X was born in NewYork City to immigrant non-observant Jewish parents, and raised in Great
Neck NY, where her father, Lester L ______ (1909–1971), ran a publishing business. While in
high school, X studied dance under George Balanchine and Martha Graham. X graduated
summa cum laude in Sanskrit and Indian Studies from Radcliffe College in 1962, and received
an M.A. from Harvard Graduate School of Arts and Sciences in June 1963. She then studied in
India in 1963–1964 with a 12-month Junior Fellowship from the American Institute of Indian
Studies. She received a PhD from Harvard University in June 1968, with a dissertation on
'Asceticism and Sexuality in the Mythology of Siva,' supervised by Daniel H. H. Ingalls, Sr.. She
obtained a D. Phil. in Oriental Studies from Oxford University, in February 1973, with a
dissertation on ‘The Origins of Heresy in Hindu Mythology,’ supervised by R.C.Zaehner.
According to the HindustanTimes,Y was a No. 1 bestseller in its non-fiction category in the
week of October 15, 2009.Two scholarly reviews in the Social Scientist and the Journal of the
American Oriental Society, though praising X for textual scholarship, both criticized X’s poor
historiography and lack of focus.
X is an Indian actress and choreographer, who started her career
as a dancer with Uday Shankar in 1935. Her first feature film was
'Neecha Nagar', directed by Chetan Anand in 1946. Her films
include 'Bhaji onThe Beach', 'The Mystic Masseur', 'Bend It Like
Beckham', 'Dil Se', 'Cheeni Kum' and 'Saawariya'. She was awarded
the Padma Shri in 1998, Kalidas Samman in 2001, and Sangeet
Natak Akademi Fellowship for Lifetime Achievement in 2004.
One of the most iconic instances of the media
standing up against the government was observed
when the Bombay edition ofTheTimes of India in its
obituary column carried an entry that read "D.E.M
O'Cracy beloved husband ofT.Ruth, father of
L.I.Bertie, brother of Faith, Hope and Justica expired
on 26 June".
What was the occasion?
X was born and raised in Delhi, where he attended St. Columba's School, New
Delhi. He then did his BA (Hons) and MA in History from St. Stephen'sCollege,
Delhi, University of Delhi . Later he completed his education at London where he
did M.Sc. in Social Policy and Planning in Developing Countries from London
School of Economics and Political Science, UK.
He joined the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) in 1973 and worked in Madhya
Pradesh and with the Government of India. He was the 13thVice-Chancellor of
the Jamia Millia Islamia, a central university in Delhi.
But, most of us know him due to his current designation, owing to which he has
been in the news regularly over the last few months.
Who is X?
X was a popular comedy sitcom written by comedy writer Sharad Joshi aired for the first time
in1984. It was one of the first sitcoms and one of the biggest hit shows on Indian television after
the state owned television, Doordarshan, started sponsoring its programs.
The title song was sung by Kishore Kumar and the show had such actors as Shafi Inamdar,
Swaroop Sampat, Rakesh Bedi,TikuTalsania, Satish Shah, Farida Jalal.
A trademark of the show were the characters played by Satish Shah. In each episode, Shah played
a different character who played a key role in the plot.
Some of the quotes from the show were:
"Ah ha ha....What a relief!!" (the character had a constant desire to use the bathroom).
"Yeh kya ho rahaa hai!!??"
"Thirty years ka experience hai!"
"Bachchon ki duniya hai Baba..."
"Kaat dalu, boss?
Name the sitcom?
Ved Pal was a music composer with some
forgettable titles like Oh Bewafa, Gunehgar in
However, he is most remembered for a non-film
composition.This composition is iconic in its
own way and has remained in currency over
many years since it was first launched.
What are we talking about?
The about page of the business's website says:
"Just like an over-the-top, flashy ________ instantly uplifts
the entertainment quotient of a Bollywood movie, the
Mumbai-based fashion & lifestyle brand, X also spices up,
glamorises and boosts the style quotient of your
wardrobe, house or workspace.The range of X's
statement products is ideal for anyone who wants to break
away from ‘same-old-pretty-cutesy-safe’ stuff and step
into a vibrant world of fearless colours, intriguing patterns
and unabashed ‘desi-pann’."
X is a string instrument used in the Hindustani Classical music.The
word X could be a combination of two Sanskrit words meaning
summary and form, hence meaning the instrument that can
summarize every style of music or playing. It is said to most
resemble the sound of the human voice – able to imitate vocal
ornaments such as gamaks (shakes) and meends (sliding
movements). However some musicians claim differently about the
etymology. X widely implies “a _____ colours” indicating its
adaptability to a wide range of musical styles, its flexible
tunability, and its ability to produce a large palette of tonal colour
and emotional nuance.
Publicized inTheTimes of India as the first graduate
society-lady from Maharashtra, she made a major mark as
an actress on the silver screen by going on to be the
leading lady in BombayTalkies which saw her overtake
and outshine Devika Rani. In 1941, she created history of
sorts by becoming the first Indian film star to endorse a
popular soap brand, a concession then only granted to top
Hollywood heroines. ID the actress and the soap brand.
(Image on the next slide)
LeelaChitnis. First ever Indian film star to
endorse Lux soap brand.
When Hanuman took a dip in the waters of sea, after burning whole of Lanka with the fire
burning on his tail, a drop of his perspiration fell in to mouth of a mighty fish. Out of this the X
According to another, slightly different version, when Hanuman took a dip in sea, for cooling
himself after burning Lanka; a drop of his seed got discharged, due to extreme heat
generated in his body and labor by him, which fell in to mouth of a giant fish-cum-reptile like
creature, whose name was X, thus making it pregnant.
The fish was caught by people of Ahiravana, who ruled Patala, the nether-world.The X, was
discovered, when stomach of fish was cut open and named after it. Ahiravana, seeing his
strength & virility gave him job of guarding, the gates of his Kingdom.
The Jethwa clan of Kshatriyas claim their descent from X. As per folk tales of their clan, X had a son
named Mod-dhwaja and he had a son named Jethi-dhwaja. Jethwas claim descant from Jethi-
dhwaja and worship Hanuman as their Iṣṭa-devatā.The Jethwa dynasty of Gujarat, who once ruled
major part of Kathiawar and later the princely state of Porbandar, therefore, had the image of
Hanuman on their Royal flag.
The standard adult X is 115 cm in height and 200 cm in length, when
open. Children's X are available in approximately 2/3 of this size.They are
normally woven from cotton and come in a variety of designs and colors.
Depending on local tradition, X can be worn by men and/or women.They
are tied or fastened in various ways, and can be used in different cultural
activities, ranging from normal daily life to elaborate wedding
ceremonies.Very popular in India, X also has regional variations in
countries like Bangladesh, Somalia, Indonesia and Myanmar.
What is X?
If X made the _______ ____ comment on politics,Y
picked a _______ ____ to take on the evil. “All my
characters are taken from middle class. I didn’t base
him on any one particular person.You could find a Z
roaming in Chandni Chowk or Dariba Kalan area. He is
not muscular like Superman or flying over rooftops
like Spiderman. Even his dog is a street mongrel.”
•ID X,Y and Z.
In 1866, X was made into a district withY as its
headquarters. X holds an important significance in
Indian Independence Movement. Z, a well known
author was born inY. However, when he was one year
old, Z left for England with his mother and sister. Until
recently, this connection was not known widely but in
2003, a number of journalists arrived to celebrate Z’s
ID X,Y and Z.
Z- George Orwell / Eric Arthur Blair
X was originally owned by the India Book House, and acquired by
____ Media in 2007.The wholesome combination of educational
and entertainment that defines X has many celebrity fans in India,
including the former Prime Minister of India,Atal BihariVajpayee.
Famous regular characters currently on X
Kalia the Crow
Mopes and Purr
X’s name literally translates to “one who has ears like a pot”
was one of the more complex characters in the great epicY.
While most characters are clearly differentiated as virtuous
or evil, X was in the grey.
X, by divine intervention, misspoke while asking for a boon
and this caused his predicament, the one for which he is
X is a 2010 action drama and the first Indian
movie to premier onYouTube on the same day
as its domestic release. Deemed as a box-office
failure this movie garnered critical-acclaim.The
film features the carrom-hustling scene in
Mumbai, which the protagonist, Surya, uses to
get back at the source of all his misfortunes,
X is a play directed by Feroz Abbas Khan. Its original cast includes Shabana Azmi
and Farooq Sheikh. It is an Indian context adaptation of A. R. Gurney's American
play, Love Letters (1988), and the Hindi/Urdu version was created in 1992 by
playwright Javed Siddiqui.After its première at PrithviTheatre, Mumbai in
February 1992, it has been staged at venues across India, Europe, US and
Pakistan.The central character of _______ is reportedly based on bohemian
Indian painterY.In her 2009 interview, lead actor Shabana Azmi said, " _______ is
the character I've enjoyed playing the most in my entire career". After the success
of X, a sequel also written by Javed Siddiqqi, had its premiered at PrithviTheatre,
Juhu, on September 28, 2004. It was directed by Salim Arif and lead roles
performed by Sonali Bendre and Farooque Shaikh.
In 2005, restoration and renovation works on the X were undertaken, after a
long gap of 50 years, to give a face lift to the monument at an estimated cost of
Rs 45679 lakhs.
Built of red and pink sandstone, the palace is situated on the main
thoroughfare in the heart of Jaipur’s business centre. It forms part of the City
Palace, and extends to the Zenana or women's chambers, the chambers of the
harem. It is particularly striking when viewed early in the morning, lit with the
golden light of sunrise.
In the renovation process Belgian colored glass was installed to beautify the
monument and ended up taking the essence of the monument.
X(Strobilanthes kunthiana) is a shrub that used to grow abundantly in the shola
grasslands of theWestern Ghats in South India above 1800 metres.The Nilgiri
Hills, which literally means the blue mountains, got their name from the
purplish blue flowers of X that blossoms gregariously only once in 12 years.The
Paliyan tribal people apparently used it to calculate their age.
This plant belongs to the genus Strobilanthes which was first scientifically
described by Christian Gottfried Daniel Nees von Esenbeck in the 19th century.
The genus has around 250 species, of which at least 46 are found in India. Most
of these species show an unusual flowering behaviour, varying from annual to
16-year blooming cycles; on the national scale there is often confusion about
which plant is flowering.
Most often, the make-up of this can be classified into five basic
sets namely Pachcha, Kathi, Kari,Thaadi, and Minukku.The
differences between these sets lie in the
Pachcha are said to have a mixture of "Satvik" (pious) and
Katthi are said to have Rajasik nature andTamasic .
Kari- demonic females.
Thaadi –Tamasic, wild men, semi human divinites.
Minukku-pious females ,sages.
So what is this??
Different colours of mask in kathakali that
represents attribute of characters wearing
Eg.pachcha (i.e green)would be put by
characters playingloard Ram.
Born in 1929 in Gujranwala (now in Pakistan), X came to Bombay along with her
mother, maternal uncles and grandparents, and while little is known of her father, it is
a fact that she was initiated into filmdom at the age of eight in the film “Usne Kya
Socha”. Soon after, she not only made her debut as a leading lady in Nanubhai
Vakil’s “Taj Mahal” but also got inducted into playback singing when she was barely
13 and required a stool to reach the mike to record her first song for “Sharda”!
X’s versatility made Naushad prefer her over Lata since the senior Mangeshkar aped
Noorjahan’s nasal style for a long time. Id X.
Picture on the next slide.