Rhetoric7
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Rhetoric7 Rhetoric7 Presentation Transcript

  • Argument
  • T h e G r e e k s
  • Rhetoric
  • Rhetoric The ways we convince people to do, think, or say what we want
  • The Tree of Rhetoric
  • The Tree of Rhetoric Logos
  • The Tree of Rhetoric Pathos Logos
  • The Tree of Rhetoric Pathos Logos Ethos
  • Logical
  • Logos Syllogism: All students want to Learn Brenda is a Student Brenda Wants to Learn
  • Logos Commonplace--Audience already Enthymeme: believes this All students want to Learn Brenda is a Student Brenda Wants to Learn
  • Logos Deductive Reasoning: Reasoning from Principles We all know that freedom is better than slavery, so a freer school system is clearly better for all Inductive Reasoning: Reasoning from Experience In every school system we studied, those with later start times had better attendance and Test Scores
  • Logos Statistics: 45% of High school principals believe that school should start sooner
  • Logos Cause/Effect: If we start school later, Students will learn more
  • The Tree of Rhetoric Pathos
  • Emotional
  • Emotional The use of emotional argumentation to persuade and convince
  • Emotional Appeals to Negative Emotions: Fear, Discrimination, Revenge
  • Emotional Appeals to Negative Emotions: Fear, Discrimination, Revenge Appeals to Positive Emotions: Love, Charity, Brotherhood
  • Emotional Appeals to Negative Emotions: Fear, Discrimination, Revenge Appeals to Positive Emotions: Love, Charity, Brotherhood Use of Figurative Speech: metaphors, rhetorical questions, parallelism
  • Is Pathos more or less Effective/Fair than Logos in Argumenation?
  • The Tree of Rhetoric Ethos
  • Credibility
  • Credibility Persuading by convincing the audience that the speaker is worth listening to
  • Credibility Trustworthiness
  • Credibility Trustworthiness Similarity
  • Credibility Trustworthiness Similarity Special Knowledge
  • Credibility Trustworthiness Similarity Special Knowledge Expert Knowledge
  • Credibility Trustworthiness Similarity Special Knowledge Expert Knowledge: I want to convince the principal to let students wear political messages on their t-shirts. Which ethos issues should I consider?
  • The Tree of Rhetoric Logical Emotional Credibility
  • Classical Greek Oratory
  • Classical Oration Introduction (Exordium): beginning the web, draw interest Narration (Narratio): factual info, define the problem Confirmation (Confirmatio): detail about the arguments, the nuts and bolts of your case Refutation (Refutatio): addresses counter-arguments, consider audience Conclusion (Peroratio): satisfying close