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  • 1. NRCP Conference San Antonio, Texas February 29 - March 3, 2012 Presenter: Dr. Ashleigh MolloyCopyright Transformation Education Institute 2012 http://www.transedinstitute.org/
  • 2. Session Objectives To understand the expectations needed to be a successful 21st Century Para To be more culturally competent To become knowledgeable about the generational differences among students and their parents To comprehend the concept of change and its impact on the role of a para
  • 3. Greetings from Lindsey Molloy Hello everyone, my name is Lindsey, Dr. Ash is my dad. Enjoy yourself, happy learning. Goodbye.
  • 4. Generational Analysis
  • 5. Baby Boomers (Practitioners)OverviewBorn between 1946 and 1964Well established in their careers and hold positions of power and authority (law firmleaders, corporate executives, etc.). 70% of law firm partners are Baby BoomersBoomers have more educational and financial opportunities than previous generations.Characteristics:F.Work-centric:  Extremely hard-working and motivated by position, perks, and prestige  Long work weeks and define themselves by their professional accomplishments  Likely to criticize younger generations for a lack of work ethic and commitment to the workplaceG.Independent:  Confident and self-reliant  Grew up in an era of reforms and believe they can change the world  Question established authority systems and challenged the status quolTheyprefer “face time” at the office and may criticize younger generations for workingremotely (tech gadgets)
  • 6. Generation X(Gen X or MTV Generation) People born from 1965-1982 Characteristics/Traits/Profile:  Have cultural perspectives and political experiences that were shaped by series of events including:  Chernobyl disaster  Election of George H. Bush, Bill Clinton  1987 stock market collapse  AIDS epidemic  Saw the introduction of  home computers  video games  Cable television and the Internet
  • 7. Generation X (Gen X or MTV Generation) Compared to previous generation:  Represents a more heterogeneous generation, exhibiting great variety of diversity in such aspects as race, class, religion, ethnicity, and sexual orientation.  Gen X tend to ignore leaders and opt to work for more long term institutional and systematic change through economic, media, and consumer action.  Gen X are highly educated holding the highest educational levels, considered the smartest generation  Prefers to work more (male and female) while choosing to have fewer or no kids, works 60-plus hours a week, strong career ambitions. More likely to have children later in life because increase in females choosing to have a career over starting a family.  Gen X will not match their parents income earning, working on average about nine years longer than anticipated (delaying retirement)  Higher divorce rates than previous generations  Having been through major economic crisis of the past 30 years, Gen X-ers are more resilient to face the uncertain future.
  • 8. Generation Y Born 1980s to around 1990s AKA:  Millennial Generation (or Millennials)  Generation Next, Next Generation  Generation Me (increasing narcissism during teen and early twenties years)  Boomerang or Peter Pan Generation  Delaying some rites of passage into adulthood, longer than previous generations; living with parents for longer periods Echo Boomers (due to significant birth rates through 1980s-1990s)
  • 9. Generation YCharacteristics/Traits/Profile:Have smaller familiesAn increased use and familiarity with communications, media, and digitaltechnologiesIncrease in neoliberal approach to politics and economicsGrew up with more protection and comfort than previous generation. Alsoknown as the trophy generation where mere participation warrants for trophies,awards, and praises. Parents of gen Y-ers are described as “helicopter parents”always hovering over their children to protect and provide them.Gen Y are closer to parents than previous generations; Gen Y-ers never trulyrebelled against their parents, unlike prior generationsPrefers and are more dependent on team-workGreater sense of entitlement, narcissism and rejection of social conventions(more culturally liberal)
  • 10. Generation YInfluences:Largely shaped by 9/11 events and ongoing economic difficulties  High unemployment with increase debt loads made Gen Y-ers rallied for occupied movements in developed and urban centersGen Y has a lower level of religiosity compared to older generationsand are more likely to be skeptical of religious institutionsGen Y tend to choose urban, or gentrified areas to live than suburbsGen Y-ers adapted well to technological advances and are the largestconsumers of it (computers, wireless technology, smart phones, etc.)
  • 11. Generation ZInternet generation aka:Net generationGeneration 9/11Born during mid-1990s to present  Born and raised after the Cold war era and fall of Soviet union  Differs from Gen Y by that Gen Z were born completely into an era of mass technology and globalization.Traits  Grown up with the World Wide Web  They are highly connected  Lifelong use of communications and media technologies such as instant messaging, text messaging, online social media sites such as Facebook, Youtube, etc., mp3 players, mobile phones, smartphone, computer technologies  Nicknamed “digital natives”  Are known for curating online at a rapid pace: sharing thoughts and observations on variety of media, topics and products.
  • 12. Cultural Sensitivity A recognition that there are difference between cultures reflected in the ways that different groups communicate and relate to one another A culturally sensitive person would understand other countries’ traditions and ways of life, or attempt to learn and apply new understandings. They attempt to be free from prejudices and preconceptions about other cultures.Tolerance, inter-cultural dialogue and respect for diversity are more essential than ever in a world where peoples are becoming more and more closely interconnected. -Kofi Annan, Former Secretary-General of the United NationsDiversity (multiculturalism): It is an ideology that promotes the instutionalisation of communities containing multiple cultures.
  • 13. Student Profile Education Identification re Assistance  Designation: i.e. Autism, Down Syndrome etc Contributing Factors of Diversity  Para needs to be sensitive as he/she develops competency
  • 14. Diversity in Thinking
  • 15. Racial Background Black Hispanic Asian Native American Pacific Islanders
  • 16. Formula for Being a 21stCentury Para Need to understand characteristics of students and of themselves Culturally sensitive Respect for Diversity Awareness of 21st century skills required by students Utilize current research methods in their work with students Avail of ongoing professional development ex: NRC Conference Take care of your health and wellness Communicator
  • 17. 21st Century Media Competent technological skills`(programs that accommodate)  World Wide Web  Mobile Phones  Text Messaging  Social Media
  • 18. 21st Century Skills Basic skillsReads, writes, performs arithmetic and mathematical operations, listens and speaks well ReadingLocates, understands, and interprets written information in pose and in document Writing Communicates thoughts, ideas, information, and creates documents such as letters, directions, manuals, reports, graphs, and flow charts Arithmetic / Mathematics Performa basic computations and approaches practical problems by choosing appropriately from a variety of mathematical techniques Listening Receives, attends to, and interprets, and responds to verbal messages and other cues Speaking Organizes ideas and communicates orally
  • 19. 21st Century Skills Personal qualities Displays responsibility, self esteem, sociability, self-management, integrity, and honesty Responsibility Exerts a high level of effort and perseveres toward goal attainment Self-Esteem Believes in own self-worth and maintains a positive view of self SociabilityDemonstrates understanding, friendliness, adaptability, empathy, and politeness in group settings Self-ManagementAssess self accurately, sets personal goals, monitors progress and exhibits self- control Integrity/Honesty Chooses ethical course of action
  • 20. 21st Century Skills Thinking skills Thinks critically, makes decisions, solves problems, visualizes, knows how to learn and reason Knowing How to Learn Uses efficient learning techniques to acquire and apply new knowledge and skills Decision MakingSpecifies goals and constraints, generates alternatives, considers risks, evaluates and chooses best alternative Problem Solving Recognizes problems, devises and implements a plan of action Seeing Things in the Mind’s Eye Organizes and processes symbols, pictures, graphs, objects, and other information Creative Thinking Generates new ideas Reasoning Discovers a rule or principle underlying the relationship between two or more objects ad applies in when solving a problem
  • 21. Cultural LensesA CTHE SINGLE CULTURAL LENS THE SILO-CULTURAL LENSThe uni-cultural lens (Unity and University) (Isolation and Fortification) Fortifies the specific needs, values, andFocuses on unitive vision worldwide of one’s own cultural group in“Our way and your way (we) are ONE” contrast to other cultural groups. “Our way is NOT your way and we need to KEEP IT THAT WAY”BTHE MONO-CULTURAL LENS D THE PLURI-CULTURAL LENS(Uniformity and Dominance) (Diversity and Collaboration)Focuses on strategies of assimilation Focuses on the needs, values and worldwide“Our way is the ONLY way.” of EACH cultural group in collaboration with other cultural groups “Our way is NOT your way and that’s OKAY” Through the Looking Glass Lens by Ricky Manalo, CSP
  • 22. Think outside the box
  • 23. Paraprofessional RoleParaeducators need to work at their positive relationship with their teacher/partner. Being an effective partner isn’t always easy, but it is worth the effortArticulate your needs. Be sure that your teacher/partner is the first to hear of your frustrations, concerns and discomfort with your duties.Respect the lines of authority and leadership in your classroom assignments. Do your best to be an extension of the teacher/ partner(s) to whom you are assigned.Team is not spelled with an “I.” Be conscious of using the word “we” when referring to successes in the classroom.Now is the time to deal with issues in your teacher/partner relationship. Don’t let little things grow into unsolvable problems.Encourage your teacher/partner by looking for and illuminating the best in their performances. Be sure to do it in front of their peers.Reach for the stars. If you continually strive to have the best partnership possible, you will always be heading in the right direction.Student success always be the purpose of your partnership. Measure your input to partnership discussions by its benefit to students.Hear what your partner is saying. Being a good listener means that you listen to understand what your partner is communicating.Initiative is a respected characteristic in partnerships. It’s important that you be a self-starter and not wait to be directed.Planning for an effective partnership is important. You need to be a proactive participant in building a successful and mutually respectful partnership.
  • 24. Questions for reflection by Parasin a 21st century classroomDid you see… Community Building, Sense of Belonging, Positive Self-esteem, Effective Social Skills, Cooperative Learning, Positive Attitudes for Learning, Solid Foundation for Future Endeavors, Differentiated and Appropriate Instruction?
  • 25. Planning for 21 Century st Success
  • 26. Team work is essential
  • 27. Helping 21st century studentsaddress complex thinking tasks In order to prepare students effectively for 21st Century learning, schools need to fortify students with ability to “know how to act on information, know what questions to ask… and be able to think critically about content and origin. (Costa, 2000).” Costa describes a constellation of dispositions (or attitudes), referred to as the Habits of Mind, that provide a useful framework to describe these behaviours that shape effective inquiry and encourage independent learning. A concern mentioned by many school personnel is the lack of persistence that many students demonstrate, especially when engaged in complex thinking tasks. Students are quick to give up if an answer is not readily apparent and students can seem easily frustrated when the answer is not discovered in quick fashion.
  • 28. Education for the 21st Century Citizens Nurture a respectful, inclusive, and interactive classroom/school ethos (e.g. shared understanding of the classrooms norms, student voice, seating arrangements, use of wall/ visual space, global citizenship imagery); Infuse learner-centered and culturally responsive independent and interactive teaching and learning approaches that align with learning goals (e.g., independent and collaborative learning structures, deliberative dialogue, media literacy); Embed authentic performance tasks (e.g., creating displays on children’s rights, creating peace building programs, creating a student newspaper addressing global issues); Draw on globally-oriented learning resources to assist students in understanding a “larger picture” of themselves in the world in relation to their local circumstances (e.g. a variety of sources and media, comparative and diverse perspectives); Make use of assessment and evaluation strategies that align with the learning goals and forms of instruction used to support learning (e.g., reflection and self-assessment, peer feedback, teacher assessment, journals, portfolios); Offer opportunities for students to experience learning in varied contexts including the classroom, whole school activities, and in one’s communities, from the local to the global (e.g., community participation; international e-exchanges; virtual communities); and Foreground the teacher as a role model (e.g., up to date on current events, community involvement, practicing environmental and equity standards).
  • 29. Teaching and learning practicesassociated with global citizenshipeducation Authentic performance tasks Learner-centered Respectful, inclusive, and culturally and interactive responsive classroom/school teaching and ethos learning practices TEACHING AND LEARNING PRACTICES Teacher(s) as role model School/community/ world as classroom Aligned Globally oriented assessment and learning evaluation resources
  • 30. The Future awaits
  • 31. Dr. Ash’s “Para Feel Good”Kit Lifesaver To keep you from drowning in everyday chores. Candy Kiss To remind you that everyone needs a kiss or a hug everyday. Toothpick To remind you to pick out the good qualities in others Chewing Gum To remind you to stick with it, and you can accomplish anything. Sweet Tart To help you accept and appreciate the differences in others. Eraser To remind you that everyone makes mistakes, and it’s okay.
  • 32. Dr. Ash’s “Para Feel Good” Kit Tea Bag To remind you to relax daily and go over your list of blessings. Nail To help you remember that suffering is part of life. Button To remember to button your lip when needed. Band Aid To remind you to heal hurt feelings, yours or someone else’s. Rubber Band To remind you to be flexible, things might not always go the way you want, but it will work out. Mint To remind you that you are worth a mint.
  • 33. Song -The Para Rose of Texas
  • 34. T hank You Gracias Dr. Ash Transformation Education Institute www.transedinstitute.org/ info@transedinstitute.org