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NPR Mobile Design Key Factors
NPR Mobile Design Key Factors
NPR Mobile Design Key Factors
NPR Mobile Design Key Factors
NPR Mobile Design Key Factors
NPR Mobile Design Key Factors
NPR Mobile Design Key Factors
NPR Mobile Design Key Factors
NPR Mobile Design Key Factors
NPR Mobile Design Key Factors
NPR Mobile Design Key Factors
NPR Mobile Design Key Factors
NPR Mobile Design Key Factors
NPR Mobile Design Key Factors
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NPR Mobile Design Key Factors

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NPR examines how different mobile user goals relate to each other and how its audience is likely to want to interact with NPR on mobile devices.

NPR examines how different mobile user goals relate to each other and how its audience is likely to want to interact with NPR on mobile devices.

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  • 1. Audience Insight & Research
    NPR Mobile Design Key FactorsA look at mobile user goals & how they can inform user persona creation for NPR mobile products
    December ‘09
    Matt Gallivan, Lori Kaplan
    NPR Audience Insight & Research
  • 2. Background & Objectives
    This survey was designed with the intention of creating mobile design personas that can inform the functional design of future NPR mobile products. Ultimately, the survey revealed four factors that can be instructive in further establishing mobile design personas.
    Survey was sent to NPR listeners of all mobile usage types via the NPR Listens listener panel; 891 responses were collected.
    Respondents were asked to rank the importance of a series of potential mobile user goals based on how they would ideally like to interact with NPR on a mobile device (despite whether or not they already do).
    Audience Insight & Research
  • 3. Methodology – User Goals
    Audience Insight & Research
    Survey respondents were asked to rank the importance of the following in a mobile NPR experience, regardless of their current use of NPR mobile products:
  • 4. Methodology
    Audience Insight & Research
    There were three steps to the analysis of this project, and it is important to differentiate between what each step shows us.
    First, a factor analysis was conducted to see how users conceptualized and mentally grouped the specific goals. These “factors” identify sets of related goals that should be accommodated by product design. They do not, however, represent segments of users.
    Secondly, a cluster analysis was conducted in order to see how respondents grouped together based on their responses. These segments could, theoretically, form the basis for quantitatively based design archetypes.
    Finally, responses to the user goal questions were filtered by respondents’ self-identification with one of three pre-existing NPR.org user personas. This shows how likely or unlikely certain types of NPR.org users are to consider each of the four mobile design factors important to their needs.
  • 5. Mobile Design Personas – Hypotheses
    Audience Insight & Research
    Heading into this project, the project team hypothesized the existence of four sets of interrelated user types with respect to interacting with NPR on a mobile device.
    News Reading
    Visually scan recent news headlines – Follow developing news stories – Browse stories by topic – Save stories for later listening – Save stories for later reading – Bookmark a story – Find something you heard on the radio —Set your favorite topics for easy viewing or listening – Set alerts so you are notified of news around certain topics– Customize the interface
    Active Listening
    Listen to full episodes of NPR programs– See the latest “rundown” of stories from NPR programs – Make a custom playlist of stories and programs – Browse through old episodes of NPR programs –Find the latest stories from certain NPR hosts or reporters – Share stories or shows via email or social network –Pause, skip ahead, and rewind audio –Save a story to synch across multiple devices —Find something you heard on the radio
    Passive Listening
    Have uninterrupted listening to audio –Have minimal load time when you launch an NPR app or player –Access live streaming audio quickly and easily – Control the volume easily –Shuffle stories from across programs – Listen to stories that NPR thinks you’d be interested in based on your ratings of other stories – See visuals related to audio as you listen – Control sponsorship messages – Find something you heard on the radio –Set alerts so you are notified of news around certain topics
    Distracted Listening
    Have a hands-free/voice-activated browsing experience– Navigate simply among limited features
  • 6. Mobile Design Factors – Actual
    Audience Insight & Research
    Factor analysis also revealed four groupings of related goals. While some were similar to what was hypothesized, the resulting categories have been renamed to better describe their associated goals. We have selected to use the phrase ‘design factors’ as opposed to personas as the data has shown largely that all of these goals are universally important to NPR content consumers.
    News Checking
    Visually scan recent news headlines – Follow developing news stories – Browse stories by topic – See the latest “rundown” of stories from NPR programs – Set your favorite topics for easy viewing or listening – Set alerts so you are notified of news around certain topics – Find something you heard on the radio
    Time-Shifting & Sharing
    Save stories for later listening – Save stories for later reading – Bookmark a story – Make a custom playlist of stories and programs – Pause, skip ahead, and rewind audio – Listen to full episodes of NPR programs– Share stories or shows via email or social network –Find something you heard on the radio
    Pocket Radio Listening
    Access live streaming audio quickly and easily – Control the volume easily – Have minimal load time when you launch an NPR app or player – Have uninterrupted listening to audio – Navigate simply among limited features – Control sponsorship messages – Find something you heard on the radio
    Customized Listening
    Shuffle stories from across programs – Have a hands-free/voice-activated browsing experience – Listen to stories that NPR thinks you’d be interested in based on your ratings of other stories – See visuals related to audio as you listen– Find the latest stories from certain NPR hosts or reporters– Customize the interface – Save a story to synch across multiple devices
  • 7. Mobile Design Factors – Shared Goals
    Audience Insight & Research
    Note that the goal of “Find something you heard on the radio” is shared among more than one factor, and one goal (“Browse old episodes”) was not associated with any other goals:
    News Checking
    Visually scan recent news headlines – Follow developing news stories – Browse stories by topic – See the latest “rundown” of stories from NPR programs – Set your favorite topics for easy viewing or listening – Set alerts so you are notified of news around certain topics – Find something you heard on the radio
    Time-Shifting & Sharing
    Save stories for later listening – Save stories for later reading – Bookmark a story – Make a custom playlist of stories and programs – Pause, skip ahead, and rewind audio – Listen to full episodes of NPR programs– Share stories or shows via email or social network –Find something you heard on the radio
    Pocket Radio Listening
    Access live streaming audio quickly and easily – Control the volume easily – Have minimal load time when you launch an NPR app or player – Have uninterrupted listening to audio – Navigate simply among limited features – Control sponsorship messages – Find something you heard on the radio
    Customized Listening
    Shuffle stories from across programs – Have a hands-free/voice-activated browsing experience – Listen to stories that NPR thinks you’d be interested in based on your ratings of other stories – See visuals related to audio as you listen– Find the latest stories from certain NPR hosts or reporters– Customize the interface – Save a story to synch across multiple devices
  • 8. Mobile Design Personas (Hypotheses) v. Factor Results (Actual)
  • 9. Clustering Respondents
    Audience Insight & Research
    The four design factors illustrate which goals were related to one another, but do not reflect how the survey respondents cluster together. To that end, a cluster analysis was performed to see if specific factors are more important to particular groups of individuals.
    Mean scores of answers to persona goals (0-10 scale)
    Three clusters emerged, but two of them (numbers 2 and 3 above) were remarkably similar to one another. What this shows us is that there are primarily two types of NPR mobile users: those who consider all of the listed mobile goals important, and those who consider none of them important. Beyond that underwhelming finding, it appears that goals associated with the Customized Listening experience are the least important goals to all three segments.
  • 10. Linking Mobile Design Factors with Web User Personas
    Audience Insight & Research
    NPR has pre-existing web user personas that were developed in partnership with Schematic during the site redesign of 2008-2009
    Questions were added to this survey asking respondents to self-identify with the one of these personas with which they most closely identified (numbers in red represent percentage of respondents who self-identified as each):
    The Insatiable Newshound 55%
    I listen to NPR most days, and consider it one of several sources I rely on for news.
    The Consistent Listener 33%
    I listen to NPR quite a bit and consider its storytelling, humor and human sides as important– if not more important– that the news I get from it.
    The Purist Listener 11%
    I am a fan of NPR’s that listens when I can, though that is not as often as I would like.
    The Lapsed Listener1%
    I sometimes listen to NPR, but those times are few and far between. I sometimes find NPR to be too dry and dull.
  • 11. NPR.org Personas: Mobile ScorecardThe Insatiable Newshound 55%
    Audience Insight & Research
    Mobile Scorecard
    Marty is ___ % more likely than average to find these goals important :
    Average
    News
    Checking
    Pocket Radio Listening
    Martin E. Davis
    I am an insatiable consumer of news and current events– I visit a number of news sources throughout the day, and NPR.org is one of those.
    Goals: Marty wants to be (and remain) informed in intriguing and complete ways almost all day long.
    Time-Shifting
    Sharing
    Customized
    Listening
  • 12. NPR.org Personas: Mobile ScorecardThe Consistent Listener 33%
    Audience Insight & Research
    Mobile Scorecard
    Judy is ___ % more likely than average to find these goals to be important:
    Average
    News
    Checking
    Judith T Bellino
    I see NPR as my most trusted source for news, knowledge, insight and storytelling. I listen to various NPR programs and visit NPR.org for more information and to catch up on anything I’ve missed.
    Goals: Judy wants to rely on a trusted (and editorial) source to provide knowledge, insight and efficiency. She wants others to do the “heavy lifting” in information gathering, and stories delivered in a compelling way.
    Pocket Radio Listening
    Time-Shifting
    Sharing
    Customized
    Listening
  • 13. NPR.org Personas: Mobile ScorecardThe Purist Listener 11%
    Audience Insight & Research
    Mobile Scorecard
    Sabrina is ___ % more likely than average to find these goals to be important:
    Average
    News
    Checking
    Pocket Radio Listening
    Sabrina Breda
    I often listen to NPR on the radio, but rarely visit NPR.org. For online news, I go to Yahoo! or Google News and use those sites to sort through all the news out there for me.
    Goals: Sabrina lives in a completely information-saturated world and wants to make the most of her time. She uses tools such as email alerts, RSS, etc. to help her do that. To her, NPR is a “club.”
    Time-Shifting
    Sharing
    Customized
    Listening
  • 14. NPR.org Personas: Mobile ScorecardThe Lapsed Listener 1%
    Audience Insight & Research
    Mobile Scorecard
    James is ___ % more likely than average to find these goals to be important:
    Average
    News
    Checking
    Pocket Radio Listening
    James D. Emmanuel
    My busy lifestyle makes it difficult for me to listen to radio programs or watch TV. I recall and appreciate that NPR has great content, but I often don’t have the time or ability to listen.
    Goals: James wouldn’t mind rekindling his relationship with NPR, it just needs to be on his terms and on his schedule.
    Time-Shifting
    Sharing
    Customized
    Listening

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