CGT 106: The evolution of the Internet, the Web and social networks

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A quick overview of how the Internet, the Web and social networks evolved.

A quick overview of how the Internet, the Web and social networks evolved.

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  • 1. The History of the Internet
  • 2. In the beginning... ...Al Gore did NOT invent the Internet. Footnote: He never said he did.
  • 3. It starts with the Cold War
  • 4. U.S. forms ARPA in response
  • 5. Communications is vital... Circuit switching
  • 6. ...but vulnerable to nuclear attack Circuit switching
  • 7. Networks are the answer... J.C.R. Licklider's “Intergalactic Network” of computers
  • 8. ...along with packet switching
  • 9. “Bring on the Commies!” Packets can route around damage caused by nuclear attack
  • 10. 1969: ARPAnet is born
  • 11. The first LOGIN message  L …  O …  G (computer crashed)
  • 12. ARPAnet grows quickly
  • 13. Soon ARPAnet is too complex
  • 14. Protocols don't match up
  • 15. Along comes Vinton Cerf...
  • 16. ...who has developed TCP/IP...
  • 17. TCP/IP lets networks... ...talk easily with one another.
  • 18. 1990: ARPAnet shuts down
  • 19. The Internet takes its place
  • 20. Al Gore plays a significant role  First elected official to recognize potential of computers in education, business and other non-military uses.  Sponsors landmark legislation in 1991, which provided funding for high-performance computing.  The so-called Gore Bill leads to development of Mosaic, the first graphical web browser, which eventually leads to Firefox.
  • 21. In 1991, Tim Berners-Lee...
  • 22. ...invents the WorldWideWeb
  • 23. Instead of connecting networks...
  • 24. ...the Web connects pages...
  • 25. ...using hyperlinks
  • 26. The first web page
  • 27. The Oregon connection Douglas Engelbart (1925 – July 2, 2013)  Helps develop hypertext in 1960s  First public demo of hypertext in 1968  Born in Portland  Oregon State College engineering graduate
  • 28. The rise of social networks
  • 29. Instead of connecting networks...
  • 30. ...instead of connecting pages...
  • 31. Social networks connect...
  • 32. ...people
  • 33. 1971: the start of social media? Ray Tomlinson sends the world's first e-mail to himself
  • 34. 1994: the first recognized blog
  • 35. 2002: Friendster One of the first major social-networking sites
  • 36. 2002: Last.fm Social network for music lovers
  • 37. 2003: WordPress WordPress and other blogging platforms proliferate
  • 38. 2003: LinkedIn For professional networking and career advancement
  • 39. 2003: MySpace World's first major social network
  • 40. 2004: Thefacebook (later Facebook)  Mark Zuckerberg launches the social network from his Harvard dorm room  Facebook opens in 2006 to anyone 13 and older with a valid e-mail address  Facebook goes public in 2012
  • 41. 2005: YouTube video-sharing
  • 42. 2006: Twitter social-messaging History's first tweet. It wasn't about his lunch.
  • 43. 2007: Tumblr Tumblr makes blogging easy and visual
  • 44. 2009: “Unfriend” added to dictionary
  • 45. 2010: Instagram It's like Photoshop-meets-social-networking
  • 46. 2010: Pinterest Scrapbook? Pinboard? Social network? All of the above
  • 47. 2010: Friendster reborn... ...as a social-gaming network
  • 48. 2011: Google+ Google's answer to Facebook
  • 49. 2012: Facebook reaches... 1 BILLION USERS
  • 50. 2013: Vine Sharing 6-second vides with the world
  • 51. What's coming next?
  • 52. CGT 106 Social Media Exploration Steve Woodward, Instructor srwoodward@clark.edu Twitter: @nozzlsteve