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Edu290powerpoint.znowak
Edu290powerpoint.znowak
Edu290powerpoint.znowak
Edu290powerpoint.znowak
Edu290powerpoint.znowak
Edu290powerpoint.znowak
Edu290powerpoint.znowak
Edu290powerpoint.znowak
Edu290powerpoint.znowak
Edu290powerpoint.znowak
Edu290powerpoint.znowak
Edu290powerpoint.znowak
Edu290powerpoint.znowak
Edu290powerpoint.znowak
Edu290powerpoint.znowak
Edu290powerpoint.znowak
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Edu290powerpoint.znowak

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  • 1. The “Final Solution”
    By: Zachary Nowak
  • 2. Who did it involve?
    Germans vs. Jews
    Jews had faced anti-Semitism throughout history
    Since ancient times
    Philo of Alexandria (38 AD)
    Anti-Semitism drastically escalated
    Kristallnacht
  • 3. Development:
    “Endlosung der Judenfrague”
    Final solution to the Jewish question
    The final stage for Jewish elimination
    Previously described Nuremburg Laws
    Eventually meant the liquidation of Jews
    Wannsee Villa
  • 4. Implementation (in Steps)
    Forced to wear Star of David
    Sent to overcrowded ghettos
    Warsaw ghetto = 30% pop., 2.4 % area
    From ghetto to concentration camps
    Slave labor or immediate gassing
    Approx. 23 main camps, 900 sub-camps
    Jews in a ghetto
  • 5. HUGE Number of camps
    Well known camps
    Auschwitz, Dachau, Treblinka, Sobibor, etc.
    Massive amounts of sub-camps
    Not as well known
    Dachau
    Approx.
    100
    sub-camps
  • 6. Getting to the camps:
    Rounded up in German occupied territory
    Sometimes brutally, sometimes tricked
    Forced onto cattle cars
    Long trip to concentration camp
    Often many died on the way
    Ex.: Black Sabbath
    Freedom Square, Thessaloniki Greece (1942)
  • 7. Immediate Liquidation
    From train to selection platform
    Left = Death
    Sent to gas chamber
    From gas chambers to crematorium
    Killed by guards
    Sonderkommando
  • 8. Slave Labor
    Sent to work all day
    Men and women separated
    Common latrine
    From work to sleep
    Multiple people to a bunk
    Notice emaciation
  • 9. Slave Labor (Contd.)
    Too weak = death
    Being sick = death
    Taking extra food = death
    Living too long = death
    Sometimes killed on a whim
    The ultimate Nazi goal = death
    Majority of prisoners died
  • 10. Goal…
    Complete annihilation of the Jewish population
    Slave labor = byproduct of elimination
    Hitler diverted trains to transport Jews
    Lebensraum = living room
    Scapegoat the Jews
    They cause all problems for Germany
    Used propaganda and lies against Jews
  • 11. Distinctive Features
    Compliance of Germany’s institutions
    Dominance of ideology
    Scale of genocide
    Medical experiments
    New methods of mass murder
    Zyklon-B
    1942: 8,000 Jews gassed daily (Auschwitz)
  • 12. Death Marches
    Between autumn 1944 and April 1945
    Sent Jews further into the Reich
    Get rid of witnesses
    Maintain prisoners to produce armaments
    Use prisoners as bargaining chips
    Continued until last days of war
  • 13. Resistance
    Large-scale resistance was difficult
    Government, economy, and industry were involved
    There were some resistance cases
    Many private
    Some public
    Even some inside the camps themselves
  • 14. Resistance
    Example of public resistance
    Saved approx. 1,100 Jews
    Needed workers for his factory
    Opportunistic or moralistic?
    Only Nazi buried on Mount Zion
    Movie: “Schindler’s List”
  • 15. Effectiveness
    Despite resistance, 6 million Jews killed
    Approx. 64% in Nazi controlled territories
    Nazi leaders claimed they “followed orders”
    Anti-Semitism was rampant in Germany
    Nuremburg Trials
    Held some Nazi leaders accountable
  • 16. Picture Credits:(in order of appearance)
    billium12, “hitler1” April 11,2010 via Flikr, Creative Commons Attribution.
    Jeff Barnes, “Burning of a synagogue” December 22, 2005 via Flikr, Creative Commons Attribution
    onlinehero, “Inside the Wannassee Villa” August 12, 2008, Creative Commons Attribution.
    Rhys Alton, “Temple Beth Hatfiloh – Star of David” August 1, 2010, Creative Commons Attribution.
    dalbera, “Le Memorial aux juifsassassinesd’Europe (Berlin)” July 26, 2008, Creative Commons Attribution.
    garethmurran, “Map of Concentration Camps” June, 24, 2004, Creative Commons Attribution.
    gichristof, “Black Sabbath” April 2, 2009, Creative Commons Attribution.
    Pablo Nicolas TaibiCicare, “Auschwitz I (Oswiecim)” October 14, 2008, Creative Commons Attribution.
    Joe Goldberg, “Crematorium Oven” March 22, 2010, Creative Commons Attribution.
    Joe Goldberg, “Barracks” March 22, 2010, Creative Commons Attribution.
    Blatant News, “Jewish victims of the Nazi Holocaust during World War 2” October 15, 2009, Creative Commons Attribution.
    Ian Rutherford, “Oskar Schindler’s Factory” May 19, 2007, Creative Commons Attribution.
    _Nigel, “Schindler” January 19, 2009, Creative Commons Attribution.
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. “Holocaust Encyclopedia.” Accessed 9/25/2010.

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