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UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation
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UK e-Infrastructure: Widening Access, Increasing Participation

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A talk given at the ICHEC Annual Seminar by Neil Chue Hong, reflecting on the rise of Grid and Web 2.0, and how this might enable increased participation and use of computing infrastructure for …

A talk given at the ICHEC Annual Seminar by Neil Chue Hong, reflecting on the rise of Grid and Web 2.0, and how this might enable increased participation and use of computing infrastructure for e-Science and research.

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    • 1. Neil Chue Hong Director, OMII-UK [email_address] UK e-Infrastructure: increasing access, widening participation ICHEC 2007, 13-14 December 2007, Dublin
    • 2. Neil Chue Hong Director, OMII-UK [email_address] UK e-Infrastructure: increasing access, widening participation ICHEC 2007, 13-14 December 2007, Dublin but first… I’ll give an overview of this… and my thoughts on this…
    • 3. OMII-UK: Software Solutions for e-Research
      • OMII-UK provides software and support to enable a sustained future for the UK e-Science community and its international collaborators.
        • Core support and development: £7.8 million
        • Commissioned Software Programme: £1.4 million
        • ENGAGE: improving access to e-Infrastructure: £0.9 million
        • Phase II: 2006 - 2009
    • 4. OMII-UK: Adding benefit to e-Science
      • More than just the middleware
        • go above the components to provide added value
      • Skilled team to help the community
        • putting the right things together, integrating components
        • providing consultancy and support to improve takeup
        • developing, commissioning and improving software
    • 5. What is infrastructure?
    • 6. What is UK e-Infrastructure?
      • A shared resource
        • That enables science, research, engineering, medicine, industry, …
        • It will improve UK / European / … productivity
          • Lisbon Accord 2000
          • E-Science Vision SR2000 – John Taylor
        • Commitment by UK government
          • Sections 2.23-2.25
        • Always there
          • c.f. telephones, transport, power
        • OSI report
          • www.nesc.ac.uk/documents/OSI/index.html
    • 7. e-Infrastructure
      • the use of computing to support research
      but more than just the hardware
    • 8. Slide: Neil Geddes
    • 9. e-Science Centres in the UK Oxford Edinburgh Belfast Cambridge STFC Daresbury Manchester LeSC Newcastle Southampton Cardiff STFC Harwell Glasgow Leicester UCL Birmingham White Rose Grid Bristol Lancaster Reading Access Grid Support Centre Digital Curation Centre National Grid Service National Centre for e-Social Science National Centre for Text Mining National Institute for Environmental e-Science OMII-UK Sheffield York Leeds Coordinated by: Directors’ Forum & NeSC
    • 10. e-Science is me-Science e-Science is me -Science Why share unless you gain a benefit? To share you need credit credit implies trust and trust needs provenance
    • 11. The Four Levels of e-Science Enlightenment
      • 1) Resources: Providing access to a larger and wider diversity
    • 12. Toolkits and Middleware
      • The plumbing of “the Grid”
        • Globus Toolkit, UNICORE, gLite, OMII
        • but also .Net/CCS, Websphere
      • Providing standardised interfaces to resources
    • 13. GridPP: the UK Grid for particle physics
      • UK’s largest e-science project
      • 19 UK Universities + STFC
      • GridPP1 2001-2004
      • "From Web to Grid" [£16m+]
      • GridPP2+ 2004-2008
      • "From Prototype to Production” [£17m+]
      • GridPP3 2008-2011
      • "From Production to Exploitation” [£30m]
    • 14. GridPP: the UK Grid for particle physics
      • Grid to analyse data from the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN
        • Operations – Tier-1 centre at Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, 16 other sites
        • Middleware – uses gLite
        • Applications for particle physics experiments
      • > 5,000 CPUs and > 1/2 Petabyte of disk storage
      • Part of EGEE Grid
        • UK/Ireland region contributed 30 million kSI2k-hours in 2006 – 25% of the total
        • UK CPU used by biomedics, fusion, industry…
      • Worldwide LHC computing Grid - by 2008 (full year’s data taking)
        • CPU ~100MSI2k (100,000 CPUs)
        • Storage ~80PB
        • Involving >100 institutes worldwide
    • 15. Don’t be a banana, be a potato!
    • 16. What do we need to share resources? Security Data Integration Registries Metadata is the key
    • 17. What do we need to share resources?
      • Networking
      • Sharing
      • Annotation
      • Reuse
      • Search
      • Getting people involved in a community
    • 18. Interoperability through standards?
      • Each infrastructure runs different middleware; most of it works
      • Standards needed for:
        • security
        • data transport
        • job submission
      • Standardisation is more important than standards
        • documentation
        • APIs
        • tools
      “ The great thing about standards is they’re so many of them to choose from!”
    • 19. Uniform access to computing resources
      • Client only needs to know about applications
      • “ Super-users” allow standard configurations to be setup
      • Software used to provide several abstraction layers
      Campus Grid Toolkit: easy to install grid for job submission GridSAM/AHE Courtesy: Stefan Zasada
    • 20. Uniform access to data resources OGSA-DAI: data integration for service providers Image courtesy SEEGEO/MoSeS
    • 21. The Four Levels of e-Science Enlightenment
      • 1) Resources: Providing access to a larger and wider diversity
      • 2) Automation: Repeatability and management of experiments
    • 22. Taking control of the research Taverna: effortless workflows for scientists
    • 23. Statistical variability Slide: Asen Asenov The simulation Paradigm now A 22 nm MOSFET In production 2008 A 4.2 nm MOSFET In production 2023
    • 24. Delivering new results Simple concept I ntegrated H ierarchical S tatistical D esign Complex data and workflows D ata and C ompute I ntensive S ecurity S ensitive Slide: Richard Sinnott
    • 25. The Four Levels of e-Science Enlightenment
      • 1) Resources: Providing access to a larger and wider diversity
      • 2) Automation: Repeatability and management of experiments
      • 3) Collaboration: Intra + cross disciplinary networks
    • 26. Building better and bigger communities
      • Virtual Research Environments
        • bridge gap between infrastructure and users
        • integrate functionality and facilities
      • Harness interest in communities - make it easy to contribute and easy to benefit
        • infrastructure
        • annotation tools
        • graphical environment
      Silchester Roman Town Project
    • 27. Slide: David De Roure
    • 28. Friends in the Community: OMII-UK PALs Open Source GIS Standards Data Mining Data Integration BioMoby Virtual Labs Alexander Woehrer Isao Kojima Chris Higgins Stephen McGough Mark Wilkinson Marco Roos Matthew Pocock
    • 29. The Four Levels of e-Science Enlightenment
      • 1) Resources: Providing access to a larger and wider diversity
      • 2) Automation: Repeatability and management of experiments
      • 3) Collaboration: Intra + cross disciplinary networks
      • 4) Participation: Increasing access to a wider set of users; increasing knowledge in a domain
    • 30. The Rise of Web 2.0
      • New sites allow non-technical users to share information and interact in programmable environments
        • Social Networking: MySpace, Bebo, Facebook
        • GIS: Google Maps, Google Earth
        • Preference Matching: Amazon
        • Meta-clustering: digg, del.icio.us
        • Information Publishing: Flickr
    • 31. The Rise of Web 2.0
      • New sites allow non-technical users to share information and interact in programmable environments
        • Social Networking: MySpace, Bebo, Facebook
        • GIS: Google Maps, Google Earth
        • Preference Matching: Amazon
        • Meta-clustering: digg, del.icio.us
        • Information Publishing: Flickr
      • An army of curators, a world of information
    • 32. Galaxy Zoo
    • 33. climate prediction .net Users Worldwide >300,000 users total (90% MS Windows): >60,000 active ~17 million model-years simulated (as of September '06) ~180,000 completed simulations Slide: Robert Gurney The world's largest climate modelling supercomputer! (NB: a black dot is one or more computers running climate prediction .net )
    • 34. From Web 2.0 back to HEC again
      • Managing data is the challenge: computation is a valuable tool
      Capturing and improving scholarly process is difficult Modelling the spread of insect borne disease
    • 35. Different Aspects for Different Users Applied Technology Specialists e-Infrastructure e-Researchers (domain & generic) Providers
    • 36. Scientific flexibility not mechanistic complexity
      • High expectations of Grids and e-Science
        • not all of them met
      • Most users just want the familiar but
        • bigger, better, faster, more
      • End-Users are interested in the fine grained detail
        • but for quality choices, not mechanical choices
          • performance, reliability, politics, brand, …
      • Developers care about the detail and need to manage it
    • 37. ENGAGE: developing new users of e-Infrastructure
      • JISC funded, OMII-UK and NGS
      • Work with e-IUS/e-Uptake, follow up on SUPER, target individual research groups
        • Capture research scenarios
        • Collaborate on e-Infrastructure designs
        • Implementation and deployment
      • Aim to create specific examples of research benefit from e-Infrastructure
      • Get “non e-Science” groups to participate
      Use and Deployment Development and Integration Interventions Training Support Design Document and Disseminate Study Practice, Barriers, Enablers and Requirements ENGAGE www.engage.ac.uk
    • 38. What do we mean by integration?
      • Integration is more than just joining software
          • sharing resources dynamically at many levels
            • person to person
            • published workflows
      Metadata is still the key but it is not a purely technical problem
    • 39. Increasing access, widening participation People Infrastructure Tools Standards Research Output
    • 40. OMII-UK Team
    • 41. UK e-Infrastructure: increasing access, widening participation Neil Chue Hong Director, OMII-UK [email_address]
    • 42. OMII-UK: For all kinds of users Taverna: effortless workflows for scientists OGSA-DAI: data integration for service providers PAG: AG videoconferencing for anyone Campus Grid Toolkit: easy to install grid for job submission
    • 43. The Four Levels of e-Science Enlightenment
      • 1) Resources: Providing access to a larger and wider diversity
      • 2) Automation: Repeatability and management of experiments
      • 3) Collaboration: Intra + cross disciplinary networks
      • 4) Participation: Increasing access to a wider set of users; increasing knowledge in a domain
    • 44. Evolution National Global European e-Infrastructure Slide: Neil Geddes Testbeds Utility Service Routine Usage

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