North Carolina State University, College of Design, Department of Graphic and Industrial Design,Fall 2011, GD581 Final Project ResearchResearchable question:How can the design of an annotation systemfor professional blogs use spatial principles relatedto physical behavior to facilitate the interpretationof a hypertext narrative?Nadya Rodionenko | December 5, 2011Meredith Davis (Committee Chair)Denise Gonsalez Crisp, Kermit Bailey
WHAT WHY?Researchable question:How can the design of an annotation system 1. A layer of user-generated content on top of the existing resource;for professional blogs use spatial principles relatedto physical behavior to facilitate the interpretation 2. An application that allows users to create an annotation system.of a hypertext narrative? HOW
WHAT WHY? PURPOSES OF READING: Retrieval, reconstruction 1. A layer of user-generated content Comprehention, future recognition on top of the existing resource; Summarization 2. An application that allows users Question answering create an annotation system. Analysis MemorizationHOW Getting an overview Entertainment, communication
WHAT WHY? PURPOSES OF READING ACTIVITIES: ● skip over portions of text; speed-reading 1. A layer of user-generated content on top of the existing resource; ● refocus very quickly between different materials and sources 2. An application that allows users create an annotation system. ● integrate information from multiple sources ● reread/re-encounter sectionsHOW? ● search for reference materials ● pause on a particular word, phrase, paragraph ● connect the newly gained knowledge to older materials ● organize easy retrieval of existing information ● contradict, agree, expand on the content ● add links and comments, recommendations, opinions, questions
WHAT WHY? PURPOSES OF READING ACTIVITIES TOOLS: 1. A layer of user-generated content print digital on top of the existing resource; highlight highlight 2. An application that allows users label, clip, tag label, clip, tag create an annotation system. color code color code write on margins bookmark bookmarkHOW? underline underline fold corner write between lines PURPOSE ACTIVITIES TOOLS
a constructive format that describes a sequenceResearchable question: of non-fictional or fictional events.How can the design of an annotation systemfor professional blogs use spatial principles relatedto physical behavior to facilitate the interpretationof a hypertext narrative? informed audience with well-developed is a system of cross-referencing linked texts, critical positions; that allows users to view information non-sequentially, an editorial board ensures that the content which is similar to the way humans think — that is, published professional and trustworthy; by association rather than in a linear sequence. public discussion of topical social, political, Design Dictionary, Erlhoff M. et al., 2008 and economic events.
actions of body actions of body parts BODY activities of body what relationships occurResearchable question: time, tempoHow can the design of an annotation system weight, forcefor professional blogs use spatial principles related EFFORT spaceto physical behavior to facilitate the interpretation flowof a hypertext narrative? symmetrical assymetrical SHAPE straight, twisted wide round planes pathways SPACE extensions areas directions
Subquestion 1:What physical behaviors do readers use in processing or interpretinga hypertext narrative (e. g. highlighting, writing in the margins, placingone unit of the text to another, etc.) and how might they be supportedby design features?
Subquestion 2:How can the reading space accommodate various purposesfor reading? How do we read on different levels? text clarify text elaborate
Subquestion 3:How can the spatial arrangement of a reading and annotation spaceallow for the juxtaposition of differing opinions? text researchers HCI designers
Subquestion 4:How can the spatial arrangement support shared authoring spaces? text 1st persons annotations 2nd persons annotations
Subquestion 5:How can annotation represent the idea of time in digital space?What can the visual organization of annotation tell the readersabout the time and context in which it appeared? original text 1st comment 2nd comment timeline event event
Subquestion 6:How might a system use spatial principles related to the viewpoint(e. g. as a spectator vs. participant; flyover vs. walkthrough; insidevs. outside) to facilitate the interpretation of a hypertext narrative?
Subquestion 7:What do symbolic and diagrammatic elements for annotationmean and what other metaphors based on spatial arrangementsmight exist?
Next steps:● continue small studies and reading● develop an annotated bibliography Thank you!