“ After the frankincense is collected, it is conveyed by camel to Sabota, and one of the gates of the city is opened to receive the merchandise. The kings enacted a permanent law that it is a serious crime for a camel bearing frankincense to divert from the main road. In Sabota, the priests levy a tithe on the frankincense for the god known as Sabin … From here, the merchandise may be conveyed through the land of the Gebbanites only, and therefore tax must be paid to the king of this people as well. Their capital is Thomna, which is 1487.5 miles [2380 km] from Gaza in Judea, located on the coast of the Mediterranean. The journey is divided into 65 stages [36.6 km each], at each of which is a rest station for the camels. Regular portions of frankincense must be paid to the priests of the lands, their kings, and their scribes. In addition, portions are also taken by guards at gates and their servants. In addition to these, they must pay all the way, in one place for water, elsewhere for a place at the way station, and also for food. Thus, expenses come to 688 denarii even before reaching the Mediterranean. Then our imperial tax officials must be paid again. Because of this, the price of good frankincense can be six denerii per liter, average frankincense can be five denarii, and the third type can be three denarii”.
Pliny, Historia Naturalis, 12:32: 63-65
Moa Kasra Nekarot Ein-Saharonim Makhmal Sivta Avdat Nizana Mamshit Gaza Petra The Incense Route Haluza Graffon
SITES AND AREA Linear Property: The Route 65 km. Long, average 1.0 km wide 484 47 Shivta 514 242 Mamshit 278 52 Haluza 62,592 6,314 The Route and Avdat Area of Buffer Zone in Hectares Area of Core Zone in Hectares Sites
Management Plan The Nature and Parks Authority Responsible for the management and protection of nature reserves, national parks and the natural and heritage assets in Israel The Authority is comprised of five administrative districts The Incense Route and Desert Cities are included in the Southern District