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Bernstein ch20 pp_tx

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    Bernstein ch20 pp_tx Bernstein ch20 pp_tx Presentation Transcript

    • Clinical Geriatric Nutrition, Diet andCultural Diversity in Older AdultsChapter 20
    • Introduction• The United States is amulticultural country– The Americanculture– Ethnically diverseolder population• Impact foodchoices andeating behaviors• Lifelong eatingpatterns© Supri Suharjoto/ShutterStock, Inc.
    • Food Choices and Older Adults• Acculturation– A process where a group or individual’s culture ismodified while adapting to another culture• Foodways– Food traditions or customs of a group of people• Cultural beliefs• Factors that contribute to changes in foodchoices–Access and availability of their cultural foods
    • Food Choices and the Oder Adults• Changes in Food Selection With Age– Most often a result of physiological, medical, orsocial factors– Adapt to lower sensory stimulus– Eat more flavorful foods or add enhancers tomeals
    • Food Choices and the Older Adult• Dietary Patterns of Different Ethnic/RacialOlder Adults– Core foods for various ethnic groups
    • Dietary Patterns: Implications forNutrition Education and Intervention• The aging process may force the older adult torestructure his or her foodways– Culturally appropriate nutrition education andpromotion• “Speaking their language”
    • Dietary Patterns: Implications forNutrition Education and Intervention• Offer diverse resources– The Administration on Aging– The American Diabetes Association– The WIC Works Resource System– Dietary Guidelines for Americans– Pictorial representations of food guidelines– Oldways Preservation and Exchange Trust
    • Dietary Patterns: Implications forNutrition Education and InterventionU.S. Departamento de Agricultura. MiPirámide: pasos hacia una mejorsalud (Spanish). 2008. Available at:http://www.mypyramid.gov/sp-index.html. Accessed April 29, 2008.
    • Dietary Patterns: Implications forNutrition Education and Intervention
    • Dietary Patterns: Implications forNutrition Education and Intervention
    • Culturally Appropriate Programsfor the Older Adult• Healthy People 2010 Goals– To increase quality and years of healthy life– Eliminate health disparities• Understand the underlying motivations anddecision-making processes that influence foodchoices– Intercultural concepts, knowledge, skills, andattitudes– Cultural competence
    • Conclusion• The ultimate goal in attending food andnutrition needs of minority older adult groupsis to bring programs and services that respondto the cultural diversity and the health andsocial characteristics of such groups in asensitive and timely manner.