Toothbrushes and interdental
cleaning aids

Resource facultyDr. Shiva Lal Sharma
Additional Professor and HOD
Department o...
CONTENTS
1.
2.
3.
4.

5.
6.
introduction


Toothbrushes

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
1.

2.
3.
4.
5.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

1.
2.

3.
4.

5.

Shank
Tufts



1.
2.
3.
4.
Recent advances in manual
toothbrush

Colgate 360

Oral B


Colgate 360° is an advanced design manual
toothbrush which includes the following
bristle features: cleaning tips on th...


Various products are made from these
two basic design of modern toothbrushes
.some examples are:Colgate 360° Optic
Whit...


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Recent advances in powered toothbrush


Power toothbrush technologies can be grouped into four general
categories:
rotati...
Recent advances in
Sonic Powered toothbrush
These types of toothbrushes produce high
frequency vibrations (1.6MHz)which le...
Philips Sonicare is based on patented sonic
technology.
Sonicare achieves its bristle velocity--the
movement of the brush ...
These are the products that Philips have in the market :


DiamondClean (1)



FlexCare+ (1)



FlexCare (2)



Health...
Features of Philips DiamondClean Sonic Brushes













Removes up to 7X more plaque than a manual
toothbru...
Recent advances in Powered Toothbrush
using Oscillating and Rotatory Technology


Regarding oscillating and rotatory tech...
Features of Deep Sweep”
 the efficacy of Oral-B Power brushing combined
with the familiarity of a manual brush in look an...
New brush head designs and filament
technology have also been
introduced, such as coextruded
bifilaments that replaced cri...
Features of Oral B Triumph
This onboard computer provides feedback to the
patient regarding brushing time, brushing mode,
...


Recently, further enhancements to the
Triumph were revealed. A chip was
added to the handle giving it the ability
to se...
• Timers - Research shows patients
typically spend about forty-six
seconds brushingtheirteeth, less
than half the time rec...
Pressure Indicator - In addition to
providing feedback on brushing
time, some power toothbrushes
have pressure indicators....
Brushing Modes - Some power
toothbrushes allow patients to
customize their brushing mode.
Examples of modes on various
too...
Electric toothbrushes are both
rechargeable and non rechargeable.
Advances in power management has
also been introduced in...
The new Oral-B Triumph with SmartGuide, an
oscillating-rotating pulsating brush, is equipped
with the features listed abov...


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

7.
TOOTHBRUSHING
TECHNIQUES
INTERDENTAL CLEANING
AIDS


FACTORS DETERMINING THE SELECTION OF
INTERDENTAL AIDS ARE THE TYPE OF
EMBRASURES





Dental floss
1.

2.

3.
4.

5.






Using floss holder
Interdental cleaning devices






Interdental brushes








Single-tufted brushes



Wooden toothpicks
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

















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
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Modern toothbrushes and interdental aids
Modern toothbrushes and interdental aids
Modern toothbrushes and interdental aids
Modern toothbrushes and interdental aids
Modern toothbrushes and interdental aids
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Modern toothbrushes and interdental aids

  1. 1. Toothbrushes and interdental cleaning aids Resource facultyDr. Shiva Lal Sharma Additional Professor and HOD Department of Periodontology and Implantology PresenterNiraj Regmi (413) BDS 2009
  2. 2. CONTENTS 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
  3. 3. introduction 
  4. 4.
  5. 5. Toothbrushes 
  6. 6.   
  7. 7.  
  8. 8.
  9. 9.   1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
  10. 10.
  11. 11. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
  12. 12.  1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Shank Tufts
  13. 13.
  14. 14.
  15. 15.  1. 2. 3. 4.
  16. 16. Recent advances in manual toothbrush Colgate 360 Oral B
  17. 17.  Colgate 360° is an advanced design manual toothbrush which includes the following bristle features: cleaning tips on the heel and toe of the brush for cleaning in hard to reach areas; polishing cups to hold toothpaste against the teeth; and vertical tapered bristles for interdental cleaning.  Oral-B Exceed toothbrush has a cris-cross configuration of the bristles angled in opposite directions to enhance penetration and cleaning between teeth relative to toothbrushes with the vertical bristle configuration.
  18. 18.  Various products are made from these two basic design of modern toothbrushes .some examples are:Colgate 360° Optic White Toothbrushes, UP TOOTHBRSH 4CT CLN SOFT BRUSH, Reach REACH Adult Advance Design 2CT SOFT - 2 Ct.,  Oral-B Pro-Health For Me CrossAction Toothbrush, COLGATE TOTAL ADVANCE FLS TB FHS 1CT, Colgate 360 Sensitive Pro-Relief Toothbrush,etc.
  19. 19.
  20. 20.  1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
  21. 21. Recent advances in powered toothbrush  Power toothbrush technologies can be grouped into four general categories: rotating, counter rotational, side-to-side, and oscillating-rotating (Table 1).  With a rotating power toothbrush, the entire brushhead turns in a full circle, moving in one direction. In contrast, a counter-rotational brush has tufts that rotate in different directions. With oscillating-rotating technology,the brushhead oscillates from the center point but does not rotate in a full circle. Recently a pulsating,or in-out movement, has been added to some oscillating-rotating power toothbrushes. Sonic and oscillating-rotating technologies (with or without pulsation) are the most commonly used in power toothbrushes today.    
  22. 22. Recent advances in Sonic Powered toothbrush These types of toothbrushes produce high frequency vibrations (1.6MHz)which leads to the phenomenon of cavitation and acoustic microstreaming. This phenomenon aids in stain removal as well as disruption of the bacterial cell wall (bactericidal).  In recent times Philips company is the leading contender in advances in sonic toothbrushes.
  23. 23. Philips Sonicare is based on patented sonic technology. Sonicare achieves its bristle velocity--the movement of the brush head in your mouth-through a combination of high frequency and high amplitude bristle motions. These motions create dynamic cleaning action that drives fluids deep into the tight spaces between your teeth and along the gum line, which results in a cleaner, healthier mouth. It comprises of contoured brush head to fit the natural shape of your teeth, creating a larger brushing surface on the brush head. Bristles are placed at precise angles to maximize coverage. Finally, it uses extremely soft bristles that are rounded at the top by a diamond grinding wheel, to create a safe and gentle brush head that effectively delivers a
  24. 24. These are the products that Philips have in the market :  DiamondClean (1)  FlexCare+ (1)  FlexCare (2)  HealthyWhite (2)  Sonicare for kids (1)  EasyClean (1)  Essence (2)
  25. 25. Features of Philips DiamondClean Sonic Brushes            Removes up to 7X more plaque than a manual toothbrush Improves gum health in only two weeks Whiten(s) teeth more than 2x better than a manual toothbrush Sensitive Mode: Gentle teeth and gum cleaning Helps whiten teeth Provides a superior clean Dynamic cleaning action drives fluid between teeth Dual Charging System: Charging glass and travel case. Guides you to follow dental recommendations Quadpacer interval timer encourages thorough brushing Two-minute timer helps ensure recommended brushing time
  26. 26. Recent advances in Powered Toothbrush using Oscillating and Rotatory Technology  Regarding oscillating and rotatory technology Oral B is the forerunner in developing advanced toothbrushes. There are two main product line by Oral B i.e., Professional and Deep sweep. Features of Professional:  deep-cleaning, oscillating bristles cup each tooth to get in hard-to-reach areas  Pressure sensor alerts you when you're brushing too hard  Bristle tips have been rounded to be gentle while reducing plaque and helping to prevent
  27. 27. Features of Deep Sweep”  the efficacy of Oral-B Power brushing combined with the familiarity of a manual brush in look and technique  Unique bristles attack plaque and are gentle on teeth and gums  Triple cleaning action bristles clean hard-toreach-areas New brush head designs and filament technology have also been introduced, such as coextruded bifilaments that replaced crimped filaments to reduce axial stiffness and increase approximal penetration. In 2005, the Oral-B Triumph was developed combining the oscillating-rotating plus pulsation technology with Smart technology in the handle.
  28. 28. New brush head designs and filament technology have also been introduced, such as coextruded bifilaments that replaced crimped filaments to reduce axial stiffness and increase approximal penetration.  In 2005, the Oral-B Triumph was developed combining the oscillatingrotating plus pulsation technology with Smart technology in the handle. 
  29. 29. Features of Oral B Triumph This onboard computer provides feedback to the patient regarding brushing time, brushing mode, battery charge status, & brush head replacement. Two unique brush head designs were introduced with this model.  One has flexible MicroPulse™ bristles to enhance removal of plaque biofilm while the other has a polishing cup to facilitate stain removal. 
  30. 30.  Recently, further enhancements to the Triumph were revealed. A chip was added to the handle giving it the ability to send information wirelessly to a remote display, allowing patients to easily and continuously view brushing feedback.
  31. 31. • Timers - Research shows patients typically spend about forty-six seconds brushingtheirteeth, less than half the time recommended by dental professionals.17 To help patients meet the desired time, some models have a two-minute timer. In addition, many power toothbrushes are equipped with a professional timer that elicits a sound or vibration every thirty seconds. This signals the patient to move to the next quadrant to ensure more thorough plaque removal across the entire dentition. 
  32. 32. Pressure Indicator - In addition to providing feedback on brushing time, some power toothbrushes have pressure indicators. This feature provides reassurance patients will follow good brushing technique by alerting them if too much pressure is applied. Research shows patients actually use less pressure with a power brush than a manual brush.18 
  33. 33. Brushing Modes - Some power toothbrushes allow patients to customize their brushing mode. Examples of modes on various toothbrushes include clean, soft, massage, or polish. Patients can personalize their brushing experience based on their oral health needs and personal preferences.
  34. 34. Electric toothbrushes are both rechargeable and non rechargeable. Advances in power management has also been introduced in modern toothbrushes Beside the basic technology, advances in brush head is a key factor. Different type of brush heads for Oral B products areas follows.
  35. 35. The new Oral-B Triumph with SmartGuide, an oscillating-rotating pulsating brush, is equipped with the features listed above, but it also offers a unique remote display technology (Figure 1.) The display can be placed on the counter, or anywhere within 10-15 feet of the patient, so the two-minute timer, brushing mode, and quadrant timer can be easily viewed during brushing. In addition, it also has a visual pressure signal that lights up if too much pressure should be applied, at which time pulsations are interrupted. This is the first power toothbrush that allows patients to visually follow feedback mechanisms continuously during brushing.
  36. 36.  1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.
  37. 37. TOOTHBRUSHING TECHNIQUES
  38. 38. INTERDENTAL CLEANING AIDS  
  39. 39. FACTORS DETERMINING THE SELECTION OF INTERDENTAL AIDS ARE THE TYPE OF EMBRASURES   
  40. 40. Dental floss
  41. 41. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
  42. 42.   
  43. 43.
  44. 44. Using floss holder
  45. 45. Interdental cleaning devices    
  46. 46. Interdental brushes  
  47. 47.   
  48. 48. Single-tufted brushes  
  49. 49. Wooden toothpicks  
  50. 50.  
  51. 51.
  52. 52.     
  53. 53.    
  54. 54.   
  55. 55.     
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