Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)

600

Published on

446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)

446-FUNDAMENTALS OF WEB FOR NON DEVELOPERS (Useful-Knowledge)

Published in: Education, Technology
2 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total Views
600
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
30
Comments
2
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Fundamentals of WebHigh level overview of web concepts Lemİ Orhan Ergİn Principal software Engineer @ Sony guide for non-developers
  • 2. The aim of this training is to let you •know concepts of web and web applications •understand how web based software works •understand the technical discussions better •and answer your questions:)
  • 3. agenda •Web Concepts Http/Https, Cookies, Caches, Forms, Html, Javascript, CSS, Request/ Response, Responsive Web Design •Infrastructure Servers, Databases, Load Balancers
  • 4. web concepts
  • 5. The Internet is a global system of interconnected computer networks www, email, social networking, file transfer, online chat, commerce, game playing, teleconferencing, VoIP, video on demand etc. Internet is tangible network of computers sharing/exchanging information with the help of PROTOCOLS. Internet
  • 6. Protocol Protocol is a form of etiquette. Internet Protocols are the standards, designed to specify how computers interact and exchange messages over internet. Protocols usually specifies: The format of the messages & how to handle errors
  • 7. Open systems ınter-connection (OSI) model is a conceptual model that describes the internal architecture of a communications system by splitting its components into abstraction layers.
  • 8. tcp model This model is a condensed version of the OSI model and only has four layers. It is considered as standard around internet.
  • 9. http model It stands for HypertextTransfer Protocol. HTTP provides a set of rules and standards that govern how information is transmitted on the World Wide Web. http://www.sony.co.uk
  • 10. http model HTTP is a client-server protocol by which two machines communicate using a reliable, connection- oriented transport service such as theTCP. Opens a tcp/ip connection via sockets Transmits the request for a document Waits for a reply from the server Once the response is arrived, the socket is closed Request Response
  • 11. http model There is no memory between client connections. Pure HTTP server treats every request as if it was brand-new (i.e. Stateless) To load faster, Http pages are stored in your computer and internet caches.You don’t have control over some caches like the ones in proxies.
  • 12. PORT NUMBERS A port is an endpoint to a logical connection and the way a client program specifies a specific server program on a computer in a network Port numbers range from 0 to 65536, but the first 1024 are reserved for privileged services. The other ports could be used by any application. HTTP: 80 SSH: 443 TELNET: 23
  • 13. Privacy: Anyone can see the content Integrity: Anyone can alter the content Authentication: Authentication is sent in clear form Stateless: Need to maintain information across multiple request-responses http Limitations
  • 14. HTTPS stands for HypertextTransfer Protocol over Secure Socket Layer, or HTTP over SSL. SSL acts like a sub layer under regular HTTP application layering. HTTPS encrypts an HTTP message prior to transmission and decrypts a message upon arrival. httPS
  • 15. HTTPS by default uses port 443 as opposed to the standard HTTP port of 80. URL's beginning with HTTPS indicate that the connection between client and browser is encrypted using SSL SSL transactions are negotiated by means of a key based encryption algorithm between the client and the server, this key is usually either 40 or 128 bits in strength (the higher the number of bits the more secure the transaction). httPS https://login.yahoo.com/config/login_verify?src=ym
  • 16. SSL HANDSHAKE
  • 17. HTTP server is implemented by servers Each client-server transaction consists of 3 main parts: 1) Request/Response line 2) Header information 3)The body http model
  • 18. there are several ways to send a request GET POST PUT DELETE HEAD OPTIONS TRACE CONNECT
  • 19. HTTP METHOD: GET •Retrieval of information •Server sends a representation of a resource to client
  • 20. HTTP METHOD: POST •The body of the request is accepted as a resource •Mainly the data of forms are submitted by post
  • 21. Web Content Scripts (javascript) Styles (css) Pages (html) Images (jpg, png, gif) Web content is sent from server and browsers renders and displays that is programmed. Data* (xml, json)
  • 22. Web Content: HTML HyperText Markup Language (HTML) is the main markup language for creating web pages and other information that can be displayed in a web browser.
  • 23. Web Content: Javascripts JavaScript (JS) is an interpreted computer programming language. It was originally implemented as part of web browsers so that client-side scripts could interact with the user, control the browser, communicate asynchronously, and alter the document content that was displayed.
  • 24. Web Content: CSS Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is a style sheet language used for describing the presentation semantics (the look and formatting) of a document written in a markup language.
  • 25. Web Content: IMAGES Any image could be displayed in an html page. It is important to keep the side of images small for the sake of performance.
  • 26. Web Content: XML Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a markup language that defines a set of rules for encoding documents in a format that is both human-readable and machine-readable.
  • 27. Web Content: JSON JavaScript Object Notation (JSON), is a text-based open standard designed for human-readable data interchange
  • 28. Server Browser Infrastructure Server infrastructure could be that simple!
  • 29. Load Balancer Web Servers Load Balancer Application Servers Database Servers Proxy Browser Servers in the same zone does not interact over proxy Zone The content can be cached in any of the levels Central Cache Servers The infrastructure could be simpler than here Server infrastructure could be much more complex too
  • 30. Client request - response You request a web page and get data Server Client Browser caches the content ServerCache 200 Client You request the same web page with last modified date of the cached content Server 304 Client Since server says “content has not changed”, the data in cache is loaded ServerCache 1 2 3 4 Server does not return content. It just returns status code 304 Server returns content with code 200
  • 31. Caching Any content can be cached in any infrastructural node •Scripts (javascript) •Styles (css) •Pages (http pages) •Images •Animations (flash)
  • 32. Load Balancer Web Servers Load Balancer Application Servers Database Servers Proxy Browser Zone Central Cache Servers Returns cached scripts, styles and content from browser cacheRefresh By f5 Cache-­‐Control:  no-­‐cache  //  HTTP  1.1 Pragma:  no-­‐cache  //  HTTP  1.0 Expires:  Sat,  26  Jul  1988  05:00:00  GMT  //  in  past Asks for content if cache is not set
  • 33. Load Balancer Web Servers Load Balancer Application Servers Database Servers Proxy Browser Zone Central Cache Servers Refresh By CTRL+f5 Asks for content. Browser cache is not used.
  • 34. Load Balancer Web Servers Load Balancer Application Servers Database Servers Proxy Browser Zone Central Cache Servers cache on server side Cache could be on server side and needs to be cleaned either automatic or manually
  • 35. ajax Acronym for Asynchronous JavaScript an XML It is a web development technique used on the client side to create asynchronous web applications.
  • 36. ajax Let’s see how ajax works. Fill the following text area.
  • 37. ajax Write a text and press the button
  • 38. ajax Page is not refreshed.A new text appears below the entry area. Let’s look at how it works
  • 39. ajax Page is initially loaded to your machine Source code of the page can be displayed within browser
  • 40. HTML Code Document Object model ajax
  • 41. ajax When you click on the button, web page calls the server from client site (i.e. from your browser)Server Browser
  • 42. ajax Server sends new data as response.The data is put to object graph of the page at runtime.
  • 43. ajax Object graph is changed.The new data is displayed on browser. But you cannot see the new data in the source code of the page. You can trace the response of server via plugins like FireBug
  • 44. Cookies A cookie, also known as an HTTP cookie, web cookie, or browser cookie, is a small piece of data sent from a website and stored in a user's web browser while a user is browsing a website.
  • 45. Usage of Cookies •Session Management •Shopping Cart,Authentication •Personalization •Remember me, Preferences •Tracking & Analytics •Ads, Browsing History,Analytics,Tracking
  • 46. Cookie Content A web browser is expected to be able to store at least 300 cookies of 4 kb each, and at least 20 cookies per server or domain. •Cookie domain •Path •Expiration time or maximum age •Secure flag •HttpOnly flag. •Name–value pair Data to send to server Data to be used by browsers to determine when to delete a cookie, block a cookie or accept a cookie
  • 47. Setting Cookies Cookies can not only be set by server. These can be set by Javascript in client’s browsers (if cookie is not marked as HTTPOnly).
  • 48. Forms An HTML form on a web page allows a user to enter data that is sent to a server for processing.
  • 49. Forms Forms can be generated in several ways Server Browser Client Side Server Browser Server Side by programming languagesby javascript editing DOM
  • 50. Form Validation Forms can be validated in client side via javascript and in server side by application. Server Browser Please note that validation on client side could be bypassed easily
  • 51. Responsive web design Responsive web design (RWD) is a web design approach aimed at crafting sites to provide an optimal viewing experience—easy reading and navigation with a minimum of resizing, panning, and scrolling—across a wide range of devices (from desktop computer monitors to mobile phones) http://discover.store.sony.com/sportswalkman/ http://www.slideshare.net/bytte/responsive-web-design-10389263
  • 52. HTML5 vs FLASH Web browsers cannot render Flash media themselves, instead it is rendered primarily using the proprietary but freely available Adobe Flash Player http://sixrevisions.com/html/html5-infographics/ http://venturebeat.com/2012/01/31/html5-versus-flash-infographic/ All web browsers support HTML and other Web standards to various degrees.
  • 53. HTML5 vs FLASH It’s time for reading some code http://charag.com/client/eagleriverdaycamp/v2/eagle.html http://citwings.com/phillips_locked_room_game.html HTML5 Animation Flash Animation
  • 54. References http://www.slideshare.net/simplyharshad/http-vs-https HTTP vs HTTPS
  • 55. Lemİ orhan ergİn lemiorhan@agilistanbul.com @lemiorhan @lemiorhan agilistanbul.com @lemiorhan LINKEDINTWITTERSLIDESHAREBLOGGER Principal Software Engineer @ Sony Founder & Author @ agilistanbul.com

×