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Thai Rice : AEC

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ทำไมข้าวไทยแพ้ข้าวเวียดนาม

ทำไมข้าวไทยแพ้ข้าวเวียดนาม

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  • 1. ÃÙŒà¢Ò–ÃÙŒàÃÒ ã¹ AEC “·ÓäÁ¢ŒÒÇä·Â¨Ö§á¾Œ¢ŒÒÇàÇÕ´¹ÒÁ”* ã¹Í´Õµ·Õ輋ҹÁÒ ä·Â໚¹¼ÙŒÊ‹§ÍÍ¡¢ŒÒÇ·ÕèÁÕʋǹẋ§¡ÒõÅÒ´ÁÒ¡·ÕèÊØ´ã¹ÍÒà«Õè¹ ᵋª‹Ç§ 5 »‚ ·Õ輋ҹÁÒ (2548-»˜¨¨ØºÑ¹) àÇÕ´¹ÒÁä´Œ¾Ñ²¹Ò¡ÒüÅÔµáÅÐÊ‹§ÍÍ¡¢ŒÒÇÍ‹ҧ¨ÃÔ§¨Ñ§ ¨¹ÊÒÁÒö¤Ãͧʋǹẋ§µÅÒ´¢ŒÒÇʋǹãËÞ‹ã¹ ÍÒà«Õè¹䴌 â´ÂÁÕʋǹẋ§µÅÒ´à¾ÔèÁ¢Ö鹶֧ÌÍÂÅÐ 67.5 ã¹»‚ 2548 ʋǹä·ÂÁÕʋǹẋ§µÅÒ´ÃŒÍÂÅÐ 31.1 »ÃÐà´ç¹ÊÓ¤ÑÞ·Õè·ÓãËŒ¢ŒÒÇä·Âᾌ¢ŒÒÇàÇÕ´¹ÒÁã¹µÅÒ´ÍÒà«Õè¹ ¤×Í àÇÕ´¹ÒÁÁռżÅÔµµ‹ÍäËÊÙ§ â´ÂÁռżÅÔµµ‹ÍäËâ´Âà©ÅÕè»ÃÐÁÒ³ 853 ¡¡./äË «Öè§Ê٧໚¹Íѹ´Ñº 4 ¢Í§àÍàªÕ Ãͧ¨Ò¡ à¡ÒËÅÕ㵌 ÞÕè»Ø†¹ ¨Õ¹ áÅÐÊ٧໚¹Íѹ´Ñº 1 ¢Í§ÍÒà«Õè¹ ã¹¢³Ð·Õèä·Â¼ÅԵ䴌 447 ¡¡./äË ໚¹Íѹ´Ñº 13 ¢Í§àÍàªÕ áÅÐ Íѹ´Ñº 7 ¢Í§ÍÒà«Õè¹ ¡Ò÷ÕèàÇÕµ¹ÒÁÁռżÅÔµµ‹ÍäËÊÙ§à¾ÃÒо×é¹·Õè»ÅÙ¡¢ŒÒÇ»ÃÐÁÒ³ 70% ÍÂÙ‹ºÃÔàdzÊÒÁàËÅÕèÂÁ»Ò¡áÁ‹¹éÓ⢧ áÅзÕèÃÒºÅØ‹ÁáÁ‹¹éÓá´§ Íѹ໚¹¾×é¹´Ô¹·ÕèÍØ´ÁÊÁºÙóáÅÐÁÕ¤ÇÒÁ¾ÃŒÍÁ¢Í§ÃкºªÅ»Ãзҹ ªÒǹÒàÇÕ´¹ÒÁÁÕµŒ¹·Ø¹¡ÒüÅÔµµèÓáÅÐä´Œ¡ÓäÃÊÙ§¡Ç‹Ò â´ÂÃÑ°ºÒÅàÇÕ´¹ÒÁ㪌¹âºÒ 3 Å´ 3 à¾ÔèÁ ¤×Í Å´»ÃÔÁÒ³àÁÅ紾ѹ¸Ø ãËŒàËÁÒÐÊÁ Å´¡ÒÃ㪌»Ø‰Âà¤ÁÕ Å´¡ÒÃ㪌ÂÒ»ÃÒºÈѵÃپת áÅÐ à¾ÔèÁ¼Å¼ÅÔµ à¾ÔèÁ¤Ø³ÀÒ¾ à¾ÔèÁ¡Óäà ¨Ò¡¹âºÒ¹Õé·ÓãËŒªÒÇ¹Ò àÇÕ´¹ÒÁÁÕ¡ÓäÃà¾ÔèÁ¢Öé¹»ÃÐÁÒ³ 15-20% àÇÕ´¹ÒÁÁÕÃÒ¤ÒÊ‹§ÍÍ¡¢ŒÒǶ١¡Ç‹Òä·Â à¹×èͧ¨Ò¡àÇÕ´¹ÒÁÁÕµŒ¹·Ø¹¡ÒüÅԵ㹡ÒûÅÙ¡¢ŒÒǵèÓ¡Ç‹Òä·Â ·Ñ駹Õé¨Ò¡¢ŒÍÁÙÅ ¡ÒÃÇÔà¤ÃÒÐˏ¢Í§ÊÁÒ¤Á¼ÙŒÊ‹§ÍÍ¡¢ŒÒÇä·Â·Õè»ÃÒ¡¯ã¹»‚ 2553 ¾ºÇ‹Ò ¹Í¡à˹×ͨҡ»˜ÞËÒ¢ŒÒǢͧä·Â¨ÐÁÕµŒ¹·Ø¹¡ÒüÅÔµÊÙ§áÅŒÇ »˜ÞËÒÊÓ¤ÑÞÍÕ¡»ÃСÒÃ˹Ö觤×Í ¡ÒâҴ¡ÅÂØ·¸ÃÐÂÐÂÒÇã¹´ŒÒ¹¡ÒüÅÔµáÅСÒÃÊ‹§ÍÍ¡ àÇÕ´¹ÒÁ·ÓµÅҴẺ “·ÕÁà´ÕÂÇ” áÅÐ㪌¡ÅÂØ·¸ºØ¡µÅҴ์¹ÃØ¡µÅÒ´¢ŒÒǤسÀÒ¾ ¡Å‹ÒǤ×Í ¡Ò÷ӡÒõÅÒ´¢Í§àÇÕµ¹ÒÁ·Óä» ã¹·ÔÈ·Ò§à´ÕÂǡѹ·Ñ駻ÃÐà·È ¤×Í ÃÑ°ºÒÅ ¼ÙŒÊ‹§ÍÍ¡ áÅÐà¡ÉµÃ¡Ã â´ÂÃÑ°ºÒÅ໚¹¼ÙŒ¹Ó 㹡Ò÷ӵÅÒ´¡Ñºµ‹Ò§»ÃÐà·ÈẺ G to G ¼‹Ò¹·Ò§ÊÁÒ¤ÁÍÒËÒÃàÇÕ´¹ÒÁ (Vietnam Food Association : VFA) ·ÕèÁÕÊÁÒªÔ¡»ÃÐÁÒ³ 205 ºÃÔÉÑ· ´ŒÒ¹¡ÒÃÊ‹§ÍÍ¡¢ŒÒÇ ¤Ø³ÀÒ¾ àÇÕ´¹ÒÁÁÕ»ÃÔÁÒ³¡ÒÃÊ‹§ÍÍ¡¢ŒÒÇä»»ÃÐà·È·ÕèºÃÔâÀ¤¢ŒÒǤسÀÒ¾Ê٧䴌ÁÒ¡¢Öé¹ (ã¹»‚ 2552-2553) ઋ¹ ΋ͧ¡§ ÍÍÊàµÃàÅÕ áÅÐ䵌ËÇѹ ʋǹä·ÂÁÕÍѵÃÒ¡ÒâÂÒµÑÇ㹡ÒÃÊ‹§ÍÍ¡¢ŒÒÇä» 3 »ÃÐà·È´Ñ§¡Å‹ÒÇŴŧ àÇÕ´¹ÒÁËÇÁÁ×͡Ѻ»ÃÐà·Èà¾×è͹ºŒÒ¹ã¹¡ÒüÅÔµ¢ŒÒÇ â´ÂàÇÕ´¹ÒÁáÅСÑÁ¾ÙªÒä´ŒµÑ駺ÃÔÉѷËÇÁ·Ø¹´ŒÒ¹¢ŒÒÇ¢Öé¹ÁÒ à¾×èÍ·Ó¸ØáԨ¢ŒÒÇ áºº¤ÃºÇ§¨Ã㹡ÑÁ¾ÙªÒ ์¹Å§·Ø¹´ŒÒ¹¡Ãкǹ¡ÒüÅÔµ ¡ÒÃà¡çºÃÑ¡ÉÒ áÅСÒÃÊ‹§ÍÍ¡¢ŒÒÇ ÃÇÁ¶Ö§¡ÒÃÊÌҧâçÊÕ¢ŒÒÇ ä«âÅà¡çº ÊÓÃͧ¢ŒÒÇ âç§Ò¹¢¹Á»˜§ ºÐËÁÕè¡Öè§ÊÓàÃç¨ÃÙ» 仨¹¶Ö§ Ãкºà¤Ã×Í¢‹Ò¡ÒèÓ˹‹Ò¢ŒÒÇ㹡ÑÁ¾ÙªÒ ¹Í¡¨Ò¡¹ÕéÂѧÁÕá¼¹·Õè¨Ð¡‹ÍµÑé§ ºÃÔÉѷËÇÁ·Ø¹´ŒÒ¹ÍÒËÒáѺ¾Á‹Ò´ŒÇ àÇÕ´¹ÒÁ¾ÂÒÂÒÁÊÌҧàʶÕÂÃÀÒ¾ãËŒ¡ÑºµÅÒ´¢ŒÒÇã¹»ÃÐà·È â´ÂÃÔàÃÔèÁâ¤Ã§¡ÒÃáÅÐÁҵáÒÃãËŒ¤ÇÒÁª‹ÇÂàËÅ×Íà¡ÉµÃ¡ÃËÅÒ´ŒÒ¹ ઋ¹ Íش˹ع´Í¡àºÕéÂà§Ô¹¡ÙŒà¾×èÍ«×éÍÇѵ¶Ø´Ôºà¤Ã×èͧÁ×ÍáÅÐÍØ»¡Ã³ã¹¡ÒüÅÔµ ¡àÇŒ¹/Å´ÀÒÉÕ àʹ͵Ñ駡ͧ·Ø¹à¾×èÍʹѺʹع ¡ÒüÅÔµáÅÐÊ‹§ÍÍ¡¢ŒÒÇ ÃÑ°ºÒÅàÇÕ´¹ÒÁÁÕ¹âºÒª‹ÇÂãËŒà¡ÉµÃ¡Ãä´ŒÁÕ¡ÓäÃÍ‹ҧ¹ŒÍ 30% ¢Í§µŒ¹·Ø¹¡ÒüÅÔµ â´Âã¹»‚ 2553 ¹Ò¡ÃÑ°Á¹µÃÕ àÇÕ´¹ÒÁä´Œ»ÃСÒÈ¢Íãˌʋǹ¡ÅÒ§áÅФ³Ð¡ÃÃÁ¡ÒûÃЪҪ¹¨Ñ§ËÇÑ´µ‹Ò§æ ¡Ó˹´ÃÒ¤Ò¢ŒÒÇà»Å×Í¡·Õè¨Ð¢ÒÂãËŒ¾‹Í¤ŒÒ¤¹¡ÅÒ§ à¾×èÍãËŒà¡ÉµÃ¡Ãä´Œ¡ÓäÃÍ‹ҧ¹ŒÍ 30% â´ÂÁͺËÁÒÂãËŒ¡ÃзÃǧ¡ÒäÅѧáÅСÃзÃǧà¡ÉµÃáÅоѲ¹Òª¹º·ã¹¡ÒûÃСÒÈ ÃÐàºÕºáÅÐá¹Ç·Ò§¡ÒäӹdzµŒ¹·Ø¹¡ÒüÅÔµ à¾×èÍ㪌໚¹°Ò¹ã¹¡ÒáÓ˹´ÃÒ¤Ò¢ŒÒÇà»Å×Í¡ ¹Í¡¨Ò¡¹ÕéºÃÔÉÑ·¼ÙŒÊ‹§ÍÍ¡¢ŒÒÇ µŒÍ§ÁÕ á¼¹ã¹¡ÒÃàª×èÍÁ⧡Ѻ¾‹Í¤ŒÒ¤¹¡ÅÒ§à¾×èÍÃѺ«×éÍ¢ŒÒǨҡà¡ÉµÃ¡ÃµÒÁÃÒ¤Ò·Õè¡Ó˹´ àËç¹ä´ŒÇ‹ÒàÇÕ´¹ÒÁ·Ó§Ò¹Í‹ҧ໚¹Ãкº ¤Ãº ǧ¨Ã à¾×èͪ‹ÇÂàËÅ×ͪÒÇ¹Ò ÃÑ°ºÒÅàÇÕ´¹ÒÁÁÕ¡ÒèѴµÑ駵ÅÒ´¤ŒÒ¢ŒÒÇáÅФÅѧÊÔ¹¤ŒÒã¹µ‹Ò§»ÃÐà·È ·Ñ駹ÕéàÇÕ´¹ÒÁÁÕ»˜ÞËÒ¢Ò´á¤Å¹¤ÅѧáÅÐä«âÅà¡çº¢ŒÒÇã¹ àÇÕ´¹ÒÁ «Öè§ÃÑ°ºÒÅä´ŒÊÌҧ¤ÅѧÊÔ¹¤ŒÒ¢¹Ò´ãËÞ‹ áÅÐÁÕ¤ÇÒÁËÇÁÁ×͡Ѻ»ÃÐà·Èµ‹Ò§æ㹡ÒõÑ駤ÅѧÊÔ¹¤ŒÒã¹µ‹Ò§»ÃÐà·È ઋ¹ ·Õ迁ÅÔ»»¹Ê á·¹«Òà¹Õ ¡Ò¹Ò áÍ¿ÃÔ¡Ò㵌 áÅоÁ‹Ò ÃÑ°ºÒÅàÇÕ´¹ÒÁ·Ø‹Áà·§º»ÃÐÁÒ³ÁËÒÈÒÅ㹡Ò÷ÓÇÔ¨ÑÂàÃ×èͧ¢ŒÒÇ äÁ‹Ç‹Ò¨Ð໚¹àÃ×èͧ¢Í§àÁÅ紾ѹ¸Ø ¡ÒÃÅ´µŒ¹·Ø¹¡ÒüÅÔµ áÅÐÍ×è¹æ ¡Å‹ÒÇ䴌NjÒÊѴʋǹ§º»ÃÐÁÒ³ÇԨѢŒÒÇã¹àÇÕ´¹ÒÁ¹Ñºä´Œ¶Ö§ 1 ã¹ 3 ¢Í§§º»ÃÐÁÒ³´ŒÒ¹ÇÔ·ÂÒÈÒʵÏáÅÐà·¤â¹âÅÂբͧÃÑ° ¹Í¡¨Ò¡¹Õé ¡ÒÃŧ·Ø¹ÇԨѴŒÒ¹à¡ÉµÃ¡ÃÃÁ ¡ÒâÂÒµÑÇ´ŒÒ¹¡ÒÃà¡ÉµÃ áÅТŒÍÁÙÅ¢‹ÒÇÊÒ÷ҧ´ŒÒ¹¹ÕéÂѧ䴌ÃѺ§º»ÃÐÁÒ³à¾ÔèÁ¢Öé¹»‚ÅÐ 10 – 15% (¢ŒÍÁÙÅ ¨Ò¡Ê¶ÒºÑ¹¹âºÒÂáÅСÅÂØ·¸à¾×èÍ¡ÒþѲ¹Ò¡ÒÃà¡ÉµÃáÅЪ¹º· àÇÕ´¹ÒÁ) ÊÓËÃѺ§Ò¹ÇԨѢͧ ÊÇ·ª. ·Õè໚¹¤ÇÒÁ¾ÂÒÂÒÁ¼ÅÑ¡´Ñ¹ã¹àÃ×èͧ¢ŒÒÇ »ÃСͺ´ŒÇ 1. ¡ÒþѲ¹Òà·¤â¹âÅÂÕà¾×èÍà¾ÔèÁ»ÃÐÊÔ·¸ÔÀÒ¾¡ÒüÅÔµ¢ŒÒÇ ä´Œá¡‹ ¡ÒûÃѺ»Ãا¾Ñ¹¸Ø¢ŒÒÇãËŒ·¹µ‹ÍÈѵÃپת ÃÇÁ¶Ö§¡ÒÃà»ÅÕè¹á»Å§¨Ò¡ ÊÀÒÇÐâšÌ͹ ¡Òö‹Ò·ʹ෤â¹âÅÂÕ¡ÒüÅÔµàÁÅ紾ѹ¸Ø¢ŒÒǤسÀÒ¾´ÕãËŒ¡Ñºà¡ÉµÃ¡Ã ¡ÒþѲ¹ÒáÅж‹Ò·ʹ෤â¹âÅÂÕ¡ÒüÅÔµ ÍØ»¡Ã³áÅÐà¤Ã×èͧ¨Ñ¡Ã¡Å¡ÒÃà¡ÉµÃà¾×èÍà¾ÔèÁ»ÃÐÊÔ·¸ÔÀÒ¾ áÅÐÅ´µŒ¹·Ø¹ã¹´ŒÒ¹¡ÒûÅÙ¡áÅСÒÃà¡çºà¡ÕèÂÇ áÅСÒþѲ¹Òà·¤â¹âÅÂÕ ICT ཇÒÃÐÇѧ¡ÒÃÃкҴ¢Í§âäáÁŧÈѵÃÙ¢ŒÒÇ 2. ¡ÒûÃѺ»ÃاáÅоѲ¹Ò»ÃÐÊÔ·¸ÔÀÒ¾¡ÒÃÊÕáÅÐͺ¢ŒÒÇ Å´¡ÒÃ㪌¾Åѧ§Ò¹ Å´»ÃÔÁÒ³¢Í§àÊÕÂ㹡ÒÃÊÕ¢ŒÒÇÊÓËÃѺ SMEs 3. ¡ÒþѲ¹Òà·¤â¹âÅÂÕ¡Ãкǹ¡ÒüÅÔµáÅоѲ¹Ò¼ÅÔµÀѳ±¨Ò¡¢ŒÒÇ 4. ¡ÒþѲ¹ÒÃкºâŨÔʵԡʏãËŒÁÕ»ÃÐÊÔ·¸ÔÀÒ¾ Å´µŒ¹·Ø¹ áÅСÒúÃÔËÒèѴ¡ÒÃâ¤Ã§ÊÌҧ¾×é¹°Ò¹ *·ÕèÁÒ¢ŒÍÁÙÅ ÈٹÈÖ¡ÉÒ¡ÒäŒÒÃÐËÇ‹Ò§»ÃÐà·È ÁËÒÇÔ·ÂÒÅÑÂËÍ¡ÒäŒÒä·Â ¨Ñ´·Óâ´Â ½†Ò¤ÇÒÁËÇÁÁ×ÍÃÐËÇ‹Ò§»ÃÐà·È ʋǹ§Ò¹¡ÅÒ§ ÊÇ·ª.

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