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  • 1. Paul BatesISP, La Cueva High School Albuquerque, NM
  • 2. What is Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)  Genetic pre-disposition  Activated by environment  1 in 110 students affected  Cognitive and social deficits  Communication disorder  (Ryan, et al., 2011)
  • 3. Common Characteristics Repetitive activities Poor eye contact Difficulty socializing with others Resistance to change in routines Unusual responses to sensory input (Ryan, et al., 2011)
  • 4. What is a meltdown?Students diagnosed with autism live by rules These students are slaves to routine Little things upset them - obsessive Two or three things become internalized Time to process
  • 5. What is not a meltdown? Wanting to manipulate you Wanting you to “wait” on them Wanting what someone else has Physically acting out Task avoidance
  • 6. How do you distinguish?The meltdown is an internal processwhere the student looks inward inorder to process what has gone wrongor has upset him/her.Acting out behaviors are outwardprocesses for the benefit of staff andparents.− Dr. Shawn M. Stewart, HSP, Educational Resource Services
  • 7. The ABCs of Human BehaviorAntecedentBehaviorConsequenceFunctional Behavior Assessment
  • 8. So your headed for a meltdown. Now what do you do.There’s no logic to it.Can we talk about this?Who wants ice cream?Let’s get down to basicsJed Baker, Ph.D., No More Meltdowns, 2008
  • 9. Effective StrategiesIdentifying feelingsFinding the way outPlan of attack or plan of escape?Passionate distraction
  • 10. InterventionsAcademicCommunicationRoutinesVisual CuesSocial Skills
  • 11. ReferencesBaker, J., (2008). No More Meltdowns,Future Horizons, Arlington, TXKauffmann, J. M., Landrum, T. J., (2009)Characteristics of Emotional andBehavioral Disorders of Children andYouth, Ninth Edition, Pearson Education,Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJStewart, S. M. (2009). Basics of AutismSpectrum Disorder, EducationalResource Systems, Midland, MI