and well- dressed, you’d be guaranteed a role on a reality TV show. You’d be wrong.
  • 76. Pattern 20 TextPurposeful fragment
  • 77. Pattern 20My mom wanted me to wait Textuntil next week to see TheDark Knight Rises. Hah!