Argument an attempt to persuade someone of something, by giving reasons or evidence for accepting a particular conclusion
RhetoricThe ways we influence what people do, think, or say.
The Tree of Rhetoric
The Tree of RhetoricLogos
The Tree of Rhetoric PathosLogos
The Tree of Rhetoric PathosLogos Ethos
LogosSyllogism:All students want to LearnBrenda is a StudentBrenda Wants to Learn
Logos Commonplace--Audience alreadyEnthymeme: believes thisAll students want to LearnBrenda is a StudentBrenda Wants to Learn
LogosDeductive Reasoning: Reasoning from PrinciplesWe all know that freedom is better thanslavery, so a freer school system is clearlybetter for allInductive Reasoning: Reasoning from ExperienceIn every school system we studied, those withlater start times had better attendance andTest Scores
LogosCause/Effect:If we start school later, Students will learn more
The Tree of Rhetoric Pathos
PathosHow we appeal to the feelings of our audience in order tomove them.
EmotionalFear, Discrimination, RevengeLove, C harity, Brotherhood
EmotionalUse of Figurative Speech: metaphors, rhetorical questions,parallelism
Is Pathos more or less Effective/Fairthan Logos in Argumenation?
The Tree of Rhetoric Ethos
CredibilityPersuading by convincing the audience that the speaker isworth listening to
CredibilityTrustworthinessSimilaritySpecial KnowledgeExpert Knowledge:I want to convince the principal to let students wearpolitical messages on their t-shirts. Which ethos issuesshould I consider?
The Tree of Rhetoric LogicalEmotional Credibility
Classical Oration Introduction (Exordium):I beginning the web, draw interest Narration (Narratio): factual info,Never define the problem Confirmation (Confirmatio): detailCalled about the arguments, the nuts and bolts of your case Refutation (Refutatio): addressesRhetoric counter-arguments, consider audience Conclusion (Peroratio): satisfyingCrazy close