Research, Policy & Evaluation: Complex Intersections: Navigating the Waters of Policy, Research and Practices to Best Serve Underrepresented Students
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Research, Policy & Evaluation: Complex Intersections: Navigating the Waters of Policy, Research and Practices to Best Serve Underrepresented Students

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This session examined the role of education policy and scholarly research in informing college access programs and how programs in turn influence the direction of the research community.

This session examined the role of education policy and scholarly research in informing college access programs and how programs in turn influence the direction of the research community.

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  • Before I get into those efforts, let me say a little bit more about IHEP As I mentioned earlier, IHEP is a non-profit, non-partisan organization focused on the postsecondary access and success of underserved populations. We approach all of our work with an underlying question: Will this help serve minority, first-generation, and low-income youth in access to and success in college and career? This approach means questioning at every turn how our research and programmatic work – work that I will share with you in a moment – ultimately have the potential to move the needle for these populations in a positive direction. As an organization, we learned early on that the best way to do this is to build networks and leverage our partners as a way of achieving our organizational mission. Audiences for our work include researchers, policymakers, and practitioners who are working to make change at the ground level. We share our work through research reports and studies, seminars and convenings, and network and capacity building efforts as an intermediary for various organizations.
  • The resources that I will share with you today come out of our work with the Pathways to College Network, which is a program based at IHEP. The Pathways to College Network is an alliance of nearly 30 organizations working to advance college opportunity for underserved students. We do this by collaborating with our partners to raise public awareness, support innovative research, and promote what works across the K-12 and higher education sectors. The Pathways website, which I will share with you in a moment, hosts an array of online resources that were designed to support researchers, policymakers and practitioners in their efforts to increase college opportunities for all students The Pathways network also publishes an online e-newsletter, issue briefs, and research publications and participates in presentations like this one today. It discussing the Pathways Network today, it is important to stress the history of Pathways, which came from the idea of using evidence to inform practice and policy-encouraging research that is both rigorous and relevant-something practitioners can use
  • The resources that I will share with you today come out of our work with the Pathways to College Network, which is a program based at IHEP. The Pathways to College Network is an alliance of nearly 30 organizations working to advance college opportunity for underserved students. We do this by collaborating with our partners to raise public awareness, support innovative research, and promote what works across the K-12 and higher education sectors. The Pathways website, which I will share with you in a moment, hosts an array of online resources that were designed to support researchers, policymakers and practitioners in their efforts to increase college opportunities for all students The Pathways network also publishes an online e-newsletter, issue briefs, and research publications and participates in presentations like this one today. It discussing the Pathways Network today, it is important to stress the history of Pathways, which came from the idea of using evidence to inform practice and policy-encouraging research that is both rigorous and relevant-something practitioners can use
  • As I mentioned earlier, the Pathways to College Network online resources can serve as a resource in your efforts The site hosts three online libraries and four online tools, many of which are managed by our Pathways partners, an example of how we leverage our partners resources The Pathways to College Network library can be used to access research, for example, on your program’s effectiveness. The tools can also be used to find data from your state to use as fodder to persuade potential partners of the urgency of the need to increase access and success for undeserved populations Strategies come out of our research at the Pathways to College Network, www.pathwaystocollege.net Focus on a specific issue with a measurable outcome Use PCN Online Library to search for research studies on the topic Identify concrete recommendations that could inform your work Always ask: Is it worth it? Reference what works Utilize data to demonstrate effective programs The Pathways Network provides access to nearly 30 Partners, who in turn provide access to numerous online resources on proven practices for student success Use research to demonstrate the effectiveness of your own program
  • Walk participants through one or two examples of research to policy and outline the state and federal education policy climate today Use the creation of GEAR UP as an example Once in postsecondary, students were more likely to stay. Addresses leakage and transition between high school and college FAFSA is a barrier for students Students taking out more private loans – what is the effect on students and on institutions Canary in the coal mine; We need to do a better job of this Align practices with state- and federal- policy: consistency in the environment

Research, Policy & Evaluation: Complex Intersections: Navigating the Waters of Policy, Research and Practices to Best Serve Underrepresented Students Research, Policy & Evaluation: Complex Intersections: Navigating the Waters of Policy, Research and Practices to Best Serve Underrepresented Students Presentation Transcript

  • Complex Intersections: Navigating the Waters of Policy, Research, and Practice to Best Serve Underrepresented Students NPEA April 2010 PRESENTED BY The Institute for Higher Education Policy Lorelle Espinosa, Ph.D. Director of Policy and Strategic Initiatives Institute for Higher Education Policy Anne Bowles, M.A. Policy and Outreach Associate Institute for Higher Education Policy
  • About IHEP
    • Independent, non-profit organization whose mission is to increase college access and success in postsecondary education around the world through unique research and innovative programs
    • Committed to equal opportunity for ALL, with a special emphasis on historically underrepresented populations, such as low-income, minority, and first-generation college students
    • Primary audiences for IHEP are those who make or inform decisions about education: policymakers, senior institutional leaders, researchers, funders, private sector leaders, and the media
    • Key activities include policy research reports and studies, seminars and convenings, network- and capacity- building efforts, as an intermediary for various organizations, and presentations
  • About the Pathways to College Network
    • Alliance of nearly 30 national organizations that advances college opportunity for underserved students by raising public awareness, supporting innovative research, and promoting evidence-based policies and practices across the K-12 and higher education sectors
    • Pathways promotes the use of research that is both rigorous and actionable, and the alignment of efforts across middle school, high school, and higher education in order to promote college access and success for underserved students
    • Primary audiences for Pathways are researchers, policymakers, and practitioners at the secondary and post-secondary levels
    • Key activities include research-based publications, network convenings, e- newsletter, issue briefs, online tools and resources, and presentations
  • Intersections Policy Research and Evaluation Federal Policy State Policy Institutional Policy and Practice Programmatic Activities
  • Higher Education Policy Environment PRESENTED BY Institute for Higher Education Policy
  • Student Aid Bill What’s In / What’s Out Chronicle of Higher Education with modifications What’s In What’s Out Automatic annual increase in maximum Pell Grant, by rate of inflation Automatic annual increase in maximum Pell Grant, by rate of inflation plus one percentage point $2-billion for community-college grant program to improve educational and career-training programs $10-billion for community-college grants   $750-million for College Access Challenge Grants   $3-billion for College Access and Innovation Fund $2.55-billion for historically black colleges and minority-serving institutions Expansion of Perkins Loan program, from $1-billion per year to $6-billion $1.5-billion to increase income-based repayment benefits for student-loan borrowers  
  • Pell Grants
    • Adds $36 Billion for Pell Grants
    • Appropriation for Pell Grant Shortfall: The bill appropriates $13.5 billion to fund projected short-falls in Pell appropriation levels through fiscal year (FY) 2012.
    • Mandatory Pell Add-Ons
    • Pell Grant maximums in future years would be changed to reflect an appropriated base with a mandatory add-on. From 2014-15 through 2017-18, increases to the mandatory add-on would be based on estimated changes to the consumer price index (CPI). The add-ons would be calculated as follows.
    • For 2012-13 , the bill reduces the previous mandatory add-on from $1090 to $690 (the $690 add-on is maintained for 2010-11 and 2011-12).
    • For 2013-14 , the bill establishes a mandatory add-on equal to:
    • [Greater of $5550 or prior year's maximum (i.e., total of appropriated amount + mandatory add-on)] minus [Greater of $4860 or prior year's appropriated maximum, rounded to the nearest $5, with a minimum add-on of $690].
  • Loans
    • Income-Based Repayment (IBR): Beginning on July 1, 2014, new borrowers will qualify for IBR if the borrower's standard repayment exceeds 10% of discretionary income and the income-based repayment amount is lowered to 10 percent of the borrower's discretionary income. Loan forgiveness occurs after 20 years of repayment.
    • Elimination of the Federal Family Education Loan Program (FFELP): No new Stafford, PLUS, or consolidation loans may be disbursed through the FFEL program after June 30, 2010.
    • Assistance to Institutions Participating in the DL Program: The Secretary is required to provide technical assistance to institutions of higher education participating or seeking to participate in the Direct Loan Program and is given $50 million for fiscal year (FY) 2010 in funding to provide such assistance.
  • Access & Success Initiatives
    • College Access Challenge Grant Program : Funding for the program is increased annually from FY 2010 through FY 2014.
    • Community Colleges : Appropriates $500 Million a year for fiscal years 2010 through 2014 in the Community College and Career Training Grant program for community colleges to develop and improve educational or career training programs. Ensures that each state receives at least 0.5 percent of the total funds appropriated.
  • Pathways to College Network
    • Pathways can serve as a resource
    • Online libraries
    • Online tools
    • e-newsletter
    • Issue briefs
    • Presentations
    • Access to broad network of partner organizations working in the college access and success space
  • Points of Intersection
    • Research that informs federal policy: GEAR UP
    • Research that informs state policy: Dual-enrollment programs and early college high schools
    • Research that informs practice: College Goal Sunday
    • Practice that informs research: Private loan phenomenon
    • Practitioners are on the front line of identifying the next big research and policy issue (e.g. longer learning days)
  • Key Takeaways
    • In the ‘evidence-based’ era, practitioners are wise to use research to inform practice
    • Use data to demonstrate the effectiveness of your program and to drive the research questions
    • Research findings can in turn influence both practice and policy
    • There are gaps in the continuum: Call to action
  • Small Group Discussion
    • How have you made use of research in your work? (e.g. to inform proposals, programming, etc.)
    • Where/how do you access research?
    • Have you seen research inform policy in your program, school, or state?
    • What day-to-day challenges could be served by research?
    • How can you and your colleagues (i.e. practice) better inform research and policy?
    • How can Pathways help close the gaps?
  • Contact Information
    • Lorelle Espinosa, Ph.D.
    • Director of Policy and Strategic Initiatives
    • Institute for Higher Education Policy
    • [email_address]
    • Anne Bowles, M.A.
    • Policy and Outreach Associate
    • Institute for Higher Education Policy
    • [email_address]
    • IHEP website: www.ihep.org
    • Pathways website: www.pathwaystocollege.net