Rhetoric9
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Rhetoric9 Rhetoric9 Presentation Transcript

  • Argument
  • Argument an attempt to persuade someone of something, by giving reasons or evidence for accepting a particular conclusion
  • TheGreeks
  • Rhetoric
  • RhetoricThe ways we influence what people do, think, or say.
  • The Tree of Rhetoric
  • The Tree of RhetoricLogos
  • The Tree of Rhetoric PathosLogos
  • The Tree of Rhetoric PathosLogos Ethos
  • Logical
  • LogosSyllogism:All students want to LearnBrenda is a StudentBrenda Wants to Learn
  • Logos Commonplace--Audience alreadyEnthymeme: believes thisAll students want to LearnBrenda is a StudentBrenda Wants to Learn
  • LogosDeductive Reasoning: Reasoning from PrinciplesWe all know that freedom is better thanslavery, so a freer school system is clearlybetter for allInductive Reasoning: Reasoning from ExperienceIn every school system we studied, those withlater start times had better attendance andTest Scores
  • LogosCause/Effect:If we start school later, Students will learn more
  • The Tree of Rhetoric Pathos
  • Emotional
  • PathosHow we appeal to the feelings of our audience in order tomove them.
  • EmotionalFear, Discrimination, RevengeLove, C harity, Brotherhood
  • EmotionalUse of Figurative Speech: metaphors, rhetorical questions,parallelism
  • Is Pathos more or less Effective/Fairthan Logos in Argumenation?
  • The Tree of Rhetoric Ethos
  • Credibility
  • CredibilityPersuading by convincing the audience that the speaker isworth listening to
  • CredibilityTrustworthiness
  • CredibilityTrustworthinessSimilarity
  • CredibilityTrustworthinessSimilaritySpecial Knowledge
  • CredibilityTrustworthinessSimilaritySpecial KnowledgeExpert Knowledge
  • CredibilityTrustworthinessSimilaritySpecial KnowledgeExpert Knowledge:I want to convince the principal to let students wearpolitical messages on their t-shirts. Which ethos issuesshould I consider?
  • The Tree of Rhetoric LogicalEmotional Credibility
  • Classical GreekOratory
  • Classical Oration Introduction (Exordium):I beginning the web, draw interest Narration (Narratio): factual info,Never define the problem Confirmation (Confirmatio): detailCalled about the arguments, the nuts and bolts of your case Refutation (Refutatio): addressesRhetoric counter-arguments, consider audience Conclusion (Peroratio): satisfyingCrazy close