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Internet User Profile 2542
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Internet User Profile 2542
Internet User Profile 2542
Internet User Profile 2542
Internet User Profile 2542
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Internet User Profile 2542

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รายงานผลการสำรวจกลุ่มผู้ใช้อินเทอร์เน็ตในประเทศไทย ปี พ.ศ. 2542

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Internet User Profile 2542

  1. 1. √“¬ß“πº≈°“√ ”√«® °≈ÿࡺŸâ„™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„πª√–‡∑»‰∑¬ Internet User Profile of Thailand  ”π—°ß“π‡≈¢“πÿ°“√§≥–°√√¡°“√‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’ “√ π‡∑»·Ààß™“µ‘ »Ÿπ¬å‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’Õ‘‡≈Á°∑√Õπ‘° å·≈–§Õ¡æ‘«‡µÕ√å·Ààß™“µ‘  ”π—°ß“πæ—≤π“«‘∑¬“»“ µ√å·≈–‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’·Ààß™“µ‘ °√–∑√«ß«‘∑¬“»“ µ√å ‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’·≈– ‘Ëß·«¥≈âÕ¡ 73/1 Õ“§“√  «∑™. ∂ππæ√–√“¡∑’Ë 6 ‡¢µ√“™‡∑«’ °√ÿ߇∑æœ 10400 ‚∑√»—æ∑å 644-8150..99 ‚∑√ “√ 644-8137..8 ISBN974-7579-40-5  ”π—°ß“π‡≈¢“πÿ°“√§≥–°√√¡°“√‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’ “√ π‡∑»·Ààß™“µ‘ √“§“ 100 ∫“∑
  2. 2. √“¬ß“πº≈°“√ ”√«® °≈ÿࡺŸâ „™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„πª√–‡∑»‰∑¬ (Internet User Profile of Thailand)
  3. 3. √“¬ß“πº≈°“√ ”√«® °≈ÿࡺŸâ„™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„πª√–‡∑»‰∑¬ Internet User Profile of Thailand √“§“ 100 ∫“∑ æ‘¡æå§√—Èß∑’Ë 1 ®”π«πæ‘¡æå 3000 ‡≈à¡ ‡¥◊Õπ∏—𫓧¡ æ.» 2542 ISBN 974-7579-40-5  ß«π≈‘¢ ‘∑∏‘ϵ“¡ æ.√.∫.≈‘¢ ‘∑∏‘Ï æ.». 2521/2527 ‚¥¬ »Ÿπ¬å‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’Õ‘‡≈Á°∑√Õπ‘° å·≈–§Õ¡æ‘«‡µÕ√å·Ààß™“µ‘ ‰¡àÕπÿ≠“µ„À⧗¥≈Õ° à«πÀπ÷Ëß à«π„¥¢Õ߇≈à¡π’È πÕ°®“°®–‰¥â√—∫Õπÿ≠“µ ‡ªìπ≈“¬≈—°…≥åÕ—°…√®“°‡®â“¢Õß≈‘¢ ‘∑∏‘χ∑à“π—Èπ Copyright © 1999 by‹ : National Electronics and Computer Technology Center National Science and Technology Development Agency Ministry of Science, Technology and Environment, 73/1 NSTDA Building Rama VI Road., Rajthevi Bangkok 10400, Thailand Tel: (662) 644-8150...99 Fax: (662) 644-8137...8 ®—¥æ‘¡æå‚¥¬ :  ”π—°ß“π‡≈¢“πÿ°“√§≥–°√√¡°“√‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’ “√ π‡∑»·Ààß™“µ‘ »Ÿπ¬å‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’Õ‘‡≈Á°∑√Õπ‘° å·≈–§Õ¡æ‘«‡µÕ√å·Ààß™“µ‘  ”π—°ß“πæ—≤π“«‘∑¬“»“ µ√å·≈–‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’·Ààß™“µ‘ °√–∑√«ß«‘∑¬“»“ µ√å ‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’·≈– ‘Ëß·«¥≈âÕ¡ 73/1 ™—Èπ 6 Õ“§“√ ”π—°ß“πæ—≤π“«‘∑¬“»“ µ√å·≈–‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’·Ààß™“µ‘ ∂.æ√–√“¡ 6 √“™‡∑«’ °√ÿ߇∑æœ 10400 ‚∑√»—æ∑å 644-8150..99 µàÕ 600 ‚∑√ “√ (02)644-6653 E-mail: nitc-sec@nwg.nectec.or.th Web site: http://www.nitc.go.th
  4. 4. §”π” „π‡æ’¬ß‰¡à°’˪ï∑’˺à“π¡“ °“√„™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„πÀ¡Ÿà§π‰∑¬¡’§«“¡·æ√àÀ≈“¬¡“°¢÷Èπ Õ¬à“߇ÀÁπ‰¥â™—¥ ®”π«πºŸâ „Àâ∫√‘°“√Õ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ (Internet Service Provider : ISP) ‰¥â ‡æ‘Ë¡¢÷Èπ®“° 2 √“¬„πªï æ.». 2538 ‡ªìπ 15 √“¬„πªïπ’È §«“¡‡√Á«√«¡¢Õß«ß®√ ◊ËÕ “√ √–À«à“ߪ√–‡∑» (International Bandwidth) ¢Õ߉∑¬°Á¡’°“√¢¬“¬µ—«¢÷ÈπÕ¬à“ß√«¥‡√Á« ·≈–µàÕ‡π◊ËÕß ¬°µ—«Õ¬à“߇™à𠧫“¡‡√Á«√«¡¢Õß«ß®√ ◊ËÕ “√¥—ß°≈à“« ‰¥â‡æ‘Ë¡¢÷Èπ®“° 49.5 ‡¡°°–∫‘µ åµàÕ«‘π“∑’‡¡◊ËÕ‡¥◊Õπ¡°√“§¡¢Õߪïπ’ȇªìπ 112.75 ‡¡°°–∫‘µ åµàÕ«‘π“∑’‡¡◊ËÕ‡¥◊Õπ 惻®‘°“¬π ∑’˺à“π¡“ Õ¬à“߉√°Áµ“¡ ·¡â®–‡ÀÁπ‰¥â™—¥«à“°“√„™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ‰¥â√—∫§«“¡π‘¬¡ ‡æ‘Ë¡¢÷ÈπÕ¬à“ß¡“°·µà¢âÕ¡Ÿ≈∑’ˇ°’ˬ«¢âÕß°—∫°≈ÿࡺŸâ „™âµ—«Õ¬à“߇™àπ ‡æ» Õ“¬ÿ √–¥—∫°“√»÷°…“  “¢“Õ“™’æ ∂‘Ëπ∑’ËÕ¬Ÿà µ≈Õ¥®π¢âÕ¡Ÿ≈‡°’ˬ«°—∫惵‘°√√¡°“√„™â ‡™àπ ‡Àµÿº≈∑’Ë„™â ‡«≈“∑’ˇ¢â“„™â ª√–‚¬™πå∑’Ë ‰¥â√—∫ ªí≠À“∑’˪√– ∫ ‡À≈à“π’ȇªìπµâπ ¬—ß‰¡àª√“°Ø«à“¡’ºŸâ „¥∑√“∫™—¥‡®π ¿“§√—∞‡Õ߉¥âµ√–Àπ—°∂÷ߧ«“¡ ”§—≠¢ÕßÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ´÷Ëßπ—∫«—π®–¡’∫∑∫“∑‡æ‘Ë¡ ¡“°¢÷Èπ ‰¡à«à“®–‡ªìπ„π¥â“π°“√»÷°…“  —ߧ¡ ·≈–‡»√…∞°‘®¢Õß™“µ‘ Õ¬à“߉√°Á¥’ µ—«®—°√  ”§—≠Õ—πÀπ÷Ëß∑’Ë®–°àÕ„À⇰‘¥º≈µàÕ ‘Ë߇À≈à“π’È „π∑“ß∫«°°Á§◊Õ π‚¬∫“¬º≈—°¥—π·≈–°√Õ∫ ·π«∑“ß∑’ˇÀ¡“– ¡®“°¿“§√—∞ ¥â«¬‡Àµÿº≈¥—ß°≈à“« ª√–∏“π§≥–°√√¡°“√‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’  “√ π‡∑»·Ààß™“µ‘ ‚¥¬§«“¡‡ÀÁπ™Õ∫¢Õߧ≥–°√√¡°“√ ®÷߉¥â·µàßµ—Èߧ≥–Õπÿ°√√¡°“√ ¥â“ππ‚¬∫“¬Õ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ ”À√—∫ª√–‡∑»‰∑¬¢÷Èπ ‡¡◊ËÕ«—π∑’Ë 21 µÿ≈“§¡ æ.». 2542 ‚¥¬„Àâ¡’ Àπâ“∑’ËÀ≈—°„π°“√°”Àπ¥π‚¬∫“¬·≈–°√Õ∫·π«∑“߇æ◊ËÕ°“√æ—≤π“Õ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„πª√–‡∑» Õ¬“ß®√ß®ß µ≈Õ¥®π°“√°”Àπ¥∑“∑¢Õߪ√–‡∑»‰∑¬„π°“√‡®√®“√–À«“ߪ√–‡∑»„πª√–‡¥π à ‘ — à ’ à Á ∑’ˇ°’ˬ«¢âÕß°—∫Õ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ °“√ ”√«®°≈ÿ¡ºŸâ „™âÕπ‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„πª√–‡∑»‰∑¬ ‡ªìπº≈ß“π¢Õß ”π—°ß“π‡≈¢“πÿ°“√ à ‘ §≥–°√√¡°“√‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’ “√ π‡∑»·Ààß™“µ‘ »Ÿπ¬å‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’Õ‡≈Á°∑√Õπ‘° å·≈–§Õ¡æ‘«‡µÕ√å ‘ ·Ààß™“µ‘ (‡π§‡∑§) ‚¥¬¡’®ÿ¥ª√– ß§åÀ≈—°∑’Ë®–»÷°…“¢âÕ¡Ÿ≈´÷Ëß®–‡ªìπæ◊Èπ∞“π∑’Ë ”§—≠·≈– ®”‡ªìπ¬‘ËßµàÕ°“√®—¥µ—Èßπ‚¬∫“¬·≈–°√Õ∫·π«∑“ß∑’Ë¡’ª√– ‘∑∏‘¿“æ ‡æ◊ËÕº≈—°¥—π°“√„™â Õ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„Àâ°√–®“¬ Ÿª√–™“™π®”π«π¡“°¢÷π·≈–‡ªìπ‰ª„π∑‘»∑“ß ∑’‡À¡“– ¡Õ—π®–‡Õ◊Õ à È Ë È ‰ª Ÿà°“√æ—≤π“∑“ߥâ“π°“√»÷°…“  —ߧ¡ ·≈–‡»√…∞°‘®¢Õß™“µ‘ ◊∫‰ª
  5. 5. „ 4 √“¬ß“πº≈°“√ ”√«®°≈ÿࡺŸâ „™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„πª√–‡∑»‰∑¬ Internet User Profile of Thailand πÕ°®“°®ÿ¥ª√– ß§åÀ≈—°¥—ß°≈à“«¢â“ßµâπ »Ÿπ¬å‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’Õ‘‡≈Á°∑√Õπ‘° å·≈– §Õ¡æ‘«‡µÕ√å·Ààß™“µ‘ ¬—ß¡’§«“¡¡ÿàßÀ¡“¬∑’Ë®–‡º¬·æ√àº≈∑’Ë ‰¥â®“°°“√ ”√«®„Àⷰຟâ π„® ´÷ËßÕ“®π”¢âÕ¡Ÿ≈π’È ‰ª„™âª√–‚¬™πå ‰¥â ‚¥¬»Ÿπ¬å‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’Õ‘‡≈Á°∑√Õπ‘° å·≈–§Õ¡æ‘«‡µÕ√å ·Ààß™“µ‘®–¥”‡π‘π°“√ ”√«®„π≈—°…≥–‡™àππ’ȇªìπ√–¬–Ê Õ¬à“ßµàÕ‡π◊ËÕß ‡æ◊ËÕµ‘¥µ“¡°“√ ‡ª≈’ˬπ·ª≈ß·≈–§ß¢âÕ¡Ÿ≈„Àâ∑—π ¡—¬Õ¬Ÿà‡ ¡Õ´÷Ëߺ≈¢Õß°“√ ”√«®„π√Õ∫µàÕÊ ‰ª°Á®–¡’°“√ ®—¥æ‘¡æå‡æ◊ËÕ‡º¬·æ√à „π≈—°…≥–π’È ‡™àπ°—π  ”π—°ß“π‡≈¢“πÿ°“√œ „§√à¢Õ¢Õ∫§ÿ≥ºŸâ „™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ∑ÿ°∑à“π∑’Ë „À⧫“¡√à«¡¡◊Õ µÕ∫·∫∫ Õ∫∂“¡ ·≈–¢Õ¢Õ∫§ÿ≥‡®â“Àπâ“∑’Ë¢ÕßÀπ૬ªÆ‘∫—µ‘°“√«‘®—¬·≈–æ—≤π“‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’ ‡§√◊Õ¢à“¬§Õ¡æ‘«‡µÕ√å »Ÿπ¬å‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’Õ‘‡≈Á°∑√Õπ‘° å·≈–§Õ¡æ‘«‡µÕ√å·Ààß™“µ‘ ∑’Ë ‰¥â „Àâ §«“¡Õπÿ‡§√“–Àå¢âÕ¡Ÿ≈‡°’ˬ«°—∫°“√‡µ‘∫‚µ¢ÕßÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„πª√–‡∑»‰∑¬ ®“°»Ÿπ¬å¢âÕ¡Ÿ≈ ‡°’ˬ«°—∫Õ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ (Internet Information Resource Center) ·≈–¢Õ∫§ÿ≥‰∑¬π‘° (thnic) ∑’Ë ‰¥â „À⧫“¡Õπÿ‡§√“–Àå¢âÕ¡Ÿ≈®”π«π™◊ËÕ‚¥‡¡π —≠™“µ‘‰∑¬∑’Ë ‰¥â√—∫°“√®¥∑–‡∫’¬π ¥—ß∑’Ë ‰¥â𔇠πÕ„π∫∑𔇰’ˬ«°—∫Õ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„πª√–‡∑»‰∑¬´÷Ë߇ªìπ à«π∑’ˇæ‘Ë¡‡µ‘¡πÕ°‡Àπ◊Õ ®“°°“√√“¬ß“πº≈°“√ ”√«®·µà‡æ’¬ßÕ¬à“߇¥’¬« ‡æ◊ËÕ„Àâ¢âÕ¡Ÿ≈∑’Ë𔇠πÕ„πÀπ—ß ◊Õ‡≈à¡π’È¡’ §«“¡ ¡∫Ÿ√≥å¡“°¬‘Ëߢ÷Èπ πÕ°®“°π’Ȭ—ß„§√à¢Õ¢Õ∫§ÿ≥ºŸâ∑’Ë√—∫º‘¥™Õ∫‡«Á∫‰´¥åÀπ—ß ◊Õæ‘¡æå ‰∑¬√—∞·≈–‡«Á∫‰´¥å  π°∑Ë’ ‰¥â „À°“√Õπ‡§√“–Àµ¥ª“¬ª√–°“» (banner) ‡æÕ‡™≠™«π„Àº π„®‡¢“¡“µÕ∫·∫∫ ÿ â ÿ å‘ Ñ Ë◊ ‘ â âŸ â  Õ∫∂“¡ ∑”„Àâ¡’ºŸâ‡¢â“¡“µÕ∫·∫∫ Õ∫∂“¡‡ªìπ®”π«π¡“°Õ¬à“ß∑’ˇªìπÕ¬Ÿà  ”π—°ß“π‡≈¢“πÿ°“√À«—ßœ ‡ªìπÕ¬à“߬‘Ëß«à“¢âÕ¡Ÿ≈∑’˪√“°Ø„π‡Õ° “√©∫—∫π’È ®–‡ªìπ ª√–‚¬™πå·°àÀπ૬ߓπ∑’Ë¡’ à«π‡°’ˬ«¢âÕß„π°“√æ—≤π“Õ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ¢Õߪ√–‡∑»‰∑¬∑—Èߥâ“𠂧√ß √â“ßæ◊Èπ∞“π ∫ÿ§§≈“°√ ·≈–°“√„™âª√–‡¿∑µà“ßÊ √«¡∂÷ߺŸâ π„®‚¥¬∑—Ë«‰ª À“°∑à“π ¡’¢âÕ‡ πÕ·π–À√◊Õ¢âÕµ‘™¡ª√–°“√„¥‡√“®–¬‘π¥’‡ªìπÕ¬à“߬‘Ëß∑’Ë®–‰¥â√—∫∑√“∫¢âÕ¡Ÿ≈‡À≈à“π—Èπ ‡æ◊ËÕ°“√ª√—∫ª√ÿß„À⥒¬‘Ëߢ÷Èπ„π‚Õ°“ µàÕ‰ª  ”π—°ß“π‡≈¢“πÿ°“√§≥–°√√¡°“√‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’ “√ π‡∑»·Ààß™“µ‘ »Ÿπ¬å‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’Õ‘‡≈Á°∑√Õπ‘° å·≈–§Õ¡æ‘«‡µÕ√å·Ààß™“µ‘ ∏—𫓧¡ æ.». 2542 ‡Õ° “√‡≈à¡π’ȇªìπ≈‘¢ ‘∑∏‘Ï¢Õß»Ÿπ¬å‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’Õ‘‡≈Á°∑√Õπ‘° å·≈–§Õ¡æ‘«‡µÕ√å·Ààß™“µ‘  ”√«®‡¡◊ËÕ  ‘ßÀ“§¡-µÿ≈“§¡ æ.». 2542
  6. 6. √“¬ß“πº≈°“√ ”√«®°≈ÿࡺŸâ„™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„πª√–‡∑»‰∑¬ Internet User Profile of Thailand „ 5 ∫∑π” Õ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ°—∫ª√–‡∑»‰∑¬ ∑«’»—°¥‘Ï °ÕÕπ—πµ°Ÿ≈ ª√“°Ø°“√≥åÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ°—∫°“√‡¢â“ Ÿàªï §.».2000 π—∫«à“‡ªì𧫓¡‡ª≈’ˬπ·ª≈ߧ√—È߬‘Ëß „À≠à¢Õß¡πÿ…¬å ª√“™≠åÀ≈“¬∑à“π𔉪‡ª√’¬∫‡∑’¬∫°—∫°“√ªØ‘«—µ‘Õÿµ “À°√√¡∑’Ë √â“ß ‡§√◊ËÕßÕ”π«¬§«“¡ –¥«°·≈–‡æ‘Ë¡§ÿ≥¿“æ™’«‘µ¢Õß¡πÿ…¬å¢÷Èπ¡“Õ¬à“ß¡“° µàÕ¡“‡¡◊ËÕ‡√‘Ë¡¡’ °“√ √â“ß ‚∑√‡≈¢ «‘∑¬ÿ ‚∑√»—æ∑å ‡§√◊ËÕß∫‘π‰Õæàπ¢π“¥„À≠à ·≈–§Õ¡æ‘«‡µÕ√å¢÷Èπ¡“„π™à«ß 100 ªï∑’˺à“π¡“ ‡√“‡√‘Ë¡®–√Ÿâ ÷°«à“‚≈°¢Õ߇√“¡’¢π“¥∑’ˇ≈Á°≈ßÊ µ“¡≈”¥—∫ ·≈–„π™à«ßÀ≈—ß ®“°ªï 1980 ‡ªìπµâπ¡“ √–∫∫ ◊ËÕ “√‚∑√§¡π“§¡¢â“¡∑«’ª °“√‚∑√»—æ∑å∑“߉°≈Õ—µ‚π¡—µ‘ √–À«à“ߪ√–‡∑»°Á‡√‘Ë¡·æ√àÀ≈“¬¢÷Èπ ®π°√–∑—Ëß∑ÿ°§π “¡“√∂𔇧√◊ËÕߧա摫‡µÕ√å√“§“∂Ÿ° ¡“‡™◊ËÕ¡µàÕ°—∫ “¬‚∑√»—æ∑å µ‘¥µàÕ°—∫§π∑—Ë«‰ª‰¥â∑—Ë«‚≈°„π√Ÿª·∫∫¢ÕߢâÕ§«“¡ ‡ ’¬ß ¿“æ ·≈–¿“懧≈◊ËÕπ‰À« ∑’Ë¡’ªØ‘ —¡æ—π∏å (§◊Õ‚µâµÕ∫°—∫‡√“) ‰¥â ∑—Èßπ’È ‚¥¬¡’§à“„™â®à“¬∑’˵˔°«à“ °“√‚∑√»—æ∑å∑“߉°≈®“°°√ÿ߇∑æœ ‰ª ß¢≈“ ¬‘Ë߉ª°«à“π—Èπ √–∫∫ ◊ËÕ “√·≈–·À≈àߢâÕ¡Ÿ≈ µà“ßÊ ¬—߇ªî¥„™âß“π‰¥âµ≈Õ¥ 24 ™—Ë«‚¡ß∑ÿ°«—π‚¥¬‰¡à¡’«—πÀ¬ÿ¥ °√–· ‚≈°“¿‘«—µπå ∑”„À⇧√◊Õ¢à“¬Õ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ ´÷Ë߇¥‘¡„™â°—π‡©æ“–π—°»÷°…“ π—°«‘®—¬ ∑’Ë√Ÿâ‡√◊ËÕߧա摫‡µÕ√奒 °≈“¬‡ªìπ ◊ËÕ‡æ◊ËÕ°“√§â“¢“¬ ∫√‘°“√¢à“« “√ ·≈– ◊ËÕ∫—π‡∑‘ß√«¡°—π „π√–∫∫‡¥’¬« ∑ÿ°Ê ª√–‡∑» √«¡∑—Èߪ√–‡∑»‰∑¬µà“ß°Á‡√àßæ—≤π“„Àâª√–™“™π¢Õßµπ‡Õ߉¥â „™â ◊ËÕ™π‘¥„À¡àπ’ÈÕ¬à“ß°«â“ߢ«“ß·≈–„π√“§“∂Ÿ°  ”À√—∫ª√–‡∑»‰∑¬ ‡√“‡√‘Ë¡„™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ ‡æ◊ËÕ√—∫/ àß®¥À¡“¬Õ‘‡≈Á°∑√Õπ‘° å¡“µ—Èß·µàªï æ.». 2530 ·≈–µàÕ¡“„πªï æ.». 2534 ‡ªìπµâπ ¡“®÷߇√‘Ë¡¡’°“√·≈°‡ª≈’ˬπ®¥À¡“¬Õ‘‡≈Á°∑√Õπ‘° å°—π‡Õß„πª√–‡∑»‰∑¬‡ªìπ°“√∂“«√1 ‚¥¬ ¡’‡§√◊ËÕߧա摫‡µÕ√凙◊ËÕ¡µàÕ°—π‡æ’¬ß ’ˇ§√◊ËÕß„π‡¥◊Õπ惻®‘°“¬π æ.». 2542 ª√–‡∑»‰∑¬ ¡‡§√Õߧա櫇µÕ√∑‡™Õ¡°∫Õπ‡∑Õ√‡πµ¿“¬„µ™Õª√–‡∑»‰∑¬(TH) √«¡ª√–¡“≥ 65,000 ’ Ë◊ ‘ å Ë’ Ë◊ — ‘ å Á â Ë◊ ‡§√◊ËÕß ·≈–§“¥«à“¡’°“√®¥∑–‡∫’¬π¿“¬„µâ™◊ËÕÕ◊ËπÕ’°À≈“¬æ—π‡§√◊ËÕß °“√√‘‡√‘Ë¡Õ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ‡™‘ßæ“≥‘™¬å §«“¡æ¬“¬“¡∑’Ë®–‡√‘Ë¡„Àâ¡’°“√„™âß“πÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ‡™‘ßæ“≥‘™¬å„πª√–‡∑»‰∑¬‡°‘¥¢÷Èπ §àÕπ¢â“ߙⓠ§◊Õ„πª√–¡“≥ æ.». 2537 ´÷Ë߇ªìπ™à«ß∑’ˇ√‘Ë¡¡’°“√„™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ‡æ◊ËÕ°“√»÷°…“ 1 çMilestones of the Internet in Thailandé, Thaweesak Koanantakool, http://www.nectec.or.th/users/htk/milestones.html ‡Õ° “√‡≈à¡π’ȇªìπ≈‘¢ ‘∑∏‘Ï¢Õß»Ÿπ¬å‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’Õ‘‡≈Á°∑√Õπ‘° å·≈–§Õ¡æ‘«‡µÕ√å·Ààß™“µ‘  ”√«®‡¡◊ËÕ  ‘ßÀ“§¡-µÿ≈“§¡ æ.». 2542
  7. 7. „ 6 √“¬ß“πº≈°“√ ”√«®°≈ÿࡺŸâ „™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„πª√–‡∑»‰∑¬ Internet User Profile of Thailand «‘®—¬°—πÕ¬à“ß·æ√àÀ≈“¬ ·µà¬—߉¡à “¡“√∂¡’ºŸâ „¥„Àâ°“√∫√‘°“√Õ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ‡™‘ßæ“≥‘™¬å·°à  “∏“√≥™π‰¥â ‡ æ√“–µâ Õ ßÕ“»— ¬ «ß®√ ◊Ë Õ  “√µà “ ߪ√–‡∑»´÷Ë ß ‡ªì π  ‘Ë ß ∑’Ë ° “√ ◊Ë Õ  “√·Àà ß ª√–‡∑»‰∑¬ (° ∑.) ‡ªπº∑¡ ∑∏∑”‰¥µ“¡°ÆÀ¡“¬·µ‡æ¬ßº‡¥¬« ¥ßππ ‡æÕ„À‡°¥∫√°“√ ì ⟠˒ ’ ‘ ‘ â à ’ ⟠’ — È— Ë◊ â ‘ ‘ Õ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ¢÷Èπ »Ÿπ¬å‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’Õ‘‡≈Á°∑√Õπ‘° å·≈–§Õ¡æ‘«‡µÕ√å·Ààß™“µ‘®÷߉¥â®—¥µ—Èߧ≥– ∑”ß“πæ—≤π“∫√‘°“√Õ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ‡™‘ßæ“≥‘™¬å¢÷Èπ√à«¡°—∫ ° ∑. ·≈– ∑»∑. (Õߧ尓√‚∑√»—æ∑å ·Ààߪ√–‡∑»‰∑¬) ¢÷Èπ ®π‡ªìπº≈ ”‡√Á® ∫√‘°“√‡™‘ßæ“≥‘™¬å·Ààß·√°¢Õߪ√–‡∑»‰∑¬®÷ß∂◊Õ °”‡π‘¥¢÷Èπ„π«—π∑’Ë 1 ¡’π“§¡ æ.». 2538 ´÷Ë߇ªìπ°“√©≈Õߪï·Àà߇∑§‚π‚≈¬’ “√ π‡∑»‰∑¬ (Thailand IT Year) ©≈Õß°“√§√Õß√“™¬å§√∫ 50 ªï¢Õßæ√–∫“∑ ¡‡¥Á®æ√–‡®â“Õ¬ŸàÀ—« ‚¥¬„™â™◊ËÕ∫√‘°“√«à“ 统π¬å∫√‘°“√Õ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµª√–‡∑»‰∑¬é ª√–¡“≥ “¡‡¥◊ÕπÀ≈—ß®“°π—Èπ ° ∑.®÷߇√‘Ë¡Õπÿ≠“µ„Àâ¿“§‡Õ°™π‡√‘Ë¡ª√–°Õ∫°“√∫√‘°“√Õ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ‡ªìπ°“√∑—Ë«‰ª ª√–«—µ‘¢Õß°“√„Àâ∫√‘°“√Õ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ‡ªìπ‡√◊ËÕß∑’ˬ“«·≈–πà“ π„® ∑à“π “¡“√∂Õà“π √“¬ß“π©∫—∫‡µÁ¡‰¥â®“°Àπ—ß ◊Õ ç§«“¡‡ªìπ¡“¢ÕßÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„πª√–‡∑»‰∑¬é2 ·≈– çª√–«—µ‘ ¢ÕßÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ‰∑¬é3  ∂“π¿“æÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ‰∑¬„π«—ππ’È „πªí®®ÿ∫π ª√–‡∑»‰∑¬¡’ºâŸ „Àâ∫√‘°“√Õ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ (ISP À√◊Õ Internet Service Provider) — ∑’Ë¥”‡π‘πß“πÕ¬Ÿà®”π«π 15 √“¬ ·≈–Õ“®®–‡ªî¥‡æ‘Ë¡‡µ‘¡Õ’° 2-3 √“¬ ∑ÿ°√“¬µâÕ߇ªìπ∫√‘…—∑ √à«¡∑ÿπ°—∫ ° ∑. ·≈–µâÕ߇™à“«ß®√ ◊ËÕ “√√–À«à“ߪ√–‡∑»°—∫ ° ∑.  à«π«ß®√ ◊ËÕ “√¿“¬„π ª√–‡∑»®–‡™à“®“°ºŸâ „Àâ∫√‘°“√À≈“¬Ê √“¬ªπ°—π °“√‡™◊ËÕ¡µàÕ«ß®√√–À«à“ß ISP ·≈– ° ∑. ¡§«“¡‡ª≈¬π·ª≈ßÕ¬µ≈Õ¥‡«≈“Õπ‡πÕß¡“®“°°“√¢¬“¬µ«¢Õß°“√„™ß“π »π¬‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’ ’ Ë’ àŸ — Ë◊ — â Ÿ å Õ‘‡≈Á°∑√Õπ‘° å·≈–§Õ¡æ‘«‡µÕ√å·Ààß™“µ‘®÷߉¥â®—¥∑”·ºπ∑’Ë· ¥ß°“√‡™◊ËÕ¡µàÕÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ ¿“¬„πª√–‡∑»¢÷Èπ¡“‡æ◊ËÕ„À⺟â∑’Ë π„®µ‘¥µ“¡‰¥â „™âÕâ“ßÕ‘ß4 (‚ª√¥¥Ÿ®“°√Ÿª∑’Ë 1) ∑—Èßπ’È ®–¡’°“√ ª√—∫ª√ÿß·ºπ∑’Ë „Àâµ√ß°—∫§«“¡‡ªìπ®√‘ß∑ÿ°Ê ‡¥◊Õπ ·≈–∑”°“√ √ÿª ∂“π¿“æ∑’Ë ”§—≠¢Õß °“√„™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„πª√–‡∑»‰∑¬ ‡™à𠧫“¡‡√Á«√«¡¢Õß«ß®√ ◊ËÕ “√√–À«à“ߪ√–‡∑»5 ´÷Ëß¡’ Õ—µ√“°“√‡®√‘≠‡µ‘∫‚µ Ÿß¡“° §◊Õ „π‡¥◊Õπ惻®‘°“¬π æ.». 2542 ¡’§«“¡‡√Á«√«¡‡ªìπ 112 ≈â“π∫‘µµàÕ«‘π“∑’ π—∫‡ªìπ 310% ¢Õ߇¥◊Õπ‡¥’¬«°—π„πªï æ.». 2541 (‚ª√¥¥Ÿ®“°µ“√“ß∑’Ë 1) 2 §«“¡‡ªìπ¡“¢ÕßÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„πª√–‡∑»‰∑¬, ∑«’»—°¥‘Ï °ÕÕπ—πµ°Ÿ≈ 3 ª√–«—µ‘¢ÕßÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ‰∑¬,  ‘√‘π∑√å ª“≈»√’, Steven Huter, ·≈– Zita Wenzel 4 http://ntl.nectec.or.th/internet/map/current.html 5 http://ntl.nectec.or.th/internet/int-bandwidth.html ‡Õ° “√‡≈à¡π’ȇªìπ≈‘¢ ‘∑∏‘Ï¢Õß»Ÿπ¬å‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’Õ‘‡≈Á°∑√Õπ‘° å·≈–§Õ¡æ‘«‡µÕ√å·Ààß™“µ‘  ”√«®‡¡◊ËÕ  ‘ßÀ“§¡-µÿ≈“§¡ æ.». 2542
  8. 8. Academic/ Internet Connectivities in Thailand (December 1999) Research http://www.nectec.or.th/internet/map/ Commercial Domestic Exchange AS7613 AS7636 AS7715 AS7470 International AS7616 AS9315 AS7487 AS7588 Gateway Data Far East School Asia JI-NET CWN Idea Net PubNet LineThai Internet Net InfoNet International Provider 128k 64k 512k 2M 512k 256k 192k 10M 128k 100M 256k 512k 128k 1.5M 128k 256k 100M 2*2M 512k 10M National Internet Public Internet 512k International Exchange (NIX) 2M Exchange (PIE) 100M AS3836 100M Internet AS7596 ThaiSarn AS4652 Gateway (IIG) [CAT] [NECTEC] AS4651 8.5M 10M 512k 8M 512k 2M 128k 512k 2M 4M [CAT] 2M 2M 512k 256k 2*2M 512k 4M 2M 8M 512k 2M 512k 512k 2M AS4765 AS4803 AS4618 AS4621 AS4750 AS7654 AS4741 AS7568 AS4274 AS4776 World Asia Internet MUA Loxinfo SGA Samart CS Com KSC A-NET Net Access Thailand (UniNet) 2M 2M  ”√«®‡¡◊ËÕ  ‘ßÀ“§¡-µÿ≈“§¡ æ.». 2542 8M 512k 512k 512k 2M 128k 128k 2M 13M 2M 1M 2*2M 2M 2M 8M 2M 2M 2M 2M 2*2M 34M 8M 8M 2M 2M AS4000 AS5727 AS9505 AS4766 AS2516 AS7473 AS4722 AS4694 AS4774 AS3561 AS4637 AS8961 AS6453 AS2907 Global AT&T CHT-I KORNET KDD SingTel ITJ IDC Abone C&W InfoNet EMIX TeleGlobe NACSIS One (USA) (Taiwan) (Korea) (Japan) (Sg) (Japan) (Japan) (Japan) (USA) (USA, Hk) (UAE) (Canada) (Japan) (USA) DISCLAIMER This chart is designed, maintained and copyrighted by Vasinee Manasrangsi, Angkana Angkalukkana and Thaweesak Koanantakool NTL, NECTEC. All rights reserved. The information contained in this chart is based on actual measurements and estimation. We welcome update Chart Date: 1999-12-03 information, but reserve the rights to verify the accuracy of the given information. Please contact us at netadmin@ntl.nectec.or.th . For authoritative information please contact Communications Authority of Thailand. √“¬ß“πº≈°“√ ”√«®°≈ÿࡺŸâ„™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„πª√–‡∑»‰∑¬ Internet User Profile of Thailand √Ÿª∑’Ë 1 ·ºπ¿“æÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ‰∑¬ ∏—𫓧¡ 2542 ®“° http://ntl.nectec.or.th/internet/map/current.html 7 ‡Õ° “√‡≈à¡π’ȇªìπ≈‘¢ ‘∑∏‘Ï¢Õß»Ÿπ¬å‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’Õ‘‡≈Á°∑√Õπ‘° å·≈–§Õ¡æ‘«‡µÕ√å·Ààß™“µ‘ „
  9. 9. „ 8 √“¬ß“πº≈°“√ ”√«®°≈ÿࡺŸâ „™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„πª√–‡∑»‰∑¬ Internet User Profile of Thailand µ“√“ß∑’Ë 1 °“√‡®√‘≠‡µ‘∫‚µ¢Õß«ß®√Õ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ√–À«à“ß ª√–‡∑» (Internation Bandwidth) Year Total International Month Bandwidth (Mbps) To Thailand From Thailand 1999/11 112.75 60.75 1999/10 109.875 61.875 1999/09 81.5 61.5 1999/08 73.5 53.5 1999/07 65.5 53.5 1999/06 62.875 50.875 1999/05 62.875 50.875 1999/04 58.875 54.875 1999/03 50.25 46.25 1999/02 49.5 47.5 1999/01 49.5 47.5 1998/12 37 37 1998/11 36.375 36.375 1998/10 36.375 36.375 1998/09 35.625 35.625 1998/08 35.75 35.75 1998/07 32.375 32.375 1998/06 29.875 29.875 1998/05 30.25 30.25 1998/04 34.25 34.25 1998/03 34.25 34.25 1998/02 30.75 30.75 1998/01 32.75 32.75 1997/12 32.5 32.5 1997/11 34.5 34.5 1997/10 22.6875 22.6875 1997/09 22.9375 22.9375 1997/08 20.9375 20.9375 1996/12 10.25 10.25 1996/02 5 5 1995/09 4.77 4.77 1995/08 2.5625 2.5625 1993/06 0.13 0.13 ·À≈à ß ¢â Õ ¡Ÿ ≈ : http://ntl.nectec.or.th/internet/int- bandwidth.html ‡Õ° “√‡≈à¡π’ȇªìπ≈‘¢ ‘∑∏‘Ï¢Õß»Ÿπ¬å‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’Õ‘‡≈Á°∑√Õπ‘° å·≈–§Õ¡æ‘«‡µÕ√å·Ààß™“µ‘  ”√«®‡¡◊ËÕ  ‘ßÀ“§¡-µÿ≈“§¡ æ.». 2542
  10. 10. √“¬ß“πº≈°“√ ”√«®°≈ÿࡺŸâ„™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„πª√–‡∑»‰∑¬ Internet User Profile of Thailand „ 9 °“√·≈°‡ª≈’ˬπ¢âÕ¡Ÿ≈„πª√–‡∑» ®“°√Ÿª∑’Ë 1 ®–‡ÀÁπ«ß°≈¡¢π“¥‡≈Á°®”π«π¡“° · ¥ß∂÷ß®ÿ¥‡™◊ËÕ¡¢ÕߺŸâ „Àâ∫√‘°“√ Õ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ ∑—È߇™‘ßæ“≥‘™¬å 15 √“¬ ·≈–»Ÿπ¬å∫√‘°“√Õ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ·∫∫‰¡à§â“¢“¬Õ’° 4 √“¬ ‰¥â·°à ‰∑¬ “√, SchoolNet, PubNet, UniNet  à«π∑’ˇªìπ«ß„À≠àµ√ß°≈“ß “¡«ß ‰¥â·°à »π¬°≈“ß°“√·≈°‡ª≈¬π¢Õ¡≈¿“¬„πª√–‡∑» Õß·Àß (NIX-National Internet Exchange Ÿ å Ë’ â Ÿ à ¢Õß ° ∑. ·≈– PIE-Public Internet Exchange ∑’ˇπ§‡∑§®—¥∑”¢÷Èπ‡æ◊ËÕ°“√»÷°…“«‘®—¬) ·≈–»Ÿπ¬å∫√‘°“√Õ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµÕÕ°µà“ߪ√–‡∑» (Internet International Gateway) ¢Õß ° ∑. ‚§√ß°“√ PIE ∑’Ë®—¥∑”¢÷Èπ‚¥¬Àπ૬ªØ‘∫—µ‘°“√«‘®—¬·≈–æ—≤π“‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’‡§√◊Õ¢à“¬ §Õ¡æ‘«‡µÕ√å¢Õ߇π§‡∑§‰¥â√«∫√«¡¢âÕ¡Ÿ≈¥â“π°“√®—¥∑”‡ âπ∑“ß°“√‡™◊ËÕ¡‚¬ß¢âÕ¡Ÿ≈·≈– π—∫ ∂‘µ‘°“√‰À≈‡«’¬π ¢ÕߢâÕ¡Ÿ≈‡ πÕ‡ªìπ√“¬ß“π “∏“√≥–  ∂‘µ‘∑’Ëπà“ π„®„πªí®®ÿ∫—π §◊Õ °“√‰À≈‡«’¬π¢ÕߢâÕ¡Ÿ≈∑’Ë PIE „πªí®®ÿ∫—π¡’ª√‘¡“≥ Ÿß∂÷ß«—π≈– 150 æ—π≈â“π‰∫µå ‚¥¬¡’ à«π ¢âÕ¡Ÿ≈∑’ˇ°‘¥®“°‡§√◊Õ¢à“¬¢Õ߇π§‡∑§ Ÿß∂÷ß 32% ¢Õß∑—ÈßÀ¡¥√«¡°—π °“√®—¥·≈°‡ª≈’ˬπ ¢âÕ¡Ÿ≈¿“¬„πª√–‡∑» ™à«¬„Àâª√–‡∑»‰∑¬ª√–À¬—¥§à“«ß®√ ◊ËÕ “√µà“ߪ√–‡∑»‰¥â∂÷ß°«à“ ªï≈– 140 ≈â“π∫“∑ ·≈–∑”„À⺟⠄™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„πª√–‡∑»‰∑¬∑ÿ°§π‡√’¬°¢âÕ¡Ÿ≈‰¥â‡√Á«¢÷Èπ°«à“ °“√‡√’¬°ÕâÕ¡∑’˵à“ߪ√–‡∑» ®”π«π™◊ËÕ‚¥‡¡π —≠™“µ‘‰∑¬ §”«“™Õ‚¥‡¡π ≠™“µ‰∑¬πÀ¡“¬∂ߙՂ¥‡¡π√–¥∫∑Ë’ 3 (Third-Level Domain Name) à Ë◊ — ‘ È’ ÷ Ë◊ — ∑ÿ°ª√–‡¿∑∑’Ë≈ß∑⓬¥â«¬ .th ´÷Ë߇ªìπ√À— ª√–®”ª√–‡∑»‰∑¬ µ—«Õ¬à“߇™àπ nectec.or.th ºŸâ„Àâ ∫√‘°“√®¥∑–‡∫’¬π™◊ËÕ‚¥‡¡π —≠™“µ‘‰∑¬§◊ÕÀπ૬ߓπ∑’Ë „™â™◊ËÕ«à“ Thailand Network Information Center À√◊Õ∑’Ë√Ÿâ®—°°—πÕ¬à“ß·æ√àÀ≈“¬„ππ“¡¬àÕ§◊Õ ∑’‡Õ™π‘° (thnic) À√◊Õ ‰∑¬π‘° ‚¥¬¡’°“√·∫àßÀ¡«¥À¡Ÿà™◊ËÕ‚¥‡¡πÕÕ°‡ªìπ 7 ª√–‡¿∑ ¥—ßµàÕ‰ªπ’È u co.th  ”À√—∫Õߧå°√∏ÿ√°‘®∑’Ë®¥∑–‡∫’¬π„πª√–‡∑»‰∑¬ u ac.th  ”À√—∫ ∂“∫—π°“√»÷°…“¢Õ߉∑¬ u go.th  ”À√—∫Àπ૬ߓπ√“™°“√‰∑¬ u net.th  ”À√—∫Àπ૬ߓπ‰∑¬∑’Ë „Àâ∫√‘°“√Õ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµÀ√◊Õ‡§√◊Õ¢à“¬ u or.th  ”À√—∫Õߧå°√‰∑¬∑’Ë ‰¡à· «ß°”‰√ u mi.th  ”À√—∫Àπ૬ߓπ∑“ß∑À“√¢Õß°Õß∑—æ‰∑¬ u in.th  ”À√—∫Õߧå°√À√◊Õ∫ÿ§§≈‰∑¬∑—Ë«‰ª ‡Õ° “√‡≈à¡π’ȇªìπ≈‘¢ ‘∑∏‘Ï¢Õß»Ÿπ¬å‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’Õ‘‡≈Á°∑√Õπ‘° å·≈–§Õ¡æ‘«‡µÕ√å·Ààß™“µ‘  ”√«®‡¡◊ËÕ  ‘ßÀ“§¡-µÿ≈“§¡ æ.». 2542
  11. 11. „ 10 √“¬ß“πº≈°“√ ”√«®°≈ÿࡺŸâ „™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„πª√–‡∑»‰∑¬ Internet User Profile of Thailand ™◊ËÕ‚¥‡¡πª√–‡¿∑ ÿ¥∑⓬§◊Õ in.th π—È𠇪ìπª√–‡¿∑≈à“ ÿ¥∑’Ë ‰∑¬π‘°‡ªî¥„Àâ∫√‘°“√®¥ ∑–‡∫’¬π‡æ‘Ë¡‡µ‘¡®“° 6 À¡«¥∑’Ë¡’¡“·µà‡¥‘¡ ‚¥¬‡√‘Ë¡√—∫®¥∑–‡∫’¬π„πÀ¡«¥„À¡àπ’ȇ¡◊Ë Õ ª√–¡“≥ª≈“¬‡¥◊Õπ¡’π“§¡ æ.». 2542 ‡ªìπµâπ¡“ ¢âÕ·µ°µà“ß∑’Ë ”§—≠„π°“√√—∫®¥∑–‡∫’¬π ™◊ËÕ‚¥‡¡π„πÀ¡«¥π’ȧ◊Õ ∫ÿ§§≈∑—Ë«‰ª°Á “¡“√∂¢Õ®¥∑–‡∫’¬π™◊ËÕ‚¥‡¡ππ’È ‰¥â ·≈–Õߧå°√∑’Ë µâÕß°“√®¥∑–‡∫’¬π¿“¬„µâÀ¡«¥π’È ‰¡à®”‡ªìπ®–µâÕßµ—Èß™◊ËÕ‚¥‡¡π„Àâ‡À¡◊ÕπÀ√◊Õ„°≈⇧’¬ß∑’Ë ÿ¥ °—∫™◊ËÕ¢ÕßÕߧå°√ ´÷Ë߇ªìπ¢âÕ°”Àπ¥ ”À√—∫°“√®¥∑–‡∫’¬π™◊ËÕ‚¥‡¡π„πÀ¡«¥Õ◊ËπÊ πÕ°®“° π—ÈπÕߧå°√Àπ÷ËßÊ ´÷Ëß¡’ ‘∑∏‘Ï¢Õ®¥∑–‡∫’¬π™◊ËÕ‚¥‡¡π‰¥â‡æ’¬ß™◊ËÕ‡¥’¬«®“°∑—Èß 6 À¡«¥À¡Ÿà‡¥‘¡ ¬—ß “¡“√∂¢Õ®¥∑–‡∫’¬π™◊ËÕ‚¥‡¡π„πÀ¡«¥π’È ‰¥â¡“°°«à“Àπ÷Ëß™◊ËÕÕ’°¥â«¬ ®”π«π™◊Õ‚¥‡¡π —≠™“µ‘‰∑¬π—∫‡ªìπ¥—™π’Õ°µ—«Àπ÷ß∑ “¡“√∂™’È„À‡Àπ∂ߧ«“¡·æ√À≈“¬ Ë ’ Ë ’Ë â Á ÷ à ¢ÕßÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„πª√–‡∑»‰∑¬‰¥â ·¡â«à“®”π«πÕߧå°√∑’Ë®¥∑–‡∫’¬π™◊ËÕ‚¥‡¡π°—∫‰∑¬π‘°®– ¡‘‰¥â¡’®”π«π‡∑à“°—∫Õߧå°√‰∑¬∑—ÈßÀ¡¥∑’Ë¡’™◊ËÕ‚¥‡¡π∫πÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ ‡æ√“–„πªí®®ÿ∫—π¬—ß¡’ Õߧå°√‰∑¬Õ’°‡ªìπ®”π«π¡“°∑’Ë∑”°“√®¥∑–‡∫’¬π°—∫Àπ૬ߓπºŸâ√—∫®¥∑–‡∫’¬π™◊ËÕ‚¥‡¡π „π√–¥—∫ “°≈ ´÷Ëß™◊ËÕ‚¥‡¡π∑’Ë ‰¥â√—∫°“√®¥∑–‡∫’¬π„π√–¥—∫ “°≈®–‰¡à¡’√À— ª√–‡∑» ª√“°ØÕ¬Ÿà µ—«‡≈¢¢Õß Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development À√◊Õ OECD6 ™’È „Àâ‡ÀÁπ«à“ ®π∂÷ߧ√÷ËßÀ≈—ߢÕߪï æ.». 2540 ¡’Õߧå°√‰∑¬®”π«π∂÷ß 1621 Õߧå°√ ‰¥â∑”°“√®¥∑–‡∫’¬π™◊ËÕ‚¥‡¡π„π√–¥—∫ “°≈ „π¢≥–∑’Ë¡’‡æ’¬ß 859 Õߧå°√∑’Ë®¥ ∑–‡∫’¬π™◊ËÕ‚¥‡¡π —≠™“µ‘‰∑¬ º≈°√–∑∫¥â“π≈∫∑’ËÕ“®‡°‘¥¢÷Èπ‰¥â ”À√—∫°“√®¥∑–‡∫’¬π„π √–¥—∫ “°≈ ·∑π°“√®¥∑–‡∫’¬π™◊ËÕ‚¥‡¡πµ“¡ —≠™“µ‘°Á§◊Õ ®”π«π™◊ËÕ‚¥‡¡πÕ“®‡ªìπ¥—™π’ Àπ÷Ëß´÷Ëßπ—°≈ß∑ÿπµà“ß™“µ‘„™âæ‘®“√≥“∂÷ߧ«“¡¡—Ëπ§ß·≈–§«“¡‡®√‘≠°â“«Àπâ“∑“߇»√…∞°‘® ¢Õߪ√–‡∑»π—ÈπÊ ¥—ßπ—Èπ°“√„™â™◊ËÕ‚¥‡¡π„π√–¥—∫ “°≈´÷Ë߉¡à “¡“√∂∫àß∂÷ß —≠™“µ‘¢Õß Õߧ°√∑‡ªπ‡®“¢ÕߙՂ¥‡¡π®÷߇ªìπ°“√ Ÿ≠‡ ’¬‚Õ°“ „π°“√ √â“ߧ«“¡‡™◊Õ∂◊Õ„πÀ¡Ÿπ°≈ß∑ÿπ å ’Ë ì â ◊Ë Ë à — µà“ß™“µ‘ µ“√“ß∑’Ë 2 · ¥ß„Àâ‡ÀÁπ∂÷ß®”π«π™◊ËÕ‚¥‡¡π —≠™“µ‘‰∑¬·¬°µ“¡À¡«¥À¡Ÿà ®–‡ÀÁ𠉥â«à“ ®”π«π™◊ËÕ‚¥‡¡π —≠™“µ‘‰∑¬‰¥â‡æ‘Ë¡®”π«π®“° 558 ‚¥‡¡π„π‡¥◊Õπ¡‘∂ÿπ“¬π æ.». 2540 ‡ªìπ 3,676 ‚¥‡¡π„π‡¥◊Õπ惻®‘°“¬π æ.». 2542  à«πµ“√“ß∑’Ë 3 π—Èπ· ¥ß√“¬™◊ËÕ  ∂“∫π°“√»°…“¢Õ߉∑¬´ß®¥∑–‡∫¬π™Õ‚¥‡¡π ≠™“µ‰∑¬·≈–¡®”π«π‡§√Õߧա櫇µÕ√å — ÷ ÷Ë ’ ◊Ë — ‘ ’ ◊Ë ‘ ∑’Ë≈ß∑–‡∫’¬π°—∫Õ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ (host) ¡“°°«à“ 200 ‡§√◊ËÕß 6 OECD Working Papers Vol. VI, Internet Traffic Exchange: Developments and Policy, Paris 1998. ‡Õ° “√‡≈à¡π’ȇªìπ≈‘¢ ‘∑∏‘Ï¢Õß»Ÿπ¬å‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’Õ‘‡≈Á°∑√Õπ‘° å·≈–§Õ¡æ‘«‡µÕ√å·Ààß™“µ‘  ”√«®‡¡◊ËÕ  ‘ßÀ“§¡-µÿ≈“§¡ æ.». 2542
  12. 12. √“¬ß“πº≈°“√ ”√«®°≈ÿࡺŸâ„™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„πª√–‡∑»‰∑¬ Internet User Profile of Thailand „ 11 µ“√“ß∑’Ë 2 ®”π«π™◊ËÕ‚¥‡¡π —≠™“µ‘‰∑¬∑’ˉ¥â√—∫°“√®¥∑–‡∫’¬π ‡¥◊Õπ/ªï À¡«¥ 6/40 9/40 1/41 3/41 6/41 9/41 12/41 3/42 6/42 9/42 11/42 co.th 372 522 767 897 1170 1426 1730 1912 2165 2538 2826 ac.th 72 100 156 166 190 219 230 243 265 290 307 or.th 56 71 89 100 118 142 160 164 182 196 211 go.th 43 54 70 75 79 84 88 92 101 106 107 net.th 15 17 17 17 17 18 18 18 20 20 21 mi.th 0 2 2 2 2 4 4 4 4 6 6 in.th - - - - - - - - 52 126 198 √«¡ 558 766 1101 1257 1576 1893 2230 2433 2789 3282 3676 ·À≈àߢâÕ¡Ÿ≈: ‰∑¬π‘° µ“√“ß∑’Ë 3 √“¬™◊ËÕ ∂“∫—π°“√»÷°…“¢Õ߉∑¬∑ÿ°ª√–‡¿∑∑’Ë¡’‡§√◊ËÕߧա摫‡µÕ√å∑’Ë≈ß ∑–‡∫’¬π°—∫Õ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ ¡“°°«à“ 200 ‡§√◊ËÕß ™◊ËÕ ∂“∫—π ™◊ËÕ‚¥‡¡π Hosts Sub-Domains www ®ÿÓ≈ß°√≥å¡À“«‘∑¬“≈—¬ chula.ac.th 5702 36 43 ¡À“«‘∑¬“≈—¬‡°…µ√»“ µ√å ku.ac.th 3500 29 22  ∂“∫—π‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’æ√–®Õ¡‡°≈Ⓡ®â“§ÿ≥∑À“√ ≈“¥°√–∫—ß kmitl.ac.th 2882 16 4 ¡À“«‘∑¬“≈—¬¢Õπ·°àπ kku.ac.th 2377 4 3 ¡À“«‘∑¬“≈—¬»‘≈ª“°√ su.ac.th 1765 30 60 ¡À“«‘∑¬“≈—¬Õ—  —¡™—≠ au.ac.th 1482 13 16 ¡À“«‘∑¬“≈—¬ ß¢≈“π§√‘π∑√å psu.ac.th 1352 23 7 ¡À“«‘∑¬“≈—¬∫Ÿ√æ“ buu.ac.th 988 16 12 ¡À“«‘∑¬“≈—¬‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’¡À“π§√ mut.ac.th 775 20 2 ‡Õ° “√‡≈à¡π’ȇªìπ≈‘¢ ‘∑∏‘Ï¢Õß»Ÿπ¬å‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’Õ‘‡≈Á°∑√Õπ‘° å·≈–§Õ¡æ‘«‡µÕ√å·Ààß™“µ‘  ”√«®‡¡◊ËÕ  ‘ßÀ“§¡-µÿ≈“§¡ æ.». 2542
  13. 13. „ 12 √“¬ß“πº≈°“√ ”√«®°≈ÿࡺŸâ „™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„πª√–‡∑»‰∑¬ Internet User Profile of Thailand ™◊ËÕ ∂“∫—π ™◊ËÕ‚¥‡¡π Hosts Sub-Domains www ¡À“«‘∑¬“≈—¬¡À‘¥≈ Mahidol.ac.th 585 15 3  ∂“∫—π‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’√“™¡ß§≈ ri.ac.th 441 35 9  ∂“∫—π‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’·Àà߇Շ´’¬ ait.ac.th 418 15 32 ¡À“«‘∑¬“≈—¬∏√√¡»“ µ√å tu.ac.th 358 5 4  ∂“∫—π‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’æ√–®Õ¡‡°≈â“æ√–π§√‡Àπ◊Õ Kmitnb.ac.th 304 0 4 «‘∑¬“≈—¬‡∑§π‘§™—¬π“∑ Chainat.ac.th 256 1 0  ∂“∫—π‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’æ√–®Õ¡‡°≈â“∏π∫ÿ√’ Kmutt.ac.th 250 34 6 «‘∑¬“≈—¬¿“§µ–«—πÕÕ°‡©’¬ß‡Àπ◊Õ nec.ac.th 233 0 0 ¡À“«‘∑¬“≈—¬‡™’¬ß„À¡à cmu.ac.th 209 37 13 √«¡ total.ac.th 26860 409 427 ·À≈àߢâÕ¡Ÿ≈: http://ntl.nectec.or.th/internet/domainname/WEB/ac.html ¥—™π’´÷Ëß™’È „Àâ‡ÀÁπ∂÷ß°“√‡®√‘≠‡µ‘∫‚µ¢ÕßÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„πª√–‡∑»‰∑¬ Õ“∑‘ §«“¡‡√Á« «ß®√ Õ “√√–À«“ߪ√–‡∑»¢Õ߉∑¬ ®”π«π™Õ‚¥‡¡π ≠™“µ‰∑¬ ∑¡°“√„™ß“π®√ß ®”π«π ◊Ë à ◊Ë — ‘ ’Ë ’ â ‘ ‡§√◊ËÕߧա摫‡µÕ√å∑’Ë≈ß∑–‡∫’¬π°—∫Õ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ °“√‰À≈‡«’¬π¢ÕߢâÕ¡Ÿ≈ºà“π PIE ·≈–¥—™π’ Õ◊ËπÊ Õ’°¡“° ¡’°“√ ”√«®·≈–√«∫√«¡‰«â∑’Ë http://ntl.nectec.or.th/internet ´÷Ë߇ªìπ»Ÿπ¬å ¢âÕ¡Ÿ≈‡°’ˬ«°—∫Õ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ (Internet Information Resource Center, IIRC) ´÷Ë߉¥â√—∫ °“√®—¥µ—ß·≈–¥”‡π‘π°“√Õ¬à“ßµàÕ‡π◊Õß‚¥¬°≈ÿ¡∫ÿ§≈“°√¢ÕßÀπ૬ªØ‘∫µ°“√«‘®¬·≈–æ—≤π“ È Ë à —‘ — ‡∑§‚π‚≈¬‡§√Õ¢“¬§Õ¡æ«‡µÕ√¢Õß»π¬‡∑§‚π‚≈¬‡§√Õ¢“¬Õ‡≈°∑√Õπ° ·≈–§Õ¡æ«‡µÕ√å ’ ◊ à ‘ å Ÿ å ’ ◊ à ‘ Á ‘ å ‘ ·Ààß™“µ‘ ¥â«¬‡Àµÿ∑’Ë¢âÕ¡Ÿ≈‡À≈à“π—Èπ‡ªìπæ◊Èπ∞“𠔧—≠ ”À√—∫‡π◊ÈÕ§«“¡„π∫∑π”π’È ºŸâ‡¢’¬π®÷ß „§√¢Õ¢Õ∫§≥∫§≈“°√∑°∑“π∑¡ «π„π°“√®¥µß·≈–¥”‡ππ°“√¢Õß»π¬¢Õ¡≈¥ß°≈“«‰«â à ÿ ÿ ÿ à Ë’ ’ à — È— ‘ Ÿ åâ Ÿ — à ≥ ∑’Ëπ’È πÕ°®“°π—ÈπºŸâ‡¢’¬π¬—ß„§√à¢Õ¢Õ∫§ÿ≥‰∑¬π‘°∑’ˇÕ◊ÈÕ‡øóôÕ¢âÕ¡Ÿ≈ ®”π«π™◊ËÕ‚¥‡¡π —≠™“µ‘ ‰∑¬∑’Ë ‰¥â√—∫°“√®¥∑–‡∫’¬π ¥â«¬‡™àπ°—π ‡Õ° “√‡≈à¡π’ȇªìπ≈‘¢ ‘∑∏‘Ï¢Õß»Ÿπ¬å‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’Õ‘‡≈Á°∑√Õπ‘° å·≈–§Õ¡æ‘«‡µÕ√å·Ààß™“µ‘  ”√«®‡¡◊ËÕ  ‘ßÀ“§¡-µÿ≈“§¡ æ.». 2542
  14. 14.  “√∫—≠ √“¬ß“πº≈°“√ ”√«®°≈ÿࡺŸâ„™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„πª√–‡∑»‰∑¬ Internet User Profile of Thailand „ 13 §”π” .............................................................................................................................................................. 3 ∫∑π” .............................................................................................................................................................. 5 ∫∑ √ÿª ”À√—∫ºŸâ∫√‘À“√ ............................................................................................................................... 15 √“¬ß“πº≈°“√«‘®—¬ ‡æ» .................................................................................................................................................. 20 Õ“¬ÿ .................................................................................................................................................. 21 Õ“¬ÿ·¬°µ“¡‡æ» ......................................................................................................................... 22  ∂“π– ¡√ ................................................................................................................................. 23  ∂“π– ¡√ ·¬°µ“¡‡æ» ........................................................................................................ 24 ∑’ËÕ¬Ÿàªí®®ÿ∫—π ................................................................................................................................... 25 ≈—°…≥–¢Õ߇¢µ∑’ËÕ¬Ÿà „πªí®®ÿ∫—π (‡¢µ‡¡◊Õß À√◊Õ™π∫∑).................................................... 26 ®”π«π∫ÿµ√.................................................................................................................................... 27 ®”π«π ¡“™‘°„π§√—«‡√◊Õπ ....................................................................................................... 28 ®”π«π ¡“™‘°„π§√—«‡√◊Õπ∑’Ë„™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ ........................................................................ 29 √“¬‰¥â¢Õߧ√—«‡√◊ÕπµàÕ‡¥◊Õπ .................................................................................................... 30  ∂“π–°“√»÷°…“ ......................................................................................................................... 31 √–¥—∫°“√»÷°…“ ( ”À√—∫ºŸâ∑’Ë°”≈—ß»÷°…“Õ¬Ÿà) ......................................................................... 32 √–¥—∫°“√»÷°…“ (¢ÕߺŸâ∑’Ë®∫°“√»÷°…“·≈â«) ......................................................................... 33 §«“¡√Ÿâ¿“…“Õ—ß°ƒ… .................................................................................................................... 34 µ“√“ß “¢“¢Õß°“√»÷°…“ Ÿß ÿ¥ .............................................................................................. 35  “¢“¢Õß°“√»÷°…“ Ÿß ÿ¥ .......................................................................................................... 37  “¢“¢Õß°“√»÷°…“ Ÿß ÿ¥-‡©æ“–ºŸâµÕ∫∑’ˇªìπÀ≠‘ß ............................................................ 38  “¢“¢Õß°“√»÷°…“ Ÿß ÿ¥-‡©æ“–ºŸâµÕ∫∑’ˇªì𙓬 ............................................................. 39  “¢“¢Õß°“√»÷°…“·¬°µ“¡‡æ» (1) ..................................................................................... 40  “¢“¢Õß°“√»÷°…“·¬°µ“¡‡æ» (2) ..................................................................................... 41  “¢“¢Õß°“√»÷°…“·¬°µ“¡‡æ» (3) ..................................................................................... 42  “¢“¢Õß°“√»÷°…“·¬°µ“¡‡æ» (4) ..................................................................................... 43  ∂“π–°“√∑”ß“π ....................................................................................................................... 44 µ“√“ß “¢“Õ“™’æ ........................................................................................................................ 45  “¢“Õ“™’æ .................................................................................................................................... 47 ª√–‡¿∑¢ÕßÀπ૬ߓπ ............................................................................................................... 48 ª√– ∫°“√≥å°“√„™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ ............................................................................................. 49  ∂“π∑’Ë „™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ ............................................................................................................... 50 °“√¡’§Õ¡æ‘«‡µÕ√å∑’Ë∫â“π ............................................................................................................ 51 ‡Õ° “√‡≈à¡π’ȇªìπ≈‘¢ ‘∑∏‘Ï¢Õß»Ÿπ¬å‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’Õ‘‡≈Á°∑√Õπ‘° å·≈–§Õ¡æ‘«‡µÕ√å·Ààß™“µ‘  ”√«®‡¡◊ËÕ  ‘ßÀ“§¡-µÿ≈“§¡ æ.». 2542
  15. 15. „ 14 √“¬ß“πº≈°“√ ”√«®°≈ÿࡺŸâ „™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„πª√–‡∑»‰∑¬ Internet User Profile of Thailand ºŸâ√—∫¿“√–§à“∫√‘°“√Õ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ .............................................................................................. 52  “‡Àµÿ®Ÿß„®„Àⵑ¥ ‘π„®„™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ ................................................................................... 53  “‡Àµÿ®Ÿß„®„Àⵑ¥ ‘π„®„™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ-·¬°µ“¡‡æ» ........................................................ 54 ≈—°…≥–°“√„™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ∑’ˇªìπÕ¬Ÿà®√‘ß ............................................................................... 55 ≈—°…≥–°“√„™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ∑’ˇªìπÕ¬Ÿà®√‘ß-·¬°µ“¡‡æ» ..................................................... 56 ®”π«π™—Ë«‚¡ß∑’Ë„™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµµàÕ —ª¥“Àå ............................................................................ 57 ‡«≈“∑’Ë „™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ ................................................................................................................. 58 ‡∫√“‡´Õ√å∑’Ë „™â ............................................................................................................................... 59 µ“√“ߧ«“¡‡√Á«¢Õß‚¡‡¥Á¡À√◊Õ “¬√—∫- àß —≠≠“≥ .......................................................... 60 §«“¡‡√Á«¢Õß‚¡‡¥Á¡À√◊Õ “¬√—∫- àß —≠≠“≥ ...................................................................... 61 µ“√“ߪí≠À“ ”§—≠¢ÕßÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ ...................................................................................... 62 ªí≠À“ ”§—≠¢ÕßÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ .................................................................................................. 63 ª√–‚¬™πå∑’Ë ‰¥â√—∫®“°Õ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ ........................................................................................... 64 ª√– ∫°“√≥å°“√´◊ÈÕ ‘π§â“À√◊Õ∫√‘°“√∑“ßÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ .................................................... 65 ª√– ∫°“√≥å°“√´◊ÈÕ ‘π§â“À√◊Õ∫√‘°“√∑“ßÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ-·¬°µ“¡‡æ».......................... 66 µ“√“߇Àµÿº≈∑’Ë ‰¡à´◊ÈÕ ‘π§â“À√◊Õ∫√‘°“√∑“ßÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ ................................................... 67 ‡Àµÿº≈∑’Ë ‰¡à´◊ÈÕ ‘π§â“À√◊Õ∫√‘°“√∑“ßÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ ................................................................ 68 ‡Àµÿº≈∑’Ë ‰¡à´◊ÈÕ ‘π§â“À√◊Õ∫√‘°“√∑“ßÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ-‡©æ“–ºŸâµÕ∫∑’ˇªìπÀ≠‘ß .................. 69 ‡Àµÿº≈∑’Ë ‰¡à´◊ÈÕ ‘π§â“À√◊Õ∫√‘°“√∑“ßÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ-‡©æ“–ºŸâµÕ∫∑’ˇªì𙓬 ................... 70 ‡Àµÿº≈∑’Ë ‰¡à´◊ÈÕ ‘π§â“À√◊Õ∫√‘°“√∑“ßÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ·¬°µ“¡‡æ» (1) ................................ 71 ‡Àµÿº≈∑’Ë ‰¡à´◊ÈÕ ‘π§â“À√◊Õ∫√‘°“√∑“ßÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ·¬°µ“¡‡æ» (2) ................................ 72 ‡Àµÿº≈∑’Ë ‰¡à´◊ÈÕ ‘π§â“À√◊Õ∫√‘°“√∑“ßÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ·¬°µ“¡‡æ» (3) ................................ 73 µ“√“ß ‘π§â“À√◊Õ∫√‘°“√∑’ˇ§¬´◊ÈÕ∑“ßÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ ............................................................... 74  ‘π§â“À√◊Õ∫√‘°“√∑’ˇ§¬´◊ÈÕ∑“ßÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ ........................................................................... 75  ‘π§â“À√◊Õ∫√‘°“√∑’ˇ§¬´◊ÈÕ∑“ßÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ-‡©æ“–ºŸâµÕ∫∑’ˇªìπÀ≠‘ß ............................. 76  ‘π§â“À√◊Õ∫√‘°“√∑’ˇ§¬´◊ÈÕ∑“ßÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ-‡©æ“–ºŸâµÕ∫∑’ˇªì𙓬 .............................. 77  ‘π§â“À√◊Õ∫√‘ß“π∑’ˇ§¬´◊ÈÕ∑“ßÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ·¬°µ“¡‡æ» (1)........................................... 78  ‘π§â“À√◊Õ∫√‘°“√∑’ˇ§¬´◊ÈÕ∑“ßÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ·¬°µ“¡‡æ» (2) ........................................... 79  ‘π§â“À√◊Õ∫√‘°“√∑’ˇ§¬´◊ÈÕ∑“ßÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ·¬°µ“¡‡æ» (3) ........................................... 80 ¿“§ºπ«° ...................................................................................................................................... 81 ·∫∫ Õ∫∂“¡ ................................................................................................................................ 83 ·ºπº—ß‚§√ß √â“ߧ≥–°√√¡°“√‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’ “√ π‡∑»·Ààß™“µ‘ ................................... 95 §” —Ëß·µàßµ—Èߧ≥–Õπÿ°√√¡°“√¥â“ππ‚¬∫“¬Õ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ ”À√—∫ª√–‡∑»‰∑¬............. 97 √“¬™◊ËÕºŸâ√à«¡ß“π°“√ ”√«®°≈ÿࡺŸâ „™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„πª√–‡∑»‰∑¬ .................................. 101 √“¬™◊ËÕ∫ÿ§≈“°√„π ”π—°ß“π‡≈¢“πÿ°“√§≥–°√√¡°“√‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’ “√ π‡∑» ·Ààß™“µ‘ ......................................................................................................................................... 103 ‡Õ° “√‡≈à¡π’ȇªìπ≈‘¢ ‘∑∏‘Ï¢Õß»Ÿπ¬å‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’Õ‘‡≈Á°∑√Õπ‘° å·≈–§Õ¡æ‘«‡µÕ√å·Ààß™“µ‘  ”√«®‡¡◊ËÕ  ‘ßÀ“§¡-µÿ≈“§¡ æ.». 2542
  16. 16. √“¬ß“πº≈°“√ ”√«®°≈ÿࡺŸâ„™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„πª√–‡∑»‰∑¬ Internet User Profile of Thailand „ 15 «‘∏’°“√ ”√«® ∫ ∑ √ÿª ”À√—∫ºŸâ∫√‘À“√ °“√ ”√«®°≈ÿࡺŸâ „™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„πª√–‡∑»‰∑¬π’ȇªìπ°“√¥”‡π‘π°“√ ”√«®‚¥¬«‘∏’ ÕÕ°·∫∫ Õ∫∂“¡ºà“π∑“ßÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ ªí®®—¬ ”§—≠∑’Ë ÿ¥ Õߪ√–°“√¢Õß°“√ ”√«®‚¥¬ ∑—Ë«‰ª§◊Õ ç®”π«πé ·≈– ç°“√°√–®“¬é ‚¥¬ ç®”π«πé „π∑’Ëπ’ÈÀ¡“¬∂÷ß ®”π«π¢ÕߺŸâµÕ∫ ·∫∫ Õ∫∂“¡´ß∂“¬ß¡“°°®–¬ß∑”„À¢Õ¡≈∑’ˉ¥¡§«“¡π“‡™Õ∂Õ¡“° „π¢≥–∑’Ë ç°“√°√–®“¬é ÷Ë â ‘Ë Á ‘Ë ââ Ÿ â ’ à ◊Ë ◊ π—ÈπÀ¡“¬∂÷ß °“√°√–®“¬·∫∫ Õ∫∂“¡ Ÿà°≈ÿࡇªÑ“À¡“¬Õ¬à“ß∑—Ë«∂÷ß ‡æ◊ËÕ„Àâº≈¢Õß°“√ ”√«® ∑’Ë ‰¥â “¡“√∂‡ªìπµ—«·∑π∑’Ë¥’¢Õß°≈ÿࡧπ‰∑¬ºŸâ „™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ‚¥¬√«¡ ‡æ◊ËÕ„Àâ ‰¥âºŸâµÕ∫·∫∫  Õ∫∂“¡®”π«π¡“°·≈–‡¢â“∂÷ß°≈ÿࡺŸâ „™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµÕ¬à“ß∑—Ë«∂÷ß ºŸâ¥”‡π‘π°“√ ”√«®‰¥â µ‘ ¥ µà Õ ‰ª¬— ß ‡«Á ª ‰´¥å   πÿ ° (www.sanook.com) ·≈–‡«Á ª ‰´¥å À π— ß  ◊ Õ æ‘ ¡ æå ‰ ∑¬√— ∞ (www.thairath.co.th) ‡ºÕ¢Õ§«“¡Õπ‡§√“–Àµ¥ª“¬ª√–°“»‡™≠™«πº π„®‡¢“µÕ∫·∫∫ Ë◊ ÿ å‘ Ñ ‘ âŸ â  Õ∫∂“¡∑—Èßπ’ȇπ◊ËÕß®“°∑—Èß Õ߇«Á∫‰´¥å‡ªìπ‡«Áª‰´¥å¢Õ߉∑¬∑’Ë¡’ºŸâ‡¢â“‡¬’ˬ¡™¡‡ªìπ®”π«π¡“° ·≈–‡ªìπ‡«Áª‰´¥å ´÷߇ªìπ∑’ π„®·≈–‡ªî¥°«â“ß ”À√—∫°≈ÿ¡ºŸâ„™âÕπ‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ‚¥¬∑—«‰ª¡“°°«à“∑’Ë Ë Ë à ‘ Ë ®–‡ªìπ°≈ÿà¡„¥°≈ÿà¡Àπ÷Ëß‚¥¬‡©æ“– ´÷Ë߇«Áª‰´¥å∑—Èß Õß·Ààß°Á ‰¥â°√ÿ≥“„À⧫“¡Õπÿ‡§√“–Àå‚¥¬ ºŸâ∑’Ë π„® “¡“√∂§≈‘È°∫πªÑ“¬ª√–°“» ´÷Ëß®–π”‡¢â“ Ÿà·∫∫ Õ∫∂“¡‚¥¬Õ—µ‚π¡—µ‘ ºŸâ¥”‡π‘π °“√ ”√«®„§√à¢Õ¢Õ∫§ÿ≥‡«Áª‰´¥å πÿ°·≈–‡«Áª‰´¥åÀπ—ß ◊Õæ‘¡æå ‰∑¬√—∞‰«â ≥ ∑’Ëπ’ȥ⫬ ™à«ß√–¬–‡«≈“∑’Ë„™â „π°“√ ”√«®¢âÕ¡Ÿ≈§◊Õ√–À«à“ߪ≈“¬‡¥◊Õπ ‘ßÀ“§¡ æ.». 2542 ∂÷ߪ≈“¬‡¥◊Õπµÿ≈“§¡ æ.». 2542 µ≈Õ¥√–¬–‡«≈“ª√–¡“≥ 2 ‡¥◊Õπ¥—ß°≈à“« ¡’ºŸâ„À⧫“¡ √à«¡¡◊ÕµÕ∫·∫∫ Õ∫∂“¡®”π«π¡“° ·¡â®–¡’·∫∫ Õ∫∂“¡∫“ß©∫—∫∑’Ë„™â ‰¡à ‰¥â ‡™àπ µÕ∫ §”∂“¡¢“¥À≈“¬§”∂“¡ À√Õ ¡§”µÕ∫∑¢¥·¬ß ®”π«π·∫∫ Õ∫∂“¡∑’Ë„™â ‰¥∑ßÀ¡¥°¡¡“°∂ß ◊ ’ ’Ë — â â —È Á ’ ÷ 2,404 ©∫—∫ ´÷Ëߺ≈¢Õß°“√«‘‡§√“–Àå¢âÕ¡Ÿ≈®“°·∫∫ Õ∫∂“¡®”π«π¥—ß°≈à“« ¡’ª√“°ØÕ¬Ÿà„π ‡Õ° “√©∫—∫π’È ºŸâ¥”‡π‘π°“√ ”√«®‰¥â¢Õ„À⺟âµÕ∫·∫∫ Õ∫∂“¡·®âß∑’ËÕ¬Ÿà∑“߉ª√…≥’¬åÕ‘‡≈Á°- ∑√Õπ‘° å (À√◊ÕÕ’‡¡≈å) ¢Õßµπ‡æ◊ËÕ°“√®—∫©≈“°™‘ß√“ß«—≈´÷Ëß®–¡’°“√µ‘¥µàÕ„Àâ∑√“∫∑“ßÕ’‡¡≈å ‡¡◊ËÕ°“√ ”√«® ‘Èπ ÿ¥≈ß°“√∑’˺ŸâµÕ∫·∫∫ Õ∫∂“¡µâÕß·®âß∑’ËÕ¬Ÿà∑“ßÕ’‡¡≈åπ’È  “¡“√∂≈¥ °“√µÕ∫·∫∫ Õ∫∂“¡¡“°°«à“ 1 §√—Èß ”À√—∫∫ÿ§§≈‡¥’¬« ‡æ√“–ºŸâµÕ∫∑’Ë¡’Õ’‡¡≈å´È”´âÕπ ®–∂Ÿ° §—¥ÕÕ°Õ“®‡ªìπ‰ª‰¥â«à“®–¡’ºŸâµÕ∫·∫∫ Õ∫∂“¡∫“ß√“¬∑’Ë¡’Õ’‡¡≈å¡“°°«à“ 1 ∑’ËÕ¬Ÿà ·≈–µÕ∫ ·∫∫ Õ∫∂“¡¡“°°«à“ 1 §√—Èß Õ¬à“߉√°Áµ“¡ºŸâ¥”‡π‘π°“√ ”√«®‡™◊ËÕ«à“°“√µÕ∫´È”´âÕπ ·∫∫π’Èπà“®–¡’‡ªìπ à«ππâÕ¬‡∑à“π—Èπ ‡Õ° “√‡≈à¡π’ȇªìπ≈‘¢ ‘∑∏‘Ï¢Õß»Ÿπ¬å‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’Õ‘‡≈Á°∑√Õπ‘° å·≈–§Õ¡æ‘«‡µÕ√å·Ààß™“µ‘  ”√«®‡¡◊ËÕ  ‘ßÀ“§¡-µÿ≈“§¡ æ.». 2542
  17. 17. „ 16 √“¬ß“πº≈°“√ ”√«®°≈ÿࡺŸâ „™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„πª√–‡∑»‰∑¬ Internet User Profile of Thailand º≈°“√ ”√«®∑’Ë Ì“§—≠ ‡Õ° “√©∫—∫π’È ‰¥â√«∫√«¡º≈°“√ ”√«®°≈ÿࡺŸâ „™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„πª√–‡∑»‰∑¬ ´÷Ëß ª√–°Õ∫¥â«¬¢âÕ¡Ÿ≈À≈“°À≈“¬ª√–‡¿∑‡°’ˬ«°—∫≈—°…≥–¢ÕߺŸâ „™â·≈–惵‘°√√¡°“√„™â Õπ‡∑Õ√‡πµ ¢Õ¡≈∑ßÀ¡¥‰¥¡°“√®¥· ¥ß‰«â„π√ª·∫∫¢Õßµ“√“ß·≈–·ºπ¿¡„π «π∂¥‰ª ‘ å Á â Ÿ È— â ’ — Ÿ Ÿ ‘ à — „π∑’Ëπ’È®–¢Õ √ÿª‡©æ“–º≈°“√ ”√«® à«π∑’Ë ”§—≠·≈–πà“ π„®‡ªìπ摇»…´÷Ëß¡’ ¥—ßµàÕ‰ªπ’È 1. º≈¢Õß°“√ ”√«®· ¥ß„Àâ‡ÀÁπ«à“ ºŸâ „™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„πª√–‡∑»‰∑¬∑’ˇªì𙓬 ¡’¡“°°«à“∑’ˇªìπÀ≠‘ß∂÷߇°◊Õ∫ Õ߇∑à“ 2. °≈ÿࡺŸâ „™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ à«π„À≠à‡ªìπºŸâ∑’Ë¡’Õ“¬ÿπâÕ¬ §◊Õ¡—°Õ¬Ÿà„π«—¬π‘ ‘µπ—°»÷°…“ À√◊Õ«—¬∑”ß“πµÕπµâπ‡ªìπ à«π¡“° §◊ÕºŸâµÕ∫·∫∫ Õ∫∂“¡ 3. ª√–¡“≥√âÕ¬≈– 76 ¢ÕߺŸâ „™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ‡ªìπ§π‚ ¥ 4. ºŸâ „™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ à«π¡“° §◊Õª√–¡“≥√âÕ¬≈– 68 ‡ªìπºŸâ∑’ËÕ“»—¬Õ¬Ÿà„π‡¢µ °√ÿ߇∑æ¡À“π§√·≈–ª√‘¡≥±≈ (ππ∑∫ÿ√’ ª∑ÿ¡∏“π’ ·≈– ¡ÿ∑√ª√“°“√) °“√°√–®“¬µ—« ¢Õß°“√„™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµÕÕ° Ÿà®—ßÀ«—¥Õ◊ËπÊ ¬—ß¡’Õ¬ŸàπâÕ¬ ‚¥¬‡©æ“–Õ¬à“߬‘Ëß„πæ◊Èπ∑’ËπÕ°‡¢µ Õ”‡¿Õ‡¡◊Õß 5. °≈ÿࡺŸâ „™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ‡ªìπºŸâ∑’Ë¡’°“√»÷°…“ Ÿß °≈à“«§◊Õ ª√–¡“≥√âÕ¬≈– 89 ®∫ °“√»÷°…“À√◊Õ°”≈—ß»÷°…“Õ¬Ÿà„π√–¥—∫ª√‘≠≠“µ√’¢÷Èπ‰ª 6.  ”À√∫°≈¡ºâŸ „™∑‡ªπ™“¬ æπ∞“π°“√»°…“∑æ∫¡“°‡ªπ懻…‡√¬ßµ“¡≈”¥∫ — àÿ â Ë’ ì È◊ ÷ Ë’ ì ‘ ’ — §◊Õ «‘∑¬“»“ µ√åÀ√◊Õ«‘»«°√√¡»“ µ√å∑“ߧա摫‡µÕ√å ‰øøÑ“ À√◊Õ‚∑√§¡π“§¡ (√âÕ¬≈– 39)  “¢“«‘™“¥â“π æ“≥‘™¬»“ µ√å·≈–°“√∫√‘À“√ (√âÕ¬≈–10) ·≈–«‘»«°√√¡»“ µ√å “¢“ Õ◊Ëπ (√âÕ¬≈– 9)  ”À√—∫°≈ÿࡺŸâ „™â∑’ˇªìπÀ≠‘ß æ◊Èπ∞“π°“√»÷°…“∑’Ëæ∫¡“°‡ªìπ摇»…‡√’¬ßµ“¡ ≈”¥—∫§◊Õ  “¢“«‘™“¥â“πæ“≥‘™¬»“ µ√å·≈–°“√∫√‘À“√ (√âÕ¬≈– 27) ·≈–«‘∑¬“»“ µ√åÀ√◊Õ «‘»«°√√¡»“ µ√å∑“ߧա摫‡µÕ√å ‰øøÑ“ À√◊Õ‚∑√§¡π“§¡ (√âÕ¬≈– 20) 7. ºŸâ„™Õπ‡∑Õ√‡πµ‡°Õ∫∑ßÀ¡¥¡§«“¡√¿“…“Õß°ƒ… ·¡®–¡√–¥∫§«“¡‡™¬«™“≠ â‘ å Á ◊ —È ’ Ÿâ — â ’ — ’Ë „π¿“…“·µ°µà“ß°—πÕ¬Ÿà∫â“ß ¡’ºŸâ„™â®”π«ππâÕ¬¡“° §◊Õ‰¡à∂÷ß√âÕ¬≈– 1 ∑’Ë ‰¡à¡’§«“¡√Ÿâ¿“…“ Õ—ß°ƒ…‡≈¬ ·≈–Õ’°ª√–¡“≥√âÕ¬≈– 33 ¡’§«“¡√Ÿâ¿“…“Õ—ß°ƒ…„π√–¥—∫®”°—¥ §◊ÕæÕÕà“π ‡¢â“„® ∫â“ß·µà ‰¡à§≈àÕß  à«π∑’ˇÀ≈◊Õ §◊Õª√–¡“≥√âÕ¬≈– 66 ‰¡à¡’ªí≠À“„π°“√Õà“π¿“…“ Õ—ß°ƒ… ‡Õ° “√‡≈à¡π’ȇªìπ≈‘¢ ‘∑∏‘Ï¢Õß»Ÿπ¬å‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’Õ‘‡≈Á°∑√Õπ‘° å·≈–§Õ¡æ‘«‡µÕ√å·Ààß™“µ‘  ”√«®‡¡◊ËÕ  ‘ßÀ“§¡-µÿ≈“§¡ æ.». 2542
  18. 18. √“¬ß“πº≈°“√ ”√«®°≈ÿࡺŸâ„™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„πª√–‡∑»‰∑¬ Internet User Profile of Thailand „ 17 8.  ”À√—∫ºŸâ „™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ∑’Ë∑”ß“πÕ¬Ÿà  “¢“Õ“™’æ∑’Ëæ∫¡“°‡ªìπ摇»…§◊Õ  “¢“ °“√»÷°…“ (‡™àπ §√Ÿ Õ“®“√¬å) ·≈–°“√«‘®—¬ ·≈– “¢“Õ“™’æ∑’ˇ°’ˬ«¢âÕß°—∫°“√º≈‘µ ¢“¬ „Àâ∫√‘°“√ „À⧔ª√÷°…“ À√◊Õ¥Ÿ·≈§«∫§ÿ¡§Õ¡æ‘«‡µÕ√å ‚ª√·°√¡§Õ¡æ‘«‡µÕ√å Õÿª°√≥å ª√–°Õ∫ À√◊Õ‡§√◊Õ¢à“¬§Õ¡æ‘«‡µÕ√å 9.  ”À√—∫≈—°…≥–°“√„™â  à«π„À≠à§◊Õª√–¡“≥√âÕ¬≈– 68 √–∫ÿ«à“µπ‡Õß„™â Õ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ‰ª„π∑“ß°“√À“¢âÕ¡Ÿ≈ §«“¡√Ÿâ ·≈–¢à“« “√¡“°∑’Ë ÿ¥ „π¢≥–∑’˪√–¡“≥√âÕ¬≈– 13 √–∫ÿ«à“„™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ ”À√—∫°“√µ‘¥µàÕ à«πµ—« (‡™à𠵑¥µàÕ°—∫‡æ◊ËÕπ) ¡“°∑’Ë ÿ¥ ·≈–Õ’° ª√–¡“≥√âÕ¬≈– 11 √–∫ÿ«à“„™â ”À√—∫°“√µ‘¥µàÕ‰¡à à«πµ—« (‡™à𠵑¥µàÕ∑“ß∏ÿ√°‘®) ¡“°∑’Ë ÿ¥ °“√„™â „π≈—°…≥–Õ◊ËπÊ ‡™àπ ‡æ◊ËÕ§«“¡∫—π‡∑‘ß (‡™àπ ´◊ÈÕ¢Õß ‡≈àπ‡°¡ å) À√◊Õ ‡æ◊ËÕ°“√‚¶…≥“ ¢“¬ ‘π§â“À√◊Õ∫√‘°“√∂Ÿ°√–∫ÿ‡æ’¬ßπâÕ¬§√—Èß 10.  ”À√—∫º≈°“√ ”√«®∑’ˇ°’ˬ«°—∫ªí≠À“∑’˪√– ∫®“°°“√„™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµπ—Èπ ªí≠À“§«“¡≈à“™â“¢Õß°“√√—∫ àß —≠≠“≥π—∫‡ªìπªí≠À“∑’Ë∂Ÿ°√–∫ÿ∂÷ß¡“°∑’Ë ÿ¥ „π¢≥–∑’Ë ªí≠À“¿“√–§à“„™â®à“¬ ªí≠À“§«“¡‡™◊ËÕ∂◊Õ‰¥â¢Õß∫√‘°“√‡§√◊Õ¢à“¬ (‡™àπ °“√µ‘¥µàÕ‰¡à‡¢â“ À√◊Õ  —≠≠“≥À≈ÿ¥) ·≈–ªí≠À“°“√¡’·À≈à߬—Ë«¬ÿ∑“߇æ»∫πÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ °Á‡ªìπªí≠À“∑’Ë∂Ÿ°√–∫ÿ∂÷ß ¡“°‡™àπ°—π 11. „π à«π¢Õߺ≈°“√ ”√«®∑’ˇ°’ˬ«¢âÕß°—∫惵‘°√√¡°“√´◊ÈÕ∑“ßÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµπ—Èπ º≈¢Õß°“√ ”√«®· ¥ß„Àâ‡ÀÁπ«à“§«“¡π‘¬¡´◊ÈÕ ‘π§â“À√◊Õ∫√‘°“√∑“ßÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„πÀ¡Ÿà§π ‰∑¬¬—ß¡’Õ¬ŸàπâÕ¬ °≈à“«§◊Շ撬߉¡à∂÷ß√âÕ¬≈– 20 ¢ÕߺŸâµÕ∫·∫∫ Õ∫∂“¡√–∫ÿ«à“‡§¬´◊ÈÕ ‘π§â“ À√◊Õ∫√‘°“√ºà“π∑“ßÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ ‡Àµÿº≈ ”§—≠∑’Ë∑”„À⺟⠄™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ‰¡à π„®À√◊Õ‰¡à µâÕß°“√ —ß´◊Õ ‘π§â“À√◊Õ∫√‘°“√∑“ßÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ§◊Õ ‰¡à “¡“√∂‡ÀÁπÀ√◊Õ®—∫µâÕß ‘π§â“‰¥â‡À¡◊Õπ Ë È °“√´◊ÈÕ®“°√â“π ‰¡àµâÕß°“√„Àâ‡∫Õ√å∫—µ√‡§√¥‘µ∑“ßÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ ‰¡à ‰«â „®ºŸâ¢“¬«à“®– àß ‘π§â“ π—Èπ„Àâ®√‘ß ·≈–‰¡à¡’∫—µ√‡§√¥‘µ  ‘π§â“∑’ˇªìπ∑’Ëπ‘¬¡´◊ÈÕ°—π¡“°∑’Ë ÿ¥„π°“√´◊ÈÕ ‘π§â“∑“ß Õ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ§◊Õ Àπ—ß ◊ÕÀ√◊Õ¢âÕ¡Ÿ≈ ‚ª√·°√¡§Õ¡æ‘«‡µÕ√å ·≈–‡æ≈ß ‚¥¬°“√ àß ‘π§â“∑“ß ‰ª√…≥’¬å¬—߇ªìπ∑’Ëπ‘¬¡¡“°°«à“°“√ àß∑“ßÕ‘‡≈Á°∑√Õπ‘° å ‡ªìπ∑’Ëπà“ π„®«à“‡¡◊ËÕ·¬°°≈ÿà¡ ºŸâµÕ∫·∫∫ Õ∫∂“¡ÕÕ°‡ªìπÀ≠‘ß·≈–™“¬ ®–æ∫«à“ºŸâ „™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ∑’ˇªì𙓬¡’§«“¡π‘¬¡ „π°“√´Õ π§“À√Õ∫√°“√º“π∑“ßÕπ‡∑Õ√‡πµ¡“°°«“ºŸâ„™∑‡ªπÀ≠ß °≈“«§Õ‡æ¬ßª√–¡“≥ ◊È ‘ â ◊ ‘ à ‘ å Á à â ’Ë ì ‘ à ◊ ’ √âÕ¬≈– 10 ¢ÕߺŸâÀ≠‘߇∑’¬∫°—∫¡“°°«à“√âÕ¬≈– 20 ¢ÕߺŸâ™“¬ µÕ∫«à“‡§¬´◊ÈÕ ‘π§â“À√◊Õ ∫√‘°“√ºà“π∑“ßÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ ‡Õ° “√‡≈à¡π’ȇªìπ≈‘¢ ‘∑∏‘Ï¢Õß»Ÿπ¬å‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’Õ‘‡≈Á°∑√Õπ‘° å·≈–§Õ¡æ‘«‡µÕ√å·Ààß™“µ‘  ”√«®‡¡◊ËÕ  ‘ßÀ“§¡-µÿ≈“§¡ æ.». 2542
  19. 19. „ 18 √“¬ß“πº≈°“√ ”√«®°≈ÿࡺŸâ „™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„πª√–‡∑»‰∑¬ Internet User Profile of Thailand  √ÿª‚¥¬√«¡·≈â« º≈¢Õß°“√ ”√«®· ¥ß„Àâ‡ÀÁπ«à“°“√„™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„πª√–‡∑» ‰∑¬ ¬—ß¡’°“√°√–®ÿ°µ—«Õ¬Ÿà „πÀ¡Ÿàª√–™“™π‡æ’¬ß‡©æ“–°≈ÿࡇ∑à“π—Èπ§◊Õ ºŸâ∑’ËÕ“»—¬Õ¬Ÿà „π °√ÿ߇∑æ·≈–æ◊Èπ∑’Ë„°≈⇧’¬ß ¡’°“√»÷°…“ ¡’§«“¡√Ÿâ¿“…“Õ—ß°ƒ… ·≈–¡—°‡ªìπºŸâ∑’Ë¡’§«“¡ π„® „π§Õ¡æ‘«‡µÕ√åÀ√◊Õ‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’∑“ß°“√ ◊ËÕ “√·≈– “√ π‡∑»‡ªìπ摇»… (‡ÀÁπ‰¥â®“° “¢“ °“√»÷°…“À√◊Õ “¢“Õ“™’æ) À√◊Õ‡ªìπºŸâ∑’Ë∑”ß“πÕ¬Ÿà„π·«¥«ß°“√»÷°…“ °“√«‘®—¬ Õ’°π—¬Àπ÷Ëß §◊Õ °“√„™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„πª√–‡∑»‰∑¬¬—߉¡à¡’°“√°√–®“¬µ—« Ÿàª√–™“™π„π«ß°«â“ß πÕ° ®“°π’Ȭ—ß®–‡ÀÁπ‰¥â«à“ °“√„™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„π‡™‘ßæ“≥‘™¬å∑—Èß„π∞“π–¢Õß°“√‡ªìπºŸâ¢“¬·≈– °“√‡ªìπºŸâ´◊ÈÕ¬—߉¡à‡ªìπ∑’Ëπ‘¬¡π—° „π·ßà¢Õߪí≠À“ ”§—≠¢Õß°“√„™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ ®–‡ÀÁπ‰¥â«à“ªí≠À“À≈“¬ª√–°“√∑’Ë ¡’°“√√–∫ÿ∂÷ß ‡™à𠧫“¡≈à“™â“„π°“√√—∫- àß —≠≠“≥ °“√µ‘¥µàÕ‰¡à‡¢â“À√◊Õ —≠≠“≥¢“¥À“¬ ‡ªìπªí≠À“∑’Ë “¡“√∂·°â ‰¢‚¥¬°“√ª√—∫ª√ÿß‚§√ß √â“ßæ◊Èπ∞“π¥â“π‚∑√§¡π“§¡ πÕ°®“°π’È ªí≠À“‡√◊ËÕß§à“„™â®à“¬·≈–ªí≠À“°“√¡’·À≈à߬—Ë«¬ÿ∫πÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ°Á‡ªìπªí≠À“ ”§—≠∑’˧«√‡√àß ·°â ‰¢‡™àπ°—π ¥—ß∑’Ë°≈à“«‰«â¢â“ßµâπ ‡π◊ÈÕ§«“¡„π à«ππ’ȇªìπ‡æ’¬ß°“√ √ÿª “√– ”§—≠‡æ’¬ß∫“ß ª√–°“√®“°º≈¢Õß°“√ ”√«®°≈ÿࡺŸâ „™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„πª√–‡∑»‰∑¬ ¬—ß¡’¢âÕ¡Ÿ≈„π√“¬ ≈–‡Õ’¬¥Õ◊ËπÊ Õ’°¡“° ¥—߉¥â· ¥ß‰«â „πµ“√“ß·≈–·ºπ¿Ÿ¡‘„π à«π∂—¥‰ª ´÷ËߺŸâ∑’Ë π„® “¡“√∂ πÌ“¢âÕ¡Ÿ≈¥—ß°≈à“«‰ª«‘‡§√“–Àå„π‡™‘ß≈÷°‡æ◊ËÕ„™âª√–‚¬™π嵓¡«—µ∂ÿª√– ß§å·≈–À√◊Õ¿“√°‘® ¢ÕßµπÀ√◊Õ¢ÕßÕߧ尓√‰¥âµ“¡§«“¡‡À¡“– ¡ ‡Õ° “√‡≈à¡π’ȇªìπ≈‘¢ ‘∑∏‘Ï¢Õß»Ÿπ¬å‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’Õ‘‡≈Á°∑√Õπ‘° å·≈–§Õ¡æ‘«‡µÕ√å·Ààß™“µ‘  ”√«®‡¡◊ËÕ  ‘ßÀ“§¡-µÿ≈“§¡ æ.». 2542
  20. 20. √“¬ß“πº≈°“√ ”√«®°≈ÿࡺŸâ„™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„πª√–‡∑»‰∑¬ °“√°√–®“¬¢Õß°“√„™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„πª√–‡∑»‰∑¬ Internet User Profile of Thailand „ 19 («—¥®“° —¥ à«π¢Õß®”π«πºŸâ „™â „π·µà≈–æ◊Èπ∑’Ë) µà“ߪ√–‡∑» Abroad 1.5% ‡Àπ◊Õ North 10.44% µ–«—πÕÕ°‡©’¬ß‡Àπ◊Õ North-East 7.03% ª√‘¡≥±≈ (ππ∑∫ÿ√’ °√ÿ߇∑æ¡À“π§√ ª∑ÿ¡∏“π’  ¡ÿ∑√ª√“°“√) Bangkok Near-By Provinces 54.37% 13.31% „µâ South 4.99% Internet Diffusion of Thailand (measured by percentage of users in cach area) ‡Õ° “√‡≈à¡π’ȇªìπ≈‘¢ ‘∑∏‘Ï¢Õß»Ÿπ¬å‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’Õ‘‡≈Á°∑√Õπ‘° å·≈–§Õ¡æ‘«‡µÕ√å·Ààß™“µ‘  ”√«®‡¡◊ËÕ  ‘ßÀ“§¡-µÿ≈“§¡ æ.». 2542
  21. 21. „ 20 √“¬ß“πº≈°“√ ”√«®°≈ÿࡺŸâ „™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„πª√–‡∑»‰∑¬ Internet User Profile of Thailand ‡æ» Gender À≠‘ß (Female) 34.94% ™“¬ (Male) À≠‘ß (Female) 65.06% ™“¬ (Male) ‡æ» À≠‘ß ™“¬ √«¡ Gender Female Male Total ®”π«π 840 1564 2404 Frequency √âÕ¬≈– 34.94 65.06 100 Percent ‡Õ° “√‡≈à¡π’ȇªìπ≈‘¢ ‘∑∏‘Ï¢Õß»Ÿπ¬å‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’Õ‘‡≈Á°∑√Õπ‘° å·≈–§Õ¡æ‘«‡µÕ√å·Ààß™“µ‘  ”√«®‡¡◊ËÕ  ‘ßÀ“§¡-µÿ≈“§¡ æ.». 2542
  22. 22. √“¬ß“πº≈°“√ ”√«®°≈ÿࡺŸâ„™âÕ‘π‡∑Õ√å‡πÁµ„πª√–‡∑»‰∑¬ Internet User Profile of Thailand „ 21 Õ“¬ÿ Age 57.53 60 50 40 √âÕ¬≈– (Percent) 30 22.55 20 10.32 10 7.4 0.08 0.92 1.04 0.17 0 0 πâÕ¬°«à“ 10-14 15-19 20-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60-69 70 ¢÷Èπ‰ª (Less than) (and up) 10 Õ“¬ÿ πâÕ¬°«à“ 10 10-14 15-19 20-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60-69 70 ¢÷Èπ‰ª √«¡ Age Less than ®”π«π 2 22 248 1383 542 178 25 4 0 2404 Frequency √âÕ¬≈– 0.08 0.92 10.32 57.53 22.55 7.40 1.04 0.17 0 100 Percent ‡Õ° “√‡≈à¡π’ȇªìπ≈‘¢ ‘∑∏‘Ï¢Õß»Ÿπ¬å‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’Õ‘‡≈Á°∑√Õπ‘° å·≈–§Õ¡æ‘«‡µÕ√å·Ààß™“µ‘  ”√«®‡¡◊ËÕ  ‘ßÀ“§¡-µÿ≈“§¡ æ.». 2542
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