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Transcript

  • 1. Argument
  • 2. T h e G r e e k s
  • 3. Rhetoric
  • 4. Rhetoric The ways we convince people to do, think, or say what we want
  • 5. The Tree of Rhetoric
  • 6. The Tree of Rhetoric Logos
  • 7. The Tree of Rhetoric Pathos Logos
  • 8. The Tree of Rhetoric Pathos Logos Ethos
  • 9. Logical
  • 10. Logos Expert information: Finding expert opinions that are the same as ours Dr. John Morgenstern, an expert on sleep and the brain at Brandeis University, notes that teenagers need 9.3 hours of sleep a day to function best.
  • 11. Logos Cause/Effect: If we start school later, Students will learn more
  • 12. Logos Statistics: 45% of High school principals believe that school should start sooner
  • 13. The Tree of Rhetoric Pathos
  • 14. Emotional
  • 15. Emotional The use of emotional argumentation to persuade and convince
  • 16. Emotional Appeals to Negative Emotions: Fear, Discrimination, Revenge
  • 17. Emotional Appeals to Negative Emotions: Fear, Discrimination, Revenge Appeals to Positive Emotions: Love, Charity, Brotherhood
  • 18. Emotional Appeals to Negative Emotions: Fear, Discrimination, Revenge Appeals to Positive Emotions: Love, Charity, Brotherhood Use of Figurative Speech: metaphors, rhetorical questions, parallelism
  • 19. Is Pathos more or less Effective/Fair than Logos in Argumenation?
  • 20. The Tree of Rhetoric Ethos
  • 21. Credibility
  • 22. Credibility Persuading by convincing the audience that the speaker is worth listening to
  • 23. Credibility Trustworthiness
  • 24. Credibility Trustworthiness Similarity
  • 25. Credibility Trustworthiness Similarity Special Knowledge
  • 26. Credibility Trustworthiness Similarity Special Knowledge Expert Knowledge
  • 27. Credibility Trustworthiness Similarity Special Knowledge Expert Knowledge: Dr. Brainy von Braniac of Harvard University has recently written, “Schools that begin later have a much higher rate of college attendance and academic achievement.”
  • 28. The Tree of Rhetoric Logical Emotional Credibility
  • 29. Classical Greek Oratory
  • 30. Classical Oration Introduction (Exordium): beginning the web, draw interest Narration (Narratio): factual info, define the problem Confirmation (Confirmatio): detail about the arguments, the nuts and bolts of your case Refutation (Refutatio): addresses counter-arguments, consider audience Conclusion (Peroratio): satisfying close