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Improved Cooking Stoves (ICS) Activities Under AEPC
 

Improved Cooking Stoves (ICS) Activities Under AEPC

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A summarized presentation of ICS activities under AEPC

A summarized presentation of ICS activities under AEPC

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    Improved Cooking Stoves (ICS) Activities Under AEPC Improved Cooking Stoves (ICS) Activities Under AEPC Presentation Transcript

    • Improved Cooking Stoves (ICS) Activities Under AEPC 29 May 2012 Mr. Nawa Raj Dhakal Senior Training Officer, & g Focal Person for Biomass Energy Alternative Energy Promotion Centre (AEPC)
    • P t ti O tliPresentation Outline  Nepal’s Energy Consumption Pattern  Traditional vs. Improved Cooking Stoves  ICS in periodic plans & policies  Key ICS Initiatives in Nepal  National ICS Program through AEPC/ESAP Technological options Program approaches & Major activities Implementation modalities  Ke achievements Key achie ements 2
    • Nepal’s Energy Consumption Pattern (2008/09) Nepal s By Fuel Type By Sector 1%)Traditional (87.1 3
    • Traditional vs. Improved Cooking Stoves Cooking Stove ( ) g (CS):  Device used for cooking by burning of biomass (fuel wood; also agro-residue, dung cakes or charcoal)  May also serve space heating purpose (in high hills)• Traditional Cooking Stove (TCS):  Any CS that is in use traditionally; low efficiency, high emissions, indoor smoke & soot, & fire hazards , ,• Improved Cooking Stove (ICS):  CS with improved design for higher efficiency low efficiency, emissions, low indoor smoke & soot, & better safety 4
    • 5
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    • Position of ICS in- Periodic plans: 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th & Interim plans Nepal’s 20 Years Renewable Energy Perspective Plan, 2011-2030 (Draft) Rural Energy Policy, 2006 Renewable (Rural) Energy Subsidy Arrangement, 2009 ( ) gy y g 7
    • ICS in Periodic Plans - 1 Seventh Plan (1985-90): Promotion of ICS for forest conservation; distribution of ICS free of charge ti di t ib ti f f f h Eighth Plan (1992-97): Awareness on ICS for health benefits  Physical Target: distribution of 250,000 ICS Ninth Plan (1997-2002):  ICS dissemination to make rural HH environment smokeless & h lth k l healthy  Conduction of training & research on ICS  Target: 250,000 ICS (Achievement: 51,100) 8
    • ICS in Periodic Plans - 2  Tenth Plan (2002-07):  Awareness on fuel efficiency & health benefits of ICS  Target: 250,000 ICS  Three Years’ Interim Plan (2007-10):  Target: 300,000 ICS 300 000  Second Three Years’ Interim Plan (2010-13):  Target: 300,000 ICS 9
    • Nepal’s 20 Years Renewable Energy PerspectivePlan, 2011-2030 (Draft) (AEPC, 2011) The aggregate number of households for each technology: Year 2015 2020 2025 2030 Biogas 300,000 500,000 900,000 1,500,000 ICS 600,000 600 000 1,000,000 1,500,000 2,000,000 1 000 000 1 500 000 2 000 000 Solar 400,000 1,000,000 1,500,000 2,500,000 Micro Hydro 600,000 600,000 600,000 600,000 10
    • Rural Energy Policy, 2006Working Policies for ICS• Awareness on smokeless & fuel wood efficient ICS• Emphasis on R,D&D of household & institutional ICS suited to geographical & cultural needs• ICS technology transfer in rural areas 11
    • R bl (R l) E S b id A tRenewable (Rural) Energy Subsidy Arrangement, 2009Subsidy for ICS  Mud-brick ICS  No direct subsidy y  Metallic ICS:  Rs 4,000 for three pot hole type & p yp  Rs 2,700 for two pot hole type 12
    • Key ICS Initiatives in Nepal• Small efforts on ICS promotion began from 1950s through various organizations• Community Forestry Development Program (1980-91): distribution of prefabricated ICS free of cost  No skill transfer at local level; lack of ownership• B ilt Built-on-site ICS b it began with d i ith design modification of difi ti f Tamang Stove by RECAST/TU from 1990s• AEPC executed Energy Sector Assistance Program AEPC-executed (ESAP) began in 1999  ESAP I (1999 – 2007): National ICS Program  ESAP II (2007 – 2012): Biomass Energy Support Program 13
    • N ti l P th hNational ICS Program through AEPC/ESAP• Commenced from 1999 with DANIDA support; government of Norway joined from 2003 g yj• Started from Mid Hills followed by gradual expansion to other regions• Expanded National ICS Program became Biomass Energy Support Program (BESP) from 2007:  National coverage - Mid Hills, High Hills & Terai  Technology - Household (mud-brick ICS & metallic (mud brick ICS) & Institutional ICS; plus household & institutional gasifiers 14
    • Models of Household ICS promoted by AEPC/ESAP 2 pot hole raised Rocket1 pot hole 2 pot hole plane 3 pot hole plane 3 pot hole raised Multipurpose 15
    • Institutional ICS promoted by AEPC/ESAPESAP Promoted Model I ESAP Promoted Model III ESAP Promoted Model II 16
    • 17
    • Various Models of MICS promoted by AEPC/ESAP3 pot hole without water tank 2 pot hole without water tank 3 pot hole with water tank p 3 pot h l with ash tray hole i h h 2 pot hole with ash tray 18
    • Eli ibl VDC f lli b idEligible VDCs for metallic stove subsidy 19
    • P A hProgram Approaches p y • Participatory • Appropriate technology • Skill transfer at local level • Demand driven • No direct subsidy • Women-targeted 20
    • Capacity building of local Advocacy and organizations, lobbying and MICS coordination manufacturers, manufacturers with relevant promoters stakeholdersDissemination of Improved Cooking Stoves Major (ICS), Metallic QualityICS, Institutional activities of Assurance (monitoring) ICS Biomass Energy E Support Awareness Program, Generation of users (IAP, AEPC/ESAP Adaptive Health, Kitchen research on management, solid biomass Environment) technologies Demand Driven 21
    • R iRegional Renewable Energy Service Centers (RRESCs)- Mid Hill lR bl E S i C t (RRESC ) Hills DDC ‐ DEES (12 RRESCs operated by 9 NGOs & 1 DDC) DCRDC CRT/N REMREC NCDCRDSC BNA DECOS REDA RESDTNMid Hill ICS Di Hills Dissemination i tiDistricts: 50 22
    • AEPC Other Donors and  INGOs Working Modality g y ESAP User – Demand for Mud ICS BE Component Local Promoter  Build stove RRESC LPO  Awareness & monitoring LPONGOs, CBOs, Promoter’s Association RRESC  Quality Control in ICS  Random Physical verification Promoters ESAP Technical Support  Capacity Building  Random Sample Monitoring Users 23
    • R iRegional Renewable Energy Service Centers (RRESCs)- T i lR bl E S i C t (RRESC ) Terai (5 RRESCs operated by 3 NGOs, 1 Private Firm & 1 Cooperative Umbrella Organization; 1 RRESC overlaps with Mid Hill) l ith REDA JWAS Janakpur JWAS J k NCDC KKREUOTeraiT i ICS Di Dissemination i ti JWAS Janakpur JWAS JanakpurDistricts: 12 REWSSPC 24
    • AEPC Other Donors and  INGOs ESAP Working Modality g y BE Component User – Demand for Mud ICS Stove Master/Business Group p RRESC  Build/ sell stove DRESC  Awareness & monitoring DRESCNGOs, CBOs, Cooperatives RRESC  Quality Control in ICS  Random Physical verification Business Groups Stove Masters ESAP Technical Support  Capacity Building  Random Sample Monitoring Users 25
    • (32) Q 14 Old PQ manufacturers 18 New PQ manufacturersPrivate sector association recently formed: RuTPAN (Rural Technology Promoters’ Association) 26
    • AEPC Other Donors and INGOs Working Modality User – Demand for Metallic ICS ESAPBE Component PQ – Companies  Stove installation  Claim subsidy on behalf of userManufacturers RRESC  Facilitation of process in MICS dissemination & data processing ESAP Technical Support  Capacity Building of private sector Users  Assessment of subsidy applications Rural Energy Fund (REF)  Subsidy disbursement 27
    • Key achievements Strong local network of service providers  16 RRESCs, 250 LPOs DRESCs; 32 manufacturers 250+ LPOs+DRESCs; 8,000+ trained ICS technicians (Promoters/ Stove Masters);  ~50% women  ~40% certified promoters (quality stove builders active in business) 555,000+ HHs benefitted through ICS, MICS & IICS Standardized guidelines & implementation framework Institutional partnership at local levelLLocal capacity for dissemination of 100,000 ICS per year l it f di i ti f 100 000 Carbon project (PoA ICS) under validation 28
    • Thank You! For Further communication:Alternative Energy Promotion Centre (AEPC) Khumaltar, Lalitpur P.O. Box 14364, Kathmandu, Nepal Tel. No.: 5539390, 5548468 Extn. 133 E-mail: nawa.dhakal@aepc.gov.np www.aepc.gov.np www aepc gov np 29