Eac tanzania june 2012


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Eac tanzania june 2012

  1. 1. Livestock Data Collection, Analysis and Use in Tanzania NSIIMA M.P. LONGINMinistry of Livestock and Fisheries Development (MLFD) Meeting of Expert To Develop Livestock Data Framework EAST AFRICAN COMMUNITY SECRETARIAT 20th -22nd June 2012, Naura Spring Hotel, Arusha, TANZANIA 07/06/12 1
  2. 2. CONTENTSMandate of the Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries DevelopmentThe Importance of Livestock Industry in TanzaniaThe Rationale for Collection, Analysis and Use Livestock RelatedDataMain Producers and Users of Livestock Related DataCurrent Agricultural Statistics System in Tanzania with LivestockComponentsHow do we use livestock dataAvailable Livestock-Related DataLivestock Data Storage and DisseminationCore Livestock IndicatorsKey Concerns on Livestock DataOptions to Improve Livestock Data 07/06/12 2
  3. 3. Mandate of the Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries Development (MLFD)MLFD is mandated with overall management anddevelopment of livestock and fisheries resources forsustainable achievement of the:- Millennium Development Goals; National Strategy for Growth and Reduction ofPoverty (NSGRP); Improved Livelihood of Livestock and FisheriesDependent Communities; and Food Safety & Security without compromising AnimalWelfare and Environmental Conservation. 07/06/12 3
  4. 4. The Importance of Livestock Industry in Tanzania Livestock farming - one of the major agricultural activities in the country contributing significantly towards achieving development goals of the NSGRP. According to NSCA 2007/2008, about 40% (2,329,942 households) out of the total agricultural households (5,838,523 households) in the country are involved in keeping livestock Livestock contributes 2.4 percent to National Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (Economic Survey 2010) - beef, dairy, poultry and small stock production. 07/06/12 4
  5. 5. The Importance of Livestock in Tanzania ...../ contribute to the national food security providing best source of animal protein and household food security. act as a source of cash income and inflation – free store of value (wealth). provide manure for the crop fields – soil fertility improvement, draught animal power, biogas (energy) employment and other socio – economic functions. 07/06/12 5
  6. 6. The Rationale for Collection, Analysis and Use Livestock Related Data:-evidence-based policies and strategies and decision-making(increased demand for good statistical information);monitor the contribution of livestock industry in theimplementation of the NSGRP :– emphasis is placed on ensuring the availability of timely and reliable information on poverty. facilitate the assessment of projects for appropriate actions to be taken to achieve the objectives of the strategy.essential for management and control of the livestockindustry – continuous decision-making in relative to production, reproductive management, marketing and trade and animal health. 07/06/12 6
  7. 7. Main Producers and Users of Livestock Related Data:-Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries Development;Ministry of Agriculture, Food Security and Cooperatives;Ministry of Industries and Trade;EAC MinistryPMO - Ministry of Regional Administration and Local Government;National Bureau of Statistics;Prime Ministers’ Office; Department of Disaster ManagementBank of Tanzania;Tanzania Revenue Authority;Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs); + CBOs;Academia; R&T Institutions, UniversitiesPrivate sector – Producers, Processors and Traders groups;Farmers groups, associations and networks -TSAP, TVA,VCT;Civil community;Programmes and Projects;The press. 07/06/12 7
  8. 8. Current Agricultural Statistics System in Tanzania with Livestock ComponentsActivity Main Player CollaboratorsNational Sample Census of National Bureau of Statistics, Agricultural Sector LeadAgriculture Every 5 Years MinistriesNational Panel Survey National Bureau of Statistics Agricultural Sector Lead Every 2 years MinistriesLarge-scale Farmer Reports National Bureau of Statistics Agricultural Sector Lead Annual MinistriesAgricultural Routine Data System Agricultural Sector Lead JICA/TSMP Ministries Monthly, quarterly, annualFood Security and Nutrition PMO-Disaster Management, Agricultural Sector LeadAssessments Ministry of Agriculture Food Ministries, NGOs, TFNC, Security and Cooperatives FAO,WFP etc Twice a yearLivestock Market Price Reporting Ministry of Industries and MLFD, MAFC Trade WeeklyAd hoc / routine collections MLFD Ministry of Health, TRA, As they occur MIT Others 07/06/12 8
  9. 9. How do we use livestock data? 07/06/12 9
  10. 10. Available Livestock-Related Data LEVEL DATA / INDICATORS LIVESTOCK NUMBERS AND COMPOSITION •Livestock numbers per species; •Livestock numbers by economic functions; •Livestock numbers by breed; •Livestock compositionPRODUCTION LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS DATA •Number of animals slaughtered •Quantity of meat produced (tonnes) •Milk production (litres) •Quantity of eggs produced •Number of hides and skins produced. •Animal Health •Feed data - commercial 07/06/12 10
  11. 11. Available Livestock-related Data …./ LEVEL DATA / INDICATORS LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS (MARKETING) •Average price of live animals per species, grade of animal and type of market •Livestock infrastructureMARKETING / MARKET LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS DATA (TRADE) •Live animals import/export •Livestock products import/export •Livestock inputs import/export 07/06/12 11
  12. 12. Available Livestock-related Data …./ LEVEL DATA / INDICATORS CONSUMPTION OF LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS •Quantity of meat consumed per capitaCONSUMPTION •Quantity of milk consumed per capita DATA •Quantity of eggs consumed per capita 07/06/12 12
  13. 13. Core Livestock IndicatorsIndicator Level of aggregation, Source time frame)Livestock numbers National, Region, District; National Bureau of Statistics, Every 5 Years MLFDNumber of animals slaughtered National, Regional MLFD, Regions Every 3 months National Bureau of StatisticsProduction National MLFD - projections(meat/milk/eggs/hides and skins ) AnnualAnimal health (Disease) National, Regional MLFD, Local Government Monthly Authorities (LGAs)Exports/imports National Tanzania Revenue Authority Monthly MLFDLivestock marketing National LGAsinfrastructure Annual MLFDConsumption (meat, milk, eggs – National MLFD - estimatesper capita) AnnualPrice of live animals National, market Ministry of Industries and Trade 07/06/12 13
  14. 14. Key Concerns on Livestock Data “A lot of livestock data are inadequate to varying degrees as they lack consistence through time and between sources; and are not complete as they possess a lot of gaps - missing or inadequate data – Nsiima 2010”. 07/06/12 14
  15. 15. Livestock Data Storage and Dissemination Central Database Management System - absent Only some of the data / indicators / summary statistics are available FOR FREE in Excel formats except TadInfo (diseases). Some Data disseminated through:-  MLFD website (http://www.mifugo.go.tz).  Annual Basic Data booklet.  National Bureau of Statistics – (www.nbs.go.tz)  Livestock Information Network Knowledge System (LINKS) - http://www.lmist.net by Ministry of Industries and Trade  Other external websites –  SADC – LIMS – production, animal health, trade and marketing data  CountryStat - www.countrystat.org.  AU-IBAR – Animal Health  OIE - Animal Health  Livestock data Innovation in Africa - (www.africalivestockdata.org) National Budget Speeches (www.tanzania.go.tz) 07/06/12 15
  16. 16. Key Concerns on Livestock Data Ever increasing demand of livestock data by many stakeholders Insufficient budgetary allocations (funding, staff, transportation & data collection tools. Inadequacy in designing a particular set of data as “official data” for the sector because of multiplicity of sources. Sometimes data are potential for stakeholder influence. Absence of “one stop center” for livestock data – data scattered among different sources. Survey & questionnaire design – requesting too much information, takes time to collect, process & analyze - some not obtainable, heavy emphasis on data for numerous M&E indicators detracts from efforts to obtain reliable basic information, potential for data inconsistencies - inadequate methodology and lack of clarity in concepts, definitions, reference dates/periods, 07/06/12 16
  17. 17. Key concerns on livestock data sample designs & sizes used in surveys and censuses designs may not be effective enough to address complexity of agricultural situations – National Sample Census of Agriculture sizes may be too small for desired degree of precision, desired detail and desired level of aggregation – National Panel Survey use of dated parameters in livestock projections limited statistical and analytical capacity limited public dissemination of livestock data lack of institutional coordination and cost-effectiveness use of vastly different methodologies leads to inconsistent results duplication of effort leads to inefficient use of limited resources Weak field organization – missing links between LGAs and MDAs 17 07/06/
  18. 18. Options to improve quantity / quality livestock dataA. Strengthening the collaboration between the Ministry and other stakeholders to improve the data collection, analysis, storage and dissemination. National Bureau of Statistics  National Sample Census of Agriculture – improving livestock module (with technical and financial support from FAO/USAID)  National Panel Survey - improving livestock module -25th June, 2012 meeting, (with technical support from FAO/ILRI/WB – LSMS ISA)  Human and Settlement Population 2012 – a question on livestock included (HH and No. of cattle, sheep, goats and chicken) – sampling frame for other surveys and censuses  Livestock Technical Conversion Factors study – TSMP 07/06/12 18
  19. 19. Options to improve quantity / quality livestock data …./ MLFD – to solicit funds to conduct a livestock census (last one was 1984) Livestock Data Innovation in Africa Project (ILRI/FAO/World Bank)  Improve quality of livestock data through conducting some studies on methods of data collection in pastoral area - Arusha,  constraints analysis ILRI done between 17th – 18th May, 2012,  core livestock indicators – expected soon; AU-IBAR – secure a room for inclusion in ARIS2 07/06/12 19
  20. 20. Options to improve livestock dataSome of the options to address they concerns and improvequantity / quality of the livestock data include:-B. Improve livestock data analyses Capacity building of staff – equip staff with adequate knowledge and skillsC. Improve livestock data storage & dissemination Review data collection, analysis, storage and dissemination system for livestock sector. Establishing a comprehensive database management system. 07/06/12 20
  21. 21. Thank you 07/06/12 21