Let’s Move: Paraprofessionals aheir Role in the First Lady’s Initiative


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Presentation at the 2011 National Resource Center for Paraprofessionals Conference by Nora Howley.

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  • Obese children and teens have been found to have risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD), including high cholesterol levels, high blood pressure, and abnormal glucose tolerance. 39 In a population-based sample of 5- to 17-year-olds, 70% of obese children had at least one CVD risk factor while 39% of obese children had two or more CVD risk factors. 2 Some consequences of childhood and adolescent obesity are psychosocial. Obese children and adolescents are targets of early and systematic social discrimination. 39 The psychological stress of social stigmatization can cause low self-esteem which, in turn, can hinder academic and social functioning, and persist into adulthood. 40
  • Children = age 10-17
  • On the most basic level, overweight and obesity are cause by an imbalance in the amount of calories consumed and the calories burned by your resting metabolic rate (the calories your body needs to perform its basic functions) and through physical activity. There are also genetic and environmental factors that affect obesity. School environment – because the majority of young people aged 5–17 years are enrolled in schools and because of the amount of time that children spend at school each day, schools provide an ideal setting for teaching children and teens to adopt healthy eating and physical activity behaviors. Bottom line: to prevent obesity, balance calories and calories out.
  • Federal SRTS pilot programs started in 2000. On July 29, 2005, Congress approved the $286.4 billion federal transportation bill, SAFETEA-LU, which includes $612 million for the new federal Safe Routes to School program. Congress has extended the program at $183 million per year starting in FY2010 until a long-term transportation reauthorization is complete. SRTS funds are distributed at the State level through grants (infrastructure and non-infrastructure) Barriers to kids walking/biking to school ( 2004 CDC study ) Distance to school (61.5%) (urban sprawl & lack of community centered schools); traffic-related danger (30.4%); weather (18.6%)’ Crime danger (11.7%)’ opposing school policy (6.0%) other reasons (15%) Four E’s of SRTS: Education Education activities target parents, neighbors and other drivers in the community to remind them to yield to pedestrians, to drive safely and to take other actions to make it safer for pedestrians and bicyclists. Parents serve as role models for their children and play an important part in teaching them pedestrian and bicycle safety. Education activities also teach students how to walk and bicycle safely and the benefits of doing so.   Encouragement Encouragement strategies generate excitement about walking and bicycling safely to school. Children, parents, teachers, school administrators and others can all be involved in special events like International Walk to School Day and ongoing activities like walking school buses. Encouragement strategies can often be started relatively easily with little cost and a focus on fun.   Enforcement Enforcement activities can help to change unsafe behaviors of drivers, bicyclists and pedestrians. They can increase driver awareness of laws, and they also can improve driver behavior by reducing speeds and increasing yielding to pedestrians. In addition, enforcement activities teach pedestrians and bicyclists to walk and bicycle safely and to pay attention to their environment.   Engineering Engineering addresses the built environment with tools that can be used to create safe places to walk or bicycle and can also influence the way people behave.
  • Website has: key steps to establishing a school employee wellness program Steps to starting a SEW Obtain administrative support Identify resources Identify a leader, organize a committee Gather and analyze data Develop a plan, then implement it Evaluate, adapt and sustain the program
  • Consider how to use the garden during the whole year (academic year, after school activities and summer school) Gardens should include a mix of native flowers, edibles (fruits and vegetables) and herbs An educational garden should include seating for a group of at least 10 students
  • 4000-square-foot organic garden/learning center at Morse High School in southeast San Diego. Before work began on the garden in 2005, San Diego Urban Farms' Nancy Hughes conducted a survey of Morse High students about their food awareness and choices.
  • Georgia Street Community Collective – urban garden created by community members for everyone in the community to use.
  • The answer is eggs and bacon. The eggs and bacon have 250 calories versus the French toast sticks having 450 calories. David Zinczenko, author of “Eat This, Not That!” says that eggs are a magic bullet to weight loss and that studies have shown that one can burn 65% more calories throughout the day by eating eggs in the morning. He said that you don’t want to have more than one or two eggs though (because eggs are high in cholesterol).
  • Answer is the Roast Beef Melt. The roast beef melt wins with 370 calories (13g fat) verses 710 calories (28g fat) for the Turkey & Swiss! The problem here is that the food is not made at home, which can mean packing in extra calories.
  • Answer is the Ham & Pineapple pizza. Why? Because the pineapple and the ham are displacing some of the cheese with healthier options. In addition, you get protein, fiber, and fruit on the ham & pineapple pizza, which is better for you.
  • Let’s Move: Paraprofessionals aheir Role in the First Lady’s Initiative

    1. 1. Let’s Move: Paraprofessionals and Their Role in the First Lady’s Initiative National Resource Center for Paraprofessionals Conference May 2011 Lisa Sharma NEA Health Information Network
    2. 2. Our Mission <ul><li>Improve the health and safety of the school community by developing and disseminating information and programs that educate and empower school professionals and positively impact the lives of students. </li></ul>
    3. 3. How HIN Achieves its Mission <ul><li>Training at conferences </li></ul><ul><li>Organizing for change </li></ul><ul><li>Creating publications that answer questions </li></ul><ul><li>Providing online courses </li></ul><ul><li>Responding to members </li></ul>
    4. 4. What We Will Cover <ul><li>Overview of the obesity problem </li></ul><ul><li>Lets Move! overview </li></ul><ul><li>Action Steps to Success: Schools </li></ul><ul><li>What can YOU do? </li></ul>
    5. 5. We will have fun!
    6. 6. That’s Me!
    7. 7. Why is this issue important? <ul><li>Obesity among adults and children is at epidemic proportions </li></ul><ul><li>Steady increase in rates of overweight and obesity over the last three decades </li></ul><ul><li>Overweight and obese children are likely to become obese adults </li></ul><ul><li>Obesity is one of the leading causes for mortality and linked to other serious illnesses </li></ul>
    8. 8. US Obesity Rates 1995-2009 Source : CDC Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
    9. 9. Childhood Obesity: Trends <ul><li>More than one-third of American children under age 19 are overweight or obese </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Highest rates are black teenage girls and Hispanic youth </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Obese children have risk factors for cardiovascular disease, psychosocial problems, and other ailments </li></ul><ul><li>Obese children more likely to become obese adults </li></ul><ul><li>Overweight and obese children do not do as well academically </li></ul>
    10. 10. Overweight and Obesity (Age 10-17) 2003 Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Survey of Children's Health 2003. Retrieved 12/01/2009 from http:// mchb.hrsa.gov/overweight/state.htm . 
    11. 11. Overweight and Obesity (age 10-17) 2005 Source: The National Survey of Children's Health. Childhood Obesity Action Network. State Obesity Profiles, 2008. http://www.nschdata.org:80/Content/ObesityReportCards.aspx .
    12. 12. Overweight and Obesity (age 10-17) 2007 Source: Childhood Obesity Action Network. State Obesity Profiles, 2009. http://wwww.nschdata.org/content/07obesityreportcards.aspx .
    13. 13. Obesity and Overweight: Causes
    14. 14. Let’s Move http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =2oBeuSCfGeg&feature=channel
    15. 15. Federal response: Let’s Move! <ul><li>The Let’s Move! campaign, started by First Lady Michelle Obama, has a national goal of ending childhood obesity within a generation. </li></ul><ul><li>Let’s Move! has four pillars: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Empowering parents and caregivers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Providing healthy food in schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improving access to healthy, affordable foods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increasing physical activity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>For more information visit www.letsmove.gov </li></ul>
    16. 16. <ul><li>Let’s Move! </li></ul><ul><li>5 Steps to Success: Schools </li></ul>
    17. 17. Let’s Move Steps to Success: Schools <ul><li>Create a School Health Advisory Council </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Advisory group that assesses the school health environment and programs and policies in place and identify ways to strengthen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Formed at the district or school level, usually 10-20 members of school staff, community members, family members and students </li></ul></ul>Alliance for a Healthier Generation School Wellness Council Toolkit: http://www.healthiergeneration.org/uploadedFiles/For_Schools/Helpful_Tools/08Toolkit_SWC.pdf
    18. 18. Let’s Move Steps to Success: Schools <ul><li>Create a SHAC: Activity Ideas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use CDC School Health Index to assess your school’s environment and take action steps: http:// www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth/SHI / </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create healthy food policies for vending, fundraising and birthdays </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conduct a “walkability assessment” to promote Safe Routes to School </li></ul></ul>Alliance for a Healthier Generation School Wellness Council Toolkit: http://www.healthiergeneration.org/uploadedFiles/For_Schools/Helpful_Tools/08Toolkit_SWC.pdf
    19. 19. Let’s Move Steps to Success: Schools <ul><li>Create a SHAC: Activity Ideas: Promote Safe Routes to School </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decline in walking/biking to school </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1969: 42% of all students, 87% who live < 1 mile of school </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2001: 16% of all students, 63% who live < 1 mile of school </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Safe Routes to School (SRTS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increase physical activity, improve unsafe walking/biking conditions, may improve air quality </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Four “E’s” : Education, Encouragement, Enforcement, Engineering </li></ul></ul></ul>
    20. 20. Let’s Move Steps to Success: Schools <ul><li>Join the Healthier US Schools Challenge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recognition for schools that create healthier school environments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishes rigorous standards for schools’: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>food quality </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>meal program participation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>physical activity & physical education </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>nutrition education </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To join: http:// www.fns.usda.gov/tn/healthierus/index.html </li></ul></ul>
    21. 21. Let’s Move Steps to Success: Schools <ul><li>Make Your School A Healthy Worksite </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Role modeling for students: be more active and try to eat healthier foods and beverages, especially at school </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify nutrition and physical activity interests and needs of school employees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create a school employee wellness program </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lead by example! </li></ul></ul></ul>
    22. 22. Let’s Move Steps to Success: Schools <ul><li>Make Your School A Healthy Worksite: School Employee Wellness Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Decreased absenteeism </li></ul><ul><li>Lower health care costs </li></ul><ul><li>Lower insurance costs </li></ul><ul><li>Fewer work-related injuries </li></ul><ul><li>Fewer worker compensation claims </li></ul><ul><li>Fewer disability claims </li></ul><ul><li>Increased productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Increased employee morale </li></ul><ul><li>Increased employee retention </li></ul><ul><li>Attractiveness to new employees </li></ul><ul><li>Positive community image </li></ul><ul><li>Increased healthy behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>Healthy role models </li></ul>http:// www.schoolempwell.org
    23. 23. Let’s Move Steps to Success: Schools <ul><li>Incorporate Nutrition and Physical Education into the Curriculum </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Incorporate physical activity and healthy eating concepts into the school day and curriculum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Activity ideas: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Food group alphabet cards </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bingo </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Classroom-based movement </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Geography Lesson </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>African dance video </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>http://www.aahperd.org/naspe/publications/teachingTools/upload/PA-During-School-Day.pdf <ul><ul><li>Quality Physical Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Active recess </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Walking or biking to school </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Before/after school physical activity </li></ul></ul>
    24. 24. Let’s Move Steps to Success: Schools <ul><li>Plant a School Garden </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Partner with local business, parents, community groups (e.g. Cooperative Extension Service, Master Gardeners) for assistance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Search online for “school garden grants” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hold a community build day </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Incorporate gardening into classroom lessons, food service taste tests, physical education activities </li></ul></ul>
    25. 25. Southeast San Diego, CA
    26. 26. Detroit, MI
    27. 27. What can YOU do? <ul><li>What we eat and how much we are active impacts how we feel </li></ul><ul><li>Be more physically active </li></ul><ul><ul><li>30 min moderate physical activity, 5+ days/week </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>20 min vigorous physical activity, 3+ days/week </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Eat a healthy diet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eat a R A I N B O W of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, lean meats and low-fat dairy </li></ul></ul>
    29. 29. Which is the better option? Eggs and bacon or French Toast Sticks
    30. 30. Which is the better option? Arby’s Roast Beef Melt or Arby’s Turkey and Swiss
    31. 31. Which is the better option? Pizza Hut Thin & Crispy OR Pizza Hut’s Thin and Crispy Cheese Pizza Ham & Pineapple pizza
    32. 32. Additional Resources <ul><li>Let’s Move </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.letsmove.gov </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Action for Healthy Kids </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.actionforhealthykids.org </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.studentstakingcharge.org </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Alliance for a Healthier Generation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.healthiergeneration.org/ </li></ul></ul>
    33. 33. Additional Resources <ul><li>Instant Recess / Lift Off! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.toniyancey.com/IR_CDDVD.html </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Safe Routes to School National Partnership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.saferoutespartnership.org / </li></ul></ul><ul><li>RWJF Center to Prevent Childhood Obesity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.reversechildhoodobesity.org / </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fuel Up to Play 60 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.fueluptoplay60.com/ </li></ul></ul>
    34. 34. Additional Resources <ul><li>National Association for Sport and Physical Education (NASPE) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.aahperd.org/naspe / </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NASPE Key Points of Quality PE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.aahperd.org/naspe/publications/teachingTools/key-points-of-QPE.cfm </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NASPE Resources for Integrating P-Act into the School Day </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.aahperd.org/naspe/publications/teachingTools/upload/PA-During-School-Day.pdf </li></ul></ul>
    35. 35. Questions? <ul><li>Lisa Sharma </li></ul><ul><li>202-822-7328 </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>NEA Health Information Network </li></ul><ul><li>1201 16 th St., NW Suite 216 </li></ul><ul><li>Washington, DC 20036 </li></ul><ul><li>www.neahin.org </li></ul>