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Pattern 11 S, Textmodiﬁer , V S-- modiﬁer -- V S (modiﬁer) V
Pattern 11Research on the computer--using Textresources such as Wikipedia--makeswriting papers easier.
Pattern 11a S--Text Sentence -- V Full S (Full Sentence) V
Pattern 11a They were being careful but American ingenuity--our Text nation is one of the world’s leaders in land mine technology--has made even looking for landmines a dangerous propisition. --Jon Carroll
Pattern 12-ing-edirregular Participial phrase , S V. S V , participial phrase.
Pattern 12Having won the lottery, the lady paid cash for the Ferrari.
Pattern 12The lady paid cash for the Ferrari, having won the lottery. Don’t dangle participles!
Pattern 13 Modiﬁer can be in other positions A Single Modiﬁer out of place for emphasis Modiﬁer, S V.
Pattern 13Delighted, Anna picked up the$20 bill from the sidewalk.
Pattern 13Sea Monsters, unfortunately,are not actually real.