Rhetoric7

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Rhetoric7

  1. 1. Argument
  2. 2. T h e G r e e k s
  3. 3. Rhetoric
  4. 4. Rhetoric The ways we convince people to do, think, or say what we want
  5. 5. The Tree of Rhetoric
  6. 6. The Tree of Rhetoric Logos
  7. 7. The Tree of Rhetoric Pathos Logos
  8. 8. The Tree of Rhetoric Pathos Logos Ethos
  9. 9. Logical
  10. 10. Logos Syllogism: All students want to Learn Brenda is a Student Brenda Wants to Learn
  11. 11. Logos Commonplace--Audience already Enthymeme: believes this All students want to Learn Brenda is a Student Brenda Wants to Learn
  12. 12. Logos Deductive Reasoning: Reasoning from Principles We all know that freedom is better than slavery, so a freer school system is clearly better for all Inductive Reasoning: Reasoning from Experience In every school system we studied, those with later start times had better attendance and Test Scores
  13. 13. Logos Statistics: 45% of High school principals believe that school should start sooner
  14. 14. Logos Cause/Effect: If we start school later, Students will learn more
  15. 15. The Tree of Rhetoric Pathos
  16. 16. Emotional
  17. 17. Emotional The use of emotional argumentation to persuade and convince
  18. 18. Emotional Appeals to Negative Emotions: Fear, Discrimination, Revenge
  19. 19. Emotional Appeals to Negative Emotions: Fear, Discrimination, Revenge Appeals to Positive Emotions: Love, Charity, Brotherhood
  20. 20. Emotional Appeals to Negative Emotions: Fear, Discrimination, Revenge Appeals to Positive Emotions: Love, Charity, Brotherhood Use of Figurative Speech: metaphors, rhetorical questions, parallelism
  21. 21. Is Pathos more or less Effective/Fair than Logos in Argumenation?
  22. 22. The Tree of Rhetoric Ethos
  23. 23. Credibility
  24. 24. Credibility Persuading by convincing the audience that the speaker is worth listening to
  25. 25. Credibility Trustworthiness
  26. 26. Credibility Trustworthiness Similarity
  27. 27. Credibility Trustworthiness Similarity Special Knowledge
  28. 28. Credibility Trustworthiness Similarity Special Knowledge Expert Knowledge
  29. 29. Credibility Trustworthiness Similarity Special Knowledge Expert Knowledge: I want to convince the principal to let students wear political messages on their t-shirts. Which ethos issues should I consider?
  30. 30. The Tree of Rhetoric Logical Emotional Credibility
  31. 31. Classical Greek Oratory
  32. 32. Classical Oration Introduction (Exordium): beginning the web, draw interest Narration (Narratio): factual info, define the problem Confirmation (Confirmatio): detail about the arguments, the nuts and bolts of your case Refutation (Refutatio): addresses counter-arguments, consider audience Conclusion (Peroratio): satisfying close

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