The Medieval navigators
imported spices, groceries,
linen, Egyptian paper,
pearls, perfumes, and a
thousand other rare and
choice articles. In exchange
they offered chiefly the
precious metals in bars
rather than coined, and it is
probable that at this period
they also exported iron,
wines, oil, and wax.
Improvements to the
Middle Ages trade and
commerce were made by
improving the roads and
security. Security was an
important issue and one of
the reasons for the
emergence of guilds.
Trade places in France
Champagne fair. Count of Champagne made it easier for merchants to come because
the roads were guarded and he provided them with warehouses. Spices and cloth were
There were also fairs in Languedoc, in Lyon.
The most important cities which were the
centres of international trade:
Kraków, Gdaosk, Wrocław, Kamieniec
Podolski, Toruo, Lublin, Lwów, Warszawa, Pozna
In many Polish towns, special markets (once a week)
and fair (two-five times a year) were organised. In XIII
century, there were fairs in Gadaosk and Wrocław.
On the fairs many goods (cereal, furs, oxen, wood's
products, linen) were bought and transported to
Western Europe using water and land routes. From
Western Europe it was taken goods like cloth, metal
stuff, roots, wine, luxurious goods.
Bergen as trading center
•The 13th century is described as Norway’s Golden Age, with
peace and increase in trade, especially with the British islands
and later Germany.
•Bergen became the main trading port.
•It was controlled by the Hanseatic league.
•From the end of the 13th century Bergen became a bureau city
(kontor) of the Hanseatic league.
•Bryggen was the site for one of the principal bureau cities of
•For several centuries Bergen had exclusive rights to mediate
trade between Northern Norway and abroad.
•Trondheim grew also as a trading centre.
Fish main export product
•Stockfish was the main trading product.
•It was exported to central and Southern Europe.
•The trade along the Norwegian coast was based on
exchange between fish and imported flour .
Influence from Hansa trade on local
•The Hanseatic league had representatives in Northern
Norway who supplied the population with food and
raw materials, in exhange they fished for the
•Many new small fishing communities were established
even in the northernmost part of Norway.
•The situation for the people in the North was largely
controlled by the Hanseatic league, and the people
had to pay taxes of what they fished to the
Florence became the banking centre of Europe
As the trade flourished in Europe so did the banks. Banking had begun in Italy
with the moneylenders who did business on benches or banks. They grew
rich on the interest they charged for their services. The cities of
Florence, Venice, Siena and Genoa became particularly wealthy.
Early in 1252 Genoa introduced the first regular gold coinage in the west.
By then Genoa dominated trade in the Greek lands, Egypt, Sicily and southern Italy.
By the 1270s regular galley service from Genoa to Bruges began to open up
markets in England, northern France, and the Low Countries.
The civil wars of the early fourteenth century devastated Genoa’s trade
- Alicja Pazder
- Juni Nordeide Carlsen
- Rémi Reveillard