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EU climate change mitigation and adaptation plan
 

EU climate change mitigation and adaptation plan

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EU climate change mitigation and adaptation plan

EU climate change mitigation and adaptation plan

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    EU climate change mitigation and adaptation plan EU climate change mitigation and adaptation plan Document Transcript

    • Outline The European Union Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Plan Climate Change: Threats The EU’s ambition: Limiting climate change NSTDA Annual Conference on to 2ºC Science and Technology for our Society and Planet The European Union Policy EU Cooperation with partner countries Veronique Lorenzo Counsellor European Union Delegation to Thailand 29 March 2010 Climate Change: The scientific evidence a threat for our planet IPCC 4th Assessment Report 2007: Global atmospheric concentrations of CO2, CH4 and N2O have increased markedly as a result of human activities since 1750. Increases in CO2 are due primarily to fossil fuel use and land-use change, increases in CH4 and N2O are primarily due to agriculture. Most of the observed increase in globally averaged temperatures since the mid-20th century is very likely due to the observed increase in anthropogenic greenhouse gas concentrations The policy response : The global objective a two tracks approach 1. Mitigation: Limit the emissions of GHGs Limiting global average temperature increase to 2ºC compared to pre-industrial 2. Adaptation: Cope with the inevitable impacts of levels climate change The heart of the EU political programme: • Lisbon strategy for growth and employment • Technological innovation • Research and development • Competitiveness • Energy security
    • GHGs emissions mitigation The EU Climate Change and Energy Package Moving towards a low-carbon economy January 2007: fully integrated policy package covering both climate change and energy policies: “Limiting Global Climate Change to 2° The way ahe ad C: Conserve energy (energy-efficient equipments, systems, for the EU and the World for 2020 and beyond” buildings) and use all renewable energies in all sectors “An Energy Policy for Europe” Appropriate energy infrastructure investment decisions, which have long term effects on emissions January 2008: the Climate Change and Energy Package: Changes in lifestyle and behaviour patterns, especially in 20% GHG reduction compared to 1990 (unilateral commitment) building, transport and industrial sectors 30% GHG reduction compared to 1990 (In the context of Better management of land use (deforestation) international agreement) Effective carbon price signal to create incentives to invest in 20% share of renewable energy in the overall energy low-GHG products, technologies and processes consumption 20% increase in energy efficiency by 2020 Appropriate incentives for development and transfers of technologies Legislation agreed in December 2008 Entry into force: 25 June 2009 The EU ETS’s extended The Package at a glance scope cross-sectoral technology specific & targets & instruments product policies Scope 2005-2012: large industrial installations & Sectors: Power generation and industrial sectors (steel and iron, aviation Carbon capture and cement, lime, ceramics, paper, glass) storage Directive EU ETS Gases: CO2, opt-in of N2O Renewable Extended scope as from 2013: Energy Directive New sectors: Aluminium, basic chemicals production and aviation (from 2012) Fuel Quality Directive New gases: PFC from aluminium production, N2O from certain Effort chemicals production “small Sharing Possible inclusion of maritime transport if no agreement in the sources” Decision CO2& Cars International Maritime Organisation Primary feature of the new ETS: Harmonised Allocation A robust EU-wide cap Rules Auctioning is default allocation method For the power sector as from 2013 (>50% of allowances) Gradient: -1.74% Limited derogation available for 10 new MS Transitional free allocation Benchmarks (average of 10% most efficient installations in (sub)sector) General benchmark approach (one product – one benchmark) -21% vs 2005 Allocations determined ex-ante, no ex-post adjustment Taking into account most efficient techniques, high efficiency cogeneration, efficient energy use of waste gases etc Phasing out free allocation for sectors not exposed to risk of carbon leakage 80% in 2013 – 30% in 2020 – 0% in 2027 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 Linear factor to be reviewed by 2025 Free allocation for sectors proned to “Carbon leakages” Aviation to be included; will change figures correspondingly, but cap not reduced Disclaimer: all figures are provisional and do not account for new sectors in third period
    • Credits from third countries EU Effort Sharing Decision Role of offset credits Provide additional means to comply with targets within the EU ~ 60% of the EU GHG emissions Build capacity for cap-and-trade in less developed countries – Implementation through national and EU but at least 50 % of reduction effort compared to 2005 needs to be within the EU measures (energy efficiency standards, CO2 & cars, energy labeling of equipment and Quality appliances) Projects should bring real emission reductions and benefits to sustainable development Key elements: The Commission and the Member States can decide that credits Binding annual targets in 2013-2020 from certain types of projects are not to be accepted for Strict reporting obligations for Member States compliance purposes in the EU ETS Take account of international agreement and reform of CDM Annual compliance check for period 2013-2020 Member States subject to corrective action if non- compliance Principles determining Climate Change national targets Adaptation NOT based on marginal abatement costs/reduction potentials, but: Principle of fairness and growth National emission reduction targets determined as a function of GDP/capita for Member States (MS) MS with high GDP/capita to reduce emissions (in relation to 2005 emissions) MS with low GDP/capita may increase emissions Average reduction for EU27 in Non ETS is -10% by 2020 compared to 2005: No reduction of more than 20% No increase of more than 20% Climate Change Working together! Adaptation April 2009: White Paper for Adaptation Measures and Policies Lack of capacity in developing Solid scientific and economic analysis for countries to deal with the changes decision making Historical responsibility from Information exchange developed countries Mainstreaming adaptation ODA at risks National and regional approaches EU unilateral action will not solve the climate issue!
    • Cooperation with developing Thailand – EC Cooperation countries on Climate change Thailand EC Cooperation Facility II advance Thailand's constructive dialogue and cooperation with Mainstreaming Climate Change the European Union in the field of science and technology and also environment, climate change and energy Impacts of the project on CC Demand-driven approach: competitive Calls for Proposals Policy Support Component through Technical Assistance Impacts of CC on the project 1 Call for Proposals with ONE deadline on 25 May Stand alone programmes 2010 with total EU funding of €2.4 million. Policy Support Component through Technical Environmental projects/programmes to Assistance respond to the problem of climate change For more information on the CfP, consult the Guidelines for Applicants: http://www.deltha.ec.europa.eu/home.htm Thailand – EC Cooperation Thailand – EC Cooperation on Climate change on Climate change SWITCH Programme Scoping study for capacity building needs for MRV of GHG emissions and mitigation activities Promotion of Sustainable Consumption & a) exploring the needs of developing countries as regards Production in Asia monitoring, reporting and verification of emissions and the development of greenhouse gases mitigation actions, and Thailand Policy Support Component (2 b) providing concrete recommendations on the structure and elements of a capacity building program to be Million €) – under preparation in implemented between 2011 and 2013-2014. cooperation with NESDB Thailand via the Thailand Greenhouses Gas Organisation (TGO) has expressed interest in participating Thailand – EC Cooperation Conclusions on Climate change 7th Framework Programme (FP7): Climate Change: an opportunity! Funding of € 53 billion during 2007-2013 Articulated along 5 Programmes Comprehensive and global action is opportunities for collaborative research in several crucial key thematic areas including Environment and Climate change (€1.9 billion earmarked) Financing for mitigation and adaptation Call for Proposals essential NSTDA is the focal point for Thailand EU’s commitment to multilateral Official FP7 website: http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/home_en.html negotiations is intact!
    • Thank you! For more information: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/clima t/climate_action.htm Delegation of the European Union to Thailand