SAFETY
in the
Clinical Laboratory
Psalm 24: 4-5
He who has clean hands and a pure heart,
who does not lift up his soul to what is false
and does not swear d...
OUTLINE
• Safety Hazards
• Sources of Hazards
• How to deal with hazards
SAFETY HAZARDS
Biological
Sharp
Chemical
Radioactive
Electrical
Fire/explosive
Physical
Biological Hazards
Source
• Specimen
• Fomites
• Patients
Possible infection
• Bacterial
• Fungal
• Viral
• parasitic
Chain of Infection
Host
TransmissionSource
Universal Precautions (UP)
All patients are considered to be
possible carriers of bloodborne
pathogens
It excluded urine a...
Body Substance Isolation (BSI)
All body fluids and moist
body substances are
considered to be
potentially infectious.
Hand...
Standard Precautions (SP)
Treat all biological
specimens as potentially
infectious.
SP
• Latex
• Powder free nitrile
• Cotton
• Lightweight cotton
• Cut-resistant
• Finger cots
• Heavy duty
neoprene
• Polyethy...
SP
• Spill control
• Spill clean-up
• Decontamination
SP
• Environmental
protection
• Waste disposal
What is the disinfectant of choice for
bloodborne pathogens?
SODIUM HYPOCHLORITE (1:10)
How are biological wastes disposed...
Sharp hazards
Possible Injury
• Cuts, punctures
• Bloodborne
pathogen exposure
Chemical Hazards
Source
• Preservatives
• Reagents
Possible Injury
• Exposure to
toxic,
carcinogenic, or
caustic agents
• Chemical spills
• Chemical handling
• Chemical Hygiene
Plan (CHP)
• Chemical labeling
• Material Safety
Data Sheet
(MSDS...
Radioactive hazards
The degree of
radiation
exposure is
related to the
combination of
time, distance
and shielding.
Source...
Electrical Hazards
Sources
• Ungrounded or
wet equipment
• Frayed cords
Possible injury
• Burns
• shock
Fire hazards
Sources
• Bunsen burners
• Organic chemicals
(*flash point)
– Combustible
– Flammable
Possible injury
• Burns...
Using the fire extinguisher
• PULL...Pull the pin. (lock
latch, pressing a puncture
lever, or other motion)
• AIM...Aim lo...
Physical hazards
• Running
• Wet floors
• Proper body movements
• Long Hair
• Jewelry
• Working area
• Closed shoes
Cm3 safety in the lab
Cm3 safety in the lab
Cm3 safety in the lab
Cm3 safety in the lab
Cm3 safety in the lab
Cm3 safety in the lab
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Cm3 safety in the lab

811

Published on

by : Ms. Crizelda Liwanag

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
811
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
53
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Cm3 safety in the lab

  1. 1. SAFETY in the Clinical Laboratory
  2. 2. Psalm 24: 4-5 He who has clean hands and a pure heart, who does not lift up his soul to what is false and does not swear deceitfully. He will receive blessing from the Lord and righteousness from the God of His salvation.
  3. 3. OUTLINE • Safety Hazards • Sources of Hazards • How to deal with hazards
  4. 4. SAFETY HAZARDS Biological Sharp Chemical Radioactive Electrical Fire/explosive Physical
  5. 5. Biological Hazards Source • Specimen • Fomites • Patients Possible infection • Bacterial • Fungal • Viral • parasitic
  6. 6. Chain of Infection Host TransmissionSource
  7. 7. Universal Precautions (UP) All patients are considered to be possible carriers of bloodborne pathogens It excluded urine and other body fluids as potentially infectious. By CDC and OSHA
  8. 8. Body Substance Isolation (BSI) All body fluids and moist body substances are considered to be potentially infectious. Hand washing is NOT recommended after the removal of gloves.
  9. 9. Standard Precautions (SP) Treat all biological specimens as potentially infectious.
  10. 10. SP
  11. 11. • Latex • Powder free nitrile • Cotton • Lightweight cotton • Cut-resistant • Finger cots • Heavy duty neoprene • Polyethylene • Rubber SP
  12. 12. SP • Spill control • Spill clean-up • Decontamination
  13. 13. SP • Environmental protection • Waste disposal
  14. 14. What is the disinfectant of choice for bloodborne pathogens? SODIUM HYPOCHLORITE (1:10) How are biological wastes disposed? Incineration, autoclaving or pickup by certified hazardous waste company
  15. 15. Sharp hazards Possible Injury • Cuts, punctures • Bloodborne pathogen exposure
  16. 16. Chemical Hazards Source • Preservatives • Reagents Possible Injury • Exposure to toxic, carcinogenic, or caustic agents
  17. 17. • Chemical spills • Chemical handling • Chemical Hygiene Plan (CHP) • Chemical labeling • Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) Chemical Hazards
  18. 18. Radioactive hazards The degree of radiation exposure is related to the combination of time, distance and shielding. Source • Equipment • Radioisotopes Possible injury • Radiation exposure
  19. 19. Electrical Hazards Sources • Ungrounded or wet equipment • Frayed cords Possible injury • Burns • shock
  20. 20. Fire hazards Sources • Bunsen burners • Organic chemicals (*flash point) – Combustible – Flammable Possible injury • Burns • Dismemberment ECAR
  21. 21. Using the fire extinguisher • PULL...Pull the pin. (lock latch, pressing a puncture lever, or other motion) • AIM...Aim low, pointing the extinguisher nozzle at the base of the fire. • SQUEEZE...Squeeze the handle. • SWEEP...Sweep from side to side at the base of the fire until it appears to be out. Watch the fire area in case fire breaks out again, and repeat use of the extinguisher if necessary.
  22. 22. Physical hazards • Running • Wet floors • Proper body movements • Long Hair • Jewelry • Working area • Closed shoes
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×