MOD POD-TIME SQUARE IN HARBIN Ceate a mobility, aceesibility and people-oriented square Project principles Create An interaction, civic and cultural central square 3. people-oriented designs -activities for summer, night time, winter -Abundant sitting and amenities -implement an attractive night lighting scheme Melbourne revitalizes downtown (Gehl)
Critical trends: Bus rapid transit New pedestrian-oriented spaces Bike sharing and bike networks Parking reform
Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) initiated in Curitiba, Brazil in 1974
Road Configuration: Lanes of mixed traffic Bus express lane Central median location removes conflict with turning vehicles, double parked taxis and delivery vehicles, etc. Left turns normally prohibited where possible!
Stations feel like metro systems: station floor level with the bus floor Bogota TransMilenio
Passengers pay at the turnstile, not the bus driver: passengers board all doors at once. Quito, Ecuador Porto Alegre, Brazil
Size and number of doors is more important than bus size. TransMilenio buses have 4 x 1.1 meter doors
One station in the middle or two on the curb side Quito Line 2 Quito Line 1 Requires special buses. Buses only operate on BRT corridor or have doors on both sides. Difficult to transfer Stations are Narrow Impossible to reconstruct for higher volume
Mid block station location increases the level of service for both buses and mixed traffic at minimal pedestrian inconvenience
Bus stop – Intersection interference Bus stop before intersection, buses waiting at light can disrupt functioning of the bus stop Intersection Bus stop after intersection, buses queuing at stop disrupt intersection Intersection
Direct service full featured Bus Rapid Transit
Special concerns about BRT in the USA Low demand Strip mall development form High labor costs Administrative rigidity
Route using corridor /route length more than 30％ 296 560 561 242 210 BRT Vehicle，can leave corridor Don’t need feeder Flexible Operation 优点： 专用走廊，走廊内Guangzhou and Cali, Colombia, are the first BRT systems to combine full BRT features with ‘direct’ routes
Every Chinese city has new pedestrian zones New pedestrian street, Guangzhou, China.
Mexico City Centro Historico Newly Pedestrianized Streets
Cities rediscover pedestrians The magic of waterfronts is being rediscovered from London to Guayaquil (below)
Shared Streets Hans Mondermann develops shared street concept Odense, Denmark de Brinkgood, Netherlands Victoria, British Colombia, Canada Source: Curbless Streets/Shared Space in Urban Contexts, Background, Issues & Examples, July 2007
Supply Caps Hamburg: Sealed inventory in Central Business District at roughly 30,000 spaces in 1976 Zurich: “Historic Compromise” instituted in 1996 Amsterdam: Every spot created off-street should remove a spot from on-street.