Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
GUILDELINESforBLOOD PRESSURE,RISK FACTORS,LIFE SYLE MODIFICATIONISSUED in 2003 BYJOINT NATIONAL COMMITTEEandEUROPEAN SOCIE...
CATEGORY SYSTOLIC DIASTOLICNORMAL < 120 and < 80PRE-HYPERTENSION120 – 139 or 80 – 89HYPERTENSIONSTAGE-I140 - 159 or 90 – 9...
MAJOR RISK FACTORS TARGET ORGAN DAMAGEBP HEART BRAIN CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE PERIPHERAL ARTERY DISEASE CHANGES IN THE ...
MODIFICATION RECOMMENDATIONWEIGHT REDUCTION Maintain normal body weight (BMI < 24.9)DIETARY CHANGESIncrease fruits, vegeta...
CATEGORY BMI(Body Mass Index)UNDER WEIGHT < 20NORMAL 20 – 24.9OVER WEIGHT 25 – 29.9OBESE 30 – 39.9SEVERLYOBESE> 40WHAT IS ...
HEIGHTin cmsWEIGHT IN Kgs50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100152 21 23 26 28 30 32 35 36 39 41 43155 21 23 25 27 29 31 33 35 ...
SMOKING : choice is yoursWith each cigarette : 4000 chemical compounds, 400 toxic substances,Temp 7000C at tip, 60oC in co...
ALCOHOLCALORIE COUNTBeer 500 ml 180Rum 100 ml 220Gin 100 ml 220Whiskey 100 ml 220Champagne 100 ml 126Sherry 100 ml 110Mart...
GOOD FAIR POORCHOLESTEROL < 200 200 – 240 > 240TRIGLYCERIDE < 150 150 - 200 > 200HDLC > 45 36 - 45 < 35LDLC < 100 100 – 14...
OIL : What to use?POLY UNSATURATED FATTY ACID (PUFA) : Protects theHeartMONO UNSATURATED FATTY ACID (MUFA) : Lowers the bl...
OIL PUFA MUFA SFAMAIZE OIL 45 16 12SEASAME OIL 42 38 20SEASAME OIL 42 38 20GROUND NUT OIL 28 48 24MUSTARD OIL 25 - 30PALM ...
TIPS onEXERCISES• Must do regularly – at least 5-6 days a week• Spend 30 minutes every time• Fix the schedule of performin...
How did U like this compilation?Send your commentsDr. RC Saxena, Occupational Health PhysicianSaxenarc@iocl.co.inIf U inte...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

200-ALL ABOUT BLOOD PRESSURE (Health)

213

Published on

200-ALL ABOUT BLOOD PRESSURE (Health)

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
213
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "200-ALL ABOUT BLOOD PRESSURE (Health)"

  1. 1. GUILDELINESforBLOOD PRESSURE,RISK FACTORS,LIFE SYLE MODIFICATIONISSUED in 2003 BYJOINT NATIONAL COMMITTEEandEUROPEAN SOCIETY of HYPERTENSIONIn the interest of public
  2. 2. CATEGORY SYSTOLIC DIASTOLICNORMAL < 120 and < 80PRE-HYPERTENSION120 – 139 or 80 – 89HYPERTENSIONSTAGE-I140 - 159 or 90 – 99STAGE-II > 160 - 179 or 100 - 109STAGE-III > 180 or > 110BLOOD PRESSURE
  3. 3. MAJOR RISK FACTORS TARGET ORGAN DAMAGEBP HEART BRAIN CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE PERIPHERAL ARTERY DISEASE CHANGES IN THE RETINA OF EYESSMOKINGOBESITYINACTIVITYHIGH BLOOD LIPIDDIABETESPROTEIN IN URINEAGE : Men > 55, Women > 65FAMILY HISTORY ofCARDIOVASCULAR DISEASERISK FACTORS
  4. 4. MODIFICATION RECOMMENDATIONWEIGHT REDUCTION Maintain normal body weight (BMI < 24.9)DIETARY CHANGESIncrease fruits, vegetables, Reduce dairy fatproducts, decrease total fat and saturated fatLESS SALT INTAKE 2.4 gms Sodium or 6 gms of NaClPHYSICAL ACTIVITYEngage in most of the days 30 minutes perday aerobic activity (brisk walk)MODERATE ALCOHOLLimit alcohol drink to 720 ml beer / 30 ml wine /60ml of whiskey per dayLIFE STYLE MODIFICATION
  5. 5. CATEGORY BMI(Body Mass Index)UNDER WEIGHT < 20NORMAL 20 – 24.9OVER WEIGHT 25 – 29.9OBESE 30 – 39.9SEVERLYOBESE> 40WHAT IS YOUR BMI ?U must know your height and weight
  6. 6. HEIGHTin cmsWEIGHT IN Kgs50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100152 21 23 26 28 30 32 35 36 39 41 43155 21 23 25 27 29 31 33 35 37 39 42157 20 22 24 26 28 30 33 35 37 39 41160 20 21 23 25 27 29 31 33 35 37 39162 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 33 34 36 38165 18 20 22 24 26 28 29 31 33 35 37167 18 20 22 24 25 27 29 31 32 34 36170 17 19 21 23 24 26 28 29 31 33 35172 17 19 20 22 24 25 27 29 31 33 34175 16 18 20 22 23 25 26 28 29 31 33177 16 18 19 21 22 24 26 28 29 31 32BMI
  7. 7. SMOKING : choice is yoursWith each cigarette : 4000 chemical compounds, 400 toxic substances,Temp 7000C at tip, 60oC in coreVery damaging : Tar, Nicotin, Carbon-monoxide, Particulate matterHigh risk in side streamsmoke• 1.7 TIMES MORE CARDIAC DEATHS• 12 TIMES LIKELIHOOD OF DEVELOPING CANCER• 2.5 TIMES HIGHER CANCER - MORE OF LUNGS, MOUTH, THROAT• 9 OUT of 10 REQUIRING BYPASS OPERATION ARE SMOKER/EX-SMOKER• NICOTINE INCREASES THE AMOUNT OF CHOLESTEROL IN THE BLOOD,WHICH MAYCAUSE THE ARTERIES TO CLOG UP.• HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE CAUSES HEART ATTACKS AND STROKE.• SMOKING CAUSES AN ACID TASTE IN THE MOUTH AND CONTRIBUTES TOTHEDEVELOPMENT OF ULCERS.• COUPLES WHO SMOKE HAVE FERTILITY PROBLEMS MORE THAN COUPLESWHOARE NON-SMOKERS.• SMOKERS HAVE 25 PER CENT MORE SICK DAYS YEAR THAN NON-SMOKERS.
  8. 8. ALCOHOLCALORIE COUNTBeer 500 ml 180Rum 100 ml 220Gin 100 ml 220Whiskey 100 ml 220Champagne 100 ml 126Sherry 100 ml 110Martini 100 ml 75Bacardi 250 ml 118HEALTH RISKS• Effects LIVER, PANCREASE, BRAIN,HEART• RISKS OF MANY CANCERS• BIRTH DEFECTSA STANDARD DRINK IS :• 1.5 ounce of WHISKEY, GIN, VODKA, RUM• 12 ounce of BEER• 5 ounce of WINEU ARE AT RISK IF U DRINK MORETHAN -• 14 drinks/week or 4 drinks at occasion• if U are more than 65 years7 drinks/week or 3 drinks at occasion
  9. 9. GOOD FAIR POORCHOLESTEROL < 200 200 – 240 > 240TRIGLYCERIDE < 150 150 - 200 > 200HDLC > 45 36 - 45 < 35LDLC < 100 100 – 145 > 145CHOL : HDLC < 3.3 3.3 - 4.4 > 4.5HDLC : LDLC < 0.5 0.5 - 3.0 > 3LIPID PROFILE : Where U shouldbe?
  10. 10. OIL : What to use?POLY UNSATURATED FATTY ACID (PUFA) : Protects theHeartMONO UNSATURATED FATTY ACID (MUFA) : Lowers the bloodCholesterolSATURATED FATTY ACID (SFA) : Increases blood Cholesterol,Triglycerides and hardens blood vessels leading to BP/Heart attack/Brain stroke. OIL PUFA MUFA SFACANOLA OIL 61 33 4KUSUMA OIL 75 14 10SUNFLOWER OIL 72 16 12OLIVE OIL 13 83 4SOYABEAN OIL 55 29 16COTTON SEED OIL 50 19 29PUFA or MUFA have little to protectthan SFA which is more DAMAGING
  11. 11. OIL PUFA MUFA SFAMAIZE OIL 45 16 12SEASAME OIL 42 38 20SEASAME OIL 42 38 20GROUND NUT OIL 28 48 24MUSTARD OIL 25 - 30PALM OIL 10 39 51VANASPATI OIL 6 18 76DESIGHEE 4 - 28COCONUT OIL 2 - 98
  12. 12. TIPS onEXERCISES• Must do regularly – at least 5-6 days a week• Spend 30 minutes every time• Fix the schedule of performing exercise – it has been proved by survey thatcompliance is more when done in morning• Do not be on full meal – take tea/biscuit/fruit• Perform 10 minutes of streching exercises and 20 minutes on brisk walk.• If you have any pain or discomfort – consult your doctor
  13. 13. How did U like this compilation?Send your commentsDr. RC Saxena, Occupational Health PhysicianSaxenarc@iocl.co.inIf U intend to print the matter – remove black back ground first

×