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Logos -toulmin
Logos -toulmin
Logos -toulmin
Logos -toulmin
Logos -toulmin
Logos -toulmin
Logos -toulmin
Logos -toulmin
Logos -toulmin
Logos -toulmin
Logos -toulmin
Logos -toulmin
Logos -toulmin
Logos -toulmin
Logos -toulmin
Logos -toulmin
Logos -toulmin
Logos -toulmin
Logos -toulmin
Logos -toulmin
Logos -toulmin
Logos -toulmin
Logos -toulmin
Logos -toulmin
Logos -toulmin
Logos -toulmin
Logos -toulmin
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Logos -toulmin

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Published in: Education, News & Politics
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Transcript

  • 1. What we talkabout when we talk aboutArgument
  • 2. Let’s start with an enthymeme
  • 3. Women should be allowed to fight in UScombat units
  • 4. Because...1) They arephysically capable.2) Their presencewould weakengender stereotypes.3) This wouldexpand theopportunities forwomen in themilitary.
  • 5. Because...1) They arephysically capable.What is the impliedassumption?
  • 6. Because...2) Their presencewould weakengender stereotypes.What is the impliedassumption?
  • 7. Because...3)This wouldexpand theopportunities forwomen in themilitary.What is the impliedassumption?
  • 8. Stephen Toulmin
  • 9. Terms: Claim Reason WarrantUsed to be called “implied assumption”
  • 10. Example:I shouldn’t have to take Algebra Claimbecause I want to be a lawyer Reasoncareer utility should be the mainjustification for class Warrantrequirements
  • 11. Your Turn:You should have to take algebra... Claim ?????? Reason ?????? Warrant
  • 12. An Argument: Cheerleading should be banned Grounds ...because it depicts girls as sex objects Warrant
  • 13. An Argument: Cheerleading should be banned Grounds ...because it depicts•description of the uniform girls as sex objects•video of suggestivecheerleading•Bring it On Warrant•MTV videos usingcheerleading•professors of Media Studiesquotes on cheerleading
  • 14. So Far:Cheerleading should be banned Claim Reasonbecause it depicts girls as sexobjects????? Warrant
  • 15. So Far:Cheerleading should be banned Claim Reasonbecause it depicts girls as sexobjectsIt is harmful for girls/society todepict girls as sex objects Warrant
  • 16. So Far:Cheerleading should be banned Claim Reasonbecause it depicts girls as sexobjectsBacking It is harmful for girls/society to depict girls as sex objects
  • 17. So Far:Cheerleading should be banned Claim Reasonbecause it depicts girls as sexobjectsBacking It is harmful for girls/society to depict girls as sex objects Relevant evidence of loss of self-esteem, tendency towards teen pregnancy, and a society that does not respect the intellectual capabilities of women.
  • 18. Almost Done
  • 19. Two More terms: Rebuttal Qualifier
  • 20. Two More terms: Rebuttal The opposing argument against your claim
  • 21. Two More terms: Rebuttal Cheerleading should not be banned because it increases girls’ self- esteem
  • 22. Two More terms: The degree to which you are confident in your claim. Qualifier
  • 23. Two More terms: Cheerleading should DEFINITELY be banned Qualifier
  • 24. Two More terms: We should consider whether Cheerleading should be banned or discouraged. Qualifier
  • 25. Two More terms: Cheerleading should POSSIBLY be banned Qualifier
  • 26. OK, your turn: Claim Grounds Reason Backing Warrant Rebuttal Qualifier
  • 27. OK, your turn:Allstudents Claim Groundsshould berequired Reason Backingto take APLanguagein order to Warrant Rebuttalgraduate. Qualifier

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