Why management is quackery. Keynote by Niels Pflaeging at HFU Business School (Villingen-Schwenningen/D)

  • 5,008 views
Uploaded on

Why management is quackery. And what leadership for the 21st century must really look like - keynote at HFU Business School, Villingen-Schwenningen, December 2013 …

Why management is quackery. And what leadership for the 21st century must really look like - keynote at HFU Business School, Villingen-Schwenningen, December 2013

More in: Business
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
5,008
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
13

Actions

Shares
Downloads
112
Comments
0
Likes
15

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Why management is quackery. Niels PflaegingAnd what leadership for the 21st centurymust really look likeKeynote at University Villingen-Schwenningen Villingen-Schwenningen/Germany, 19 December 2012 Illustrations used with kind permission by Jurgen Appelo
  • 2. ?! Typical questions about work & organizations
  • 3. ?! Together, we are kind of dumb. But why?
  • 4. Not much healing going on here.But still a great business
  • 5. ThinkingDoing
  • 6. The dependence model –inherited from theindustrial ageLooks like a grid.No coincidence.
  • 7. There could be intelligent life inthe lower part of the pyramid…
  • 8. Complicated/many rules > Stupid behaviorSimple/few principles >Complex behavior Don´t do evil.
  • 9. An organization
  • 10. Most organizations are obsessed with individual performance.But individual performance is a myth, actually.
  • 11. We know that everyone in an organization is interconnected.So performance and success are complex things…
  • 12. Complexity and its consequences forwork and leadership
  • 13. The impact of complexity on work:Value creation has two parts Dynamic part – solution: man Formal part – solution: machine
  • 14. high dynamicDynamic part of value creationSolution: man Age of crafts manu- facturing Local markets, high customi- zationFormal part ofvalue creation Solution: machine 1850/1900 t
  • 15. high dynamic sluggishness/low dynamicDynamic part of value creationSolution: man Age of Age of crafts manu- tayloristic facturing industry Local markets, Spacious markets, high customi- little competition zationFormal part ofvalue creation Solution: machine 1850/1900 1970/80 t
  • 16. high dynamic sluggishness/low dynamic high dynamicDynamic part of value creationSolution: man Age of Age of Age of crafts manu- tayloristic global facturing industry markets Local markets, Outperformers exercise Spacious markets, market pressure over high customi- little competition conventional companies zationFormal part ofvalue creation Solution: machine 1850/1900 1970/80 today t The dominance of high dynamics and complexity is neither good or bad. It‘s a historical fact.
  • 17. Guess where in this “Taylor bathtub” timeline interdependence becomes vital!Dynamic part of value creationSolution: man Age of Age of Age of crafts manu- tayloristic global facturing industry markets Local markets, Outperformers exercise Spacious markets, market pressure over high customi- little competition conventional companies zationFormal part ofvalue creation Solution: machine 1850/1900 1970/80 today t
  • 18. “Socially dense market organization”. Is that possible? Command, Radical transparency,Problems, control social density,information group pressure Frame: values, Frame: rules, principles, roles, responsibilities, shared objectives job descriptions
  • 19. Industry RetailIt is possible Services Governments & NGOs
  • 20. But…We have to build consensus about human nature.What are people like?
  • 21. McGregors critical distinction Theory X Theory Y Attitude People dislike work, People need to work and want to take an interest find it boring, and will avoid it if they can in it. Under right conditions, they enjoy it Direction People must be forced or bribed People will direct themselves to make the right effort towards a target that they accept ResponsibilityPeople would rather be directed than accept People will seek and accept responsibility, responsibility, (which they avoid) under the right conditions Motivation People are motivated mainly by money Under the right conditions, people are motivated and fears about their job security by the desire to realize their own potential Creativity Most people have little creativity - except Creativity and ingenuity are widely distributed when it comes to getting round rules and grossly underusedSource: Douglas McGregor, ‘The Human Side of Enterprise’, 1960
  • 22. Behavior Context Human NatureWe have an observation problem
  • 23. Power to the teams
  • 24. Social density, or “peer pressure”
  • 25. Success is not a zero-sum gameLow, or average performance High, or superior performance
  • 26. Central coordination is luxury.One you cannot afford in complexity
  • 27. Product Sales Back Office Management Business team 2 Business team 1Functional division: a bad idea Business team 3
  • 28. Everybody knows this kind of structure.Disadvantage: It´s not actually real.
  • 29. ?! Structure No. 2Structure No. 1 ?! Structure No. 3
  • 30. This one is also well-known. Much more real
  • 31. But this?
  • 32. 2 Informal Structure1 Formal Structure 3 Value Creation Structure
  • 33. Now, this is real!
  • 34. Market PeripheryCenter
  • 35. Market PeripheryCenter
  • 36. Market PeripheryCenter
  • 37. Market Periphery ! Center ! 2 Information ! 3 Decision 4 Command1 Impulse 5 ReactionCustomer
  • 38. Market ! ! Periphery ! Center Serves the periphery, ! if needed ! !1 Impulse 2 Decision 3 ReactionCustomer
  • 39. Market (very powerful today)Organization & teams
  • 40. When markets lead, it´s good to have a periphery that´s in charge.Decentralized decision-making becomes a question of survival
  • 41. Periphery:roles, influence…
  • 42. Center: roles, influence…
  • 43. “Help the center lose its arrogance”.Because it´s hard
  • 44. Practice. Practice. Practice
  • 45. The dependence model - The in(ter)dependence model:nice illusion Where everyone can think. And everyone has to!
  • 46. Transparency & ImprovementPeer team comparisonsComparisons w/previous periodsDialogue & dissentPay by market valueResult sharing…Fixed & individual targetsManagement by ObjectivesBudgets & PlansPerformance appraisalsPay by PositionPay for PerformanceIncentives & Bonuses…
  • 47. The 10.000 hour principleFor mastery and learning.Pretty important
  • 48. Winning: only together, not individually.Celebrate results. Not meeting targets.
  • 49. Independence at work:Leadership means working on the system.Not on people.
  • 50. Organizing the work requires a new codex: based on scientific insight.understanding of complexity & human natureLaw The In(ter)dependence The Dependence model – Beta model – Alpha§1 Freedom to act Connectedness not Dependency§2 Responsibility Cells not Departments§3 Governance Leadership not Management§4 Performance climate Result culture not Duty fulfillment§5 Success Fit not Maximization§6 Transparency Intelligence flow not Power accumulation§7 Orientation Relative Targets not Top-down prescription§8 Recognition Sharing not Incentives§9 Mental presence Preparedness not Planning§10 Decision-making Consequence not Bureaucracy§11 Resource usage Purpose-driven not Status-oriented§12 Coordination Market dynamics not Commands
  • 51. .! . Let´s bring independence to work. It works.
  • 52. !! Niels Pflaeging, www.nielspflaeging.com www.betacodex.orgAll illustrations: Jurgen Appelo www.noop.nl and Niels Pflaeging @NielsPflaeging