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The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy
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The Connectivity Declaration - Walter Hook, Executive Director at the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy

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  • Robert Crumb:My favorite San FranciscanHis vision of the future as a logical consequence of the history of development in…
  • Nice design, most brt features, but does not pass through the strip.
  • Very low demand, low capacity system. People complain about cost.
  • Orange line not at level boarding. No pre-paid boarding at first. Later implemented.
  • Not very long, used to stimulate economic revitalization. Not successful yet, construction hurt businesses during recession.
  • 广州市的系统是特别针对广州客流条件而提出的系统(专用走廊+灵活车辆),乘客既可以享有封闭式系统的优点,又免却多次换乘。
  • Social equity aims, not as clear-cut as a technical project.1970’s gov’t stopped providing public transit; these guys started on the gray market, few entrepeneurships to operate in the townships (black and color-owned); today seen as a black african business – pride; formed with the idea of protection – protect routes, mafia mentality. Chance to revolutionize industryPoliticians promised that “No taxi operator will be worse off”Weak internal governance of taxi associations responsible for hold-up, “no mechanism for making a decision on behalf of the whole “Interim operations mean some taxi routes are being affected already
  • Freeze the existing parking supply in the city center and only permit an increase in the off-street supply if parking is needed at a particular site, but there should be a caveat that an equal number of on-street spaces must be removed. This type of cap-and-trade keeps the supply constant while repurposing on-street spaces for other uses.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Dreaming a new Detroit Walter Hook, Executive Director, ITDP Detroit, November 2010
    • 2. Is this the future? Robert Crumb (1988)
    • 3. Times Square, 1985 Or this?
    • 4. Or this? Hundertwasser’s Vienna
    • 5. Or this? Rem Koolhaas’ Netherlands
    • 6. MOD POD-TIME SQUARE IN HARBIN Ceate a mobility, aceesibility and people-oriented square Project principles Create An interaction, civic and cultural central square 3. people-oriented designs -activities for summer, night time, winter -Abundant sitting and amenities -implement an attractive night lighting scheme Melbourne revitalizes downtown (Gehl)
    • 7. Critical trends: • Bus rapid transit • New pedestrian-oriented spaces • Bike sharing and bike networks • Parking reform
    • 8. Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) initiated in Curitiba, Brazil in 1974
    • 9. Basic Bus Rapid Transit: Quito
    • 10. Lanes of mixed traffic Bus express lane Central median location removes conflict with turning vehicles, double parked taxis and delivery vehicles, etc. Left turns normally prohibited where possible!
    • 11. Stations feel like metro systems: station floor level with the bus floor Bogota TransMilenio
    • 12. Passengers pay at the turnstile, not the bus driver: passengers board all doors at once. Quito, Ecuador Porto Alegre, Brazil
    • 13. Size and number of doors is more important than bus size. TransMilenio buses have 4 x 1.1 meter doors
    • 14. Guangzhou BRT day I: no guidance system.
    • 15. One station in the middle or two on the curb side Difficult to transfer Stations are Narrow Impossible to reconstruct for higher volume Requires special buses. Buses only operate on BRT corridor or have doors on both sides. Quito Line 1 Quito Line 2
    • 16. BRT in the United States
    • 17. Las Vegas, Nevada:
    • 18. Eugene, Oregon
    • 19. Los Angeles, California
    • 20. Los Angeles Orange Line
    • 21. Cleveland, Ohio
    • 22. Mid block station location increases the level of service for both buses and mixed traffic at minimal pedestrian inconvenience
    • 23. Bus stop – Intersection interference Bus stop before intersection, buses waiting at light can disrupt functioning of the bus stop Intersection Intersection Bus stop after intersection, buses queuing at stop disrupt intersection
    • 24. Direct service full featured Bus Rapid Transit
    • 25. Special concerns about BRT in the USA • Low demand • Strip mall development form • High labor costs • Administrative rigidity
    • 26. TransJakarta
    • 27. Mexico City Metrobus opens 2004
    • 28. Ahmedabad opens first full featured BRT in India, 2009
    • 29. Majority is surface median stations with at-grade crossing
    • 30. Segregated median bus lanes
    • 31. Level boarding 900 mm
    • 32. Guangzhou decides to build BRT on high demand corridor, 2006
    • 33. Guangzhou BRT opens 2010, 800,000 passengers per day
    • 34. Real time passenger information
    • 35. Full integrated with Metro, at 4 stations
    • 36. China: this is the competition
    • 37. What’s happening at the next station down…
    • 38. Flexible Operation 优点: 专用走廊,走廊内Guangzhou and Cali, Colombia, are the first BRT systems to combine full BRT features with ‘direct’ routes 210 560 Route using corridor /route length more than 30% BRT Vehicle,can leave corridor Don’t need feeder 296 561 242
    • 39. 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 WorldwidecombinedlengthofBRTsystems(km) BRT expansion after “Gold Standard” BRT Projects after Curitiba after Quito, Brisbane, & European cities after Bogotá
    • 40. Johannesburg’s Rea Vaya BRT becomes first full BRT in Africa, Opens 2009
    • 41. 41 Combining Trunk, Feeder and Complimentary Service: Johannesburg: A good option
    • 42. Downtown Johannesburg has crime problems. Rea Vaya station areas become secure havens
    • 43. • Pre-paid, level boarding • Secure •weather-protected • Aesthetically pleasing The Stations are World Class
    • 44. Central verge configuration on narrow downtown one way streets is daring and innovative
    • 45. The Taxi Transition: Bus operators are former minibus taxi operators from 10 competing ‘mafias’. This was KEY to political success
    • 46. Transport minister of the city had her house attacked, and 2 security guards were killed.
    • 47. Guangzhou, China’s new pedestrian promenade along rediscovered ancient canal, Opened Nov 2010
    • 48. Gehl Architects · Urban Quality Consultants · Gl. Kongevej 1, 4.tv · 1610 Copenhagen V · Denmark · www.gehlarchitects.dk
    • 49. think
    • 50. New pedestrian street, Guangzhou, China. Every Chinese city has new pedestrian zones
    • 51. Mexico City Centro Historico Newly Pedestrianized Streets
    • 52. Cities rediscover pedestrians The magic of waterfronts is being rediscovered from London to Guayaquil (below)
    • 53. Victoria, British Colombia, Canada Source: Curbless Streets/Shared Space in Urban Contexts, Background, Issues & Examples, July 2007 de Brinkgood, Netherlands Odense, Denmark Shared Streets Hans Mondermann develops shared street concept
    • 54. Shared Streets Appear in Guangzhou, China
    • 55. NewKensingtonHighStreet. Children bike safelyin the MIDDLE of theroad....
    • 56. Poor people can lower cost of living by bicycling. Slums of Bogota
    • 57. After a decade of tearing out bike lanes, China is rebuilding them
    • 58. Guangzhou, first new bike lane on a major arterial since the early 1990s
    • 59. Delhi builds first modern Indian bike lanes, 2008
    • 60. Paris’ new bike lanes
    • 61. New York followed with major initiative starting 2008
    • 62. Car Free Days: Mexico City emulates Bogota
    • 63. New York copies Bogota and Mexico New York’s Summer Streets Programs: Over 1,000,000 people participated in 3 Sundays in August
    • 64. Bike sharing takes off globally after Paris Velib opens
    • 65. Lyon’s new waterfront w/ bikeshare
    • 66. Milan, Montreal, Washington DC, Stockholm, and dozens of other cities in Europe
    • 67. Then Hangzhou becomes largest bike sharing system in the world, 2009
    • 68. Model Rio launches bike sharing, 2009
    • 69. Mexico city launches bike share, 2010
    • 70. Guangzhou bike sharing opened in August, now 5000 bikes
    • 71. Road Removal: Highway tear-downs have become fashionable Seoul, Milwaukee, San Francisco,
    • 72. New Bikestation Long Beach, CA, Adjacent to Blue Line Light Rail
    • 73. Sao Paulo • 11km bike lanes along the river • Bike trips increased from 0.3% to 0.6% of total trips over a decade
    • 74. BEFORE AFTER Breda, The Netherlands
    • 75. Multi-modal Station with P&R Hamburg, Germany (Altona District)
    • 76. Parking Podiums Chicago Bangkok
    • 77. Detroit?
    • 78. Chicago privatizes downtown parking
    • 79. Supply Caps • Hamburg: Sealed inventory in Central Business District at roughly 30,000 spaces in 1976 • Zurich: “Historic Compromise” instituted in 1996 • Amsterdam: Every spot created off-street should remove a spot from on-street.
    • 80. Imagining the city we want…
    • 81. Ahmedabad (current site)
    • 82. Ahmedabad (rendering) Bimal Patel, HCP Design and Project Management
    • 83. Johannesburg (current site)
    • 84. Johannesburg(rendering) Osmond Lange Architects, Ikemeleng Architects
    • 85. New York (current site)
    • 86. New York (rendering) Architect: Michael Sorkin Studio
    • 87. Guangzhou (current site)
    • 88. Guangzhou (rendering) Urbanus Architecture and Design
    • 89. “Until we know what kind of city we want, we cant decide what sort of transportation system we should have.” Enrique Penalosa, ITDP President, Former Mayor, Bogota, Colombia www.itdp.org

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